Docstoc

Montessori

Document Sample
Montessori Powered By Docstoc
					MARIA MONTESSORI
      Biographical Information
• 1870-1952
• first Italian woman physician
• interest in mental retardation - especially those institutionalized and
  lacking normal educational experiences
• followed the methodologies of Seguin:
    – developmentally challenged children interested in sensory stimulation
      and physical activity
    – Montessori used a variety of tasks which were concrete (i.e. involved
      manipulation of objects, etc.)
• bore a child out of wedlock
• 1907 - created a school in Rome for poor children
    – completely successful by 1913 (but not accepted by mainstream
      educators)
    – forgotten by 1918
    – resurgence of interest in her work during the 1960's
      Theoretical Foundations
• theoretical work similar to Rousseau:
  – focus on self-learning of children
  – belief that the thinking patterns of children are
    different from those of adults
• sensitive period concept:
  – genetically-based
  – apply both to cognitive and physical abilities
  – children are innately inclined to focus on these
    activities ... to stop them from doing so, negatively
    affects development
 MARIA MONTESSORI



• SENSITIVE PERIODS
                                    Sensitive Periods
•   The Sensitive Period for Order
     –   first 3 years of life
     –   notion that children like to "put things in their place"
           •   e.g. crying six-month-old who was concerned that an umbrella should not be left on the table ... rather it
               should be put in the umbrella rack
•   The Sensitive Period for Details
     –   between 1 and 2 years
     –   focus on small details as opposed to the larger picture:
           •   e.g. insects
           •   e.g. background information in pictures
•   The Sensitive Period for the Use of Hands
     –   between 18 months and 3 years
     –   focus on activities done with the hands:
           •   e.g. opening/shutting containers
           •   e.g. placing things into and taking them out of containers
•   The Sensitive Period for Walking
     –   no exact date given
     –   focus on walking for the sheer pleasure of the act of walking:
           •   e.g. repetition of going up and down the stairs
•   The Sensitive Period for Language
     –   from birth to 2/3 years
     –   focus on learning the meaning and grammar of one (or more) languages
           •   language learning seems to be unconscious (therefore making it possible for young child to learn
               several languages)
           •   physical experience (as opposed to mental)
           •   gone by age 3
     –   learning order is not incremental ... sometimes great, sometimes plateau
     –   3 years - change from unconscious language learning to conscious
     –   ability to talk is secure before the start of school
            Chelsea Film
• Remember the lessons we learned
  regarding “sensitive periods” of brain
  development – “windows of opportunity” in
  the Sixty Minutes film clip we watched in
  class
           MARIA MONTESSORI

            • SENSITIVE PERIODS
            • INDEPENDENT MASTERY

• CHILD ORIENTED/CHILD DIRECTED
• GRADUAL PREPARATION . . . BY DOING
I hear and I forget.
I see and I remember.
I do and I understand.
              ~ Chinese proverb
           MARIA MONTESSORI

            • SENSITIVE PERIODS
            • INDEPENDENT MASTERY
• CHILD ORIENTED/CHILD DIRECTED
• GRADUAL PREPARATION . . . BY DOING
• TEACHER AS FACILITATOR
           ONE CANNOT BE FREE
       IF ONE IS NOT INDEPENDENT

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:1
posted:11/16/2012
language:Unknown
pages:11