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Exam _1 Study Guide

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					Exam #1 Study Guide:

Write answers, definitions, notes next to each item and review.

      What is psychology?


      Who is the father of psychology?


      Define experimental method


      Define naturalistic observation


      Define correlational research


      Differentiate between different descriptive research methods


      Differentiate between independent and dependent variables


      The basic function of a neuron


      How the impulse travels through the structures of the neuron


      Difference between a mylenated vs. unmylenated axon


      What is the resting potential?


      Know neurotransmitters and their roles


      Understand the parts and functions of the central nervous system


      Understand the function of the autonomic nervous system



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   What are the two parts of the autonomic nervous system? What does each do?


   Know the different parts of the brain and their functions. If they were damaged what would happen?


   Distribution of sensory receptors on brain (more area devoted to things like the hands)


   Difference between Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas


   What is the function of the corpus callosum?


   Functions of the left vs. right hemisphere of the brain


   Nature vs. Nurture debate


   Differentiate between sensation and perception


   Gate-control theory


   Understand the process of sight, functions of parts of the eyeball (Table 4.6)


   Causes of hearing loss


   Differentiate between binocular and monocular vision


   Theories of vision: trichromatic, dichromatic, monochromatic


   Color-deficient vision (be able to define)


   Differentiate between olfaction, gustation, auditory senses, vision, kinesthetic senses, vestibular


    senses, skin senses
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        What is consciousness?


        Circadian rhythms


        Understand stages of sleep


        How sleep changes over the life cycle


        Repair and Restoration theory of sleep


        Activation-Synthesis theory


        Know table 5.1 (categories, examples of drugs, effects)


        Sleep disorders


        Define learning


        Unconditioned stimuli vs. conditioned stimuli


        Differentiate between stimulus discrimination and stimulus generalization


        Understand what reinforcement is


        Differentiate between positive and negative punishment


        Differentiate between classical conditioning and operant conditioning




Notes:


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posted:11/18/2012
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