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Overview of Comprehension - AiZ

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Overview of Comprehension - AiZ Powered By Docstoc
					   S       y
   t
   r
   a
   t           AiZ Secondary School Learning Leaders
                                           Session 6
   e
   g

Learning
Agenda                                              s
                                                    t
 Reviewing    the data                             r
                                                    a
 Reflection
           on practices, skills and strategies      t
 needed by students.                                e
                                                    g
                                                 Learning




                    Sandra Pizaro
    Using the data source                                          s
 Remember         the areas of concern explored in the first      t
    session.
                                                                   r
        Top of the list was:-
           Making inferences                                      a
                 infer                                            t
             Working out meaning of words and phrases
                                                                   e
                 Context   clues
             Making links between directly stated ideas in        g
              a text
                                                                Learning
                 Making    connections
   Year 7 Reading Year 7 Mag Year 9 Reading Year 9 Mag

                            Sandra Pizaro
                                                                                   s
NAPLAN question to focus on                                                        t
   Question 22 NAPLAN 2008 Year 7
       Make inferences about a character’s qualities                              r
   Question 24 NAPLAN 2008 Year 7
       Make links between directly stated ideas in a text                         a
   Question 26 NAPLAN 2008 Year 7


       Work out the meaning of words in context
    Question 11 NAPLAN 2008 Year 9
                                                                                   t
   Questions 34, 42, 46 NAPLAN 2008 Year 9
       Work out the meaning of words in context                                   e
   Question 38 NAPLAN 2008 Year 9
       Make links between directly stated ideas in a text                         g
                                                                                Learning
     Why were these questions so difficult?
     What teaching strategies could be engaged to develop individual skills?
What teaching strategies need to                             s
be taught for student success?                               t
 Make   links between directly stated ideas in a text.      r
                                                             a
                                                             t
                                                             e
                                                             g
                                                          Learning
What teaching strategies need to      s
be taught for student success?        t
 Infer   messages in a text.         r
                                      a
                                      t
                                      e
                                      g
                                   Learning
What teaching strategies need to                  s
be taught for student success?                    t
 Work out the meaning of phrases (words) in      r
 context.
                                                  a
                                                  t
                                                  e
                                                  g
                                               Learning
What tools can be used to                                 s
strengthen the item knowledge?                            t
 Refer    to literature on Reading Comprehension         r
  Continuum
                                                          a
  Professional reading
  Articles                                               t
                                                          e
  What     ideas have you found?
        LIST
                                                          g
                                                       Learning
  How      can this information be carried forward?
Plan for the use of data?                                         s
                                                                  t
How   will the data              How   was the data
 be used?                          used?                          r
How will you                     How did you                    a
 support the staff to              support the staff              t
 develop an                        to develop an
                                                                  e
 understanding of                  understanding of
 the use of data?                  the use of data?               g
                                                               Learning
 What  plans will                   What did you find were
 you put in place to                  the areas of concern?
 share the data?
                  Sandra Pizaro
Reviewing and discussing your data                                                s
With whom, what and why?                                                          t
                                                                                  r
   What anecdotal evidence has been collected?
     Conversations                                                               a
     Observations

   What written evidence has been collected?                                     t
     Annotated
          
          
              Identify the strengths
              Identify the needs
                                                                                  e
             Identify next teaching point
     Accountability
                                                                                  g
       Who is putting the evidence together?
             VELS / Progression Points / Continuum / Writing Moderation Kit   Learning
         Making plans for teaching



                              Sandra Pizaro
                        s
                        t
                        r
                        a
Looked at the what      t
 and now the how        e
                        g
                     Learning
                                                          s
For success the research says…
                                                          t
 Research   indicates that we build comprehension        r
 through:                                                 a
    Explicit teaching of comprehension strategies        t
                                                          e
    Environments that support understanding of text
                                                          g
                                                       Learning
    Comments



                     Sandra Pizaro
Explicit teaching of…                                    s
                                                         t
 Routines            / Process                          r
       What does this mean? How does having a
        routine support learning?                        a
           Discuss                                      t
 Individual          Strategies                         e
       What strategies are in place and what            g
        strategies will come next?
           Discuss                                   Learning


   Engage, Explore, Explain, Extend, Evaluate = e5
                          Sandra Pizaro
Elements of comprehension to         s
develop mastery of reading           t
 GettingKnowledge Ready             r
 Vocabulary
                                     a
 Paraphrasing
 Summarising                        t
 Reading aloud / Visualising        e
 Questioning / questions
                                     g
 Reviewing / reflection

                                  Learning




                  Sandra Pizaro
Getting Knowledge Ready / Prediction /      s
Prior Knowledge / Inferring                 t
What have you found?                        r
                                            a
                                            t
                                            e
                                            g
                                         Learning
 Professional Reading
 Review and discuss resources


                   Sandra Pizaro
                                                           s
Vocabulary                                                 t
 Building      Vocabulary                                 r
     Reflection on:-
            Word splash                                   a
            Word lists
                                                           t
                                                           e

     How is word knowledge extended at your school?
                                                           g
                                                        Learning
     Applying word knowledge in reading and writing?


                           Sandra Pizaro
Visualising                                                 s
(out of reading aloud or reading to)
                                                            t
                                                            r
 How    has visualising been explored in your school?
                                                            a
     What resources?                                       t
                                                            e
 Visualising   has 3 levels:-
     Context Level                                         g
     Sentence Level
                                                         Learning
     Word Level (vocabulary)



                        Sandra Pizaro
Questions and Questioning                                s
                                                         t
 What    are the benefits of questioning?               r
     Teacher and student
                                                         a
 What    teaching strategies are used to engage?        t
   Importance of wait time
   Listen to the student (don’t repeat the answer)      e
                                                         g
 Levels    of questioning
     Bloom’s Taxonomy of questions                   Learning




                      Sandra Pizaro
Paraphrasing and Summarising              s
                                          t
 Finding  the key words                  r
   Note taking
   Retelling
                                          a
                                          t
 Building  summarising skills
                                          e
   delete, substitute, keep
                                          g
     - Use of known texts to develop
 Hint:
                                       Learning
 summarising skills


                 Sandra Pizaro
    Factors that Influence Comprehension                                                 s
   The Student
       Cognitive, Emotional, Perceptual, Social experiences                             t
         Teaching strategies and skills that support learning

         Listening, speaking, reading and writing                                       r
   The Text (reading / writing / speaking / listening)                                  a
     Building independence
     Readability and interest (reading at an appropriate level)                         t
     Questions…
       Before reading / writing /speaking / listening – predictions, prior knowledge,   e
        determining purpose
       During reading / writing / speaking / listening– restating for understanding,
        making connections, asking questions
                                                                                         g
       After reading /writing / speaking / listening – summarising, making
        connections, responding                                                        Learning

   The Purpose / The Focus
     Information
     Features – common text structures
                                 Sandra Pizaro
                                                            s
A strategy to reflect on.
                                                            t
       Have you grouped students as a teaching model?      r
       Have you changed your teaching practice in any
        way?                                                a
        What way?
                                                            t
       Have you used other evidence to make decisions
        about your students or teaching?                    e
                                                            g
       Share actions at your tables                     Learning




                      Sandra Pizaro
List professional reading that has                        s
supported or will support your learning?                  t
 Articles   to read – which articles have you read?      r
                                                          a
 What ideas for teaching have you spoken about or
  implemented?                                            t
                                                          e
 What  opportunities to share and discuss have you
  taken with colleagues?                                  g
                                                       Learning




                     Sandra Pizaro
                                                            s
What can be done next?                                      t
 List your professional reading to share at next           r
  session.
     Why were these chosen?                                a
     What did you learn from them?                         t
                                                            e
 Discuss    the data you passed on to your colleagues      g
     What strategies or skills did you discuss?
     Did you trial a different teaching practice?       Learning
Example
                                                        s
Text Structure and Features
                                                        t
                                                        r
 What   explicit teaching took place
                                                        a
 How    was vocabulary developed                       t
 How    was meaning constructed                        e
                                                        g
 How was Getting Knowledge Ready / Predicting and
 confirming                                          Learning




                    Sandra Pizaro

				
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posted:11/19/2012
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