Main types of arthritis by sherly.marsha80

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									                        Understanding the Common Types of Arthritis



                                     Arthritis literally means inflammation of the joints. It comes
                                     from two Greek words arthros meaning joints and it is
                                     meaning inflammation. It is typically characterized by pain
                                     as its major symptom. There are similar terms that share the
                                     same symptom as arthritis. Rheumatism for example is also
                                     known as arthritis and a less frequently used term -
                                     arthralgia only refers to joint pain. Long term pain in the
                                     joints is the major indication of the arthritis. Arthritis is a
                                     group of over a hundred diseases and every one of them has
                                     different causes, different signs and symptoms, and different
                                     treatments. Nonetheless, all diseases associated with arthritis
                                     have some things in common. What is typical about this
                                     group of disease is that they affect the joints. They probably
                                     cause movement loss and pain. They also present
                                     inflammation.

The major kinds of arthritis are infectious arthritis, juvenile arthritis, gout, osteoarthritis (OA),
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Infectious arthritis is
caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi. These organisms thrive in the body and live in the joints
triggering the inflammatory response causing loss of function of the joint and fever. Juvenile
arthritis on the other hand is general term used for any kind of arthritis that affects children in
sixteen years old. Its cause is still unknown. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is the most common
and it is associated with swollen toes, ankles, elbows, and shoulders and of course pain. Chills
and intermittent fever, sometimes body rash are other symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

Another form of arthritis is called gout. This is cause by uric acid build up in the joint. These
form sharp crystal needlelike deposits which cause pain and hindrance to the affected part
usually the wrists, knees, and even the bunion joint. These substances cause inflammation and
sever pain. The causative factors of gout include diet, genetics, and certain drugs.

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis. This is usually characterized by
cartilage breakdown. When this happens both bone ends rub together resulting to stiffness, pain,
movement loss, and swelling. Weight bearing joints such as the hips, knees, spine, and ankles are
where osteoarthritis is located. This can either be the result of obesity, heredity, injury and some
other factors.

Rheumatoid arthritis is the second most common type of arthritis. With this type, the immune
system is against the body leading to inflammation or swelling beginning in the synovium or
joint lining. This then spreads to the cartilage then the bones. Most of the time, it affects similar
joint on the opposite side of the body. Psoriatic arthritis is also another type of the disease. This
happens with people who have a skin condition called psoriasis. This disorder sets in the toes and
fingers and produce rough, scaly, and red patched on the elbow, knees, and neck.

The last but not the least kind of arthritis is ankylosing spondylitis. This is a chronic spinal
inflammation. In this condition the vertebrae grow together allowing the spine to be rigid.
Heredity is a factor but its general cause is still unknown.

								
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