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					Renaissance Art &
  Architecture
    Renaissance Architecture
•   Elements of Greek & Roman buildings
•   Columns, domes
•   Symmetrical façade (front)
•   Rounded arches
                                           Developments in
                                            Architecture
                                       • Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446)
                                       • Challenged Gothic architecture
                                       • Circular windows, square panels,
                                         geometric shapes, perspective

                                            Why might people be
                                            moving away from the
Florence Cathedral dome, Santa Maria           Medieval style?
    del Fiore (the Duomo), c. 1420
Style of Art Changes
• Bright colors & oil paints
• Realism – style from classical
  art to portray religious
  subjects
• Occasional use of Greek or
  Roman figures
• Secular humanism
  – Individualism  Free standing
    figures
• Natural poses & expressions,
  personality!
Perspective = technique
 to show 3D on flat
 surface
  Shadowing, illusion of
    depth
Mona Lisa – da Vinci
 Lisa di Antonio Maria Gherandini
 “Mona” - Italian version of
 ‘Madonna’ or ‘my lady’
• Individual figure 
  Humanism
• Shadowing
• Natural expression
• Geometric shape
    Donatello’s
     “David”
•   First free-standing
    nude sculpture
•   Bronze
•   Realistic portrayal of
    biblical figure
Raphael’s Madonna & Child
• Perspective
• Roman dome,
  architecture
• Shadowing
• Realism
Michelangelo
“David” by
Michelangelo
15c
   What

       a

 difference

       a

  century

  makes!

           16c
           Michelangelo –
           Sistine Chapel
Commissioned by Pope Julius II
Portrays human creation, Old Testament events
   foreshadowing birth of Jesus
The Sistine Chapel
   The Sistine Chapel Details




Creation of Man
Leonardo da Vinci
   “Self portrait”   “Study of
                           Hands”




                                    “Study of the Gradations
                                          of shadows”
                                                                     Parachute
                      “Vitruvian Man”

                      Notebook page
                         (written
                       backwards!)


                                                                    Helicopter




http://www.bl.uk/collections/treasures/leonardo/leonardo_narrowband.htm?middle
Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology):
Pages from his Notebook




      An example of
       the humanist
       desire to unlock
       the secrets of
       nature.
Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy):
                 Pages from his Notebook
Leonardo, the Inventor:
       Pages from his Notebook
                The Last
                Supper



                 Original Now




What original
might have
looked like 
Da Vinci’s “Vitruvian Man”
             • Da Vinci interested in
               proportions
             • He believed workings of human
               body were analogy for workings
               of the universe

				
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posted:11/25/2012
language:English
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