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Six Hats Powered By Docstoc
					            Dr. Edward De Bono
•     Edward De Bono is a world-known expert in
  creative thinking. The 6 Thinking Hats is one such
  technique.
•     The main idea is to have the group only “wear
  one hat at a time” when considering a problem. The
  wearing of the hat is metaphorical. At any one time,
  everyone will wear the same colour, in other words,
  look at the problem at hand from only one
  perspective, the perspective indicated by the hat
  colour.
                Edward De Bono's
               Six Thinking Hats
Introduction




 Edward de Bono's Six Thinking Hats techniques help
 you to a balanced assessment of your ideas,
 problems and challenges.
 By asking you to wear six different thinking hats
 that represent the six different aspects of how you
 can possibly think.
               Edward De Bono's
             Six Thinking Hats


You can use Six Thinking Hats for anything you deal
with in life.
Use it in your business, use it at school or use it at
home.
And as a side affect you'll find the overall quality of
your creative thinking improve tremendously.
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 So, why wear six different thinking hats?

Traditional arguing involves two or more parties
opposing each other.
Whatever one party offers as an input to the
discussion, the opponents will come forth with
critique.
There are several reasons for this: discovering the
truth, investigating certain subjects, defending
viewpoints, just winning an argument or coming to
a synthesis of the various standpoints.
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 So, why wear six different thinking hats?

Even if we agree mostly with our discussion
partners, we are still inclined to focus on the details
we disagree on. "Yes, BUT..." This habit doesn't do
justice to the input as a whole.
We will overlook valuable points of consideration
and lose a lot of time bickering over rights and
wrongs. Arguing isn't constructive nor creative. It
may result in some improvements but it won't lead
to innovation. Arguing is simply not going to build
you new roads...
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 So, why wear six different thinking hats?

De Bono's Six Thinking Hats offer us a simple yet
powerful alternative to discussion. With this
method we investigate together the facts, the
feelings, the pro's and cons, and the creative
solutions we can come up with. De Bono calls this
parallel thinking. The result of this is a sincere
dialogue in which personal gains are set aside in
favor of working together to reach clarity.
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 So, why wear six different thinking hats?

Use the Six Thinking Hats to assess existing
problems, innovative ideas, work processes, study
topics, possible decisions, solve disputes and much,
much more.
The method is simple, but extraordinarily effective.
This has lead to the situation that many prominent
organizations have implemented this technique in
their daily businesses today.
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 So, why wear six different thinking hats?

Learning the methods and techniques of De Bono's
Six Thinking Hats is easy.
Yet it will strongly affect your thinking.
It is concrete, tangible, simple to use and changes
all thinking behaviors instantly.
                         Edward De Bono's
                      Six Thinking Hats
   Six Colored Hats - Six Types of Thinking

The colors of the hats are: white, red, black, yellow,
green and blue. These colors were chosen for a reason.
They're associated with certain situations which will help
you remember the objective of each separate hat.

Six hats with six different colors, all representing a
different aspect of your thinking. When you wear a
specific hat, the rule is you stick to the kind of thinking it
represents. When you want to switch to a different style
of thinking, you need to switch hats as well.
             Edward De Bono's
            Six Thinking Hats
 Blue Hat

Managing of the thinking itself.
Defining the topic, giving the summaries, making
decisions and drawing conclusions.
                   Edward De Bono's
                 Six Thinking Hats
 Managing the Thinking Process

A cool blue sky allowing you the overview over
the thinking processes which take place.
Here's the manager's blue hat.
You take a little distance from your thinking and
watch the process unfold.
Guide it and control it.
And draw the conclusions in the end.
                   Edward De Bono's
                 Six Thinking Hats
 Managing the Thinking Process

Sets the agenda.
Sets the timing.
Decides on the next step.
Keeps everyone on the focus.
Handles requests.
Keeps the discipline when using the hats.
Handles the summary and conclusions.
Asks for decisions.
              Edward De Bono's
             Six Thinking Hats
 White Hat

Focus your thoughts on information - the facts and
figures.
What info is available?
How do we get it?
                   Edward De Bono's
                 Six Thinking Hats
 Information Available & Needed

Imagine white paper and computer print-outs.
 Most of the time paper is white.
The white hat, just like most paper, refers to
information and facts.
So when you wear it, stick to the fact and figures.
 Only objective information is what you want right
now.
                   Edward De Bono's
                 Six Thinking Hats
 Information Available & Needed

What information is available?
What information would we like to have?
What information do we need?
What information is missing?
Include both sided of disputed information.
              Edward De Bono's
            Six Thinking Hats
 Red Hat

Unlimited use of feelings, intuition and emotions
which don't have to be justified.
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 Intuition and Feelings

Imagine the red glow of a soaring fire.
You're sitting close. Feel the warmth coming from the
flames.
The red hat refers to your feelings and emotions.
Those can be based on complex experiences and aren't
always easily analyzed.
Usually they're left out of the discussion since they're
neither based on facts nor logic.
Yet feelings which are heard stop nagging in the back of
your head.
Thus sharing them helps to clear your thinking.
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 Intuition and Feelings

Take no more than 20 to 30 seconds
This is to signal intuition, feelings and emotions.
Remind yourself that no explanation is needed!
Give feelings and intuition validity.
              Edward De Bono's
             Six Thinking Hats
 Black Hat

Warning! Difficulties, dangers and problems.
What can go wrong?
And does this comply with our knowledge and
experience?
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 Caution, Difficulties, and Problems

Have you ever experienced the feeling your future
seemed to look pitch black?
Only troubles, mistakes, problems and all sorts of
dangers awaiting...
You were wearing a black hat.
Very useful at times.
Now wear this hat to alert you to where you
could go wrong.
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 Caution, Difficulties, and Problems

What could be the possible problems?
What could some of the difficulties be?
What are points for caution?
Right now we are using the black hat, so you must
make a real effort to come up with the negatives.
               Edward De Bono's
              Six Thinking Hats
 Yellow Hat

Focus the thinking on benefits, values and
attainability.
What are the positives?
                      Edward De Bono's
                   Six Thinking Hats
 Benefits and Feasibility

Remember a bright and sunny day. Walking
outside in a gentle breeze, how easy it gets to feel
optimistic about life.
Your yellow hat represents the positive and
logical aspects of your thinking.
So it's not about your hopes!
Your statements have to be backed up by reason
as well.
Looking for benefits, added value and observing
how realistic your expectations will be.
                      Edward De Bono's
                   Six Thinking Hats
 Benefits and Feasibility

What are the benefits?
What are the positives?
What are the values?
Are there savings?
Is there a competitive advantage?
Is there potential value?
Is there a concept in this idea that looks
attractive?
              Edward De Bono's
             Six Thinking Hats
 Green Hat

Conscious creative effort.
Generating ideas and looking for alternatives.
Solving problems.
                     Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
 Alternatives and Creative Ideas

Leaves growing on the trees and bushes, the first
flowers unfold in the young and lush meadows and
all is vibrant with the creative energy of life.
Your green hat represents your conscious creative
efforts.
New ideas arise, innovative solutions pop up.
No logic required this time.
Just let your imagination run wild.
                    Edward De Bono's
                 Six Thinking Hats
Alternatives and Creative Ideas

We need further alternatives.
We need to make a creative effort.
Are there other ways to do this?
What else could we do here?
How else might we carry through this concept?
What are the possibilities?
What will overcome our difficulties?
                       Edward De Bono's
                      Six Thinking Hats
Preparing a Session




 First of all you need a concept.
 An idea, a problem to solve, a product to create, a
 service to promote, etc…..
 What is your thinking going to focus on?
 What are we thinking about?
 What are we working towards?
 What results do we expect of this thinking session?
                       Edward De Bono's
                      Six Thinking Hats
Preparing a Session




 Thinking in itself is the most effective is we have
 clarity about what we want to think about.

 In general your thinking can be focused in two
 ways:
                       Edward De Bono's
                      Six Thinking Hats
Preparing a Session




 •determine a general subject in which a specific
 area is made the focus of our thinking - to generate
 new ideas.

 •determine a specific subject that has a clearly
 described focus for our thinking - to solve a
 problem, improve a process, accomplish a task,
 overcome a difficulty, add a new feature.
                       Edward De Bono's
                      Six Thinking Hats
Practical examples:




 "I would like to think in general about how people
 at home brush their teeth".

 "I need some better designs for a toothbrush".

 "I need stronger material for the brush of a
 toothbrush".
                        Edward De Bono's
                      Six Thinking Hats
Some typical thinking pitfalls




 When describing your concept, be specific about
 where you want your thinking to go.
 If you want to think about designing an umbrella,
 a broad description for you focus - like "Preventing
 people from getting wet" - will not suffice.
 You could end up with the conclusion that all bus
 stops need shelters.
 Add to your concept description.
 Use several descriptions.
                        Edward De Bono's
                      Six Thinking Hats
Some typical thinking pitfalls




 Resist the temptation of looking for deeper
 meanings though.
 The general purpose of using the Six Thinking
 Hats is to come to constructive and creative
 thinking.
 Utilize your thinking for practical solutions.
                Edward De Bono's
              Six Thinking Hats
Example:




 "People don't want a drill, they want holes".
 Not completely true: people want the holes for a
 reason, they serve a purpose.
 Thinking along these lines can easily distract you
 from the original objective: designing a better drill.
                        Edward De Bono's
                      Six Thinking Hats
Some typical thinking pitfalls




 To help the focus stick to our subject, it's useful to
 summarize the results of each separate hat session.
 This will also help the group to feel we're actually
 accomplishing something.
 Which in turn helps to keep all participants
 motivated and actively involved.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Incidental

 A particular hat is used in itself to emphasize a
 certain way of thinking or switch to a different style.
 Before and after using the hat the conversation is
 a traditional argument or discussion.
 Utilizing the hat this way can for example serve as
 a time-out which helps to clear the thinking.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Systematical

 Decide on a topic you want to think about.
 Determine a sequence for using the hats: your
 thinking agenda.
 Then use the different hats in turn.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?
Systematical
 The systematical approach is particularly useful
 when:
 The thinkers have different opinions and dig in
 their heels leading to a dispute.

 The discussion is becoming incoherent and
 leading nowhere.

 There is little time available while a subject does
 deserve a thorough investigation.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Different sequences for different focus points

 First of all: there's no such thing a THE right
 sequence for using the Six Thinking Hats.
 Sequences differ according to subject and
 participating thinkers.
 Also remember that in reality every hat can be
 used as many times as is desirable.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Different sequences for different focus points

 Let the facilitator of a meeting - the one wearing
 the blue hat - propose a sequence or if time allows,
 decide on this as a group.
 But even with a set sequence: if applicable - be
 flexible!
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   How much time do you spend per hat?

 You can do an incredible amount of thinking in a
 relatively short period of time.
 Especially when it is known their is little time and
 you have a clear idea of what you're wanting to
 achieve with your thinking.
 Your thoughts will be sharper and the time limit
 prevents your thoughts from abbreviations.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   How much time do you spend per hat?

 With very practical topics 90 seconds per hat can
 produce an impressive amount of output.
 Also it appears to be wise to limit the time even
 more for people who are used to endless
 discussions.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   How much time do you spend per hat?

 Of course the timing also depends on the number
 of people participating.
 But in general 3 to 4 minutes per hat suffices - as
 a group!
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Rules of thumb for timing:

 Allow limitless time for white hat when much
 information needs to be digested. But keep the
 thinking focused on subject!
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Rules of thumb for timing:

 Don't limit black hat thinking as long as new
 viewpoints are brought forward.
 Breaking off prematurely will always result in
 strong resistance.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Rules of thumb for timing:

 For the same reasons also don't limit yellow hat
 thinking.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Rules of thumb for timing:

 Be flexible with green hat thinking: switch to a
 different hat once the flow of ideas has stopped.
 You can always come back to the green hat later
 on.
 Only when using specific creative thinking
 methods allow for enough time to utilize them.
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Rules of thumb for timing:

 Restrict red hat thinking to 30 seconds to prevent
 people from wanting to explain or justify their
 feelings.
 Only allow more time when intuition and feelings
 form a major part of our subject.
 (For instance when acceptability of a new idea is
 an issue.)
                        Edward De Bono's
                     Six Thinking Hats
Applying the Six Different Hats
                                  How do I use these Six Thinking Hats then?

   Rules of thumb for timing:

 Always limit the thinking session for each hat at
 forehand.
 If it turns out to be appropriate, allow for extra
 time.
 The timing is the task of the facilitator wearing
 the blue hat.
                      Edward De Bono's
                    Six Thinking Hats
When do I apply this thinking method?



   Meetings - more than 2 people

 Both the incidental as the systematical application
 of the hats is useful during meetings.
 Important is that all participants are always
 wearing the same hat!
 The facilitator usually has the blue hat on and
 structures the dialogue.
 But everyone can make blue hat
                      Edward De Bono's
                    Six Thinking Hats
When do I apply this thinking method?



   Conversations - two people

 The most common way to use the hats during a
 conversation between two people, is incidental.
 Use the hats to guide the thinking and to ask for a
 different point of viewing the topic.
                      Edward De Bono's
                    Six Thinking Hats
When do I apply this thinking method?



   Individual

 Though the hats were originally 'designed' for
 interpersonal use, they can be used in individual
 situations as well.
 They structure your thoughts and prevent people
 from forgetting certain ways of thinking.
 It does take discipline!
                       Edward De Bono's
                    Six Thinking Hats
   Key Points to Remember
Always think in the style of the hat you're wearing. Any other ideas and
thoughts that surface are to be ignored.

The hats represent a style of thinking. They do NOT describe people, thinking
habits or thoughts.

Instead of arguing use parallel thinking to display different views next to
each other and compare later.

Follow the ritual of the hats and the colors. Take the method as a serious
game. And stick to its rules.

The hats are meant to simplify the thinking and make it more efficient. So
don't complicate things!
                   Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
Short Sequences

  First ideas:

        blue - definition of subject

        white - ready knowledge

        green - generating ideas
                   Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
Short Sequences

  Evaluation:

        yellow - benefits and valuable elements

        black - dangers and difficulties
                   Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
Short Sequences

  Improvement:

        black - inventory of weak points

        green - improving those points
                   Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
Short Sequences

  Explanation:

        white - factual situation

        green - possible causes
                    Edward De Bono's
                   Six Thinking Hats
Short Sequences

  Direct action:

        red - gut feelings

        black - dangers and difficulties
                   Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
Short Sequences

  Choice:

        green - possible alternatives

        yellow - positives of alternative

        black - negatives of alternatives

        red - gut feelings
                   Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
Short Sequences

  Emotions:

        red – feelings

        white - actual situation

        green - different viewpoints

        blue - conclusion
                   Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
Short Sequences

  Chances:

        yellow – benefits

        white - ready knowledge

        green - creative action
                   Edward De Bono's
                  Six Thinking Hats
Short Sequences

  Decision:

        green – alternatives

        blue - compare alternatives with needs

        red - choose alternative
                    Edward De Bono's
                   Six Thinking Hats
Longer Sequences

  Problem Solving:

       blue - definition of problem
       white - available info
       green - possible solutions
       yellow - reality check solutions
       black - weak points solutions
       white - connect to info
       blue - draw conclusion
                     Edward De Bono's
                   Six Thinking Hats
Longer Sequences

  Creative Effort:

       blue - purpose of creativity
       white - topic info
       green - generating ideas
       yellow - idea benefits
       black - idea down sides
       green - solving down sides
       red - gut feelings
                    Edward De Bono's
                   Six Thinking Hats
Longer Sequences

  Investigation:

       blue - definition of investigation
       white - available info
       green - hypothesizing
       white - investigate more info
       blue - summarize
                    Edward De Bono's
                   Six Thinking Hats
Longer Sequences

  Decision Making:

       blue - topic of decision
       green - offer alternatives
       white - factual situation
       yellow - suitability alternatives
       black - un-suitability alternatives
       red - making the decision
       black - assessing decision
                    Edward De Bono's
                   Six Thinking Hats
Longer Sequences

  Communication:

       blue - necessity
       white - topic description
       green - alternative views
       red - choice of approach
       black - assessing choice
SOALAN ???
Question??




     Prepared by Tsen Kui Loi Feb 2010
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    White Hat: state the facts
    - students are talking when Teacher is
    talking
    - there is noise so that others are
    distracted or can't hear
    - students don't know what to do after
    Teacher has given directions
    - many students get silly or off task
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    Red Hat: states the emotions
    - Teacher feels offended
    - Students are frustrated because they
    can't hear directions
    - Those talking enjoy joking around and
    being heard
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    Black Hat: negative aspects
    - time is wasted
    - learning is compromised
    - those who legitimately have the floor feel
    that listeners don't care about what they
    are saying
    - chaos in the classroom
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    Yellow Hat: positives of the situation are
    examined
    - everyone gets to say what is on their
    mind
    - it can be fun
    - you don't have to wait until you speak
    and therefore don't forget what you what
    to say
    - not just the "smart" kids get to speak
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    Green Hat: creative ideas that come with seeing
    the problem in a new light
    - Teacher will be more aware of the amount of
    time that she "talks"
    - Teacher will try to include interaction from
    many different students, not just the "smart"
    kids
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    - students will work on resisting the need to say
    everything that comes into their mind. They will
    ask
    themselves if this is "on topic" and" if this needs
    to be shared at this time. There needed to be
    further
    discussion on "how" students would work on
    this problem.
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    - students will think about whether their
    comment will interfere with other people's
    learning
    - we will keep these charts up so that we can
    refer back to the learning of this moment and
    reassess how we are doing.
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    Blue Hat: Sum up what is learned
    - Teacher learned that she needs to limit the
    amount of time she uses "Talking" as a form of
    teaching
    - Teacher needs to involve all students in
    discussion. She needs to look for the one who
    rarely offers comments or is quietly waiting to
    be picked to answer.
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    - Teacher needs to realize that some students
    need "think time" before they are ready to
    contribute to a discussion. Allowing time for
    these students to think is important part of class
    discussion so they do not tune out.
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    - students now realize that when they talk when
    others are talking it makes the person talking
    feel like a fool or unappreciated.
    - students realize that just to "get the laugh" of
    the moment, they are jeopardizing other
    people's learning
             Six Thinking Hats
Students Talking When Teacher is Teaching:

    - students learned that speaking whenever you
    want show a lack of self-discipline and that not
    everything that goes through our minds is worth
    sharing.
    - teacher/student needs to revisit this topic and
    check how we are doing
SOALAN ???
Question??




     Prepared by Tsen Kui Loi Feb 2010
Using the Six Hats to Respond to Literature

White Hat: Information and facts about the book
    •Title
    •Author and Illustrator
    •Awards that the book may have won (CBC
    Picture Book, Bilby Award)
    •Plot- what happened, story map, Top Level
    Structure,
    •Characters- names, what they look like
    •Setting
Using the Six Hats to Respond to Literature

White Hat: Information and facts about the book
    •Title
    •Author and Illustrator
    •Awards that the book may have won (CBC
    Picture Book, Bilby Award)
    •Plot- what happened, story map, Top Level
    Structure,
    •Characters- names, what they look like
    •Setting
Using the Six Hats to Respond to Literature

Red Hat: Discussing feelings, likes and dislikes
    •Title
    •Author and Illustrator
    •Awards that the book may have won (CBC
    Picture Book, Bilby Award)
    •Plot- what happened, story map, Top Level
    Structure,
    •Characters- names, what they look like
    •Setting
Using the Six Hats to Respond to Literature

Yellow Hat: Benefits, good points and advantages
    •What was the advantage of solving the
    problem that way?
    •What are the advantages of…?
    •What are all the good points about...the
    character, the setting, the ending etc?
Using the Six Hats to Respond to Literature

Black Hat: Disadvantages, dangers and problems
    •What was the advantage of solving the
    problem that way?
    •What are the advantages of…?
    •What are all the good points about...the
    character, the setting, the ending etc?
Using the Six Hats to Respond to Literature

Green Hat: New ideas, creating, adapting, innovating
    •Lets write a new ending
    •Write an acrostic about the main character
    •Draw new illustrations for the story
    •Think of a different way to solve the problem
    •Write an innovation on the story
SOALAN ???
Question??




     Prepared by Tsen Kui Loi Feb 2010

				
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