House of History
Museum: This Way
In order to enter, you must
know the password.
You may proceed.
Welcome to the
House of History
Thank you for choosing to visit
Civil War Exhibit.
The Civil War
A House Divided
Let us take a step back in
time to a time period in the
United States where states
were fighting over one
magic door. It
will take you to
the early 1800’s.
Enjoy the tour.
While you are
waiting for the show
to begin. Enjoy this
Are you ready to begin?
The tour starts at a time
period prior to 1820.
During this part of the
tour, you will learn some
The South had two major cash
crops ( A crop you sell to make
money): Cotton and Tobacco
Southerners believed that the
only way to harvest the cash
crops and still make money was
to use slave labor.
Many Years prior to the Civil War, colonists began
bringing slaves to the
Colonists began new land to work the fields
bringing slaves to the
new land to work the fields and other
and other jobs.
Slaves were mostly used in the South
to work on plantations.
The following part of the exhibit will
allow you to see slaves up close and
personal. We will be your tour guides.
Our names are Casey Dea and Sam Pull
Did you know
that the North
and the South
had one major
South = Agricultural based economy =
The need for slaves
North = Industrial Economy = The
need for factory workers
Debate: Missouri and Maine want to
Problem: First time slavery has really been
discussed in congress.
Solution: Missouri Compromise
What was the Missouri
•Missouri entered as a slave state.
•Maine entered as a free state.
•The rest of the Louisiana territory would
be divided by a line. No slavery would be
allowed in the states north of that line.
The Missouri Compromise of 1820
Missouri Compromise Line
Henry Clay – Kentucky-
Author of the Missouri
Background: 1850 there were 15 free
states and 15 slave states.
Problem: California wants to be a state.
Solution: Compromise of 1850
What was the Compromise
•California joins the Union as a free state.
•In the rest of the territory from Mexico, people
would decide whether or not to allow slavery.
This is called popular sovereignty.
•Slave trade was banned in Washington D.C.
•Congress would pass the Fugitive Slave Law.
The Compromise of 1850
between the North
and the South are
clear because of the
free and slave
Did anyone try to
tried to stop
What is an
During this part
is someone like
of the tour, you
will see wants
me who some of
who fought to
means to do
The Liberator was
William Lloyd newspaper.
•Garrison believed that all slaves should be
•1833: Garrison and other abolitionists met
in Philadelphia to start the American
Sarah and Angela Grimke: Their father
was a South Carolina slave owner.
The Grimke sisters shocked listeners
with their firsthand accounts of the
evils of slavery.
Life of Frederick
the evils of
became one of
the first great
I’m back. My name
is Harriet Tubman
and I helped over
300 slaves escape on
nickname is Moses.
An American Hero
Here is a video
Key Points to know about Abolitionists
•Abolitionists tried to stop slavery.
•Some of the main abolitionists were:
•William Lloyd Garrison
You are now about to enter a new exhibit.
Are you ready? Let’s
It will show you the main causes of the
Civil War as well as other events that
helped start the war. I hope you enjoy the
Cause Number One
told the story
of a fictitious
For the first
time slave life
Stowe was an
Die in the Fiel'
This song’s lyrics
was put in Uncle
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
•North is shocked by the first
hand descriptions of slavery.
•South resents being depicted as
cruel slave owners.
Moving on with the tour.
The year is now…
a bill to
•Douglas knew that NO Southern
congressman would vote to admit free
territories. (That would mean more anti-
•He agreed to have the territories decided
whether or not there will be slavery or not
Many northerners were
upset with the Kansas
Nebraska bill because it
went against the Missouri
The bill was passed. It became
known as the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Cause Number Two
Settlers from all over
who were for and
against slavery rushed
to Kansas to vote.
Violence soon broke
Settlers fighting in
Kansas over the
issue of slavery.
He killed five pro-
slavery people. He
was not arrested.
Preston Brooks Charles Sumner
Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts
gave a speech entitled “The Crime Against
Kansas.” He was attacked and beaten on
the floor of the Senate by Congressman
Preston Brooks of South Carolina.
Can you believe he did that.
It’s shocking I tell you.
Effects of the
•More conflict was caused between
Northerners and Southerners because they
were able to take slavery into their own
•The vote for or against slavery allowed
extremists to force their will on innocent
voters by using terrorism.
Cause Number Three
The Dred Scott Decision.
Dred Scott :
A slave who
felt that he
he lived in a
for 4 years.
Scott’s case went all the way to the
1.Scott could not bring his
case to court because he
was not a citizen. (No
slave is a citizen.)
2. Slaves are property.
(Just like a pair of shoes)
3. Missouri Compromise is
unconstitutional. Congress can’t decide
where slavery can and cannot be.
The Effects of the
Dred Scott Decision
•The North was furious because the
U.S. Supreme Court said slavery was
acceptable in America.
•The South was extremely pleased
with the decision. Slavery is now
Illinois State Senator
Key Points of Election
•Stephen Douglas defended the Dred Scott
decision. (For decision)
•Abraham Lincoln opposed the Dred Scott
decision. (Against decision)
•Stephen Douglas preaches popular sovereignty
for the new territories.
•Lincoln gives his famous house divided speech
and opposes slavery in the new territories.
A house divided against itself cannot
stand. I believe this government
cannot endure, permanently half slave
and half free. I do not expect the
Union to be dissolved. I do not expect
the house to fall-but I do expect it will
cease to be divided. It will become all
one thing or all the other.
-Abraham Lincoln (June 16, 1858)
Key Points to the
senatorial election of 1858
•Stephen Douglas wins the election.
•Abraham Lincoln loses the election.
•Abraham Lincoln impressed the
Republican party so much, they want him
to run for President in 1860.
Cause Number Four
John Brown’s Raid
John Brown’s Raid: Harpers Ferry. Give
weapons to slaves to revolt against their
Marines storming the fort where John
Brown and his men are located.
Key Points of
John Brown’s Raid
•18 men attacked Harpers Ferry Virginia
•John Brown tried to get weapons to arm
slaves for a massive uprising.
•Uprising is a slave owners worst
•John Brown was stopped by Robert E. Lee
was hung for his
south knew now
anything to stop
John Brown's Last Prophecy
Charlestown, Va, 2nd, December, 1859
I John Brown am now quite certain that the
crimes of this guilty, land: will never be
purged away; but with Blood.
The Effects of
John Brown’s Raid
•South was upset because the North
turned John Brown into a hero. John
Brown even had a song made about him.
Cause Number Five
The Election of 1860
Key Points to the Election of 1860
•California 1850, Minnesota 1858, and Oregon
in 1859: Free states which gave the North the
majority in the Senate.
•Free Soilers had the advantage in the House of
•The South’s last hope was to have a pro-
Will it happen?
And the Winner is….
I’m the man! I won
even though my
name wasn’t on a
single ballot in the
South. A person in
the South couldn’t
vote for me even if
they wanted to.
March 4, 1861: Lincoln’s Inauguration
A split in the vote between Douglas and
Breckinridge allowed Lincoln to win. The
South was not happy.
The Effects of the Election of 1860
•The North has a president who is against
•The South is upset because now they have
nothing. (Minority control in Congress as well
as in the White House). The South believed that
there is now an abolitionist in the White House
and strongly believe that slavery will be
•The South secedes (breaks away) from the
South Carolina, Georgia,
Louisiana, Alabama, and
Texas left the Union.
President of the
I will protect
April 12, 1861- Fort Sumter is attacked.
The Civil War has begun.
Pvt. Edmund Ruffin:
I fired the first shot
at Fort Sumter.
The sides have been chosen. Now for the
conclusion of the tour. As you leave you
will see some of the soldiers who fought
so bravely in the American Civil War.
Before you leave, here is a little
preview of what you might see in
the Civil War Exhibit.
The tour is over. I hope you enjoyed
the exhibit. Please tell your friends