Cardiovascular disease is a kind of heart problem that not only affects the heart itself; it
also takes a toll on the blood vessels, particularly the arteries and the veins. There are also
instances in which the capillaries are also affected by this class of diseases.
Cardiovascular diseases can be very tricky, as in most cases they present themselves to
affect only the heart. However, it will only be discovered later on that the blood vessels are
also in bad shape, after the patient undergoes a thorough diagnosis with a heart specialist.
Causes of cardiovascular illnesses
There are many causes of cardiovascular conditions. Unlike other heart problems, conditions
under this category are not
congenital, although there are
some situations that they are
developed during infancy.
Cardiovascular problems are
usually caused by poor lifestyle
practices, such as obesity.
Persons who are found to be
obese and are high in fat and
cholesterol are mostly at risk to
cardiovascular issues, mainly
because their blood vessels are
easily clogged in the process.
Persons who have a history of
hypertension are also at risk to
such conditions, as well as
persons with diabetes.
Apart from poor diet and
obesity, vices also play a big
role in promoting the onset of
Smoking is a leading cause of many types of cardiovascular diseases, as it blocks not only
the passages of the blood, but the quality of the blood itself. It also affects other vital
organs in the body, such as the lungs, liver and the brain.
How to avoid cardiovascular diseases
Since cardiovascular conditions are brought by poor health and lifestyle practices, it means
that they can be avoided. It’s more of a holistic revamp, as you not only have to quit your
vices, but as well change your outlook towards life as a whole.
One way to keep your cardiovascular health at the top of its game is by following a cleaner
and more nutritious diet. This requires focusing on fiber, protein and different vitamins and
minerals, while regulating fat and carbohydrate intake.
If you are at risk to hypertension or diabetes, then the more important it is for you to take
care of your diet. Blood sugar should be controlled at sustainable levels, the same way with
As for vices, if you cannot fully get rid of them, you may begin by reducing their
consumption until such time that you can live without them. Alcohol and nicotine do not
really contribute anything significant to your health, and you are better off without them.
Lastly, if you want to maintain optimal cardiovascular health, then you should make it a
point to exercise regularly. Exercise not only pumps up the blood vessels; it also trains the
heart to function normally at all times.
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