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					Grantmakers for Education:
Keeping Democracy’s Promise
Eighth Annual Conference
    Concurrent Session: Creating a
     Positive Future for Black Boys
            Warren Simmons
    Executive Director, Annenberg
                Institute

                                      Warren Simmons
Annenberg Institute for School Reform
at Brown University




www.annenberginstitute.org


                                Warren Simmons
I. AISR BACKGROUND
    INFORMATION



                     Warren Simmons
Annenberg Institute for
School Reform, Brown University
 Established in 1993 as part of the 500 million gift
  from Ambassador Annenberg.
 Circles of Work:
  -Redesigning School Districts,
  -Opportunity & Accountability,
  -Leadership,
  -Community-Centered Education Reform,
 Support for Multi-Site Education
   Reform Initiatives.

                                                  Warren Simmons
Multi-Site Education
Reform Initiatives
 Schools for A New Society -- Carnegie/Gates
  (Boston, Providence, Worcester, Chattanooga, San
  Diego, Houston, Sacramento, San Diego also New
  York & Baltimore).
 MacArthur Teaching & Learning Partnership.
 Public Education Network (Teacher Quality,
  Standards & Accountability, Public Engagement).
 National League of Cities (Youth Education &
  Families Council).

                                           Warren Simmons
II. Black Male Achievement
    and Education Reform




                         Warren Simmons
Urban Education Reform:
Major Strategies and Investments
 STANDARDS-BASED SCHOOL & DISTRICT
  ACCOUNTABILITY
 STANADARDS BASED CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION
 SMALL SCHOOLS/LEARNING COMMUNITIES
 SCHOOL CHOICE
 EXTENDED LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES
 COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT
 LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT
 EVIDENCE-BASED COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL REFORM
  DESIGNS
 MIXED-PROVIDER MODEL OF DISTRICT ORGANIZATION

                                         Warren Simmons
Working Examples:
    Schools for A New Society
                &
    The Learning Partnership



                                Warren Simmons
Schools for a New Society




                            Warren Simmons
Theory of Action




                   Warren Simmons
Major Equity Lenses
& Levers
   Curriculum & Instruction
   Human Resources
   Fiscal Resources
   School Choice
   Accountability
   School Reform/Redesign
   District Reform/Redesign

                               Warren Simmons
Assumptions Guiding
Major Approaches
Achievement Gaps Among Black Males and others
  Based on Lack of:
 Technical Capacity (Knowledge, Skills);
 Fiscal Resources;
 Political Will;
 Organizational Capacity.




                                          Warren Simmons
Necessary but Not Sufficient
 Elmore and others define teaching and learning as
  the interaction of students and teachers around
  content.
 This Interaction Occurs in a Context that is
  Inherently Social and Cultural, as well as Cognitive.
 Social and Cultural Dimensions of Teaching,
  Learning, and Schooling have been Marginalized.
 Lack of Evidence-Based Guidance to Support
  Differentiated Responses for Black Males and Other
  Groups Placed At Risk.

                                                Warren Simmons
Student Voices
 LACK OF CLARITY ABOUT WHAT IT TAKES TO
  SUCCEED: GRADES, COMPLETE WORK,
  BEHAVE WELL.
 MANY FEEL NOT MUCH IS EXPECTED OF
  THEM.
 LITTLE SUPPORT FOR GRAPPLING WITH RACE,
  ETHNICITY, SEXUAL ORIENTATION & OTHER
  SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ISSUES.




                                    Warren Simmons
Educators’ Voices

 Not Clear What Good Instruction
  Looks Like.
 Not Clear how to Define & Support
  Needs of Black and Latino Males,
  English Language Learners.


                                Warren Simmons
What is Culture?
A system of knowledge, beliefs,
and values that a group uses to
define, maintain, and advance its
interests (economic, social,
spiritual, aesthetic).


                                Warren Simmons
Cultural Features of Intelligence
     and Academic Achievement

   Valued Knowledge and Information;
   Valued Settings and Contexts;
   Valued Performances and Ways of
    Expressing Competence.




                                        Warren Simmons
What is Context?

 Prior, current, and anticipated experiences,
 knowledge, and beliefs that guide an
 individual’s immediate response to a
 task or situation.




                                           Warren Simmons
Cultural features of Academic
Contexts for Black Males
 Stereotype Threat, Acting White, Academic
  Ambivalence -- Claude Steele, Ogbu & Fordham,
  Triesman, Cross.
 Cultural Salient Funds of Knowledge (Moll, Boykin,
  Delpit, Hilliard, Perry)
 Culturally Salient Performances (Boykin, Au,
  Gallimore, Perry
 Culturally Salient Structures and Policies
  (Christman, Gold, Solomon; Simmons & Grady)
                                               Warren Simmons
Promising Practices
 Community as a Resource for Curriculum,
  Instruction, and Assessment (Freedom Schools,
  Harlem Children’s Zone, El Puente, St. Hope)
 Facilitated Student Study and Research Groups
  (e.g., Noguera, McLaughlin, Triesman);
 Community-Based Academic Support Centers
 Visual and Performing Arts, Technology and
  Communication as Levers for Learning and
  Engagement;
 Community-Centered Education Reform (St. Hope,
  Harlem Children’s Zone, Mid South, Birmingham,
  El Paso)
                                           Warren Simmons

				
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posted:11/16/2012
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