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					 Vocabulary List 1


AP Language and Composition
         ABHORRENCE
NOUN                   The idea makes me
the act or state of    feel horrible.
regarding something    I think brussel
with extreme           sprouts are horrid.
repugnance or
loathing
the feeling of one
who abhors
one that is abhorred

                                             2
        ABHORRENCE
I feel a powerful abhorrence when I
see animals mistreated.
My abhorrence is trying to grade
papers when people are talking.

Boils and plagues / Plaster you o’er,
that you may be abhorr'd… (Shakespeare)

                                          3
            ABROGATE
VERB                   What Watergate did
to abolish by          to respect for
authoritative action   politicians
Annul
to treat as
nonexistent




                                            4
            ADVERSITY
NOUN                     When you suffer a
a state, condition, or   reverse
instance of serious      When you feel the
or continued             fates are perverse
difficulty or adverse
fortune




                                              5
          ADVERSITY
He has always suffered from
adversity, starting with the auto
accident when he was just two.

Prosperity is a great teacher; adversity
is a greater. Possession pampers the
mind; privation trains and strengthens
it. (William Hazlitt)
                                       6
                AVAIL
VERB                   Available originally
                       meant having a
to be of use or        beneficial effect
advantage
                       probably from a- (from
to produce or result   Latin ad-) + valer,
in as a benefit or     valoir to be of worth,
advantage              from Latin valere
                         Valer, valoir and
NOUN
                          valere look like value
Help to obtain a         If it avails you, it has
goal; use                 value
                                                 7
            AVAIL
SYNONYMS       ANTONYMS
Benefit        Damage
Advantage      Harm
Profit         Hurt
Serve          Injure




                          8
              AVAIL
All your work with the campaign will
avail you nothing if you get caught
cheating.
The old emergency brake was of no
avail when the car began to roll down
the hill.
There is no substitute for talent.
Industry and all its virtues are of no
avail. (Aldous Huxley)
                                         9
        BENEVOLENCE
NOUN                 Benefit
disposition to do    From the Latin,
good                 volent-, volens,
an act of kindness   present participle of
a generous gift      velle to wish
                     To wish someone
                     good



                                         10
         BENEVOLENCE
SYNONYMS       ANTONYMS
Friendliness   Animosity
Friendship     Ill will
Kindliness     Hostility




                           11
       BENEVOLENCE
The king’s benevolence made him
beloved by all his people.
Sometimes benevolence can feel like
an insult.

Benevolence is allied to few vices;
selfishness to few virtues. (Homer)

                                      12
           BOURGEOIS
ADJECTIVE               Belonging to,
Often used in           characteristic of, or
Marxist theory or in    consisting of the
discussions about       middle class;
economic classes        characterized by or
She could never         concerned with
transcend her           materialism and
bourgeois beliefs       convention.
and look into the
philosophical side of
things.                                         13
         BOURGEOIS
… the United States … was the
bourgeois nation par excellence, in
which, it might be said, the values of
trade were transmogrified into ideals of
freedom. —Robert Penn Warren,
Democracy and Poetry, 1975



                                       14
               COGENT
ADJECTIVE               On that old TV show
appealing forcibly to   Kojak, the detective
the mind or reason      always had cogent
convincing              evidence to establish
                        culpability.
pertinent, relevant




                                           15
        CONTRIVANCE
NOUN                    Sounds like try
a mechanical device     You have to work to
an artificial           contrive something
arrangement or
development
the act or faculty of
contriving – bringing
about with difficulty


                                          16
       CONTRIVANCE
SYNONYMS      ANTONYMS
Device        None
Contraption
Invention
Brainchild




                         17
       CONTRIVANCE
Her upset stomach was just a
contrivance for avoiding the quiz.
We need some contrivance for
measuring the approval ratings before
the election.
No man will be a sailor who has
contrivance enough to get himself
into a jail… (Samuel Johnson)
                                        18
             ESOTERIC
ADJECTIVE               requiring or
Broadly: difficult to   exhibiting
understand              knowledge that is
Profound; said of       restricted to a small
doctrines and beliefs   group
                        designed for or
                        understood by the
                        specially initiated
                        alone

                                            19
              ESOTERIC
“I'm probably sounding quite elitist when I criticize
this annual event for going overboard with their
"pimps and ho's" display of street fiction, which was
the predominant genre, and I know that the Black
Arts Movement believed that our literature needed to
reach the level of the layperson, not simply written
for the upper crust in esoteric language.”
“Saturday at the Harlem Book Fair: Culture and
Controversy”



                                                    20
           INCESSANT
ADJECTIVE           Without ceasing
Continuing or          To cease is to stop
following without      An interruption is a
interruption            stop




                                               21
          INCESSANT
SYNONYMS       ANTONYMS
Ceaseless      Intermittent
Constant       Ephemeral
Everlasting    Evanescent
Interminable   Impermanent




                              22
          INCESSANT
The students kept up an incessant
whining.
The incessant noise from the
construction site began to get on my
nerves.
I think that there is nothing, not even
crime, more opposed to poetry, to
philosophy, ay, to life itself than this
incessant business. (Henry David Thoreau)
                                            23
       MAGNANIMOUS
ADJECTIVE             Latin magnanimus
Showing or               from magnus great
suggesting a lofty        + animus spirit
and courageous        A magnanimous
spirit                person is like a
Showing or            magnet for others?
suggesting nobility
of feeling and
generosity of mind

                                              24
      MAGNANIMOUS
SYNONYMS       ANTONYMS
Benevolent     Measly
Considerate    Paltry
Greathearted   Petty




                          25
        MAGNANIMOUS
He is so magnanimous that he made
a donation even though he was broke.
The magnanimous student didn’t give
the teacher a hard time when she made
a mistake on his grade.
It would be judicious to act with
magnanimity towards a prostrate foe.
(Zachary Taylor)

                                    26
         OMNIPOTENT
ADJECTIVE      Omni- means all
All powerful   -Potent means
               power




                                 27
        OMNIPOTENT
SYNONYMS       ANTONYMS
All-powerful   Impotent
Almighty       Powerless
               Limited
               Restricted




                            28
        OMNIPOTENT
The politician thought he was
omnipotent – until he lost the
election.
After World War II, it seemed America
was omnipotent.

Beauty is potent, but money is
omnipotent. (Proverb)
                                        29
             Pell-Mell
ADVERB             Middle French
In a disorderly    pelemele, Old
manner             French pesle mesle,
In a recklessly    rhyming
hurried manner     compound based
                   on mesler to mix
Chaotic
In a disordered
mass


                                     30
               Pell-Mell
“In general, suggestions, having arisen
pell-mell, are pursued and forgotten in
a similar manner.”
   Edgar Allan Poe: “The Philosophy of
    Composition”




                                          31
            PROCURE
VERB                   Remember you want
To get possession of   to get possession of
Obtain by particular   a cure
care and effort        It takes care to get
Bring about, achieve   a cure




                                         32
           PROCURE
SYNONYMS       ANTONYMS
Acquire        Abandon
Compass        Forsake
Gain           Renounce




                          33
             PROCURE
I must procure some index cards
which are the correct size for English
class.

Agriculture for an honorable and
highminded man, is the best of all
occupations or arts by which men
procure the means of living.
(Xenophon)

                                         34
         RECOMPENSE
VERB                   Sounds like
to give something to   compensation
by way of              …pay back?
compensation
to pay for
NOUN
an equivalent or a
return for something
done, suffered, or
given
                                      35
       RECOMPENSE
SYNONYMS     ANTONYMS
Reimburse    None
Remunerate
Reparation
Amends




                        36
        RECOMPENSE
The airline mechanics are on strike now
because they feel they haven’t been
recompensed for their work.

True charity is the desire to be useful to
others with no thought of
recompense. (Emanuel Swedenborg)


                                         37
                SCOFF
VERB                  Tell someone where
to show contempt      to get off
by derisive acts or   To flick someone off
language




                                         38
           SCOFF
SYNONYMS      ANTONYMS
Flout         Accept
Gibe          Approve
Jeer          Commend
Jest          Compliment




                           39
               SCOFF
Unfortunately, the union negotiators
scoffed at the terms of the new
contract.

To disbelieve is easy; to scoff is simple;
to have faith is harder. Louis L'Amour



                                         40
                SKULK
VERB                    Like a skunk in a
to move in a            perfume factory?
stealthy or furtive     As if stealing skulls
manner                  from a graveyard?
to hide or conceal
something (as
oneself) often out of
cowardice or fear or
with sinister intent

                                                41
           SKULK
SYNONYMS      ANTONYMS
Sneak         Barge
Creep         Strut
Gumshoe       Swagger
Lurk




                         42
             SKULK
The car thief skulked around the
parking lot, looking for unlocked
vehicles.
He skulked into the classroom, hoping
the teacher wouldn’t notice he hadn’t
done his homework.



                                    43
                SOLACE
VERB                    Consolation
to give solace to       So let’s be happy…
to make cheerful
NOUN
a source of relief or
consolation




                                             44
           SOLACE
SYNONYMS       ANTONYMS
Comfort        Torment
Buck up        Try
Cheer          Distress
               Trouble




                          45
            SOLACE
Her solace was the thought that her
son had wanted to join the military.

The consciousness of good intention is
the greatest solace of misfortunes.
(Cicero)




                                         46
               SUCCOR
NOUN                  Might make you feel
Relief                more secure
Aid
Help
VERB
to go to the aid of
Relieve


                                        47
           SUCCOR
SYNONYMS       ANTONYMS
Aid            Obstruct
Assist         Oppose
Comfort        Baffle




                          48
            SUCCOR
There was no succor for the enemies
of the revolution.

When a hurricane strikes, the Red Cross
provides succor.




                                      49
                SUNDRY
ADJECTIVE           Sundry items in the
Miscellaneous       laundry
Various




                                          50
                SUNDRY
SYNONYMS            ANTONYMS
Multitudinal        None
Multitudinous
Numerous




                               51
            SUNDRY
I was so busy packing all the sundry
items scattered in my room that I
almost missed the boat.

The students came forward with
sundry complaints on the day of
interims.


                                       52

				
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