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Roald Dahl – Lamb to the Slaughter Irony – presents an outcome that is opposite of what we thought • Verbal Irony: when someone says something but means the opposite • “Fine day for a picnic” – said during a rain storm • Situational Irony: when something happens in a story that is opposite to what the author wanted the reader to think was going to happen. • Dramatic Irony: This occurs when the audience knows what is going to happen to the character but the character does not Dramatic Irony: This occurs when the audience knows what is going to happen to the character but the character does not. Why is this ironic? What makes this add ironic Ambiguity • Offers us a choice of more than one meaning or interpretation. • Ambiguity keeps us guessing, wondering, and reflecting Direct Characterization • tells the audience what the personality of the character is. • Example: “The patient boy and quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their mother.” • Explanation: The author is directly telling the audience the personality of these two children. The boy is “patient” and the girl is “quiet.” Indirect Characterization • shows things that Speech What does the character say? How does the character reveal the personality speak? of a character. There Thoughts What is revealed through the character’s private thoughts are five different and feelings? methods of indirect Effect on What is revealed through the characterization: others character’s effect on other toward people? How do other the characters feel or behave in character. reaction to the character? Actions What does the character do? How does the character behave? Looks What does the character look like? How does the character dress? Roald Dahl – Lamb to the Slaughter • Cite two examples of situational irony in the story. • How does Dahl make use of dramatic irony? Which did you find more powerful – the dramatic or situational irony – explain?
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