Causes, incidence, and risk factors Pertussis, or whooping cough, is an upper respiratory infection caused by the Bordetella pertussis or Bordetella parapertussis bacteria. It is a serious disease that can cause permanent disability in infants, and even death.When an infected person sneezes or coughs, tiny droplets containing the bacteria move through the air, and the disease is easily spread from person to person.The infection usually lasts 6 weeks.Whooping cough can affect people of any age. Before vaccines were widely available, the disease was most common in infants and young children. Now that most children are immunized before entering school, the higher percentage of cases is seen among adolescents and adults. Symptoms Initial symptoms, similar to the common cold, usually develop about a week after exposure to the bacteria. Severe episodes of coughing start about 10 to 12 days later. In children, the coughing often ends with a “whoop” noise. The sound is produced when the patient tries to take a breath. The whoop noise is rare in patients under 6 months of age and in adults.Coughing spells may lead to vomiting or a short loss of consciousness. Pertussis should always be considered when vomiting occurs with coughing. In infants, choking spells are common. Other pertussis symptoms include: Runny nose Slight fever (102 °F or lower) Diarrhea Complications Pneumonia Convulsions Seizure disorder (permanent) Nose bleeds Ear infections Brain damage from lack of oxygen Bleeding in the brain (cerebral hemorrhage) Mental retardation Slowed or stopped breathing (apnea) Death Cough; whooping: ACON AM-BR AM-PIC AMBR ANAC ANATH ANG ANT-C ANT-T ARG-N ARN ARS BAD BAR-C BELL BROM BRY CALC CALC-P CAPS CARB-AC CARB-AN CARB-V CARBN-S CARC CAST CASTA-V CAUST CHAM CHEL CHIN CINA COC-C CON COR-R CROT-H CUPR CUPR-ACET CUPR-AR DIOS DIRC DROS DULC EPHE-V EUPHR FERR FERR-P FORMAL GRAPH HEP HIPPOZ HYDR-AC HYOS IND IP IRIS JUST KALI-BI KALI-BR KALI-C KALI-M KALI-P KALI-S KREOS LACH LACT LAUR LED LOB LYC MAG-M MEPH MERC MEZ MOSCH MUR-AC NAPHTIN NAT-M NIT-AC NUX-V PHOS PRIM-V PULS RUMX SAMB SANG SENEG SEP SIL SPONG SQUIL STICT STRAM SUL-AC SULPH TAB THUJ THYMU THYMU-V TRIF-P URT-U VAC VERAT VERB VIOL-O VISC ZINC Condition’s symptoms and associated Homeopathic Remedy: Pre-mucus stage Remedies Drosera Deep, dry spasmodic cough. Retching. Much worse from talking, laughing, singing, drinking. (Upper respiratory tract involvement triggers cough). Choking sensation with spasms following one another very quickly. Swallows mucus as it’s very hard to bring it out. Much worse lying down, at night, and after night. Nose bleeds quite frequently with cough. Cuprum Crampy remedy. Usually hospitalised. Spasms, therefore spasmodic cough – so intense that windpipe goes in spasm. Very severe, usually hospitalised. Better when drinking water – action of swallowing stops spasm. Vomiting leads to complete convulsion. Coccus Cact. Tough mucus – white. Feel mucus is choking them – must get it out. Therefore, dry retching, vomiting, constantly hawking. Worse in early morning. Also in nighttime. Better in cold room. Heat aggravates. Sensation – crumbs in throat, or similar feeling – want to get rid of it. Mucus-stage Remedies Ipecacuanha Main remedy (also for Asthma). Causes a lot of dry retching & vomiting. Very stiff, with blue face during attack (Cuprum). Nose bleed. Occasionally coughing up of blood Chest sounds rattly – full of mucus. A cough often triggered by breathing in. Children capricious. Suffocative cough – full lungs. Kali. Bich. Can go into catarrhal stage. Tough, ropey mucus – suffocative. Better with heat. Worse in morning. Metallic, brassy cough. Antimonium Tart. One of rattliest coughs possible. You want to “help” them. Much mucus – will “drown” in it, but very little coughed up. Very short of breath – much better sitting up. Eating can trigger cough – can cause gagging. Children – start crying and immediately start coughing. Baby at birth – may have swallowed amniotic fluid. Aspiration pneumonia (after inhaling something when unconscious & infection sets in). Swallowing of something into lungs. Antimonium Tart is the first remedy to think of for above.