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STRATEGIES Powered By Docstoc
					EXPERTS MEETING ON REGIONAL
TRANSIT TRANSPORT FACILITATION

GENEVA

SEPTEMBER, 2007
                             1
PRESENTATION OUTLINE
   Profile of COMESA
   Concept and Evolution of Transit Transport
    Facilitation
   Access of Landlocked Nations to the Sea
   Development of Transport Corridors
   Physical Infrastructure
   Facilitation Instruments “Soft Issues”
   Options Adopted in the Establishment of
    Corridor Institutional Structures
                                                 2
BASIC INFORMATION ON
COMESA
   Member States – 19
   Area – 12.9million sq km
   Population- 380 million
   No of landlocked states - 9
   Established as PTA in 1982
   COMESA Treaty
   Protocol on Trade and Transport
   GDP (2006) – US$287.6 billion
                                      3
Trade Patterns 2005
   Intra-COMESA Trade – US$ 6.3 billion
   Global Trade Exports - US$ 70 billion
   Global Trade Imports – US$ 85 billion
   Growth in Intra-COMESA Trade - 15%
    p.a.



                                            4
           Transport Networks - 2007
Country        Area in Sq km   Roads -       Roads - Paved   Railways   Ports   Inland Water
                               Classified    Network (km)    (km)       (No)    ways (km)
                               Network (km

Egypt          997,646         64,0004       49,984          5,024      6       3,500
Sudan          2,505,800       11,9004       4,320           5,978      2       5,310
Eritrea        121,144         4,010         874             317        2
Ethiopia       1,133,380       31,600        3,789           681
Djibouti       23,000          2,890         364             100        1
Kenya          586,646         63,942        7,737           2,640      1
Uganda         241,036         26,840        3,489           1,235      -
Rwanda         26,336          12,000        996             -          -
Burundi        27,834          14,400        1,028                      1
Congo DR       2,344,885       157,000                       4,772      2       15,000
Zambia         752,614         66,781                        2,170              2,250
Malawi         118,484         27,300        5,254           710                144
Zimbabwe       390,759         91,810        8,692           3,160
Swaziland      17,363          3,247                         310
Libya          1,759,540       83,200        47,590                     4
                                                                                               5
Concept and Evolution of
Transit Transport Facilitation
   Transit Transport necessary to serve land
    locked and sea remote parts of non
    landlocked countries
   Need to take the shortest routes to the sea
   Bilateral Agreements among states to allow
    transiting
   Multilateral Agreements among several states
   International Agreements

                                               6
International Conventions
   The Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit (Barcelona
    Convention); 1921
   The UN Convention on Transit Trade of Landlocked States (New
    York Convention); 1965
   The International Convention to Facilitate the Crossing of
    Frontiers for Goods Carried by Rail; 1952
   The Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of
    Goods by Road       (CMR), 1956
   The Convention on Road Traffic; 1968
   The Convention on Road Signs and Signals; 1968
   The UN Customs Convention on the International Transport of
    Goods under Cover of TIRR Carnets; 1975
   The International Convention to Harmonisation of Frontier
    Control of Goods; 1982


                                                                   7
Regional and Sub-regional
Conventions
   The Northern Corridor Transit Agreement; 1985
   The SADC Protocol on Transport, Communications
    and Meteorology
   The International Surface Transport Agreement of
    the Southern Cone Countries, Latin America; 1990
   The ASEAN Transit Framework Agreement; 1998
   The Multilateral Agreement on International
    Transport for Development of the Europe- Caucasus-
    Asia Corridor; 1998



                                                         8
Bilateral Agreements
   Bolivia- Chile Treaty; 1904
   The Laos- Thailand Treaty on Freedom of
    Transit; 1978
   Mongolia – China Transit Agreement; 1991
   Kazakhstan – Russian Federation Rail Transit
    Treaty; 1992
   Mongolia - Russian Federation Transit
    Agreement; 1992
   Nepal – India Transit Agreement; 1999

                                                   9
Issues to be Addressed
   Physical Facilities (Roads, railways, ports, etc.)
   Administrative and Regulatory Matters
   Customs and Ports Procedures
   Licensing of Operators and Means of Transport
   Provision of Facilities enroute
   Transit Charges
   Road Safety
   Border Operations
   Immigration


                                                         10
Access of Landlocked Nations
to the Sea
   Transit routes through railways or roads
   Port Facilities either on a common user
    principles or through extension of
    preferences (Northern Corridor)
   Transit Terminals ( Mombasa and Dar
    es Salaam, Beira, Maputo .)


                                           11
Access of Landlocked Nations to
the Sea
   Designated Corridors passing
    originating and terminating in ports
   Designated routes
   Application of harmonised instruments
    along each designated Corridor
   Monitoring Framework for each corridor


                                         12
Physical infrastructure
   Enhancement of regional connectivity
    through

          Prioritisation of regional projects in road,
           railways, pipelines, ports and terminals;
          Construction of missing transport links
          Rehabilitation and upgrading of transport
           infrastructure;
          Maintenance and preservation of infrastructure

                                                        13
Facilitation Instruments “Soft
Issues”
   Adoption of Conducive Policy,
    Regulatory and Institutional Framework
   Removal of Nonphysical Constraints
   Trade Facilitation
   Capacity Building



                                         14
Conducive Policy and
Institutional Framework
   Policy reforms to Facilitate Investment
    in Transport Infrastructure
   Promotion of participation of private
    investment and management of
    infrastructure
   Institutional and Regulatory Reforms


                                              15
Institutional Reforms
   Establishment of independent sector
    regulatory authorities
   Establishment of dedicated agencies to
    undertake specific functions in the road
    sector
   Unbundling of state owned transport
    services providers such as railways and
    ports
                                           16
Regulatory Reforms
   Strengthening Technical and Economic
    Regulatory Authorities
   Empowering regulatory authorities to
    settle disputes and impose penalties in
    their sectors subject to appeal on their
    decisions
   Promotion of Competition

                                               17
Options fore Establishment of
Corridor Institutional Structures
   Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
   Multinational Agreements (TTCA)
   Bilateral Agreements
   Hybrid Corridor Management Systems
    involving governments and various
    stakeholders (Maputo, Dar es Salaam, Walvis
    Bay
   Hierarchical nature of Agreements (More
    preferences as one goes to bilateral
    agreements)

                                              18
COMESA Instruments for
Removal of Nonphysical Barriers
   COMESA Carrier Licence
   Harmonised Transit Charges;
   Axle Load Limits and Overload Control
   Harmonised Vehicle Dimensions
   Third Party Motor Insurance
   One Stop Border Posts
   COMESA Customs Document
   Regional Customs Bond Guarantee
                                            19
Deliverables in Transport and
Trade Facilitation
   Network of sustainable transport infrastructure
   Comprehensive facilitation instruments to ensure
    smooth flow of transit transport and trade
   Adoption of international conventions in the area of
    transit transport and trade
   Capacity building infrastructure to facilitate
    continuous training and exchange of best practices
   Harmonised regional policy and regulatory framework




                                                      20
    Summary of REC’s Roles
   Promote diversification in Investment and
    Management of Transport Infrastructure
   Facilitate consensus building among states in
    prioritisation of regional projects
   Facilitate negotiations with development banks and
    partners in securing investment in infrastructure
    taking into account selection criteria which mitigate
    on poverty
   Promote Cooperation in the Design and
    Implementation of Transport and Trade Facilitation
    Instruments
   Promote Capacity Building in Member States
                                                            21
Corridors Serving Eastern and
Southern Africa
   Djibouti- Addis Ababa Corridor
   Mombasa Corridor (Northern Corridor)
   Dar es Salaam Central Corridor
   Dar es Salaam TAZARA Corridor
   Mtwara Corridor
   Nacala Corridor
   Beira Corridor
   Maputo Corridor
   Durban Corridor (North-South Corridor)
   Trans-Kalahari Corridor
   Trans Caprivi Corridor
   Banguela Corridor
   North South Corridor

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END OF PRESENTATION




 THANKS FOR YOUR
 ATTENTION


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