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Iceland

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					Travel tips to European Countries: Iceland

About the county

Officially known as the Republic of Iceland, is located in northwestern
Europe. It comprises of the island of Iceland and its outlying small
islands in the northern Atlantic Ocean between Greenland, Norway,
Scotland, Ireland, and the Faroe Islands. Iceland’s glassy glaciers, hot
thermal springs, spectacular geysers, active volcanoes, lava fields,
stunning waterfalls and snow-capped mountains, indeed makes it the
original 'land of fire and ice'.

Iceland is a very large island with a unique landscape which is rugged
and colorful with black lava, red sulfur, hot blue geysers, rivers,
waterfalls, bays, fjords and green valley. The capital of Iceland is
Reykjavík which is also the largest city of Iceland. Nearly half of
Iceland’s population lives around Reykjavík. The popular tourist
attractions are centered also centered on this city. The most famous
attraction is Gullfoss double-tiered waterfall which is set off with an
outstanding rainbow and hot springs of Geysir.

People might wonder what one can do in Iceland. If you hear the list you
will be amazed that there are so many things to do and see here. From
watching whales to chic fine dining, hiking, seeing Europe’s largest
glacier Vatnajokull, fishing in rivers, horse riding, rafting, exploring
the landscape on a snow scooter, shopping designing wear, Summer Solstice
Festival, visit island of Grimsey to cross the Arctic Circle, visit
medieval farm at Stong and what not, the list is endless.

Population & Languages

The population of Iceland is only 299,388 and the official language being
spoken is Icelandish. English, Nordic languages, German are also widely
spoken.

Electricity

The voltage is 220 V and the frequency is 50 Hz. The types of plugs used
are Round pin attachment plug and "Schuko" plug and receptacle with side
grounding contacts.

Geographic Location

It is located in northwestern Europe. It comprises of the island of
Iceland and its outlying small islands in the northern Atlantic Ocean
between Greenland, Norway, Scotland, Ireland, and the Faroe Islands. It
is strategically located between Greenland and Europe

Climate

The climate of Iceland can be termed as temperate with damp and cool
summers and mild and windy winters. The highest temperature recorded was
30.5°C (86.9°F) on 22 June 1939 at Teigarhorn. The lowest temperature
ever recorded was -38°C (-36.4°F) on 22 January 1918 at Grímsstaðir and
Möðrudalur.

Local Customs

Like any other country Iceland has its own customs too and normal
courtesies should be followed. Handshaking is customary. Visitors are
invited to homes when on a business trip and normal courtesies should be
observed. The people pay careful attention to their appearance and, as
for most Western countries, casual wear is widely acceptable. Service
charges are included in the bills most of the time and tips are not
expected.

Attractions
Reykjavik Attractions – Hallgrimskirkja Church, National Museum of
Iceland, Botanical Gardens and the Einar Jónsson Museum

Travel

By Air – The national airline of Iceland is Icelandair which operates to
many internationsl destinations such as Amsterdam, Baltimore, Boston,
Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Glasgow, Halifax, London, Minneapolis, Orlando,
Oslo, Paris, Stockholm and Washington, plus other destinations in the
summertime only. Other international airlines operating from Iceland
include Air Greenland (website: www.airgreenland.gl) and Iceland Express
(website: www.icelandexpress.com).

Other, predominantly Scandinavian, carriers also operate services. Some
airlines like Condor and Corsai, operate flights during the summertime.
Flights also operate to the Faroe Islands and Greenland during the summer
months. Major airport is Keflavik International Airport (KEF) located at
31 miles south of Reykjavik.

Duty Free Items
1. 200 cigarettes or 250g of other tobacco products
2. 1 liter spirits and 1 liter wine, or 1 liter spirits and 6 liter beer;
or 1 liter wine and 6 liter beer; or 2.25 liter wine
3. Food items up to 3kg not exceeding kr13,000
4.   Permits from Post & Telecom Authorities are required for cordless
phones,   remote controls or radio transmitters. It is not required for a
GSM mobile phone

Prohibited Items

Un-canned goods, meat or dairy products, Narcotics, pornography,
firearms, ammunition, weapons, eggs, plants, endangered species,
fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sixty per cent
alcohol.

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