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Americans Who Worked to stop
      slavery in America

              Effectiveness Scale

 As you take notes, consider to yourself
    how effective each of these abolitionists
    were in fighting to end slavery. They all
    wanted it gone, but some were more
    effective than others. Use the scale

 _______________________________
   1-Great     2-Somewhat       3-OK      4-Somewhat   5-Great
    Harm         Harmful    Did some good    Helpful     Help

Cotton Gin: Technology That
     Promotes Slavery
               Eli Whitney created the
                cotton gin as a gift for his
                friend, Katy Greene. She
                was a widow, who could
                not harvest enough
                cotton to pay her bills; it
                was too hard to get the
                seeds out of the cotton.
                The cotton gin pulled the
                cotton through brushes
                so that the seeds came
                out easily. As much
                cotton as could be grown,
                they could now harvest.
                Thus, an increase in
                slavery occurred.

                   Nat Turner
 Nat Turner was a slave
  who was a preacher for
  the slave village. The
  story of Moses leading
  the Israelites out of
  slavery appealed to him.
  In 1831,He led a revolt of
  slaves in Virginia, killing
  several people. He was
  caught before he could
  escape Virginia and was
  killed. This violence was
  a warning to the country
  that troubled times were

Sojourner Truth

         Sojourner Truth
          (Isabella Baumfree)
          was born as a slave
          in New York. After
          she gained her
          freedom, she
          traveled around to
          speak the truth about
          the evils of slavery.
          She was a powerful
          speaker & writer.
                  John Brown

 John Brown led the “Bloody Kansas” revolt over popular
  sovereignty, as they voted on whether to allow slavery.
  Then, he led an attack on the army post at Harper’s
  Ferry! He wanted to steal the army’s guns, give them to
  slaves, and lead them in their fight out of Virginia up to
  the North. He was captured at Harper’s Ferry by a young
  colonel (Robert E. Lee), tried, and hanged for his crimes.

       Harriet Beecher Stowe
 Harriet Beecher Stowe
  interviewed slaves who
  had escaped from the
  South. From these
  stories, she wrote “Uncle
  Tom’s Cabin”. It was a
  best-selling book, and
  shocked the world about
  some of the horror stories
  from plantations in the

Frederick Douglass
          Frederick Douglass was
           a slave who had been
           taught to read and write.
           After he escaped, he
           used his great speaking
           ability to talk about the
           evils of slavery and he
           published a paper called
           the “North Star.” He later
           called for free black men
           to help fight for the North
           in the Civil War.

      William Lloyd Garrison

 William Lloyd
  Garrison published
  an abolitionist
  newspaper called the
  “Liberator”. It spoke
  out harshly against
  the plantation
  system, and an
  reward for his
  capture was placed
  by the Southern
Harriet Tubman

        Harriet Tubman was
         a former slave who
         established the
         “Underground RR”.
         She led 19 “trips”
         that freed 300
         people. She was
         never caught, though
         a $40,000 reward
         was offered. She
         was known as the
         “Black Moses”.
Underground RR

                    Dred Scott
 Dred Scott was a slave
  who sued for his freedom
  in the U.S. Supreme
  Court after his owner had
  taken him to a free state.
  The Court ruled that he
  was not a citizen but
  “property” under the law.
  This case could’ve
  outlawed slavery, if the
  judges had chosen to do
  so. Instead, this decision
  indirectly led to the Civil

Henry “Box” Brown
          In 1849, Henry got some
           abolitionists to put him in
           a box, and mail him to
           the abolitionist society in
           Philadelphia. With only a
           tool for air holes, a
           canteen, and some
           biscuits, he traveled in
           the box for 350 miles
           from Richmond to
           Philadelphia. The trip
           took 27 hours, and the
           box was 3’ x 2 x 2 ½’!

            Abraham Lincoln
 Though Lincoln was
  opposed to slavery, he
  felt that only Congress
  could abolish slavery. He
  did promise to keep it
  from spreading to new
  states. When the Civil
  War occurs, he gives the
  Proclamation” that frees
  all the slaves when the
  war is over.

          Central Abolitionist Project
     Provide a chart of how each period rated each

  Provide a Rating Scale of Your Class’s Ratings (#1-5)

  Provide a Rating Scale of Your Team’s Ratings (#1-5)

 Discuss the similarities & differences between your class
               ratings and the Team’s ratings.

  Draw a political cartoon about the effectiveness of 1 or
                   more of the abolitionists.

  Write a paragraph on who you think was the “unsung
             hero” of the Abolitionist Movement.
                      Abolitionists

 Abolitionists         Per. 1   Per. 2   Per. 3   AVE

 Nat Turner            2.1      1.8      1.8      1.9

 Sojourner Truth       4.3      4.3      4.1      4.2

 John Brown            2.6      2.0      1.5      2.0

 Harriet B. Stowe      3.8      4.0      3.6      3.8

 Frederick Douglass    4.4      4.5      4.8      4.6

                         Abolitionists

 Abolitionists            Per 1   Per 2   Per 3   AVE

 William L. Garrison      3.7     3.6     3.6     3.6

 Harriet Tubman           5.0     4.9     5.0     5.0

 Dred Scott               3.0     3.5     3.1     3.2

 Henry “Box” Brown        3.1     4.1     3.2     3.5

 Abraham Lincoln          4.5     4.8     4.8     4.7


 1. Harriet Tubman (5.0)       6. William L. Garrison (3.6)

 2. Abraham Lincoln (4.7)      7. Henry “Box” Brown (3.5)

 3. Frederick Douglass (4.6)   8. Dred Scott (3.2)

 4. Sojourner Truth (4.2)      9. John Brown (2.0)

 5. Harriet B. Stowe (3.8)     10. Nat Turner (1.9)


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