LBJ will escalate -
involvement in the
Sec. of Defense –
– recommends the
U.S. send more
August 1964 –Gulf of Tonkin
The U.S.S. Maddox was attacked
by N.Vietnamese torpedo boats
2 days later – ship C.Turner Joy is
LBJ ask Congress to act
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave LBJ a “Blank
check” to do whatever steps needed to
1965 – VC attack advisers near Pleiku and kill
1965 – Operation Flaming Dart – used of
B52 bombers on North Vietnam
Thunder – intense
bombing of N.
Main target – Ho
Chi Minh Trail
1965 200,000 U.S. troops in Vietnam
1967 Operation Cedar Falls- U.S. attack VC
headquarter in the Iron Triangle.
Troops uncover massive tunnel complex –
used as a base for guerrilla raids .
Tunnel Rats – men responsible for going
down tunnels to flush out the VC
Dear John letter- letter from a girlfriend at
home ending the relationship.
DEROS – Date Eligible for Return from
In Country – Vietnam
Kit Carson Scouts – VC defectors recruited
by Marines to serve as scouts.
MASH – Mobile Army Surgical Hospital
MIA – Missing In Action
Million-dollar wound – a noncrippling wound
serious enough to warrant a return home to
Newbie- new soldier
Point Man – man in the front of a squad on
Jan. 31 1968
New Year – 70,000
and Vietcong attack
cities in South
Boldest move – 19 VC
attacked the U.S.
Embassy in Saigon
killed 5 Am.
Why turning point:
A. military victory
for U.S. but
victory for VC.
B. American public
thought U.S. was
winning war – but
killed at the U.S.
C. Created credibility gap – fewer Americans
trusted the govt.
D. Pres. Johnson said he would halt bombing of
N. Vietnam – that will not be the total truth
E. Pres. Johnson announces that he will not seek
March 16, 1968
Charlie Company –
group of U.S. troops
under the command
of Lt. William Calley
Doing search and
destroy mission –
find “charlie” and
300 – civilians –
mostly old men,
women and children
killed by Calley and
Thompson – pilot –
will report “killings”
to U.S. headquarters.
Clearing the jungle –
reason to expose the
Vietcong tunnel and
U.S. planes dropped
napalm – a gasoline-
based bomb that set
fire to the jungle.
U.S. also used Agent
Orange – leaf-killing
toxic chemical that
U.S. dumped over 13
Name comes from the
orange barrels that
stored the chemical.
U.S. did not win the “hearts and
minds” of the Vietnamese people.
A. We burned their villiages
B. Killed livestock
C. Chemicals caused skin diseases,
birth defects, and cancer
Dust off – medical evacuation by helicopter.
Five O’clock follies – slang for the daily press
briefings that reported the BC – body count.
Freedom Bird – airplane that returned troops to
Friendly Fire – accidental attack on your own
Puff the Magic
Dragon – U.S. Air
Punji Stakes –
weapon used by the
VC – sharpened
hidden at ground
level often smeared
Short Timer- soldier that did not have much time
left to serve.
Sky Pilot – a Chaplain
Teach-ins – night long university meetings at
campuses across America in protest to the war.
The World – what the troops called the U.S.
The Zoo – nickname for the North
Vietnamese POW camp near
Hanoi – known as one of the worst
POW – Prisoner of War
MIA – Missing In Action
The Counterculture – term used for those
that went against traditional American
Counterculture was against the
Establishment – the govt., large corporations,
Often this group included white, middle-class
Opposition to the War:
Hawks – those that supported the war.
Doves – those that were opposed to the war.
Draft – required all men to register when
they reached the age 18.
Conscientious objectors – men that claimed
because of their religious beliefs that they
could not fight in the war.
Deferments – delayed entrance or not have
to go at all. Mainly included upper class –
because they could afford college.
Dodge draft – go to Canada.
Students for a
Democratic Society –
SDS – radical group
formed on major
colleges to protest the
SDS – wanted an end
to the ROTC
programs at the