Exam #1 Study Guide:
Write answers, definitions, notes next to each item and review.
What is psychology?
Who is the father of psychology?
Define experimental method
Define naturalistic observation
Define correlational research
Differentiate between different descriptive research methods
Differentiate between independent and dependent variables
The basic function of a neuron
How the impulse travels through the structures of the neuron
Difference between a mylenated vs. unmylenated axon
What is the resting potential?
Know neurotransmitters and their roles
Understand the parts and functions of the central nervous system
Understand the function of the autonomic nervous system
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What are the two parts of the autonomic nervous system? What does each do?
Know the different parts of the brain and their functions. If they were damaged what would happen?
Distribution of sensory receptors on brain (more area devoted to things like the hands)
Difference between Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas
What is the function of the corpus callosum?
Functions of the left vs. right hemisphere of the brain
Nature vs. Nurture debate
Differentiate between sensation and perception
Understand the process of sight, functions of parts of the eyeball (Table 4.6)
Causes of hearing loss
Differentiate between binocular and monocular vision
Theories of vision: trichromatic, dichromatic, monochromatic
Color-deficient vision (be able to define)
Differentiate between olfaction, gustation, auditory senses, vision, kinesthetic senses, vestibular
senses, skin senses
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What is consciousness?
Understand stages of sleep
How sleep changes over the life cycle
Repair and Restoration theory of sleep
Know table 5.1 (categories, examples of drugs, effects)
Unconditioned stimuli vs. conditioned stimuli
Differentiate between stimulus discrimination and stimulus generalization
Understand what reinforcement is
Differentiate between positive and negative punishment
Differentiate between classical conditioning and operant conditioning
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