Docstoc

Facebook From Wikipedia_ the free encyclopedia This article is

Document Sample
Facebook From Wikipedia_ the free encyclopedia This article is Powered By Docstoc
					Facebook
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the website. For the namesake company that owns the site, see Facebook, Inc.. For the type

of photographic directory, see Face book.


                                    Facebook




                               Screenshot [show][show]



   URL                             Facebook.com



   Type of site                    Social networking service



   Registration                    Required



   Availablelanguage(s)            Multilingual (70)



   Users                           901 million[1] (active April 2012)



   Owner                           Facebook, Inc.


                                  Mark Zuckerberg
   Created by
                                  Eduardo Saverin

                                  Dustin Moskovitz

                                  Chris Hughes


   Launched                        February 4, 2004


   Alexa rank                            2 (June 2012)[2]


   Revenue                         Advertising


   Current status                  Active


Facebook is a social networking service and website launched in February 2004, owned and operated
                    [3]
by Facebook, Inc.         As of May 2012, Facebook has over 900 million active users, more than half of them using
                                   [4]
Facebook on a mobile device.             Users must register before using the site, after which they may create a personal

profile, add other users as friends, and exchange messages, including automatic notifications when they update
    their profile. Additionally, users may join common-interest user groups, organized by workplace, school or

    college, or other characteristics, and categorize their friends into lists such as "People From Work" or "Close

    Friends". The name of the service stems from the colloquial name for the book given to students at the start of

    the academic year by some university administrations in the United States to help students get to know each

    other. Facebook allows any users who declare themselves to be at least 13 years old to become registered users
                    [5]
    of the site.

    Facebook was founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates and fellow students Eduardo
                                                                  [6]
    Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. The website's membership was initially limited by the founders to

    Harvard students, but was expanded to other colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford

    University. It gradually added support for students at various other universities before opening to high school
    students, and eventually to anyone aged 13 and over. However, according to a May 2011 Consumer

    Reports survey, there are 7.5 million children under 13 with accounts and 5 million under 10, violating the site's
                           [7]
    terms of service.

    A January 2009 Compete.com study ranked Facebook as the most used social networking service by worldwide
                                    [8]
    monthly active users. Entertainment Weekly included the site on its end-of-the-decade "best-of" list, saying,

    "How on earth did we stalk our exes, remember our co-workers' birthdays, bug our friends, and play a rousing
                                                         [9]                                      [10]
    game of Scrabulous before Facebook?"                       Critics, such as Facebook Detox,          state that Facebook has turned

    into a national obsession that results in vast amounts of time lost and innately encourages

    narcissism. Quantcast estimates Facebook has 138.9 million monthly unique U.S. visitors in May
            [11]
    2011.          According to Social Media Today, in April 2010 an estimated 41.6% of the U.S. population had a
                                 [12]
    Facebook account.                   Nevertheless, Facebook's market growth started to stall in some regions, with the site
                                                                                              [13]
    losing 7 million active users in the United States and Canada in May 2011.

                          Contents
                            [hide]



   1 History

   2 Website

     o      2.1 User Profile

     o      2.2 Privacy Settings

     o      2.3 Comparison with Myspace

     o      2.4 News Feed

     o      2.5 Facebook Notes

     o      2.6 Facebook Username

     o      2.7 Facebook Messages

     o      2.8 Voice Calls

     o      2.9 Video Calling
     o     2.10 Facebook Subscribe

     o     2.11 Privacy

                  2.11.1 FTC settlement

     o     2.12 Technical aspects

   3 Reception

   4 Criticism

   5 Impact

     o     5.1 Media impact

     o     5.2 Social impact

     o     5.3 Political impact

   6 In popular culture

   7 See also

   8 Notes

   9 References

   10 Further reading

   11 External links

    History

    Main articles: History of Facebook and Timeline of Facebook

    Mark Zuckerberg wrote Facemash, the predecessor to Facebook, on October 28, 2003, while
    attending Harvard as a sophomore. According to The Harvard Crimson, the site was comparable toHot or Not,

    and "used photos compiled from the online facebooks of nine houses, placing two next to each other at a time
                                                        [14][15]
    and asking users to choose the 'hotter' person"




    Mark Zuckerberg co-created Facebook in his Harvard dorm room.


    To accomplish this, Zuckerberg hacked into the protected areas of Harvard's computer network and copied the

    houses' private dormitory ID images. Harvard at that time did not have a student "facebook" (a directory with
photos and basic information), though individual houses had been issuing their own paper facebooks since the
                                                                                                                              [16][17]
mid-1980s. Facemash attracted 450 visitors and 22,000 photo-views in its first four hours online.

The site was quickly forwarded to several campus group list-servers, but was shut down a few days later by the

Harvard administration. Zuckerberg was charged by the administration with breach of security,

violating copyrights, and violating individual privacy, and faced expulsion. Ultimately, the charges were
            [18]
dropped.          Zuckerberg expanded on this initial project that semester by creating a social study tool ahead of

an art history final, by uploading 500 Augustan images to a website, with one image per page along with a
                        [17]
comment section.               He opened the site up to his classmates, and people started sharing their notes.

The following semester, Zuckerberg began writing code for a new website in January 2004. He was inspired, he
                                                                                                      [19]
said, by an editorial in The Harvard Crimsonabout the Facemash incident.                                     On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg
                                                                                      [20]
launched "Thefacebook", originally located at thefacebook.com.

Six days after the site launched, three Harvard seniors, Cameron Winklevoss, Tyler Winklevoss, and Divya

Narendra, accused Zuckerberg of intentionally misleading them into believing he would help them build a social

network called HarvardConnection.com, while he was instead using their ideas to build a competing
           [21]
product.          The three complained to the Harvard Crimson, and the newspaper began an investigation. The three
                                                                                   [22]
later filed a lawsuit against Zuckerberg, subsequently settling.

Membership was initially restricted to students of Harvard College, and within the first month, more than half the
                                                                                             [23]
undergraduate population at Harvard was registered on the service.                                  Eduardo Saverin (business aspects),

Dustin Moskovitz (programmer), Andrew McCollum (graphic artist), and Chris Hughes soon joined Zuckerberg to
                                                                                                                              [24]
help promote the website. In March 2004, Facebook expanded to Stanford, Columbia, and Yale.                                          It soon

opened to the other Ivy League schools, Boston University, New York University, MIT, and gradually most
                                                            [25][26]
universities in Canada and the United States.

Facebook was incorporated in mid-2004, and the entrepreneur Sean Parker, who had been informally advising
                                                             [27]
Zuckerberg, became the company's president.                         In June 2004, Facebook moved its base of operations to Palo
                     [24]                                                                                                             [28]
Alto, California.           It received its first investment later that month from PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel.                            The
                                                                                                                                                   [29]
company dropped The from its name after purchasing thedomain name facebook.com in 2005 for $200,000.


                               Total active users[N 1]



                                   Users
        Date                                   Days later    Monthly growth[N 2]
                               (in millions)




 August 26, 2008               100[30]         1,665         178.38%



 April 8, 2009                 200[31]         225           13.33%
                                Total active users[N 1]



                                    Users
               Date                                     Days later      Monthly growth[N 2]
                                (in millions)




  September 15, 2009 300[32]                            160             9.38%



  February 5, 2010              400[33]                 143             6.99%



  July 21, 2010                 500[34]                 166             4.52%



  January 5, 2011               600[35][N 3]            168             3.57%



  May 30, 2011                  700[36]                 145             3.45%



  September 22, 2011 800[37]                            115             3.73%



  April 24, 2012                900[38]                 215             1.74%



Facebook launched a high-school version in September 2005, which Zuckerberg called the next logical
        [39]                                                                                            [40]
step.          At that time, high-school networks required an invitation to join.                              Facebook later expanded membership
                                                                                                                    [41]
eligibility to employees of several companies, including Apple Inc. and Microsoft.                                         Facebook was then opened
                                                                                                                           [42][43]
on September 26, 2006, to everyone of age 13 and older with a valid email address.

On October 24, 2007, Microsoft announced that it had purchased a 1.6% share of Facebook for $240 million,
                                                                                        [44]
giving Facebook a total implied value of around $15 billion.                                   Microsoft's purchase included rights to place
                                                [45]
international ads on Facebook.                          In October 2008, Facebook announced that it would set up its international
                                                 [46]
headquarters in Dublin, Ireland.                        In September 2009, Facebook said that it had turned cash-flow positive for the
                 [47]
first time.             In November 2010, based on SecondMarket Inc., an exchange for shares of privately held

companies, Facebook's value was $41 billion (slightly surpassing eBay's) and it became the third largest U.S.
                                                                 [48]
Web company after Google and Amazon.

Traffic to Facebook increased steadily after 2009. More people visited Facebook than Google for the week
                                   [49]
ending March 13, 2010.

In March 2011 it was reported that Facebook removes approximately 20,000 profiles from the site every day for

various infractions, including spam, inappropriate content and underage use, as part of its efforts to boost cyber
                [50]
security.
In early 2011, Facebook announced plans to move to its new headquarters, the former Sun
                                                     [51][52]
Microsystems campus inMenlo Park, California.

Release of statistics by DoubleClick showed that Facebook reached one trillion pageviews in the month of June
                                                                [53]
2011, making it the most visited website in the world.                 It should however be noted that Google and some of its

selected websites are not counted in the DoubleClick rankings. According to the Nielsen Media Research study,
                                                                                                            [54]
released in December 2011, Facebook is the second most accessed website in the US.

In March 2012, Facebook announced App Center, an online mobile store which sells applications that connect to
                                                                                                 [55]
Facebook. The store will be available to iPhone, Android and mobile web users.                          In April, Facebook bought the
                                              [56]
application Instagram for US$1 billion.

                                                                                          [57]
In early May of 2012, Facebook acquired social discovery start-up Glancee.

Facebook, Inc. held an initial public offering on May 17, 2012, negotiating a share price of $38 apiece, valuing the
                                                                                                            [58]
company at $104 billion, the largest valuation to date for a newly listed public company.

                                                                                        [59]
In April 2012, Facebook acquired the mobile customer loyalty firm Tagline.

In May 2012, the company settled a class action lawsuit regarding the use of member's images in ads called
                                       [60]
"sponsored stories" for $10 million.

                                                                                                   [61]
Facebook bought facial-recognition technology company Face.com in June 2012.

Website

Main articles: Facebook features and Facebook Platform
Facebook "Timeline" profile shown in May 2012




Profile shown on Thefacebook in 2005


User Profile
Users can create profiles with photos, lists of personal interests, contact information, and other personal

information. Users can communicate with friends and other users through private or public messages and a chat

feature. They can also create and join interest groups and "like pages" (called "fan pages" until April 19, 2010),
                                                                                                              [62]
some of which are maintained by organizations as a means of advertising.                                             A 2012 Pew Internet and American

Life study identified that between 20–30% of Facebook users are "power users" who frequently link, poke, post
                                                 [63]
and tag themselves and others.

Privacy Settings
To allay concerns about privacy, Facebook enables users to choose their own privacy settings and choose who
                                                         [64]
can see specific parts of their profile.                        The website is free to users, and generates revenue from advertising,
                              [65]
such as banner ads.                  Facebook requires a user's name and profile picture (if applicable) to be accessible by

everyone. Users can control who sees other information they have shared, as well as who can find them in
                                                                [66]
searches, through their privacy settings.

Comparison with Myspace
The media often compares Facebook to MySpace, but one significant difference between the two Web sites is
                                       [67]
the level of customization.                   Another difference is Facebook's requirement that users give their true identity, a
                                                            [68]
demand that MySpace does not make.                                 MySpace allows users to decorate their profiles
                                                                                                                             [69]
using HTML and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), while Facebook allows only plain text.                                                 Facebook has a

number of features with which users may interact. They include the Wall, a space on every user's profile page
                                                                                    [70]
that allows friends to post messages for the user to see;                                  Pokes, which allows users to send a virtual "poke" to
                                                                                                      [71]
each other (a notification then tells a user that they have been poked);                                     Photos, where users can upload albums
                  [72]
and photos;              and Status, which allows users to inform their friends of their whereabouts and
           [73]
actions.          Depending on privacy settings, anyone who can see a user's profile can also view that user's Wall. In

July 2007, Facebook began allowing users to post attachments to the Wall, whereas the Wall was previously
                                               [70]
limited to textual content only.

News Feed
On September 6, 2006, a News Feed was announced, which appears on every user's homepage and highlights
                                                                                                                                    [74]
information including profile changes, upcoming events, and birthdays of the user's friends.                                               This enabled

spammers and other users to manipulate these features by creating illegitimate events or posting fake birthdays
                                                                   [75]
to attract attention to their profile or cause.                           Initially, the News Feed caused dissatisfaction among Facebook

users; some complained it was too cluttered and full of undesired information, others were concerned that it

made it too easy for others to track individual activities (such as relationship status changes, events, and
                                                  [76]
conversations with other users).

In response, Zuckerberg issued an apology for the site's failure to include appropriate customizable privacy

features. Since then, users have been able to control what types of information are shared automatically with

friends. Users are now able to prevent user-set categories of friends from seeing updates about certain types of
                                                                                                             [77]
activities, including profile changes, Wall posts, and newly added friends.

                                                                                   [78]
On February 23, 2010, Facebook was granted a patent                                       on certain aspects of its News Feed. The patent covers

News Feeds in which links are provided so that one user can participate in the same activity of another
        [79]
user.          The patent may encourage Facebook to pursue action against websites that violate its patent, which may
                                                               [80]
potentially include websites such as Twitter.

One of the most popular applications on Facebook is the Photos application, where users can upload albums and
              [81]
photos.              Facebook allows users to upload an unlimited number of photos, compared with other image hosting

services such as Photobucket and Flickr, which apply limits to the number of photos that a user is allowed to

upload. During the first years, Facebook users were limited to 60 photos per album. As of May 2009, this limit has
                                                           [82][83][84][85]
been increased to 200 photos per album.

Privacy settings can be set for individual albums, limiting the groups of users that can see an album. For

example, the privacy of an album can be set so that only the user's friends can see the album, while the privacy

of another album can be set so that all Facebook users can see it. Another feature of the Photos application is

the ability to "tag", or label, users in a photo. For instance, if a photo contains a user's friend, then the user can

tag the friend in the photo. This sends a notification to the friend that they have been tagged, and provides them
                                  [86]
a link to see the photo.                 On 7th June 2012,facebook launched its App Center to its users. It will help the users
                                                                         [87]
in finding games and other applications with ease.

Facebook Notes
Facebook Notes was introduced on August 22, 2006, a blogging feature that allowed tags and embeddable

images. Users were later able to import blogs from Xanga, LiveJournal, Blogger, and other blogging
                [42]                                                                                             [88]
services.              During the week of April 7, 2008, Facebook released a Comet-based                                instant
                                                                                 [89]
messaging application called "Chat" to several networks,                                which allows users to communicate with friends and

is similar in functionality to desktop-based instant messengers.

Facebook launched Gifts on February 8, 2007, which allows users to send virtual gifts to their friends that appear

on the recipient's profile. Gifts cost $1.00 each to purchase, and a personalized message can be attached to
                [90][91]
each gift.                 On May 14, 2007, Facebook launched Marketplace, which lets users post free classified
       [92]
ads.          Marketplace has been compared to Craigslist byCNET, which points out that the major difference

between the two is that listings posted by a user on Marketplace are seen only by users in the same network as
                                                                                                   [93]
that user, whereas listings posted on Craigslist can be seen by anyone.

On July 20, 2008, Facebook introduced "Facebook Beta", a significant redesign of its user interface on selected

networks. The Mini-Feed and Wall were consolidated, profiles were separated into tabbed sections, and an effort
                                                   [94]
was made to create a "cleaner" look.                      After initially giving users a choice to switch, Facebook began migrating
                                                                                [95]
all users to the new version starting in September 2008.                               On December 11, 2008, it was announced that
                                                                      [96]
Facebook was testing a simpler signup process.

Facebook Username
On June 13, 2009, Facebook introduced a "Usernames" feature, whereby pages can be linked with
simpler URLs such as http://www.facebook.com/facebook instead
                                                                                                          [97]
ofhttp://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=20531316728.                                                            Many new smartphones offer

access to Facebook services through either their Web browsers or applications. An official Facebook application
is available for the operating systems Android, iOS, and webOS. Nokia and Research In Motion both provide

Facebook applications for their own mobile devices. More than 425 million active users access Facebook through
                                                                   [98]
mobile devices across 200 mobile operators in 60 countries.

Facebook Messages
On November 15, 2010, Facebook announced a new "Facebook Messages" service. In a media event that day,

CEO Mark Zuckerberg said, "It's true that people will be able to have an @facebook.com email addresses, but

it's not email". The launch of such a feature had been anticipated for some time before the announcement, with

some calling it a "Gmail killer". The system, to be available to all of the website's users, combines text

messaging, instant messaging, emails, and regular messages, and will include privacy settings similar to those of
                                                                                                                       [99][100]
other Facebook services. Codenamed "Project Titan", Facebook Messages took 15 months to develop.

In February 2011, Facebook began to use the hCalendar microformat to mark up events, and the hCard

microformat for the events' venues, enabling the extraction of details to users' own calendar or mapping
                [101]
applications.

Voice Calls
Since April 2011 Facebook users have had the ability to make live voice calls via Facebook Chat, allowing users

to chat with others from all over the world. This feature, which is provided free through T-Mobile's new Bobsled
                                                                                                                               [102]
service, lets the user add voice to the current Facebook Chat as well as leave voice messages on Facebook.

Video Calling
On July 6, 2011, Facebook launched its video calling services using Skype as its technology partner. It allows
                                             [103]
one to one calling using a Skype Rest API.

Facebook Subscribe
On September 14, 2011, Facebook launched a Subscribe button. The feature allows for users to follow public
                                                                                    [104]
updates, and these are the people most often broadcasting their ideas.                      There were major modifications that
                                           [105]
the site released on September 22, 2011.

As reported by TechCrunch on February 15, 2012, Facebook is introducing ‘Verified Account’ concept like that of

Twitter & Google+. Though as of March 3, 2012, verified accounts don’t get any badges or denotations, but such
                                                                                       [106]
accounts will get more priority in ‘Subscription Suggestions’ of Facebook.

On March 6, 2012, Facebook officially launched Messenger for Windows, which gives users of Windows
                                                                            [107]
7 access to some Facebook services without using a web browser.

Privacy
According to comScore, an internet marketing research company, Facebook collects as much data from its
                                                                             [108]
visitors as Google and Microsoft, but considerably less than Yahoo!.                 In 2010, the security team began
                                                               [109]
expanding its efforts to reduce the risks to users' privacy,           but privacy concerns remain. On November 6, 2007,

Facebook launched Facebook Beacon, which was an ultimately failed attempt to advertise to friends of users
using the knowledge of what purchases friends made. As of March 2012, Facebook's usage of its user data is
                          [110]
under close scrutiny.

FTC settlement

On November 29, 2011, Facebook agreed to settle US Federal Trade Commission charges that it deceived
                                                         [111]
consumers by failing to keep privacy promises.

Technical aspects
Facebook is built in PHP which is compiled with HipHop for PHP, a source code transformer built by Facebook

engineers that turns PHP into C++. The deployment of HipHop reportedly reduced average CPU consumption on
                                  [112]
Facebook servers by 50%.

Facebook is developed as one monolithic application. According to an interview in 2012 with Chuck Rossi, a build

engineer at Facebook, Facebook compiles into a 1.5 GB binary blob which is then distributed to the servers using

a custom BitTorrent-based release system. Rossi stated that it takes approximately 15 minutes to build and 15

minutes to release to the servers. The build and release process is zero downtime and new changes to Facebook
                        [112]
are rolled out daily.

Reception




Facebook popularity. Active users of Facebook increased from just a million in 2004 to over 750 million in 2011. [113]




Registered Facebook users by age as of 2010.
According to comScore, Facebook is the leading social networking site based on monthly unique visitors, having
                                                                       [114]
overtaken main competitor MySpace in April 2008.                               ComScore reports that Facebook attracted 130 million
                                                                                      [115]
unique visitors in May 2010, an increase of 8.6 million people.                               According to Alexa, the website's ranking

among all websites increased from 60th to 7th in worldwide traffic, from September 2006 to September 2007, and
                        [116]                                                                             [117]
is currently 2nd.               Quantcast ranks the website 2nd in the U.S. in traffic,                           andCompete.com ranks it 2nd in
           [118]                                                                                                                                     [119]
the U.S.            The website is the most popular for uploading photos, with 50 billion uploaded cumulatively.                                             In

2010, Sophos's "Security Threat Report 2010" polled over 500 firms, 60% of which responded that they believed

that Facebook was the social network that posed the biggest threat to security, well ahead of MySpace, Twitter,
                     [109]
and LinkedIn.

Facebook is the most popular social networking site in several English-speaking countries, including
            [120]                                 [121]                            [122][123][124][125]
Canada,             the United Kingdom,                   and the United States.                          In regional Internet markets, Facebook

penetration is highest in North America (69 percent), followed by Middle East-Africa (67 percent), Latin America
                                                                                            [126]
(58 percent), Europe (57 percent), and Asia-Pacific (17 percent).

The website has won awards such as placement into the "Top 100 Classic Websites" by PC Magazine in
        [127]                                                                                                          [128]
2007,           and winning the "People's Voice Award" from the Webby Awards in 2008.                                          In a 2006 study

conducted by Student Monitor, a New Jersey-based company specializing in research concerning the college

student market, Facebook was named the second most popular thing among undergraduates, tied with beer and
                                                 [129]
only ranked lower than the iPod.

On March 2010, Judge Richard Seeborg issued an order approving the class settlement in Lane v. Facebook,

Inc., the class action lawsuit arising out of Facebook's Beacon program.

                                                                                                                                         [130]
In 2010, Facebook won the Crunchie "Best Overall Startup Or Product" for the third year in a row                                                 and was
                                                                                                          [131]
recognized as one of the "Hottest Silicon Valley Companies" by Lead411.                                           However, in a July 2010 survey

performed by the American Customer Satisfaction Index, Facebook received a score of 64 out of 100, placing it

in the bottom 5% of all private-sector companies in terms of customer satisfaction, alongside industries such as

the IRS e-file system, airlines, and cable companies. The reasons why Facebook scored so poorly include

privacy problems, frequent changes to the website's interface, the results returned by the News Feed, and
        [132]
spam.

In December 2008, the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory ruled that Facebook is a

valid protocol to serve court notices to defendants. It is believed to be the world's first legal judgement that
                                                                                   [133]
defines a summons posted on Facebook as legally binding.                                   In March 2009, the New Zealand High Court

associate justice David Gendall allowed for the serving of legal papers on Craig Axe by the company Axe Market
                                  [134][135]
Garden via Facebook.                           Employers (such as Virgin Atlantic Airways) have also used Facebook as a means
                                                                                                                                                 [136]
to keep tabs on their employees and have even been known to fire them over posts they have made.

By 2005, the use of Facebook had already become so ubiquitous that the generic verb "facebooking" had come
                                                                                                                       [137]
into use to describe the process of browsing others' profiles or updating one's own.                                           In 2008, Collins English
                                                                                    [138]
Dictionary declared "Facebook" as its new Word of the Year.                                 In December 2009, the New Oxford American
Dictionary declared its word of the year to be the verb "unfriend", defined as "To remove someone as a 'friend' on

a social networking site such as Facebook. As in, 'I decided to unfriend my roommate on Facebook after we had
             [139]
a fight.'"

                                                                                                                                [140]
In early 2010, Openbook was established, an avowed parody (and privacy advocacy) website                                                that enables

text-based searches of those Wall posts that are available to "Everyone", i.e. to everyone on the Internet.

Writers for The Wall Street Journal found in 2010 that Facebook apps were transmitting identifying information to

"dozens of advertising and Internet tracking companies". The apps used an HTTP referrer which exposed the

user's identity and sometimes their friends'. Facebook said, "We have taken immediate action to disable all
                                           [141]
applications that violate our terms".

                                                                                    [142]
In May 2012, the countries with the most Facebook users were:


                                               United States with 157.3 million members

                                               Brazil with 47.0 million members

                                               India with 46.3 million members

                                               Indonesia with 42.2 million members

                                               Mexico with 33.1 million members

All of the above total 309 million members or about 38.6 percent of Facebook's 800 million worldwide
                [143]
members.

Criticism

Main article: Criticism of Facebook

Facebook has met with controversies. It has been blocked intermittently in several countries including the
                              [144]           [145]                  [146]               [147]             [148]
People's Republic of China,           Iran,           Uzbekistan,            Pakistan,           Syria,            and Bangladesh on different

bases. For example, it was banned in many countries of the world on the basis of allowed content judged as anti-

Islamic and containing religious discrimination. It has also been banned at many workplaces to prevent
                                                        [149]
employees from using it during work hours.                      The privacy of Facebook users has also been an issue, and the

safety of user accounts has been compromised several times. Facebook has settled a lawsuit regarding claims
                                                        [150]
over source code and intellectual property.                     In May 2011 emails were sent to journalists and bloggers making

critical allegations about Google's privacy policies; however it was later discovered that the anti-Google

campaign, conducted by PR giant Burson-Marsteller, was paid for by Facebook in what CNN referred to as "a
                                                                                                   [151]
new level skullduggery" and which Daily Beast called a "clumsy smear".

In July 2011, German authorities began to discuss the prohibition of events organized on Facebook. The decision
                                                                                                      [152][153]
is based on several cases of overcrowding by people not originally invited.                                         In one instance, 1,600 "guests"

attended the 16th birthday party for a Hamburg girl who accidentally posted the invitation for the event as public.

After reports of overcrowding, more than a hundred police were deployed for crowd control. A policeman was
                                                                                                                        [154]
injured and eleven participants were arrested for assault, property damage and resistance to authorities.                       In
                                                                                                                [155]
another unexpectedly overcrowded event, 41 young people were arrested and at least 16 injured.

In May 2011, HCL Technologies announced that approximately 50% of British employers had banned Facebook
                          [156]
from the workplace.               Facebook has been blamed for lower worker productivity and has been called a national
                                                                           [157]
obsession by anti-Facebook blogs such as Facebook Detox.

A 2011 study in the online journal First Monday, "Why Parents Help Their Children Lie to Facebook About Age:

Unintended Consequences of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act," examines how parents consistently

enable children as young as 10 years old to sign up for accounts, directly violating Facebook's policy banning

young visitors. This policy technically allows Facebook to avoid conflicts with the 1998 Children's Online Privacy

Protection Act (COPPA), requiring that minors aged 13 or younger gain explicit parental consent to access

commercial websites. Of the more than 1,000 households surveyed for the study, more than three-quarters

(76%) of parents reported that their child joined Facebook when she was younger than 13, the minimum age in

the site's terms of service. The study notes that, in response to widespread reports of underage users, a

Facebook executive has said that "Facebook removes 20,000 people a day, people who are underage." The

study's authors also note, "Indeed, Facebook takes various measures both to restrict access to children and

delete their accounts if they join." The findings of the study raise questions primarily about the shortcomings of

federal law, but also implicitly continue to raise questions about whether or not Facebook does enough to

publicize its terms of service with respect to minors. Only 53% of parents said they were aware that Facebook

has a minimum signup age; 35% of these parents believe that the minimum age is a site recommendation (not a
                                                                                        [158]
condition of site use), or thought the signup age was 16 or 18, and not 13.

In November 2011, several Facebook users reported that their accounts were hacked and their profile pictures

were replaced with pornographic images. For more than a week, users' news feeds were spammed with

pornographic, violent and sexual contents. It has been reported that more than 200,000 accounts in Bangalore,

India were hacked. Facebook has denied the claims, citing that "safety of the users was on the top of their priority
         [159][160]
list".

There has been much user discontent over Facebook's mandatory changeover to the new Timeline profile. Some

Facebook users reported discontent with having many Facebook status updates and photos from the past easily
             [161][162]
visible.

According to a leading counter terrorism expert, terrorists are using Facebook for hiring loners from western
                            [163]
nations like Australia.

Impact

Media impact
In April 2011, Facebook launched a new portal for marketers and creative agencies to help them develop brand
                                    [164]
promotions on Facebook.                     The company began its push by inviting a select group of British advertising leaders

to meet Facebook's top executives at an "influencers' summit" in February 2010. Facebook has now been
                                                                                    [165]
involved in campaigns for True Blood, American Idol, and Top Gear.                          News and media outlets such as the
                     [166]                     [167]                  [168]
Washington Post,             Financial Times           and ABC News           have used aggregated Facebook fan data to create

various infographics and charts to accompany their articles.

Social impact
Main articles: Social networking service#Social impact and Social impact of the Internet#Social networking and

entertainment

Facebook has affected the social life and activity of people in various ways. With its availability on many mobile

devices, Facebook allows users to continuously stay in touch with friends, relatives and other acquaintances

wherever they are in the world, as long as there is access to the Internet. It can also unite people with common

interests and/or beliefs through groups and other pages, and has been known to reunite lost family members and

friends because of the widespread reach of its network. One such reunion was between John Watson and the
                                                                                                                               [169]
daughter he had been seeking for 20 years. They met after Watson found her Facebook profile.                                           Another

father-daughter reunion was between Tony Macnauton and Frances Simpson, who had not seen each other for
                   [170]
nearly 48 years.

Some argue that Facebook is beneficial to one's social life because they can continuously stay in contact with

their friends and relatives, while others say that it can cause increased antisocial tendencies because people are

not directly communicating with each other. Some studies have named Facebook as a source of problems in

relationships. Several news stories have suggested that using Facebook can lead to higher instances of divorce
                                                                                              [171][172]
and infidelity, but the claims have been questioned by other commentators.

Political impact




The stage at the Facebook – Saint Anselm College debates in 2008.


Facebook's role in the American political process was demonstrated in January 2008, shortly before the New

Hampshire primary, when Facebook teamed up with ABC and Saint Anselm College to allow users to give live
                                                                                                           [173][174][175]
feedback about the "back to back" January 5 Republican and Democratic debates.                                               Charles

Gibson moderated both debates, held at the Dana Center for the Humanities at Saint Anselm College. Facebook
                                                                                                                                                 [176]
users took part in debate groups organized around specific topics, register to vote, and message questions.

ABCNews.com reported in 2012 that the Facebook fanbases of political candidates have relevance for the

election campaign, including:
                                            Allows politicians and campaign organizers to understand the interests and

                                             demographics of their Facebook fanbases, as with Wisdom for Facebook,
                                             to better target their voters.

                                            Provides a means for voters to keep up-to-date on candidates' activities,
                                             such as connecting to the candidates' Facebook Fan Pages.

Unless you get out of Facebook and into someone’s face, you really have not acted.


“
”
Thomas L. Friedman, 2012[177]


Over a million people installed the Facebook application "US Politics on Facebook" in order to take part, and the
                                                                                                                       [178]
application measured users' responses to specific comments made by the debating candidates.                                    This debate

showed the broader community what many young students had already experienced: Facebook as a popular and

powerful new way to interact and voice opinions. An article by Michelle Sullivan of Uwire.com illustrates how the

"Facebook effect" has affected youth voting rates, support by youth of political candidates, and general
                                                                   [179]
involvement by the youth population in the 2008 election.

In February 2008, a Facebook group called "One Million Voices Against FARC" organized an event in which

hundreds of thousands of Colombians marched in protest against the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia,
                                                                           [180]
better known as the FARC (from the group's Spanish name).                          In August 2010, one of North Korea's official
                                                                                                                         [181]
government websites and the official news agency of the country, Uriminzokkiri, joined Facebook.

In 2011 there was a controversial ruling by French government to uphold a 1992 decree which stipulates that

commercial enterprises should not be promoted on news programs. President Nicolas Sarkozy's colleagues have

agreed that it will enforce a law so that the word "Facebook" will not be allowed to be spoken on the television or
                [182]
on the radio.

In 2011, Facebook filed paperwork with the Federal Election Commission to form a political action
                                           [183]
committee under the name FB PAC.                   In an email to The Hill, a spokesman for Facebook said "FB PAC will

give our employees a way to make their voice heard in the political process by supporting candidates who share

our goals of promoting the value of innovation to our economy while giving people the power to share and make
                                            [184]
the world more open and connected."

In popular culture

                                            At age 102, Ivy Bean of Bradford, England joined Facebook in 2008,

                                             making her one of the oldest people ever on Facebook. An inspiration to
                                                                                                              [185]
                                             other residents of the care home in which she lived,                     she quickly became

                                             more widely known and several fan pages were made in her honor. She

                                             visited the British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and his wife, Sarah,
                                                                                       [186]
                                             in Downing Streetearly in 2010.                   Some time after creating her Facebook
                     page, Bean joined Twitter, when she passed the maximum number of

                     friends allowed by Facebook. She became the oldest person to ever use

                     the Twitter website. At the time of her death in July 2010, she had 4,962

                     friends on Facebook and more than 56,000 followers on Twitter. Her death

                     was widely reported in the media and she received tributes from several
                                                      [187]
                     notable media personalities.

                    American author Ben Mezrich published a book in July 2009 about Mark
                     Zuckerberg and the founding of Facebook, titled The Accidental

                     Billionaires: The Founding of Facebook, A Tale of Sex, Money, Genius,
                                     [188]
                     and Betrayal.

                    In response to the Everybody Draw Mohammed Day controversy and the

                     ban of the website in Pakistan, an Islamic version of the website was
                                                          [189]
                     created, called MillatFacebook.

                    "You Have 0 Friends", an April 2010 episode of the American animated
                                                                                    [190]
                     comedy series, South Park, explicitly parodied Facebook.

                    The Social Network, a drama film directed by David Fincher about the
                                                                            [191]
                     founding of Facebook, was released October 1, 2010.            The film features

                     an ensemble cast consisting of Jesse Eisenberg as Mark

                     Zuckerberg, Andrew Garfield as Eduardo Saverin, Justin

                     Timberlake as Sean Parker, and Armie Hammer as Cameron and Tyler

                     Winklevoss. The film was written by Aaron Sorkin and adapted from Ben

                     Mezrich's 2009 book. The film was distributed by Columbia Pictures. No

                     staff members of Facebook, including Zuckerberg, were involved with the

                     project. However, one of Facebook's co-founders, Eduardo Saverin, was a
                     consultant for Mezrich's book. Mark Zuckerberg has said that The Social
                                              [192]
                     Network is inaccurate.

                    On May 16, 2011, an Israeli couple named their daughter after the

                     Facebook "like" feature. They explained that it wasn't to advertise for
                                                                                             [193][194]
                     Facebook, but because they fancied the meaning behind the word.

                    In 2012 sammarinese singer Valentina Monetta released a song about

                     Facebook called The Social Network Song (There is a previous version
                                                      [195]
                     called Facebook Uh Oh Oh).

See also


      Facebook


       History
         Timeline



         Statistics



        Acquisitions



         Criticism



         Features




                          Ambient awareness

                          Cyberstalking

                          List of social networking websites

                          List of virtual communities with more than 100 million users

                          Six degrees of separation

                          My Space

                          Cyworld

                          Facebook, Inc.


                                                              Companies portal




                                                               Internet portal
Notes

                           1.   ^ An "active user" is defined by Facebook as a user who has visited the

                                website in the last 30 days.

                           2.   ^ "Monthly growth" is the average percentage growth rate at which the

                                total number of active users grows each month over the specified period.

                           3.   ^ This value is from an investment document. The date is from when the

                                document was revealed to the public, not the actual date that the website

                                reached this many users.

References

                           1.   ^ Mark Hachman (April 23, 2012). "Facebook Now Totals 901 Million

                                Users, Profits Slip". PCMag.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
2.   ^ "Facebook.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2012-06-02.

3.   ^ Eldon, Eric (December 18, 2008). "2008 Growth Puts Facebook In

     Better Position to Make Money". VentureBeat(San Francisco). Retrieved

     December 19, 2008.

4.   ^ Sengupta, Somini (May 14, 2012). "Facebook's Prospects May Rest on

     Trove of Data". The New York Times. Retrieved May 15, 2012.

5.   ^ "Information For Parents and Educators". Retrieved November 22, 2011.

6.   ^ Carlson, Nicholas (March 5, 2010). "At Last – The Full Story Of How

     Facebook Was Founded". Business Insider.

7.   ^ "Five million Facebook users are 10 or younger".ConsumerReports.org.

     May 10, 2011. Retrieved May 15, 2011.

8.   ^ Kazeniac, Andy (February 9, 2009). "Social Networks: Facebook Takes

     Over Top Spot, Twitter Climbs". Compete Pulse blog. Retrieved February

     17, 2009.

9.   ^ Geier, Thom; Jensen, Jeff; Jordan, Tina; Lyons, Margaret; Markovitz,

     Adam; et al. (December 11, 2009). "THE 100 Greatest Movies, TV Shows,

     Albums, Books, Characters, Scenes, Episodes, Songs, Dresses, Music

     Videos, and Trends that entertained us over the 10 Years". Entertainment

     Weekly (New York) ((1079/1080):74–84).

10. ^ Facebook Detox

11. ^ "facebook.com – Quantcast Audience Profile". Quantcast.com. April 29,

     2011. Retrieved May 15, 2011.

12. ^ Wells, Roy (August 8, 2010). "41.6% of the U.S. Population has a

     Facebook account". Social Media Today. Retrieved January 6, 2011.

13. ^ "Is Facebook growth stalling in North America?". CNN. Retrieved June

     21, 2011.

14. ^ Locke, Laura (July 17, 2007). "The Future of Facebook".Time (New

     York). Retrieved November 13, 2009.

15. ^ Tabak, Alan J. (February 9, 2004). "Hundreds Register for New

     Facebook Website". The Harvard Crimson(Cambridge, MA). Archived

     from the original on April 3, 2005. Retrieved November 7, 2008.

16. ^ Locke, Laura (July 17, 2007). "The Future of Facebook".Time (New

     York). Retrieved November 13, 2009.

17. ^ a b McGirt, Ellen (May 1, 2007). "Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg: Hacker.

     Dropout. CEO". Fast Company (New York). Retrieved November 5, 2009.
18. ^ Kaplan, Katherine (November 19, 2003). "Facemash Creator Survives

    Ad Board". The Harvard Crimson(Cambridge, MA). Retrieved February 5,

    2009.

19. ^ Hoffman, Claire (June 28, 2008). "The Battle for Facebook". Rolling

    Stone (New York). Archived from the original on July 3, 2008. Retrieved

    February 5, 2009.

20. ^ Seward, Zachary M. (July 25, 2007). "Judge Expresses Skepticism

    About Facebook Lawsuit". The Wall Street Journal (New York). Retrieved

    April 30, 2008.

21. ^ Carlson, Nicolas (March 5, 2010). "In 2004, Mark Zuckerberg Broke Into

    A Facebook User's Private Email Account". Business Insider. Retrieved

    March 5, 2010.

22. ^ Stone, Brad (June 28, 2008). "Judge Ends Facebook's Feud With

    ConnectU". New York Times blog.

23. ^ Phillips, Sarah (July 25, 2007). "A brief history of Facebook". The

    Guardian (London). Retrieved March 7, 2008.

24. ^ a b "Company Timeline" (Press release). Facebook. January 1, 2007.

    Retrieved March 5, 2008.

25. ^ Rosmarin, Rachel (September 11, 2006). "Open

    Facebook". Forbes (New York). Retrieved June 13, 2008.

26. ^ Nguyen, Lananh (April 12, 2004). "Online network created by Harvard

    students flourishes". The Tufts Daily (Medford, MA). Retrieved August 21,

    2009.

27. ^ Rosen, Ellen (May 26, 2005). "Student's Start-Up Draws Attention and

    $13 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved May 18, 2009.

28. ^ "Why you should beware of Facebook". The Age(Melbourne). January

    20, 2008. Retrieved April 30, 2008.

29. ^ Williams, Chris (October 1, 2007). "Facebook wins Manx battle for face-

    book.com". The Register (London). Retrieved June 13, 2008.|

30. ^ Zuckerberg, Mark (August 26, 2008). "Our First 100 Million". The

    Facebook Blog. Retrieved June 26, 2010.

31. ^ Zuckerberg, Mark (April 8, 2009). "200 Million Strong". The Facebook

    Blog. Retrieved June 26, 2010.

32. ^ Zuckerberg, Mark (September 15, 2009). "300 Million and On". The

    Facebook Blog. Retrieved June 26, 2010.

33. ^ "New navigation for users and 400 million active users announcement".

    Facebook. February 4, 2010. Retrieved June 26, 2010.
34. ^ Zuckerberg, Mark (July 21, 2010). "500 Million Stories". The Facebook

    Blog. Retrieved July 21, 2010.

35. ^ Carlson, Nicholas (January 5, 2011). "Goldman to clients: Facebook has

    600 million users". MSNBC. Retrieved February 11, 2011.

36. ^ Socialbakers employee (May 30, 2011). "Facebook is globally closing in

    to 700 million users!". Socialbakers.

37. ^ Adam Ostrow (September 22, 2011). "Facebook Now Has 800 Million

    Users". Mashable. Retrieved September 26, 2011.

38. ^ Noam Cohen (April 24, 2012). "The Breakfast Meeting: Grilling for

    James Murdoch, and Facebook Tops 900 Million Users". New York Times.

    Retrieved April 24, 2012.

39. ^ Dempsey, Laura (August 3, 2006). "Facebook is the go-to Web site for

    students looking to hook up". Dayton Daily News (Ohio).

40. ^ Lerer, Lisa (January 25, 2007). "Why MySpace Doesn't

    Card". Forbes (New York). Retrieved May 13, 2011.

41. ^ Lacy, Sarah (September 12, 2006). "Facebook: Opening the Doors

    Wider". BusinessWeek (New York). Retrieved March 9, 2008.

42. ^ a b Abram, Carolyn (September 26, 2006). "Welcome to Facebook,

    everyone". The Facebook Blog. Retrieved March 8, 2008.

43. ^ "Terms of Use". Facebook. November 15, 2007. Retrieved March 5,

    2008.

44. ^ "Facebook and Microsoft Expand Strategic Alliance"(Press

    release). Microsoft. October 24, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2007.

45. ^ "Facebook Stock For Sale". BusinessWeek (New York). Retrieved

    August 6, 2008.

46. ^ "Facebook to Establish International Headquarters in Dublin,

    Ireland" (Press release). Facebook. October 2, 2008. Retrieved November

    30, 2008.

47. ^ "Facebook 'cash flow positive,' signs 300M users". CBC News (Toronto).

    September 16, 2009. Retrieved March 23, 2010.

48. ^ Womack, Brian (November 15, 2010). "Facebook Becomes Third

    Biggest US Web Company". The Jakarta Globe.

49. ^ Dougherty, Heather (March 15, 2010). "Facebook Reaches Top Ranking

    in US". Experian Hitwise (blog).

50. ^ "Facebook deletes 20,000 underage profiles daily". IBN Live. Press

    Trust of India (Noida, Uttar Pradesh). March 24, 2011. Retrieved March

    24, 2011.
51. ^ Parr, Ben (February 7, 2011). "These Are Facebook's New Offices

    [PHOTOS]". Mashable (New York). Retrieved April 6, 2011.

52. ^ Brundage, Sandy (February 8, 2011). "Facebook moving headquarters

    to Menlo Park: Social-networking giant to move into former Sun/Oracle

    campus". The Almanac (Menlo Park, CA).

53. ^ Titlow, John Paul (August 24, 2011). "Facebook Hits 1 Trillion

    Pageviews". ReadWriteWeb. Retrieved November 17, 2011.

54. ^ Fernandes, Rossi (December 31, 2011). "Facebook second most

    accessed sit behind Google in the US".

55. ^ "Facebook app store launches amid mobile revenue worries". May 10,

    2012.

56. ^ Stern, Joanna (April 9, 2012). "Facebook Buys Instagram for $1

    Billion". ABC News. Retrieved April 27, 2012.

57. ^ http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2404024,00.asp

58. ^ Andrew Tangel and Walter Hamilton (17 May 2012)."Stakes are high on

    Facebook's first day of trading". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17

    May 2012.

59. ^ http://www.techinfojournal.com/facebook-buys-app-developer-tagtile-for-

    an-undisclosed-amount.html

60. ^ http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2404779,00.asp

61. ^ "Facebook". Retrieved 2012-06-19.

62. ^ ww.facebook.com/sitetour/profile.php "Edit Your Profile". Facebook.

    Archived from the original on February 27, 2008. Retrieved March 7, 2008.

63. ^ "Why Most Facebook Users Get More Than They Give". Journalist's

    Resource.org.

64. ^ "Search Privacy". Facebook. Retrieved June 13, 2009.

65. ^ Barton, Zoe (April 28, 2006). "Facebook goes corporate".ZDNet News.

    Archived from the original on May 26, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2008.

66. ^ "Choose Your Privacy Settings". Facebook. Retrieved September 10,

    2009.

67. ^ Stone, Brad (May 25, 2007). "Facebook Expands Into MySpace's

    Territory". The New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2008.

68. ^ Ciccone, David (May 7, 2009). "Facebook Connect fully integrated into

    Mobility Today". Mobility Today Fitness. Retrieved September 10, 2010.

69. ^ Sullivan, Mark (July 24, 2007). "Is Facebook the New MySpace?". PC

    World (San Francisco). Retrieved April 30, 2008.
70. ^ a b Der, Kevin. "Facebook is off-the-wall". The Facebook Blog. Retrieved

    July 30, 2007.

71. ^ "Inbox, Messages and Pokes". Facebook. Retrieved March 9, 2008.

72. ^ "The Facebook Gifts". Facebook. Retrieved March 5, 2008.

73. ^ Ramadge, Andrew (November 26, 2007). "Facebook is ... reconsidering

    the word "is"". news.com.au Technology blog (Sydney). Retrieved March

    8, 2008.

74. ^ Sanghvi, Ruchi (September 6, 2006). "Facebook Gets a Facelift". The

    Facebook Blog. Retrieved February 11, 2008.

75. ^ "Facebook: Celebrate Your Birthday Every Day". Colnect blog. Retrieved

    March 9, 2010.

76. ^ Lacy, Sarah (September 8, 2006). "Facebook Learns from Its

    Fumble". BusinessWeek (New York). Retrieved June 28, 2008.

77. ^ Gonsalves, Antone (September 8, 2006). "Facebook Founder

    Apologizes In Privacy Flap; Users Given More

    Control". InformationWeek (New York). Retrieved June 28, 2008.

78. ^ US patent 7669123

79. ^ "US Patent No. 7669123". Social Media. March 1, 2010. Retrieved

    March 9, 2010.[dead link]

80. ^ "Facebook's news-feed patent could mean lawsuits".CNN. February 26,

    2010. Retrieved July 12, 2010.

81. ^ Arrington, Michael (May 24, 2007). "Facebook Launches Facebook

    Platform; They are the Anti-MySpace".TechCrunch. Retrieved June 28,

    2008.

82. ^ "Share More Memories with Larger Photo Albums". Retrieved January 4,

    2010.

83. ^ "Upload: 60 or 200 photos in the same album?". Facebook. Retrieved

    January 25, 2009.[dead link]

84. ^ "How can I add more than 60 photos to an album?". Facebook.

    Retrieved January 25, 2009.[dead link]

85. ^ "Example of album from a regular user with a 200-photo limit".

    Facebook. Retrieved January 25, 2009.

86. ^ "Photos". Facebook. Retrieved March 15, 2008.[dead link]

87. ^ "Facebook to launch App Center". 08 June 2012.

88. ^ Eugene (May 14, 2008). "Facebook Chat". Facebook. Retrieved June 2,

    2008.
89. ^ "Announcement: Facebook Launches Facebook Chat"(Press release).

    Facebook. April 6, 2008. Retrieved April 11, 2008.

90. ^ "Give gifts on Facebook!". Facebook. Retrieved March 15, 2008.

91. ^ "Gifts". Facebook. Retrieved March 15, 2008.[dead link]

92. ^ Morgenstern, Jared (May 14, 2007). "The Marketplace Is Open..". The

    Facebook Blog. Retrieved March 15, 2008.

93. ^ McCarthy, Caroline (May 13, 2007). "Hands-on with Facebook

    Marketplace". CNET. Retrieved March 15, 2008.

94. ^ Havenstein, Heather (July 21, 2008). "Facebook Facelift Targets Aging

    Users and New Competitors". The New York Times.

95. ^ Slee, Mark (September 10, 2008). "Moving to the new Facebook". The

    Facebook Blog. Retrieved September 12, 2008.

96. ^ "Facebook Testing Even Simpler Sign Up; Closing The Gap With

    MySpace In The U.S". TechCrunch. December 11, 2008.

97. ^ DiPersia, Blaise (June 9, 2009). "Coming Soon: Facebook Usernames".

    The Facebook Blog. Retrieved June 13, 2009.

98. ^ Protalinski, Emil (February 1, 2012). "Facebook has over 425 million

    mobile users". ZDNet. Retrieved February 4, 2012.

99. ^ Gabbatt, Adam; Arthur, Charles (November 15, 2010)."Facebook mail: it

    might kill Gmail, but 'it's not email'". The Guardian (London).

100. ^ "Facebook adds 'social inbox' – with E-mail". San Jose Mercury

    News (California). November 16, 2010. Retrieved January 13, 2011.

101. ^ Protalinski, Emil (February 18, 2011). "Facebook adds hCalendar and

    hCard microformats to Events". ZDNet blog. Retrieved March 24, 2011.

102. ^ Swartz, Jon (April 19, 2011). "Facebook hops aboard T-Mobile's

    Bobsled Service". USA Today (Washington DC). Retrieved April 20, 2011.

103. ^ "Facebook starts video calling service to compete with Google+

    hangouts". Retrieved July 6, 2011.

104. ^ Meghan Peters (2011-09-15). "Facebook Subscribe Button: What It

    Means for Each Type of User". Mashable.com. Retrieved 2012-04-29.

105. ^ "Facebook Getting A Major Facelift This Thursday!!". Billy Moses.

    Retrieved September 21, 2011.

106. ^ "Facebook Launches Verified Accounts and Pseudonyms". TechCrunch

    Article. Retrieved March 3, 2012.

107. ^ "Facebook Messenger for Windows launched". Hindustantimes.com.

    2012-03-06. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
108. ^ Story, Louise (March 10, 2008). "To Aim Ads, Web Is Keeping Closer

    Eye on You". The New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2008.

109. ^ a b Cluley, Graham (February 1, 2010). "Revealed: Which social

    networks pose the biggest risk?". Sophos. Retrieved July 12, 2010.

110. ^ Sengupta, Somini (February 26, 2012). "Risk and Riches in User Data

    for Facebook". The New York Times. Retrieved February 29, 2012.

111. ^ "Facebook Settles FTC Charges That It Deceived Consumers By Failing

    To Keep Privacy Promises". FTC. November 29, 2011. Retrieved

    November 29, 2011.

112. ^ a b Paul, Ryan. "Exclusive: a behind-the-scenes look at Facebook

    release engineering". Ars Technica. Retrieved April 19, 2012.

113. ^ "Facebook Statistics". Facebook.com. Retrieved December 21, 2011.

114. ^ "Facebook: Largest, Fastest Growing Social Network".Techtree.com.

    August 13, 2008. Retrieved August 14, 2008.

115. ^ "Privacy, Schmivacy: Facebook Is Attracting Near-Record Numbers Of

    New Visitors". TechCrunch. June 7, 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2010.

116. ^ "Related info for: facebook.com/". Alexa Internet. Retrieved March 8,

    2008.

117. ^ "Facebook.com Web Site Audience Profile". Quantcast. Retrieved

    September 9, 2010.

118. ^ "We're Number Two! Facebook moves up one big spot in the

    charts". Compete.com. Retrieved September 9, 2010.

119. ^ McGrath, Kristin (July 22, 2010). "Status update: Facebook logs

    500 million members". USA Today (Washington DC). Retrieved

    September 9, 2010.

120. ^ Yum, Kenny (May 18, 2007). "Facebook says 'Thanks,

    Canada'". National Post (Toronto). Retrieved April 30, 2008.[dead link]

121. ^ Malkin, Bonnie (September 26, 2007). "Facebook is UK's biggest

    networking site". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved April 30, 2008.

122. ^ Caverly, Doug (June 16, 2009). "comScore: Facebook Catches

    MySpace in U.S". WebProNews (iEntry Network). Retrieved September

    24, 2009.

123. ^ Brown, Steven E.F. (June 17, 2009). "Facebook grows as MySpace cuts

    back". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved September 24, 2009. "The

    Conference Board report on first quarter online users in the U.S. showed

    Facebook with an even larger lead, with 78 percent of social network
    participants, followed by MySpace (42 percent),LinkedIn (17 percent) and

    Twitter (10 percent)."

124. ^ Hasselback, Drew (June 17, 2009). "Comscore says Facebook has

    surpassed MySpace for U.S. users".National Post (Toronto). Retrieved

    September 24, 2009. "Comscore says Facebook surpassed MySpace

    among U.S. users in May, while Nielsen figures that actually happened

    back in January."[dead link]

125. ^ Wood, Cara (August 31, 2009). "Keeping pace with mainstream social

    media". Direct Marketing News (New York). Retrieved September 24,

    2009. "The giant in the space remains Facebook, which gets 87.7 million

    unique viewers per month, according to ComScore. MySpace, with nearly

    70 million unique monthly visitors, has seen growth stagnate over the past

    year."

126. ^ McCarthy, Caroline (July 21, 2010). "Who will be Facebook's next

    500 million?". CNET (New York). Retrieved September 23, 2008.

127. ^ "Social Networking". PC Magazine. August 13, 2007. Retrieved May 9,

    2008.

128. ^ "12th Annual Webby Awards Nominees". International Academy of

    Digital Arts and Sciences. Retrieved May 6, 2008.

129. ^ "Survey: College Kids Like IPods Better Than Beer". Fox News. June 8,

    2006. Retrieved March 10, 2008.

130. ^ Kincaid, Jason (January 8, 2010). "Facebook Takes Best Overall For

    The Hat Trick". Techcrunch. Retrieved July 8, 2010.

131. ^ "Lead411 launches "Hottest Silicon Valley Companies" awards".

    Lead411.com. May 25, 2010. Retrieved July 8, 2010.

132. ^ Fowler, Geoffrey A. (July 20, 2010). "Users Rate Facebook Slightly

    Above the Tax Man". Digits (Wall Street Journal technology blog).

    Retrieved July 21, 2010.

133. ^ Towell, Noel (December 16, 2008). "Lawyers to serve notices on

    Facebook". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved March 23, 2010.

134. ^ "Kiwi judge follows Australian Facebook precedent". The Age. Agence

    France-Presse (Melbourne). March 16, 2009.

135. ^ Peters, Melanie (April 5, 2009). "Facebook trap criminals in its

    web". Independent Online (Cape Town).

136. ^ Cochran, Jason (November 6, 2008). "Watch out! Bosses are saving

    money by firing employees over Facebook posts". WalletPop.com.

    Retrieved May 6, 2010.
137. ^ McDonald, Soraya Nadia (July 4, 2005). "Facebooking, the rage on

     college campuses". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 14, 2009.

138. ^ Nicole, Kristen (December 21, 2007). "I Can So "Facebook" You Now

     (and be gramatically correct)".Mashable. Retrieved March 23, 2010.

139. ^ "Unfriend is New Oxford dictionary's Word of the Year".USA

     Today (Washington DC). November 17, 2009. Retrieved July 12, 2010.

140. ^ "Openbook – Connect and share whether you want to or not".

     Youropenbook.org. May 12, 2010. Retrieved June 26, 2010.

141. ^ Steel, Emily; Fowler, Geoffrey A. (October 18, 2010)."Facebook in

     Privacy Breach". The Wall Street Journal(New York). Retrieved October

     18, 2010.

142. ^ "Facebook Statistics by country". March 3, 2012.

143. ^ "43.1 Million Members of Facebook in Indonesia". February 2, 2012.

144. ^ "China's Facebook Status: Blocked". ABC News blog. July 8, 2009.

     Retrieved July 13, 2009.

145. ^ Shahi, Afshin (July 27, 2008). "Iran's Digital War". Daily Star (Cairo).

     Archived from the original on August 14, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2008.

146. ^ (Russian) "Uzbek authorities have blocked access to

     Facebook". Ferghana News. Retrieved October 21, 2010.

147. ^ Cooper, Charles (May 19, 2010). "Pakistan Bans Facebook Over

     Muhammad Caricature Row – Tech Talk". CBS News. Retrieved June 26,

     2010.

148. ^ "Red lines that cannot be crossed". The Economist(London). July 24,

     2008. Retrieved August 17, 2008.

149. ^ Benzie, Robert (May 3, 2007). "Facebook banned for Ontario

     staffers". Toronto Star. Retrieved August 16, 2008.

150. ^ Stone, Brad (April 7, 2008). "Facebook to Settle Thorny Lawsuit Over Its

     Origins". The New York Times (blog). Retrieved November 5, 2009.

151. ^ Pepitone, Julianne (May 12, 2011). "Facebook vs. Google fight turns

     nasty". CNN Money.

152. ^ "Alemanha: Festas convocadas pelo Facebook são "ameaça à ordem

     pública"". Ptjornal.com. Retrieved October 29, 2011.

153. ^ "Alemanha pode proibir festas combinadas pelo Facebook".

     Destakjornal.com.br. Retrieved October 29, 2011.

154. ^ "Facebook blunder invites 15,000 to teen's 16th birthday party; 100 cops

     show up, too – Crimesider". CBS News. June 7, 2011. Retrieved October

     29, 2011.
155. ^ "Alemanha pretende acabar com eventos via Facebook"(in Portuguese).

    Mtv.uol.com.br. Retrieved October 29, 2011.

156. ^ "50% of British employers have banned Facebook from the office. What

    do you think?". | The Search Office Space Blog | Searchofficespace. May

    11, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2011.

157. ^ Facebook Detox

158. ^ "Why Parents Help Their Children Lie to Facebook About Age:

    Unintended Consequences of the Children's Online Privacy Protection

    Act". Journalist's Resource.org.

159. ^ Kurup, Deepa (November 17, 2011). "Facebook feeds spammed

    globally". The Hindu (Chennai, India).

160. ^ Anuradha Shetty (November 18, 2011). "Facebook denies hack in India,

    assures safety". Tech2.in.com. Retrieved December 21, 2011.

161. ^ Reporter, Staff (January 26, 2012). "''The Sun''. Jan. 26, 2012". The

    Sun. Retrieved March 21, 2012.

162. ^ "The Inquirer. December 16, 2011". Theinquirer.net. Retrieved March

    21, 2012.

163. ^ "Terrorists using Facebook as recruitment tool: Expert". Retrieved 24

    May 2012.

164. ^ "Facebook Marketing Solutions". Facebook. Retrieved January 30,

    2011.

165. ^ Wells, Emma K. (April 19, 2011). "Move Over Twitter: Facebook Wants

    a Piece of Social TV, Too". tvgenius: TV Trends Blog. Retrieved May 15,

    2011.

166. ^ "Facebook data reveal what GOP presidential candidates’ supporters

    ‘like’". The Washington Post. Jan 6, 2012.

167. ^ Dembosky, April (January 16, 2012). "Romney tags Facebook to build

    momentum".

168. ^ Bingham, Amy (Jan 10, 2012). "Social Media Opens Trove of Voter Info

    to Campaigns". ABCNews.com.

169. ^ "Father finds daughter on Facebook after 20 years apart". WABC (New

    York). October 23, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2011.

170. ^ "Facebook reunites father, daughter after 48 years". MSN India (Delhi).

    January 27, 2010.

171. ^ Gardner, David (December 2, 2010). "The marriage killer: One in five

    American divorces now involve Facebook".Daily Mail (London).
172. ^ Harwood, Jonathan (December 22, 2009). "Facebook causes one in five

     divorces, says law firm". The First Post(London).

173. ^ "ABC News Joins Forces With Facebook". ABC News. December 18,

     2007. Retrieved March 23, 2010.

174. ^ Minor, Doug (November 29, 2007). "Saint Anselm to Host ABC Debates

     Jan. 5". Saint Anselm College blog. Retrieved July 18, 2010.

175. ^ Bradley, Tahman (December 12, 2007). "Republicans Lead off ABC

     News, WMUR-TV and Facebook Back-To-Back Debates in New

     Hampshire". Political Radar (blog) (ABC News). Retrieved March 23,

     2010.

176. ^ Callahan, Ezra (January 5, 2008). "Tune in to the ABC News/Facebook

     Debates, Tonight 7 pm/6c on ABC". Facebook Blog. Retrieved March 23,

     2010.

177. ^ Thomas L. Friedman (June 9, 2012). "Facebook Meets Brick-and-Mortar

     Politics". New York Times. Retrieved June 10, 2012.

178. ^ Goldman, Russell (January 5, 2007). "Facebook Gives Snapshot of

     Voter Sentiment". ABC News. Retrieved March 23, 2010.

179. ^ Sullivan, Michelle (November 3, 2008). "'Facebook Effect' Mobilizes

     Youth Vote". CBS News. Retrieved March 23, 2010.

180. ^ Brodzinsky, Sibylla (February 4, 2008). "Facebook used to target

     Colombia's FARC with global rally". Christian Science Monitor (Boston).

     Retrieved August 1, 2010.

181. ^ Roberts, Laura (August 21, 2010). "North Korea joins Facebook". The

     Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved August 22, 2010.

182. ^ Oliver Pickup (June 6, 2011). "French ban the words 'Twitter' and

     'Facebook' from being used on TV and radio".Daily Mail (London).

     Retrieved October 29, 2011.

183. ^ Johnson, Luke (September 26, 2011). "Facebook forms its own Political

     Action Committee". Huffington Post. Retrieved September 27, 2011.

184. ^ Nagesh, Gautham (September 26, 2011). "Facebook to form its own

     PAC to back political candidates". The Hill. Retrieved September 27, 2011.

185. ^ "Oldest Tweeter talks cuppas and casserole on Twitter at 104". The

     Daily Telegraph (London). May 15, 2009.

186. ^ Millson, Alex (July 28, 2010). "Stars pay tribute to world's oldest Twitter

     user Ivy Bean after she dies aged 104".Daily Mail (London).

187. ^ Gray, Melissa (July 28, 2010). "Ivy Bean, 'world's oldest Twitter user,'

     dead at 104". CNN. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
                                               188. ^ Hempel, Jessi (June 25, 2009). "The book that Facebook doesn't want

                                                   you to read". CNN. Retrieved July 3, 2010.

                                               189. ^ Hussain, Waqar (May 27, 2010). "Pakistanis create rival Muslim

                                                   Facebook". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved June 9, 2010.

                                               190. ^ "South Park parodies Facebook". Guardian media blog(London). April 8,

                                                   2010. Retrieved June 7, 2010.

                                               191. ^ "The Social Network (2010)". Internet Movie DataBase. Retrieved July 3,

                                                   2010.

                                               192. ^ Racheff, Jeffery (October 20, 2010). "Mark Zuckerberg Calls The Social

                                                   Network Inaccurate". Limelife.

                                               193. ^ Ehrlich, Brenna (May 17, 2011). "Parents name child after Facebook

                                                   'Like' button". CNN.

                                               194. ^ Olivarez-Giles, Nathan (May 16, 2011). "Israeli newborn named 'Like' in

                                                   tribute to Facebook". Los Angeles Times.

                                               195. ^ "Valentina Monetta released her facebook song for Eurovision 2013.".

                                                   June 4, 2012.

Further reading

                                              Kirkpatrick, David, "Why Facebook matters: It's not just for arranging dates.

                                               And it's not just another social network. Facebook offers sophisticated tools
                                               for maintaining social relationships",Fortune, October 6, 2006

                                              Miller, Daniel, Tales from Facebook, Polity 2011, ISBN 978-0-7456-5209-2

External links

                   Look

                   up Facebook or facebookin
                   Wiktionary, the free
                   dictionary.



                  Wikimedia Commons has
                  media related to: Facebook


                                                   Listen to this article (info/dl)




This audio file was created from a revision of the "Facebook" article dated August 15, 2009, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the

article. (Audio help)

                                                       More spoken articles
                              Official website (Mobile)

                              Facebook on Twitter

                              Facebook collected news and commentary at The Guardian

                              Collected news and commentary at The New York Times

                              Facebook news and reviews at The Daily Telegraph (London)

                              Hits chart between Facebook and Google

                              Facebook Founder Finds He Wants Some Privacy, in The New York
                               Times, December 3, 2007

                              Facebook Privacy: 10 Settings Every User Needs to Know, by Stan
                               Schroeder, February 7, 2011
                                                                                  [show][show]

     V




     T




     E
                                                                         Facebook (website, company)
                                                                                  [show][show]
                                                                            Links to related articles

    Categories:
                          Facebook
                          Android software
                          Bada software
                          BlackBerry software
                          Blog hosting services
                          Blog software
                          Global internet community
                          Internet properties established in 2004
                          IOS software
                          Online gaming services
                          Photo sharing
                          Social information processing
                          Social media
                          Social networking services
                          Student culture
                          Symbian software
                          Web 2.0
                          Websites which mirror Wikipedia
                          Windows Phone software

     Create account
         Log in
       Article
       Talk
       Read
       View source
       View history


            Main page
            Contents
            Featured content
            Current events
            Random article
            Donate to Wikipedia
        Interaction
              Help
              About Wikipedia
              Community portal
              Recent changes
              Contact Wikipedia
        Toolbox
        Print/export
        Languages
              Afrikaans
              Alemannisch
              አማርኛ
              ‫ال عرب ية‬
              অসমীয়া
              asturianu
              azərbaycanca
              ব়াাংল়া
              Bahasa Banjar
              Bân-lâm-gú
              беларуская
                 еларуская    ара ке   а
              Bikol Central
              български
              Boarisch
              bosanski
              brezhoneg
              català
              Чӑ а ла
              česky
              Cymraeg
              dansk
              Deitsch
              Deutsch
              Diné bizaad
              eesti
              Ελληνικά
              emiliàn e rumagnòl
   español
   Esperanto
   euskara
   ‫ف ار سی‬
   føroyskt
   français
   Frysk
   Gaeilge
   Gaelg
   galego
   ������������
   한국어

   Հայերեն
   हिन्दी
   hrvatski
   Ilokano
   Bahasa Indonesia
   Ирон
   isiZulu
   íslenska
   italiano
   ‫עברית‬
   Basa Jawa
   ಕನ್ನಡ
   Kapampangan
   ქართული
   Қазақ а
   Kinyarwanda
   Kiswahili
   Kurdî
   Ladino
   ລາວ
   Latina
   latviešu
   lietuvių
   lumbaart
   magyar
   македонски
   മലയാളം
   Malti
   मराठी
   მარგალური
   ‫م صرى‬
   ‫ما ر ی‬
   Bahasa Melayu
   မမမမမမမမမမ
   Nāhuatl
   Nederlands
   Nedersaksisch
   नेपाली
   日本語
   Нохчийн
   norsk bokm l
   norsk nynorsk
   Олык Марий
   ଓଡ଼ିଆ
   ‫پ نجاب ی‬
   Papiamentu
    ‫پ ښ ت‬

   Piemontèis
   Plattdüütsch
   polski
   português
   română
   русский
   саха ыла
   Scots
   shqip
   sicilianu

   Simple English
   slovenčina
   slovenščina
   Soomaaliga
   ‫ک ردی‬
   српски / srpski
   srpskohrvatski / српскохр а ски
   Basa Sunda
   suomi
   svenska
   Tagalog
   தமிழ்
    а арча/tatarça
   తెలుగు
   ไทย
    оҷикӣ
   Türkçe
   українська
    ‫ارد‬
   ‫ / ئ ۇي غۇرچە‬Uyghurche
   vèneto
   Vepsän kel’
   Tiếng Việt
   West-Vlams
   Winaray
    ‫יי י‬
   粵語
   Zazaki
   Žemaitėška
   中文
   This page was last modified on 27 June 2012 at 07:37.

   Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms

    may apply. See Terms of use for details.

    Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit

    organization.

   Contact us


   Privacy policy


   About Wikipedia


   Disclaimers


   Mobile view


                                                                          

                                                                          

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:11/26/2012
language:English
pages:35