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					Critical of Review of National Policy for
              Older People




                              Akshita jain
                              Alisha

                              MA(PSYCHOLOGY)
                              SEMESTER II
                 INTRODUCTION
•Old age (also referred to as one's eld) consists of ages nearing or
surpassing the average life span of human beings, and thus the
end of the human life cycle!
•Today there are 77 million old people in India, and most of them
are facing some or other problems in everyday life.
•Problems faced-
- Physical inability
- lack of family support
- Financial insecurity
- Overall welfare problems
There are no specific official data on the income of the elderly
in India. The estimated number of poor persons in the total
population of India was 272 million in 1984-85 (Government
of India, 1986). Gore (1992) estimated that about 6 per cent
of the poor persons, that is, about 16.3 million persons were
above the age of 60 years and poor. He also adds that a vast
majority of the poor elderly persons were not receiving old-
age pensions.


In India, recently laws and policies regarding older people have
started coming out I action.
The national policy for older people and maintenance and welfare
bill for parents and senior citizens,2007 will be discussed and
analyzed.
       The National Policy for Older People
The national policy seeks to assure older persons that their concerns are
national concerns and they will not live unprotected, ignored or
marginalized.
It aims to strengthen their legitimate place in society and help older persons
to live the last phase of their life with purpose, dignity and peace.


•Principal areas of intervention-
•Financial security
•Health care and nutrition
•Shelter
•Education
•Welfare
•Protection of life and property
Advantages-
•Strengthening of primary health care system to enable it to meet the health
care needs of older persons
-
•Training and orientation to medical and paramedical personnel in health
care of the elderly.

•Promotion of the concept of healthy ageing.

•Assistance to societies for production and distribution of material on
geriatric care.

•Provision of separate queues and reservation of beds for elderly patients in
hospitals.

•Extended coverage under the Antyodaya Scheme with emphasis on
provision of food at subsidized rates for the benefit of older persons
especially the destitute and marginalized sections.
Disadvantages-
-lack of awareness.
- spending of pension money remains uninformed.
- older persons’ safety is still a problem in the country.
-Only 7 million are BPL
- only 250 rupees per month are given under pension scheme
- need for inclusion of health care schemes covering private
hospitals too.
- some provisions remain mere a statement
     Maintenance and welfare of
    parents and senior citizens act,
                 2007
According to Clause 4(1), the senior citizen including parent is
entitled to apply for maintenance under Clause 5 if he is unable
to maintain himself from his own earnings or out of the property
owned by him. A parent or grand-parent can make an
application for maintenance against one or more of his children
who are majors (‘children’ includes son, daughter, grandson and
grand-daughter).
Under Clause 5(1) of the Bill, a senior citizen or a parent may
apply for maintenance under Clause 4 of the bill. (A senior
citizen is an Indian citizen who is at least 60 years old. A parent
could be father or mother, whether biological, adoptive or step
father or step mother, whether or not the father or the mother is
a senior citizen).

 If the senior citizen or parent is incapable, any other person
or a voluntary organization authorized by the senior citizen or
parent can apply for maintenance on their behalf. The Tribunal
may take cognizance suo motu (that is, it can act on its own
cognizance).

 These two provisions are welcome since most senior citizens
or parents do not have the energy (they do not have the money
anyway) to apply for maintenance.
Disadvantages-

1)No mention of people who become grandparents before 60 yrs of age(Clause 5 is
silent about how the application for maintenance should be made by a grand-parent
(who is not yet 60) under Clause 4)



2) “unfriendly” for the rural tradition of family (One may find three generations
living in the same village and at times even under the same roof! If the son is also
indigent, how can he maintain his parent and grand parent?)



3)Confusing definitions of the act
Thank you!!!!!!!!!

				
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Description: a presentation on older people