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					House of History
Museum: This Way
In order to enter, you must
    know the password.
   Good Job.



You may proceed.
Welcome to the
House of History
Thank you for choosing to visit
             the
     Civil War Exhibit.


     To
   Exhibit
The Civil War

  A House Divided
 Let us take a step back in
time to a time period in the
 United States where states
  were fighting over one
        major issue.

     SLAVERY
   Please step
  through our
 magic door. It
will take you to
the early 1800’s.
 Enjoy the tour.
   While you are
  Got Caveman?
waiting for the show
to begin. Enjoy this
     brief skit.
Are you ready to begin?
 The tour starts at a time
  period prior to 1820.
 During this part of the
tour, you will learn some
background information
      about slavery.
The South had two major cash
crops ( A crop you sell to make
 money): Cotton and Tobacco
 Southerners believed that the
  only way to harvest the cash
crops and still make money was
       to use slave labor.
Many Years prior to the Civil War, colonists began
                       bringing slaves to the
Colonists began new land to work the fields
bringing slaves to the
new land to work the fields and other
                  and other jobs.
                     jobs.
Slaves were mostly used in the South
       to work on plantations.
View Cotton
Production
 Handout
 The following part of the exhibit will
 allow you to see slaves up close and
personal. We will be your tour guides.
Our names are Casey Dea and Sam Pull
  Isn’t
  that
terrible
    ?
Did you know
that the North
and the South
had one major
  difference.
South = Agricultural based economy =
         The need for slaves
North = Industrial Economy = The
    need for factory workers
And so
  it
begins
Year: 1820

Debate: Missouri and Maine want to
become states.

Problem: First time slavery has really been
discussed in congress.

Solution: Missouri Compromise
    What was the Missouri
       Compromise?
•Missouri entered as a slave state.

•Maine entered as a free state.

•The rest of the Louisiana territory would
be divided by a line. No slavery would be
allowed in the states north of that line.
The Missouri Compromise of 1820




          Missouri Compromise Line
             Henry Clay – Kentucky-
             Author of the Missouri
                 Compromise
Problem
solved?
 What do
you mean
 it’s not
 solved?
Background: 1850 there were 15 free
states and 15 slave states.

Problem: California wants to be a state.

Solution: Compromise of 1850
    What was the Compromise
            of 1850?
•California joins the Union as a free state.

•In the rest of the territory from Mexico, people
would decide whether or not to allow slavery.
This is called popular sovereignty.
•Slave trade was banned in Washington D.C.

•Congress would pass the Fugitive Slave Law.
The Compromise of 1850
   The differences
between the North
 and the South are
  becoming more
clear because of the
  conflict between
    free and slave
        states.
Did anyone try to
  stop slavery?
Abolitionists
tried to stop
   slavery.
 What is an
abolitionist?
       An abolitionist
       During this part
       is someone like
        of the tour, you
        will see wants
       me who some of
           to abolish
        the abolitionists
         slavery. That
         who fought to
          means to do
           end slavery.
           away with
            slavery.

Harriet Tubman
              The Liberator was
               an anti-slavery
William Lloyd   newspaper.
  Garrison
•Garrison believed that all slaves should be
released immediately.

•1833: Garrison and other abolitionists met
in Philadelphia to start the American
Antislavery Society
Sarah and Angela Grimke: Their father
  was a South Carolina slave owner.
The Grimke sisters shocked listeners
with their firsthand accounts of the
          evils of slavery.
                      Frederick
                      Douglass:
                    Escaped Slave




 The Narrative
Life of Frederick
    Douglass
Douglass gave
lectures about
   the evils of
  slavery. He
became one of
 the first great
     African
    American
    speakers.
I’m back. My name
 is Harriet Tubman
  and I helped over
300 slaves escape on
  the Underground
    Railroad. My
nickname is Moses.
 Harriet
 Tubman
An American Hero
Here is a video
  about the
Underground
  Railroad.
Underground Railroad
 Key Points to know about Abolitionists

•Abolitionists tried to stop slavery.
•Some of the main abolitionists were:

  •William Lloyd Garrison
  •Grimke Sisters
  •Frederick Douglass
  •Harriet Tubman
You are now about to enter a new exhibit.
   Are you ready? Let’s
 It will show you the main causes of the
           go.
  Civil War as well as other events that
helped start the war. I hope you enjoy the
                  exhibit.
Cause Number One
      Harriet
      Beecher
      Stowe’s

    Uncle Tom’s
    Cabin (1852)
Stowe’s book
told the story
 of a fictitious
 slave family.
  For the first
time slave life
was explained
   in human
     terms.
 Stowe was an
  abolitionist.
 Die in the Fiel'

This song’s lyrics
was put in Uncle
  Tom’s Cabin.
        Effects of
    Uncle Tom’s Cabin
•North is shocked by the first
hand descriptions of slavery.

•South resents being depicted as
cruel slave owners.
Moving on with the tour.
  The year is now…



       1854
                  I introduced
                     a bill to
                    create the
                     Kansas
                    Nebraska
                   Territories



Stephen Douglas
    •Douglas knew that NO Southern
 congressman would vote to admit free
territories. (That would mean more anti-
               slavery states).

•He agreed to have the territories decided
whether or not there will be slavery or not
         (Popular sovereignty).
 Many northerners were
 upset with the Kansas
 Nebraska bill because it
went against the Missouri
      Compromise.
  The bill was passed. It became
known as the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
               (1854)
Cause Number Two
Kansas-Nebraska
      Act/
   Bleeding
    Kansas
     (1856)
 Settlers from all over
  who were for and
against slavery rushed
  to Kansas to vote.
 Violence soon broke
           out.
Settlers fighting in
 Kansas over the
 issue of slavery.
 John Brown
He killed five pro-
slavery people. He
 was not arrested.
May 1856:
 Violence
Spreads to
Washington
   D.C.
                 Vs.




Preston Brooks         Charles Sumner
Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts
gave a speech entitled “The Crime Against
 Kansas.” He was attacked and beaten on
  the floor of the Senate by Congressman
    Preston Brooks of South Carolina.
Can you believe he did that.
  It’s shocking I tell you.
          Effects of the
  Kansas-Nebraska Act/Bleeding
             Kansas
•More conflict was caused between
Northerners and Southerners because they
were able to take slavery into their own
hands.

•The vote for or against slavery allowed
extremists to force their will on innocent
voters by using terrorism.
1857
Cause Number Three
The Dred Scott Decision.
Dred Scott :
A slave who
 felt that he
  should be
free because
he lived in a
  free state
(Wisconsin)
 for 4 years.
Scott’s case went all the way to the
          Supreme Court.
                  The Decision
               1.Scott could not bring his
                 case to court because he
                 was not a citizen. (No
                 slave is a citizen.)
               2. Slaves are property.
                 (Just like a pair of shoes)
3. Missouri Compromise is
  unconstitutional. Congress can’t decide
  where slavery can and cannot be.
  The Effects of the
 Dred Scott Decision
•The North was furious because the
U.S. Supreme Court said slavery was
       acceptable in America.

 •The South was extremely pleased
 with the decision. Slavery is now
       allowed everywhere.
1858
     Election for
Illinois State Senator
Douglas   Lincoln
     Key Points of Election
•Stephen Douglas defended the Dred Scott
decision. (For decision)
•Abraham Lincoln opposed the Dred Scott
decision. (Against decision)
•Stephen Douglas preaches popular sovereignty
for the new territories.

•Lincoln gives his famous house divided speech
and opposes slavery in the new territories.
 A house divided against itself cannot
   stand. I believe this government
cannot endure, permanently half slave
   and half free. I do not expect the
Union to be dissolved. I do not expect
the house to fall-but I do expect it will
cease to be divided. It will become all
       one thing or all the other.

     -Abraham Lincoln (June 16, 1858)
And the
winner
 is…..
        Key Points to the
    senatorial election of 1858

•Stephen Douglas wins the election.
•Abraham Lincoln loses the election.
•Abraham Lincoln impressed the
Republican party so much, they want him
to run for President in 1860.
1859
Cause Number Four




  John Brown’s Raid
John Brown’s Raid: Harpers Ferry. Give
 weapons to slaves to revolt against their
                masters.
Marines storming the fort where John
  Brown and his men are located.
          Key Points of
        John Brown’s Raid
•18 men attacked Harpers Ferry Virginia

•John Brown tried to get weapons to arm
slaves for a massive uprising.

•Uprising is a slave owners worst
nightmare.

•John Brown was stopped by Robert E. Lee
   Brown was
unsuccessful. He
was hung for his
   crime. The
south knew now
     that the
  abolitionists
    would do
anything to stop
     slavery.
       John Brown's Last Prophecy

  Charlestown, Va, 2nd, December, 1859

I John Brown am now quite certain that the
   crimes of this guilty, land: will never be
       purged away; but with Blood.

 John Brown’s
    Grave
    The Effects of
  John Brown’s Raid
•South was upset because the North
turned John Brown into a hero. John
Brown even had a song made about him.
1860
  Cause Number Five
   The Election of 1860



                John         Stephen
 Abraham
             Breckinridge    Douglas
 Lincoln:
              Democrat:     Democrat:
Republican
                South         North
Key Points to the Election of 1860
•California 1850, Minnesota 1858, and Oregon
in 1859: Free states which gave the North the
majority in the Senate.

•Free Soilers had the advantage in the House of
Representatives.

•The South’s last hope was to have a pro-
slavery president.

     Will it happen?
And the Winner is….




     Abe Lincoln
I’m the man! I won
  even though my
  name wasn’t on a
 single ballot in the
South. A person in
 the South couldn’t
 vote for me even if
   they wanted to.
March 4, 1861: Lincoln’s Inauguration
 A split in the vote between Douglas and
Breckinridge allowed Lincoln to win. The
           South was not happy.
  The Effects of the Election of 1860
•The North has a president who is against
slavery.

•The South is upset because now they have
nothing. (Minority control in Congress as well
as in the White House). The South believed that
there is now an abolitionist in the White House
and strongly believe that slavery will be
outlawed.

•The South secedes (breaks away) from the
Union.
   Secession
South Carolina, Georgia,
  Florida, Mississippi,
Louisiana, Alabama, and
  Texas left the Union.
 Jefferson Davis:
 President of the
Confederate States
    of America
I will protect
      all
government
  property.
April 12, 1861- Fort Sumter is attacked.
       The Civil War has begun.
Pvt. Edmund Ruffin:

I fired the first shot
   at Fort Sumter.
Song Activity
The sides have been chosen. Now for the
conclusion of the tour. As you leave you
will see some of the soldiers who fought
 so bravely in the American Civil War.
 Before you leave, here is a little
preview of what you might see in
      the Civil War Exhibit.
The tour is over. I hope you enjoyed
 the exhibit. Please tell your friends
               about it.
Come again
 sometime.

				
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