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									  THE BIBLE
Who Says It’s the Word of God?
 What the Bible Says About Itself
Hebrews 4:12
For the word of God is living and powerful, and
   sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing
   even to the division of soul and spirit, and of
   joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the
   thoughts and intents of the heart.
 What the Bible Says About Itself
2 Timothy 3:16
All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
  profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for
  correction, for instruction in righteousness,

James 1:22
  But be doers of the word, and not hearers only,
  deceiving yourselves.
What Do Others Say About the Bible
 Ancient History
 Gospel Accounts

 Archeology

 Rewrites & Corruption?

 Errors & Contradiction

 The Writers of the New Testament

 The Lost Books
Ancient History
    More than any other book the Bible contains
    one of the most reliable historical accounts of:
 People Groups
 Places and Geography

 Identifiable and Substantiated Events

 Timelines

 Documentation
Flavius Josephus, a Jewish historian (A.D. 38-
  100+), wrote about Jesus in his Jewish Antiquities.
  From Josephus, "we learn that Jesus was a wise
  man who did surprising feats, taught many, won
  over followers from among Jews and Greeks,
  was believed to be the Messiah, was accused by
  the Jewish leaders, was condemned to be
  crucified by Pilate, and was considered to be
 The Jewish Talmud, certainly not biased toward
 Jesus, concurs about the major events of his life.
 From the Talmud, "we learn that Jesus was
 conceived out of wedlock, gathered disciples,
 made blasphemous claims about himself, and
 worked miracles, but these miracles are
 attributed to sorcery and not to God."

Jewish, Greek and Roman History Support
The Gospels
    Are the Gospels Reliable?
When historians try to determine if a biography
is reliable, they ask, "How many other sources
report the same details about this person?"

Regarding Jesus of Nazareth, do we find
multiple biographies reporting similar facts
about his life? Yes. While they don't redundantly
cover all of the same information, the four
Gospels tell essentially the same story:
                                           Matthew        Mark         Luke         John
Jesus was born of a virgin                 1:18-25          -         1:27, 34       -
He was born in Bethlehem                      2:1           -           2:4          -
He lived in Nazareth                         2:23        1:9, 24     2:51, 4:16   1:45, 46

Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist      3:1-15        1:4-9       3:1-22         -

He performed miracles of healing           4:24, etc.   1:34, etc.   4:40, etc.     9:7
He walked on water                          14:25         6:48           -          6:19
He fed five thousand people with
                                             14:7         6:38         9:13         6:9
    five loaves and two fish
Jesus taught the common people                5:1       4:25, 7:28     9:11        18:20
He spent time with social outcasts        9:10, 21:31    2:15, 16    5:29, 7:29     8:3
He argued with the religious elite           15:7          7:6         12:56       8:1-58
The religious elite plotted to kill him     12:14          3:6         19:47      11:45-57

They handed Jesus over to the Romans        27:1, 2       15:1         23:1        18:28

Jesus was flogged                           27:26         15:15          -          19:1
He was crucified                           27:26-50     15:22-37     23:33-46     19:16-30
He was buried in a tomb                    27:57-61     15:43-47     23:50-55     19:38-42
Jesus rose from the dead and
                                           28:1-20       16:1-20      24:1-53     20:1-31
    appeared to his followers
           Think About It!
Jesus' recorded words leave out many topics
  the early church would have liked a
  statement on. This indicates that the
  biographers were honest, not putting
  words in Jesus' mouth to suit their own
Archaeology cannot prove that the Bible is
 God's written word to us. However,
 archaeology can (and does) substantiate the
 Bible's historical accuracy. Archaeologists
 have consistently discovered the names of
 government officials, kings, cities, and
 festivals mentioned in the Bible--
 sometimes when historians didn't think
 such people or places existed.
                Can You Dig It
   The pool of Bethesda found forty feet under
    ground thought not to exists. Five porticoes
    just as described in John.
   Wall of Jericho found in a dig.
   Nazareth found when thought not to exist.
   Luke described 32 countries, 54 cities, 9 islands
    with out error.
   Archeology has yet to uncover any fact that is
    not in line with the Bible. Compare that with 0
    evidence of and claims in the Book of Mormon.
Rewrites & Translations
   Bible Rewrites & Translations
The fact is that the Bible has not been rewritten. Take
the New Testament, for example. The disciples of
Jesus wrote the New Testament in Greek and though
we do not have the original documents, we do have
around 6,000 copies of the Greek manuscripts that
were made very close to the time of the originals.
These various manuscripts, or copies, agree with each
other almost 100 percent accuracy. Statistically, the
New Testament is 99.5% textually pure. That means
that there is only 1/2 of 1% of all the copies that do
not agree with each other perfectly.
   Bible Rewrites & Translations
If you take that 1/2 of 1% and examine it, you
find that the majority of the "problems" are
nothing more than spelling errors and very
minor word alterations. For example, instead of
saying Jesus, a variation might be "Jesus
Christ." So the actual amount of textual
variation of any concern is extremely
low. Therefore, we can say that we have a
remarkably accurate compilation of the original
Writers of the New Testament
    Who Wrote the New Testament &
      Can We Trust What it Says?
   The authors were close friends of Jesus or His
   The New Testament writings were accepted as
    soon as they were written.
   Information and events were witnessed by many
    who would have refuted the accounts.
   Historical documentation confirms accuracy of
    times and events.
Lost Books
             Lost Books?
 Never Lost
 Not Edited Out

 Never Included

 Lacked Apostolic Authority

 Not written by Jewish Prophet or Christian
    The Bible

Basic Keys to Understanding
            Key Elements
                   What is
 Revelation

 Inspiration

 Illumination

 Interpretation
Revelation means that God has spoken directly to
  man through the Bible. “Thus says the Lord”
 Over 2500 times in scripture
 Is not man speaking for God but speaking to

Hebrews 1:1-2 God, who at various times and in
 various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by
 the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us
 by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all
 things, through whom also He made the worlds;
Guarantees the Revelation of God as every
 word in the Bible is inspired by God.

2 Timothy 3:16-17
All Scripture is given by inspiration of God,
  and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for
  correction, for instruction in righteousness,
  that the man of God may be complete,
  thoroughly equipped for every good work.
That spiritual truths of the Bible are only
  understood when taught by the Holy Spirit.
 We can learn facts but not insight.

 Only the Spirit can open our mind to God’s
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not
  the things of the Spirit of God: for they are
  foolishness unto him: neither can he know them,
  because they are spiritually discerned.
1 Corinthians 2:7-11
But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, the
  hidden wisdom which God ordained before the ages
  for our glory, which none of the rulers of this age
  knew; for had they known, they would not have
  crucified the Lord of glory. But as it is written:
"Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, nor have entered into
  the heart of man the things which God has prepared
  for those who love Him."
But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For
  the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of
  God. For what man knows the things of a man except
  the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so no one
  knows the things of God except the Spirit of God.
            Rules for Interpretation
    The overall purpose of the Bible.
    Interpretation must be based on what the
     whole Bible says about a subject not just any
     particular verse.
    Who was the Scripture written to?
All Scripture is not to me, but all Scripture is for me. (JV Mcgee)
    The immediate context before and after.
    What does the original language say.
    Interpret the Bible literally unless clearly
     indicated otherwise.
        Guidelines for Study
 Always Begin with Prayer
 Read the Bible

 Study the Bible

 Read What Others Say About the Bible

 Pass On What You Receive From the Bible
             Begin With Prayer
   The Bible is different than any other book it
    must be illuminated by the Holy Spirit.
   We should always pray asking the Spirit to teach.

Psalm 119:17 & 18
Deal bountifully with Your servant, That I may
 live and keep Your word. Open my eyes, that I
 may see Wondrous things from Your law.
             Read the Bible
 Read for enjoyment and entertainment
 Take time away from distractions

 Turn off the TV

 Reading the Bible is not a duty not obligation

 Devotional pit falls

 Take time to enjoy what you read

 God wants to talk to you through His Word
                 Study the Bible
   Different than just reading
   The Bible doesn’t transfer through osmosis
   Just listening doesn’t fill the role of study
   God will not tell you what you can learn on your own
   Learning takes study, practice and hard work
   Study to be approved and able to defend your faith
 Read What Others Have Written
 Can be very dangerous
 Find accurate and trustworthy commentaries

 Bible dictionaries such as Haley’s and Unger’s

 Check out older writers once they are dead
  they don’t change their minds
 Always, Always, Always rely on Scripture to
  test what others have written
 Know the difference between Fiction and
                   Pass It On
 We are called to witness
 Water becomes stagnant unless it flows
 How will they know unless we tell them
 God’s word is His we need simply share it

2 Corinthians 3:2-3 You are our epistle written in
    our hearts, known and read by all men; clearly
    you are an epistle of Christ, ministered by us,
    written not with ink but by the Spirit of the
    living God, not on tablets of stone but on
    tablets of flesh, that is, of the heart.
      The Bible
Overview of Inductive Bible Study
        Inductive Bible Study
This method has been used for many years and has
 proven to be very effective regardless how long
 you have been a Christian or student of the
The inductive method sets out to discover the
 facts of the text through careful Observation
 and then Interpretation of these facts to
 determine what the writer meant. The third step
 in the method is to make Application in a
 general way and then a personal way.
    Inductive Bible Study

O    Observation

I    Interpretation

A    Application
       Inductive Bible Study

Observation – “What Do I See?”
  Observation moves from the general
  to the specific through investigation
  of the facts in the passage.
      Inductive Bible Study

      Observe the whole
1.   Read the text carefully
2.   Record your first impressions
3.   Record major points, who, what,
     when, where, and why
          Inductive Bible Study

            Observe the Parts

1.   Make a basic outline of the text
2.   Mark the primary elements of the text
          Inductive Bible Study

          Observe the Details
1.   Who are the main characters?
2.   What are the key truths or happenings?
3.   Where are the events happening,
     geography, locations and culture.
4.   When in history and what’s the sequence
     with other events
         Inductive Bible Study

          What does it mean?
Interpretation is the science of discovering
  the author’s original meaning as he wrote
  the scripture under the inspiration of the
  Holy Spirit.
          Inductive Bible Study
         Interpretation Questions
Deeper understanding of facts through the 5 Ws
Who?       Wrote & received the writing
What?      Was happening at the time
When?      Is this taking place, sequence
Where?     Geography and locations
Why?       Purpose for the text
           The Reader’s Needs
           The Writer’s Message
          Inductive Bible Study
         Interpretation Answers
Record the answers to the general questions.

Study the:
 Content of the passage
 Comparison with other scripture
 Consult resources, commentaries, Bible
  dictionaries, lexicons, etc.
 Draw a conclusion
          Inductive Bible Study
Finding the elements in a passage or a book is
  hard work. It requires much study and
  discipline in much prayer. But the payoff is
  incredible as we are able to draw conclusions
  based on all that we have studied before and it
  becomes a basis for future study.
The result is that we continually learn and gain
  insight through God’s word and revelation.

                 How do I respond?
Application is action learning which involves two steps.
1.   How the truths discovered should affect our
2.   Putting those truths into practice in our daily
             Know Yourself
 Look for application in light of who you
  really are.
 Relate the passages to you life here and now.

 Summarize truths that seem to apply to you.

 Decide if they have some timely or lasting
 Look at ways to best apply them to daily life.

 Look at how they relate to others.
       Practice What You Learn
 Write down the truths you want to apply to
  your life.
 Hold yourself accountable to the truths
  through prayer.
 Ask the Holy Spirit to help you live the truths.

 Share with others what you have learned.
The purpose of outlining is to begin a
 closer examination of the text. There
 are many different ways to outline but
 the goal is the same. To break the text
 apart into identifiable sections by idea
 to gain a better understanding.
           Epistle Outline
Most epistles follow a very logical sequence

 Introduction
 Summarizing Statement

 Main Teaching

 Closing

The first few verses of the text will be
 the introduction and greeting. Often
 contains the identification of the
 author and the intended recipients of
 the letter.
      Summarizing Statement

You will normally find this in the first
 few verses. It states the purpose of the
 letter. Most likely comes after the
 introduction, greeting, and thanksgiving
 statement. Look carefully for the
 purpose of the letter it is why the letter
 was written.
           Main Teaching

The heart of the epistle is found here as
 well as the heart of the author. The
 main teaching may develop into
 different topics over several verses.

The text of an epistle will always end
 with some closing statement or
 statements. Often this closing will
 address last minute instructions or
 desires on the part of the writer.
        Epistle Outline Example
                            Book of Titus

Introduction vs 1:1-4            Paul writing to Titus
Summary (reason) vs 1:5          Two fold, To set in order the
                                   ministry in churches and to
                                   appoint elders.
Main teaching vs 1:6-3:14
a. vs 1:6-16                     Elder qualifications and work
b. vs 2:1-3:11                   Christian duties in church and sound
c. vs 3:12-14                    Personal concerns
Closing vs 3:15
         General Book Outline
The next outline works for any book of the
 Bible. Simple go through the text and look for
 the main ideas. Many Bibles have already
 done this by titling sections by theme.
Remember that only epistles will follow a certain
 format all other books can be outlined in this
 fashion. Look for the main theme or idea and
 don’t be afraid to write it down by the passage.
Once you have outlined the text you are ready to
 break the text apart even further by charting.
 Charting is used to look very carefully at the
 text through the Observation, Interpretation,
 and Application, OIA system. Remember that
 charting is based on your observations at a
 given time. While your understanding of the
 Bible may be limited this is why we study. You
 will be amazed at how much the Spirit will
 teach you.
                Charting Philippians 1:1-6
       O bservation                   I nterpretation                      A pplication
       State facts of text            Explain Meaning                      Make general/specific
1.   Introduction vs 1-2        All Epistles have an introduction No application needed yet

Paul & Timothy vs 1             Paul is writing this letter but
                                mentions Timothy’s name

Servant of Jesus Christ         Bond Servant of Jesus Paul         I want to be a bond servant of
                                recognizes that he is alive to     Jesus Christ
                                serve Jesus
                                Paul is writing to believers all   I’m a saint because of what
To the saints in Christ Jesus   who are in Christ are saints       Jesus has done in my life.

                                                                   I have grace and peace in my
                                Terms of greeting both Greek
Grace and Peace vs 2                                               life. Grace always comes before
                                and Hebrew Paul’s trademark
2. Summarizing Statement                                           What God starts he is faithful to
                                Thanksgiving and joy because of    complete in me.
   vs 3-6                       God’s great faithfulness

Prayer with joy vs 4            Paul has great joy in spite of     I can have joy regardless of my
                                circumstances because of the       circumstances because of Christ
                                work of Christ in his life         working in me

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