Phrase Review - Para296Spr2010 - home by hcj

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									Phrase Review

   Alex Beres
What is a Participial Phrase?
          PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
• A participle is a form of a verb that can act as an
  adjective.
• A participial phrase is a participle modified by an
  adverb or adverb phrase or accompanied by a
  complement.
• The ENTIRE phrase acts as an adjective.
• Traveling quickly, we saw much of the French
  countryside.
• The tourist, confused by the signs, got lost.
         PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
• Traveling quickly, we saw much of the French
  countryside.
• The tourist, confused by the signs, got lost.
What is a Gerund Phrase?
                 GERUNDS
• A Gerund is a form of a verb that acts as a
  noun
• End with ‘ing’
• Gerunds or Gerund Phrases function as
  nouns!
• Used as subject, subject complements, direct
  objects, indirect objects, and objects of
  prepositions.
            GERUND PRASES
• A gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or
  a complement, all acting together as a noun
• Arguing about grades will get you nowhere.
• Answering quickly is not always a good idea.
• Many places in France prohibit walking on the
  grass.
           GERUND PHRASES
• Arguing about grades will get you nowhere.
• Answering quickly is not always a good idea.
• Many places in France prohibit walking on the
  grass.
What is an Infinitive Phrase?
          INFINITIVE PHRASES
• An infinitive phrase is an infinitive with
  modifiers, complements, or a subject, all
  acting together as a single part of speech.
• Jeffrey’s entire family likes to rise early.
• To skate on the ice without falling was not
  easy for him.
• He hated to leave the city of Lyon.
          INFINITIVE PHRASES
• Jeffrey’s entire family likes to rise early.
• To skate on the ice without falling was not
  easy for him.
• He hated to leave the city of Lyon.
                  REVIEW
• Making movies is a big business in France.
• Making movies is a big business in France.
• ‘Making movies’ functions as a noun and
  subject in the sentence, therefore:
• Gerund Phrase
                   REVIEW
• Pioneering in different fields, the French have
  been leaders in a scientific world.
• Pioneering in different fields, the French have
  been leaders in a scientific world.
• The phrase describes the French and acts as
  an adjective, therefore:
• Participial Phrase
                  REVIEW
• Many French people prefer to dine at home.
• Many French people prefer to dine at home.
• ‘To dine at home’ is acting as one part of
  speech, and can be identified by the word to,
  therefore:
• Infinitive Phrase
• The French government, having supported scientific
  research for more than 350 years, has made many
  advances possible.
• You can travel easily from the fancy Sixteenth District
  to the Latin Quarter, where students hang out.
• Viewing American movies is a popular French pastime,
  but the French try promoting their own films.
• Eating ice cream on a windy day can be a messy
  experience if you have long, untamed hair.
• The car sliding out of control toward building will likely
  hit the window.
• To finish her shift without spilling another pizza into a
  customer's lap is Michelle's only goal tonight.
• P- The French government, having supported scientific
  research for more than 350 years, has made many
  advances possible.
• I- You can travel easily from the fancy Sixteenth District
  to the Latin Quarter, where students hang out.
• G- Viewing American movies is a popular French
  pastime, but the French try promoting their own films.
• G- Eating ice cream on a windy day can be a messy
  experience if you have long, untamed hair.
• P- The car sliding out of control toward the building will
  likely hit the window.
• I- To finish her shift without spilling another pizza into a
  customer's lap is Michelle's only goal tonight.

								
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