Chapter 5 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity

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					   Chapter 5
   Rome and
the Pax Romana




                 1
                   Pax Romana
-For 200 years, from Augustus to Marcus Aurelius, there was
a period known as Pax Romana, or Roman Peace

-There was peace, prosperity, and an exchange of goods and
ideas

-Prosperity hid the underlying social and economic
problems



                                                        2
                       Pax Romana




What was the purpose of free food and entertainment?   3
             Bread and Circuses
- To control the city’s restless mobs, the government
provided free grain to the poor, had gladiator contests,
and chariot races




                                                           4
The Distraction of Entertainment




                               5
                     Gladiator Games




                                To appease the mob

How does sports and entertainment provide the same diversion in today’s society?
                                                                              6
              Roman Technology




Why does Achievements in Art and Technology make a civilization great!!!
                                                                    7
           Roman Achievements
-Romans adapted many things from their Greek neighbors
two were Literature and Philosophy

-Poets wrote of Rome’s greatness or satirized, made fun of,
its society

-Historians wrote of the glory of Rome or how it was
destroyed by emperors

-The philosophy of the Stoics impressed emperor Marcus
Aurelius and stressed the importance of duty, acceptance
of one’s fate, and concern for others
                                                           8
             Art and Architecture
-Sculptures reflected real life people and their personalities
- Frescoes and mosaics were used to decorate homes
- Columns, arches used in architecture




                                                             9
      Science and Mathematics
-Engineers built roads, bridges, harbors
-Aqueducts-bridge like stone structures that carried
water from hills to the cities
   -Water piped into the houses of the wealthy
   -Public baths
-Greeks who were now Roman citizens, did most of
the scientific work
       -Ptolemy said the Earth was the center of the
       universe
       -Galen compiled a medical encyclopedia that
       was used for 1,000 years
                                                       10
Law and Order (no, not the show)
  -Romans kept laws the same throughout
  the empire
  -Basic principles:
      Innocent until proven guilty
      defend oneself
      guilt had to be “clearer than
        daylight” supported by evidence
      judges interpreted laws and made
       fair decisions
      penalties varied according to social
       class- lower class treated more
        harshly
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posted:11/25/2012
language:English
pages:11