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Social Interactions and ASD Students

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 22

									Social
Development
and ASD
Students
Rosemary Cullain Ph.D.
Typical Social Development

   Level 1: Tuning In
            » (Birth)



    – Emotional
      Attunement
    – Social Referencing
    – Excitement Sharing
    – Simple Games
ASD Social Development

 Problems with emotional attunement
And become overwhelmed by
  stimulation.
 Seldom view their parents as
  sources of meaning in their world.
 Seldom initiate joint attention
 Not competent in excitement sharing
Typical Social Development
                  Level 2: Learning to
                   Dance
                             » (6 months)


                   – Learns rules, roles,
                     structures of
                     experience sharing.
                   – Variety
                   – Synchronized actions
                   – Observing and
                     regulating to
                     coordinate
ASD Social Development

•   Rules, roles, and structures are not
    fluid.

   Individuals with ASD perceive
    social fluidity not as potential
    sources of joy and excitement but
    as overwhelming foreign
    environments.
Typical Social Development

                  Level 3:
                   Improvising and
                   Co-Creating
                            » (one year)
                   – Constant Co-
                     variation
                   – Fluid Transitions
                   – Improvisation
                   – Co-Creation
ASD Social Development

 ASD more comfortable with static
  systems than with fluid systems
 Improvising and co creating are part
  of a fluid social system
 Systems that don’t rely on specific
  rules, sequences and a clear
  outcome are meaningless for ASD
  individuals.
Typical Social Development

                  Level 4: Sharing
                   Outside Worlds
                             » (18 months)


                   –   Perception Sharing
                   –   Perspective Taking
                   –   Unique Reactions
                   –   Adding Imagination
ASD Social Development

   Difficulties with
    – Understanding other’s perceptions
      (Theory of Mind)
    – Different reactions to events, places, or
      people.
    – Imaginative play, or thoughts
Typical Social Development
   Level 5: Discovering
    Inside Worlds
             » (30 months)

   Sharing Ideas
   Enjoying Differences
   The Inside and
    Outside Worlds
   Primacy of Minds
ASD Social Development

 Enjoyment not obtained by sharing
  or integrating ideas with a social
  partner.
 Intolerant of different ideas or
  themes in social interaction
 Can’t view internal reactions as
  different than external reactions
 Experience sharing very hard
Typical Social Development
   Level 6: Binding
    Selves to Others
             » (48 months and
               older)




 Unique Selves
 Belonging to Groups
 Pals and Playmates
 Enduring Friendships
ASD Social Development

 Do not see meaning in relating to
  others to better define self
 Membership in groups is not
  enjoyable
 More comfortable to play alone than
  to try to play with others
 Seldom have enduring friendships
Assessment of Social
Development
 Most children with ASD are missing
  critical parts of skills in Level l
 There are clinical programs to assist with
  directly teaching these missing parts (RDI)
 In school more important to recognize
  how their social development is different
 Plan social demands around those
  differences and teach when you can
Level One Example

Teach child to visually scan adult actions
  and reactions (use video)
Teach child to reference adults when
  uncertain or anxious
Teach visual cues that child can recognize
  as a sign to shift attention
Teach simple games and model excitement
  for the child to imitate.
Level 2 Example
   Teach child to carry out coordinated
    interactions
   Teach child to perform his role in a
    coordinated interaction
   Teach child to time himself to coordinate
    this interaction
   Teach regulating in a social interaction.
   Teach methods to communicate to
    maintain coordination in social interaction
Level Three Example

   Multi step level involving:
    – Co-variation (novelty)
    – Fluid transitions
    – Improvising
    – Co creation
Level 3 Teaching Ideas

 Teach how to enjoy things that are
  new. (Co-variation)
 Use chained activities that culminate
  in a single activity (Fluid Transitions)
 Teach how to collaborate with a
  group (Improvised Actions)

    INVOLVE THE CHILD IN A GROUP
Level 4 Teaching Ideas

Multi step level involving:
    Joint attention
    Perspective Taking
    Unique Reactions
    Imagination
Teaching Ideas for Level 4

 Provide opportunities for child to
  practice visual and/or verbal sharing
  with his peers. (joint attention)
 Facilitate interaction for the child to
  seek out differences between his and
  a social partner’s perceptions.
  (perspective taking)
         Sample Activities

 Level 1:   Turn Taking Games
 Level 2:   Mirror Games
 Level 3:   Cooperative Games
 Level 4:   “Sharing” Games
Learning Objective Review

1.   Learn typical social development levels
2.   Learn differences in ASD social
     development
3.   Learn teaching ideas for each level
4.   Learn sample activities for each level.

Next topic: Interventions for Sensory
   Differences

								
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