Exam _1 Study Guide

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					Exam #1 Study Guide:

Write answers, definitions, notes next to each item and review.

      What is psychology?

      Who is the father of psychology?

      Define experimental method

      Define naturalistic observation

      Define correlational research

      Differentiate between different descriptive research methods

      Differentiate between independent and dependent variables

      The basic function of a neuron

      How the impulse travels through the structures of the neuron

      Difference between a mylenated vs. unmylenated axon

      What is the resting potential?

      Know neurotransmitters and their roles

      Understand the parts and functions of the central nervous system

      Understand the function of the autonomic nervous system

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   What are the two parts of the autonomic nervous system? What does each do?

   Know the different parts of the brain and their functions. If they were damaged what would happen?

   Distribution of sensory receptors on brain (more area devoted to things like the hands)

   Difference between Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas

   What is the function of the corpus callosum?

   Functions of the left vs. right hemisphere of the brain

   Nature vs. Nurture debate

   Differentiate between sensation and perception

   Gate-control theory

   Understand the process of sight, functions of parts of the eyeball (Table 4.6)

   Causes of hearing loss

   Differentiate between binocular and monocular vision

   Theories of vision: trichromatic, dichromatic, monochromatic

   Color-deficient vision (be able to define)

   Differentiate between olfaction, gustation, auditory senses, vision, kinesthetic senses, vestibular

    senses, skin senses
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        What is consciousness?

        Circadian rhythms

        Understand stages of sleep

        How sleep changes over the life cycle

        Repair and Restoration theory of sleep

        Activation-Synthesis theory

        Know table 5.1 (categories, examples of drugs, effects)

        Sleep disorders

        Define learning

        Unconditioned stimuli vs. conditioned stimuli

        Differentiate between stimulus discrimination and stimulus generalization

        Understand what reinforcement is

        Differentiate between positive and negative punishment

        Differentiate between classical conditioning and operant conditioning


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