Grantmakers for Education:
Keeping Democracy’s Promise
Eighth Annual Conference
Concurrent Session: Creating a
Positive Future for Black Boys
Executive Director, Annenberg
Annenberg Institute for School Reform
at Brown University
I. AISR BACKGROUND
Annenberg Institute for
School Reform, Brown University
Established in 1993 as part of the 500 million gift
from Ambassador Annenberg.
Circles of Work:
-Redesigning School Districts,
-Opportunity & Accountability,
-Community-Centered Education Reform,
Support for Multi-Site Education
Schools for A New Society -- Carnegie/Gates
(Boston, Providence, Worcester, Chattanooga, San
Diego, Houston, Sacramento, San Diego also New
York & Baltimore).
MacArthur Teaching & Learning Partnership.
Public Education Network (Teacher Quality,
Standards & Accountability, Public Engagement).
National League of Cities (Youth Education &
II. Black Male Achievement
and Education Reform
Urban Education Reform:
Major Strategies and Investments
STANDARDS-BASED SCHOOL & DISTRICT
STANADARDS BASED CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION
SMALL SCHOOLS/LEARNING COMMUNITIES
EXTENDED LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES
EVIDENCE-BASED COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL REFORM
MIXED-PROVIDER MODEL OF DISTRICT ORGANIZATION
Schools for A New Society
The Learning Partnership
Schools for a New Society
Theory of Action
Major Equity Lenses
Curriculum & Instruction
Achievement Gaps Among Black Males and others
Based on Lack of:
Technical Capacity (Knowledge, Skills);
Necessary but Not Sufficient
Elmore and others define teaching and learning as
the interaction of students and teachers around
This Interaction Occurs in a Context that is
Inherently Social and Cultural, as well as Cognitive.
Social and Cultural Dimensions of Teaching,
Learning, and Schooling have been Marginalized.
Lack of Evidence-Based Guidance to Support
Differentiated Responses for Black Males and Other
Groups Placed At Risk.
LACK OF CLARITY ABOUT WHAT IT TAKES TO
SUCCEED: GRADES, COMPLETE WORK,
MANY FEEL NOT MUCH IS EXPECTED OF
LITTLE SUPPORT FOR GRAPPLING WITH RACE,
ETHNICITY, SEXUAL ORIENTATION & OTHER
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ISSUES.
Not Clear What Good Instruction
Not Clear how to Define & Support
Needs of Black and Latino Males,
English Language Learners.
What is Culture?
A system of knowledge, beliefs,
and values that a group uses to
define, maintain, and advance its
interests (economic, social,
Cultural Features of Intelligence
and Academic Achievement
Valued Knowledge and Information;
Valued Settings and Contexts;
Valued Performances and Ways of
What is Context?
Prior, current, and anticipated experiences,
knowledge, and beliefs that guide an
individual’s immediate response to a
task or situation.
Cultural features of Academic
Contexts for Black Males
Stereotype Threat, Acting White, Academic
Ambivalence -- Claude Steele, Ogbu & Fordham,
Cultural Salient Funds of Knowledge (Moll, Boykin,
Delpit, Hilliard, Perry)
Culturally Salient Performances (Boykin, Au,
Culturally Salient Structures and Policies
(Christman, Gold, Solomon; Simmons & Grady)
Community as a Resource for Curriculum,
Instruction, and Assessment (Freedom Schools,
Harlem Children’s Zone, El Puente, St. Hope)
Facilitated Student Study and Research Groups
(e.g., Noguera, McLaughlin, Triesman);
Community-Based Academic Support Centers
Visual and Performing Arts, Technology and
Communication as Levers for Learning and
Community-Centered Education Reform (St. Hope,
Harlem Children’s Zone, Mid South, Birmingham,