# * Crisp clear photocopy is mandatory for mathematics

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```					* Crisp clear photocopy is mandatory for mathematics. Prepare mathematics on the computer using 16-
18 point print and increase spacing between the words. In WordPerfect, use the Insert Menu > Equation
Editor > to create math worksheets.
* Concrete objects and tactile models can give too much information and muddle the concept. Use the
mind and think through the concept. Use the textbook graphic supplements.
* Create a “Teacher Sheet” for each new concept so the student has a quick reference guide. Include
vocabulary, simple definitions, rules, steps and one example for each type of calculation. Attach this
Teacher Sheet to their math exercise book so they have it at home. Review the concept frequently and
refer back to this reference sheet.
* Teach the mathematics vocabulary and use it consistently. Some math terms can be read or described
with different language. For example, let them know that the fraction 3/4 can be: three fourths, three
quarters, three over four or three divided by 4. Or, 356÷51 can be 356 divided by 51 or 51 divided
into 356 or 356/51 or the fraction 356 over 51.
* Encourage mental calculation and memory skills for sequence of steps in solving equations and word
problems. Talk it through then work it through.

Enlarged Graphing:
* Omit unnecessary parts of the graph or diagram so that the information can be presented on a larger
scale.
* Use dark line graph paper with color stickers or crayons to plot points. Use tape to show bars on a
bar graph. Use patterns to differentiate sections of a circle graph. Use color stickers, tacks or pins
on a board to plot points. Elastics or Stikki-Wikki can be removable lines.

Tactile Graphing:
* Use tactile graph paper. Orient the student to the x-axis and y-axis. Determine the intervals and
values on each axis. Reuse the same graph paper for many questions so you do not have to re-orient the
student.
* Determine the importance of each graph. Every graphing question is not a test! The amount of time
spent on the graph needs to reflect the importance in the marking scheme.
If the unit is a lesson on creating graphs, then detail is important and all components need to be
brailled in position.
If the purpose is to read the graph, search from top left to bottom right of the graph.
If the purpose of the graph is to display data in a visual form for comparison, then set the
values on each axis and plot the information. Put the x and y axis labels on with tacks, pins,
sticky notes or labels. Remove and reuse the same graph paper for many questions.
* Graphing calculator is available in Scientific Notebook 5.5. The program allows enlarging and works
with JAWS Screen Reader. Equations must be in y=mx+b or y=ax2+bx+c format.

Measurement:
1    1 3
* Provide tactile marks on the ruler and learn to estimate 4   ,2,4.
* Use hand magnifier or CCTV for reading more precise measurements or drawing shapes with precise
measurement. Pair up with a partner for exact measurement tasks.
Algebra:
* Teach the steps to solving an algebraic equation and consistently talk through the steps. Simple steps
will guide the student through very complex algebraic calculations.
* Expand Brackets
* Collect Like Terms
* Move and Shake (every move across the equal sign changes the sign)
* Isolate (letter to the left and number to the right)

Calculation:
* Teach addition and subtraction facts by grouping to create 10's. Teach multiplication facts by
examining the patterns of the Multiplication Table. Teach division as the inverse of multiplication.
* Teach the student the steps in using the calculator. Student must know the order of operations,
BEDMAS, and apply it to calculating equations.
* BrailleNote calculator has 10 memory slots that can be stored then inserted to calculations and
documents.

Chart It:
* Easy to read and easy for students to create and display information in chart format.
* Title on first line. Sub-title “Headings:” on the second line. Column headings on third line separated by
ellipsis. Number each line and use the ellipsis to separate columns.

Large Print Numbers for Math are best with 18 point
print with 120% expanded spacing. 18 point print is
approximately 3 mm tall.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 + - x ÷ ½
Set Defaults in Word Processor:
Set defaults so documents will print out in large print. Increasing Word    spacing and L e t t e r
s p a c i n g will increase readability

Set Defaults in MS WORD
Open WORD 2003 > Format Menu > Choose Font > In Font Window set:
1. Print size to 20
2. Font – Century Gothic or Comic Sans
3. Open Character Spacing Tab > Spacing > Choose Expanded > Choose 1.2 > Default Button > Yes to
Apply to all documents

Set Defaults in Word Perfect 12
Open WORD PERFECT 12 > File > Document > Current Document Style > Styles Editor
1. Set Font to Comic Sans or Century Gothic and Font Size to 20
2. Format Menu> Typesetting > Letter/Word Spacing > Set Word spacing at 125% > Set Letter Spacing
at 125% > Okay
3. All items should show up in the Contents box in the Styles Editor
4. Check the box in the bottom Right corner “Use As Default”
5. Apply settings to all documents? > Yes

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 views: 1 posted: 11/16/2012 language: English pages: 2
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