Hierarchical TRIZ Algorithms 12th Installment- Apr 2006 Hierarchical TRIZ Algorithms is a how-to TRIZ book. It is designed to assist both beginning and advanced users. Each month, the TRIZ-Journal will publish another chapter of the book. This month’s installment includes the 10th step of the 10 step algorithm (shown on the cover) : J. Implement the Solution In all, there were 12 installments. Should you decide to purchase the most current edition of the complete book contact the publisher at: http://www.3mpub.com/TRIZ/ J Implement A Resolved the Profitable Contradictions Solution Product Introduction Do not make the mistake of building any of these Combining Concepts No idea, no matter how good it is, will implement itself. prototype at great expense. It is almost an immutable law Once we have refined the individual concepts, it is Each concept is still quite vulnerable and must be handled that the first prototypes will have serious flaws. Making possible to create a “super product” by the with diligence and discipline in order to make it into a expensive prototypes can exhaust your resources. combination of these individual concepts. viable product. Discouragement often sets in and the final product may never materialize. For this reason, the these prototypes Before doing this, some people find it useful to rank Refining the Concept should be as inexpensive as possible. Remember that the the ideas against business and customer needs. This If the TRIZ methodology has been followed, it is likely purpose of these first prototypes is to convince you that all gives an idea of the relative strength of each that several concepts will have been generated. Each of of the ideas work together. concept. This method is often referred to as PUGH these ideas can be further refined by making a succession Concept selection. The front end of Quality of drawings in your invention journal. Drawing successive This next round of prototypes is to convince you that you Function Deployment (QFD) also accomplishes the drawings in which small improvements are made to haven’t left anything out so that your invention is ready for same purpose. conserve space, weight and cost will help to refine the idea to the point that you can build a more complete prototype. patent filing. It will also be used to persuade prospective customers that your idea is marketable. Because these If adequate resources are available, a DOE can be During this refinement, we can consider different prototypes are more extensive, they may also be a little performed. DOE stands for Design of Experiment configurations and orientations of elements. We can also more expensive. and is a favorite Six-Sigma tool for determining the consider the partial or complete consolidation of similar relative strength of various knobs. In this context and dissimilar elements. Folding elements into In order to build prototypes, you will need materials and we are interested in the relative strength of each themselves and other elements can further refine the tools. It is not necessary to have all tools and pieces on concept and how much of each idea should be product to decrease its size. hand when you begin, but you will find this to be a big combined into one final product. This can be time saver. One helpful hint is to create a stockpile of practically done by a two level DOE where the Prototypes parts, which can be readily modified to build prototypes. concepts are combined in different combinations. Since we have already created other prototypes, let us Keep bins of raw materials such as small, medium and This allows us to determine the combination of review the purpose of each round. The purpose of the large plastic, metal and wood parts. These storage bins solutions that gives the most value to the customer first round of prototypes was to help understand the need not take over the workshop and they can be stocked or the business. The beauty of a DOE is that a relative importance of each knob. This was done in the by taking apart unused or inoperative equipment from the partial list of combinations can be tried rather than cause-effect stage. The second round of prototypes was to home or second-hand stores. Make it a practice to the full compliment. The final output of the DOE is verify that the solutions found by resolving the disassemble second hand goods to create useful parts. an equation that can be optimized to give the best contradictions were viable and that there were no major You will learn a lot about different manufacturing methods “super product”. It is not the purpose of this text to risks left. This was done in the resolve contradictions stage and collect expensive parts at the same time. go into detail on how to set-up or perform a DOE to determine whether there were more improvements J1 required. Patents Selling or Licensing Your Idea It is customary to ask for money up front. This Assuming that the previous steps have been followed Selling or licensing your idea can be an exhilarating and money can be applied to the royalties. This is good (including the patent search from Identifying Physical discouraging experience. Now, you will be dealing with for two reasons. First, this gives motivation to the Phenomena) you are now ready to file a patent. people who have a monetary interest in their own business manufacturer to make something of the product. prospects. They may not be as encouraging as others have Secondly, this gives some money to handle the costs Two types of patents are considered: a provisional or been. Potential customers can be manufacturers, of filing a non-provisional or traditional patent, “poor man’s” patent and a non-provisional or regular distributors or the final user. One way to license your which can cost several thousand dollars. patent. Congress created the provisional patent in the late idea is to directly contact a manufacturing organization 90’s to help spur small business growth. A provisional that makes related products or that has the same vendor Commercializing patent is basically a place holder for a filing date, since the base to produce the product. Many manufacturing You may decide that you would rather manufacture patent examiner will not even look at it until the regular companies will be open to licensing your invention. your invention yourself. (Admittedly, there is often patent is filed. (It can also serve as a substitute for building more money to be made in this way. However, it is working prototypes, also called “reduction to practice”). Most of the time, you will be trying to sell or license your assumed that most people who would use the full The provisional patent must include sufficient detail that invention from afar. This is difficult since the most TRIZ approach described in this book will more someone “skilled in the art” could build your invention. effective persuasion usually comes from personal contact. likely find themselves licensing their inventions While it is good practice to give as much detail as possible, Consequently, the initial stages of selling your idea need to rather than manufacturing them). At any rate, do not worry about flowery legal wording and drawings. be focused on getting you and your invention in the whether you decide to manufacture the product or Attach legible drawings and the cover-sheet provided physical presence of the person that has the authority to license it, there will usually be a need to “maintain” through the USPTO web-site and pay a fee of about $80. make the decision. Most of the information that is passed the invention. Remember, you know the most about Provisional patents are in effect until one year from the should have the intent of wetting the appetite. The the invention. It is good business practice to date of filing. They need to be converted to a regular prospective buyer will have the alternate desire to weed support the invention with free advice and problem patent within the year or your invention is considered to be out the good ideas and will be trying to get as much solving. You will find that this will open the way abandoned. One strategy is to first, file a provisional information as possible before a personal sales contact. for future work if you do not simply leave your patent and then license the idea. Part of the business One way around this dilemma is to create a sales brochure invention on their doorstep. The company will agreement is up-front money which can be used to file the that tells just enough to get the vision across, but leaves know that you are a good source of ideas because non-provisional patent via a patent attorney or agent. much to the imagination. Another reason to have a sales you continue to provide support. brochure is that prototypes are often poor tools for creating Traditional patents are much more expensive. If you are a vision. A few final ideas about inventing for profit. Do not in business for yourself, it is usually difficult to justify the get to wrapped up in one idea. You can afford to expense of a non-provisional patent, before the market has If the prospective buyer is interested, arrange a personal throw away a few good ideas. You now have an proven itself. On the other hand, most large companies visit to discuss the invention and possible business infinite source of ideas. Do not throw away good have greater resources and therefore rarely bother with the arrangements. In order to talk freely with the company friendships over inventing. Again, you can afford to added time and effort of a provisional patent. representatives, it is usually necessary to enter into an throw away or give away a few good ideas. If your agreement which will limit what either or both parties may business model is not working, try new approaches. When you have established a filing date, you are now do with the information that they will receive. Ask the Find a mentor that can help you with the business patent pending. Write patent pending on your prototypes. company representative what they would prefer and then side of things. The important thing is to hone a You are now free to sell, license or manufacture your consider the risks to yourself and your future prospects business model that allows you to invent and create invention. Understand that you are still at some risk that before signing. cash flow that will empower you with more time someone else has already patented the idea. Your degree and resources to invent. of risk is directly related to the depth of your patent If the company is willing to license the product, it is searching and to how close your invention is to other expected that a business agreement will be entered into. related patents. Such agreements can be found through legal consultation or on the web. Modify these to suit your needs. J2 Simplified Make a Succession Combine the Build and Test of Improved Drawings Solutions Cheap Prototypes Journal 1. Record Ideas as drawings in Journal When several solutions are found, The first prototypes are used to 2. Refine ideas by drawing successive consider different ways that they can determine whether the ideas will work. pictures be combined. Especially if the ideal As such, they should only include the 3. Perform calculations to establish solution is not created. basic elements necessary to convince drawing details you that the idea will work. Document and File for Public Test of Commercialize the Witness the Invention Patents Prototypes Product Patent Journal 1. Document the invention in 1. If money is tight, consider a 1. Build refined prototypes 1. Find a business that makes similar your journal. provisional patent. This gives one 2. Write “Patent Pending” on products and has a suitable vendor base 2. Have two reliable witnesses year protection to further test the everything that the public can see. 2. License the invention sign that they understand invention and to sell it. 3. Conduct public testing of the Or and have seen the invention 2. Within the year, convert this to a prototypes. Begin plans to manufacture your own reduced to practice. traditional or non-provisional 4. Continue to log test ideas and product 3. Date all entries. patent. results in the journal. J3 Detailed Fold Elements Into Themselves and Other Parts Consolidate Multiple Like Elements Consolidate Unlike Elements Refine the Concept Evolution of systems also dictates that -------- One of the greatest disadvantages that unlike elements will also be Make a Succession of many concepts have is a large An essential and unavoidable part of consolidated. Each element in the envelope or volume. This can create the evolution of systems is that system should take on as many Improved Drawings problems in a variety of ways. multiplied objects will be functions as possible. This ultimately • Is there a requirement that the consolidated into single elements. It leads to consolidation of parts. article be transported during or may be that only part of each 1. Update the functional diagram of the Journal after manufacture? Must the element will be consolidated. An system. user of the article move it about example of this is a gattling gun. 2. Consider how each part might take on during normal use? Will its size The gun had multiple barrels which the function of other parts. What part Permutate the be a hindrance in transportation? were consolidated into one barrel. of the elements could be made to serve Elements • Is there a requirement to store This necessitated changes to the all of the elements? the article because it has feed mechanisms. ABC ACB BAC BCA CAB CBA intermittent use? Does it take up excessive storage space? Entire books have been written on the • Is the article excessively large, subject of recursively drawing ideas in making it awkward during use? order to “evolve” them. Psychological 1. Consider how elements may be inertia dictates that your idea can only be temporarily folded up. drawn as you see it in your mind. Up to this point, you have seen your idea in only The handles are consolidated into one a few ways. In this step, we will consider drawing the idea in a variety of ways over Combined Consolidated and over until it is a good as we can (Partially Document and Consolidated) imagine it. Witness the Concept 1. Draw the idea in your journal just as you 1. Are multiple like elements used in see it in your mind. the concept? What would be 2. Draw it over and over, improving it each 2. Consider how elements may be necessary in order that one element time in some small way. permanently folded into could take over for all of the Journal 3. Determine whether parts MUST come in a themselves. elements? certain order. For instance, must one part 3. Does the article normally interact 1. Document the concept in your 2. What part of the multiplied be inside of another, or can the order be with other objects? Consider journal. elements could be made to serve all changed? different orientations of other 2. Have two reliable witnesses sign of the elements? 4. If the order can be changed, draw the idea elements which allow them to be that they understand and have seen in different orientations. Do this over and folded into one another? the invention reduced to practice. over until it is as good as you can imagine 3. Date all entries. it. J4 Stockpile Raw Learn How to Use Build and Test Document and Prototype Materials Cheap Prototyping Cheap Prototypes Witness the Reduction Individual Materials to Practice Solutions --- Reduce the Invention to Practice Journal The building of prototypes can These prototypes are chiefly Documenting that the be frustrating or satisfying 1. Become aware of local used to convince you that the invention has been “reduced depending upon the resources businesses that sell raw parts work well together and to practice” is very Build up which the inventor have at hand. important. This will be While it is good to have raw materials that there are no unforeseen Your Tools required later when the material available in the form of 2. Buy and store the following problems. As such, these materials prototypes should only include patent is submitted. rods, tubes and blocks, there are • Torn down parts from the basic elements necessary to 1. Document the building and many types of pre-used objects other products convince you that the idea will testing in your journal. The that can be modified to form • Fiberglass resin and work. Keep this as cheap as more information that is prototype objects. Excellent Bondo™ (Available from possible. written, the better. This accessibility of these materials auto parts stores) 1. Determine the minimum that may be required later to will also enhance the • Plywood and scrap wood must be built to determine prosecute your patent. experience. • Aluminum Sheet metal whether the parts will all work 2. Sign and date the invention 1. Collect tools whenever the 1. Install bins which can be used to • Lexan™ Plastic (now together. It may be that you in the journal. opportunity arises. A huge store the materials. Get several available at hardware only need to prototype a few 3. Have two reliable witnesses and expensive workshop is sizes, allowing you to stockpile stores) elements together because the sign and date an entry that not usually necessary. a variety of sizes and types of • Plastic and metal tubing working of the rest will be indicates that they One can begin with a parts. • Aluminum stock metal obvious. understand the invention modest investment of 2. Make it a common practice to blocks, rods and sheets 2. Build and test the prototype. and have seen the invention common household tools. disassemble products and (Aluminum is a wonderful 3. Log detailed data of the reduced to practice. These 2. Add to these tools as stockpile the parts. material to work with testing. It is allowable to test witnesses should be opportunities present • This allows you to see how since it can be easily the prototype in public as long sufficiently competent to themselves. other products are worked with many hand as you are doing it for understand the workings of 3. Learn how to use these manufactured tools) experimental purposes only. the device. The witnesses tools • This is a great source for 3. The local hardware store This is not yet considered should not be family 4. Following hand tools, the odd parts like switches, carries many items that can be public use. Once you use it in members or a co-inventor. next round of tools can be motors and fans used to create prototypes. public for your own pleasure Make sure that it is bought relatively 3. Store the parts in a manner that Thus it is not necessary to keep or convenience, it is someone that you trust. inexpensively is very accessible a full supply of all possible considered public use and must 4. Indicate that the material is • grinders 4. Use the parts. You will best prototyping items on hand. be patented within one year. confidential, such as “I • welders learn where they are and how to confidentially witnessed • power saws use them if they are in constant this invention. . .” • Power screwdrivers use. J5 Document and Combine Combine Optimize the Witness the Reduction Solutions Combined Solutions Solutions to Practice Rank Ideas Against Customer DOE and Business Needs Journal Continuing from the combine solution step, PUGH or QFD In many cases, only one good concept is required which satisfies all of the we need a strategy for combining the solutions. If there are many possible 1. Document the testing of the various combinations in your requirements. Other cases require the solutions, simply combining them all may journal. The mathematical If you have used the full TRIZ format for output of the DOE will support highest performance or reliability not be wise. This is because there is often developing your ideas, it is highly likely that the reduction to practice. possible. If this is the case, a good an “interaction” between the variables. you will have several viable concepts. Each 2. Sign and date the invention in tactic is to combine the solutions into a The uninitiated will often suppose that concept will have its advantages over the the journal. super-product which greatly extends the simply combining solutions will give the others. The advantages that are apparent are 3. Have two reliable witnesses performance or reliability. This step best result. Actually, the combining of not inherent. It is still possible to improve sign and date an entry that sets us up to perform a Design of certain solutions may make the each concept. This step affords us the indicates that they understand Experiment (DOE) as shown in the next performance worse. This can be seen opportunity to determine the relative the combination of inventions step. mathematically as an equation of combined strengths and weaknesses. It also sets us up and have witnessed the 1. Consider different ways that they can variables such as X1 x X2. to combine the solutions. A common outcome of the DOE. be combined. Especially if the ideal Up to now, mostly screening tests should method for comparing ideas is referred to as 4. As with all witnessing, use solution is not created. have been performed to determine rough the Pugh selection method. Quality competent witnesses and have 2. Draw the combination possibilities cause and effect. These screening tests are Function Deployment (QFD) also uses a them sign and date the entries. 3. Consider ways to simplify the performed by changing one variable at a similar step. combinations by consolidating time. In this step, we will purposely 1.Perform PUGH Selection techniques to component parts. change several variables at a time. In verify that customer needs are being met and order to save time, we will not consider all to get a comparison between concepts. of the possibilities. This is the intent of the A) Assign weights to different qualities of DOE, to consider a reduced subset of the the product, such as ease of use, weight, total possibility of combinations. The reliability, etc. reader should find a good source which B) For each of the invention concepts, explains the DOE methodology. assign a score in each of the categories. 1. Combine the concepts into two-level C) Add the multiplication of the weight DOEs. and the scores to give an overall score 2. Perform the tests. The output of the DOE for each concept. will give sensitivities and interactions 2. Consider refining some of the concepts to between knobs. give them higher ranking 3. Consider refinements to the final concepts based on the outcome. J6 Provisional Traditional Patent For Traditional Patent For Patent a Small Entity a Large Company File For Patents Provisional Traditional Traditional Patent Patent Patent The subject of patents cannot be If you are not sure that your idea has a strong If you are certain that you idea has a strong If you work for a company, it is often adequately covered in this text. It market, or you cannot afford the expense of market and you can afford the expense, you the policy that a regular patent is filed is suggested that you read a book a regular patent application, you may want may want to file a regular or traditional first. This is because a non-provisional on patenting. It is entirely possible to file a provisional patent first. Provisional patent first. It is entirely possible for an patent is more complete. It is done once for a lone inventor to patent his patents were created in the late 90’s as a inventor who is not a patent agent or an and has a stronger position than the own invention and do a better job poor man’s patent. They serve as a filing attorney to file a patent. Nor is it required provisional patent. than is typically done by date place holder and allow the holder to be by the patent office. A lone inventor can 1. Assist the company attorneys to file the professional patent attorneys and “patent pending”. Thus, the inventor to go prosecute (do what it takes to secure) a patents. This usually involves some agents. However, there are a out and find a customer. In other words, patent from the USPTO. On the other hand, sort of disclosure of the invention, number of important things that you can test both function and marketability you can also work with a patent agent or meeting with the attorney, disclosing must be learned. Remember, you in public. Provisional patents are attorney. The cost may be as high as drawings of the idea and providing lab are the one that knows your considerably less formal than the non- several thousand dollars. If you are hiring notebook copies. invention the best. provisional patents. They usually require a someone to do the work, then follow the 2. Assist in the patent search. The cover letter provided by the patent office same guidelines as the “Traditional Patent company will usually hire a search to be There are a number of tests that and an informal explanation and drawings. for a Large Company”. If you are doing it done. The patents that come back need must be overcome in order to The weakness of the provisional patent is on your own then: to be reviewed. Some search firms are secure a patent. The two most that anything that was overlooked and later 1. Read a good book on the subject. One such better than others. If you have important tests are novelty and non- put into the non-provisional patent cannot book is Patent it yourself by attorney David developed the ability to search patents obviousness. The novelty test is claim the filing date of the provisional Pressman. NOLO produces this book and it yourself, you can assist. generally an easy test. patent. can be found at Nolo.com. This book 3. Review the patent application for • Is it physically different than 1. Get forms from USPTO web site. contains forms and in-depth explanations of correctness. Remember, you are the prior art? 2. Fill out the forms and attach the explanation the finer points of patenting. Whether you one that truly understands how your The non-obvious test is much more of the invention along with the drawings. patent yourself or allow someone else to do patent works. Take the time to review it difficult to pass. It must be non- 3. Include a check which is about $80 it, you should probably read this book. properly and give needed feedback. obvious to someone skilled in the 4. Include a self addressed post card with 2. Follow all of the procedures described in Especially take the time to carefully art with full knowledge of all prior check boxes for everything that you have Patent it Yourself. It is strongly suggested review the claims. Create a claim tree art, and it must be non-obvious sent. They will check the boxes and return that the only procedure that should be done to help you understand the after consulting all prior art. Ask the card to you. Make sure the card has a out of sequence is the patent search. In this completeness of the claims. The yourself, does the effect of the postage stamp. book this is done during the step of strength of the patent will largly depend invention provide a non-obvious 5. Send the package by U.S. Overnight determining a physical phenomenon to upon the strength of the claims. result? For example, does it solve a express mail. The postage date is deliver the function. The search helps us to previously unsolved problem? considered the filing date. determine available physical phenomena and The practical rules of non- 6. If everything is OK at USPTO then will keeps us from putting in too much work on obviousness are quite abstract. receive filing date in 6-8 weeks. You are an idea that is not likely to go anywhere. now “Patent Pending” J7 Refine Aesthetic Build Refined Public Testing of Form Prototypes Refined Prototypes Public Testing Journal While it is technically permissible to perform public testing before filing for a patent, it is suggested that public testing Once more, we build a prototype. This is The aesthetic form of the invention is If you can afford the time to perform take place after at least filing a the complete invention. The purpose of often important, especially if it is a this step, you will receive a wealth of provisional patent. When those who test this invention is to convince you whether consumer product. Notice how you information. While performing public the idea know that the invention is patent there is sufficient public acceptance of react to choices that you make when testing, you need to be careful that pending, this will relieve them and you your invention. It is also used to you buy among competing products. improvements are still owned by you. from worrying about secrecy issues. determine the preferred form of the Given the choice of products having the This can be done in a couple of ways. Unfortunately, you are still not out of the invention. Whether you create the same function, you will likely choose A) Insist that the user only bring up woods concerning secrecy. Should you preferred aesthetic form or not will be the one that has the most aesthetic problems, not solutions. discover important features during this determined by your pocketbook. The appeal. If your product is not B) Have the participants sign a form period, you may want to add these closer to the final product the better, as competing with any product of that forfeits their invention rights features to your invention. Sometimes you will be able to better assess public consequence, the aesthetic form is used to you. Then they are free to these ideas are suggestions brought reaction. This is where it pays to have a to convince the customer that the suggest improvements. forward by those testing your prototype. real arsenal of tools if you are going to do product will actually perform as Resist the urge to ask questions too If the change is within the scope of the it yourself. You may also wish to employ advertised. In other words, if the quickly. Rather, watch and then ask as present patent, you may want to amend the services of a prototype shop. This can manufacturer has taken the time to done in “Discovery of Market”. the patent to clarify it. If if is not within become quite expensive and it is refine the aesthetic form, surely the 1. Write “Patent Pending” on everything the scope, this may necessitate re-filing necessary to create detailed drawing to effort has been expended to ensure that that the public can see. the patent. Also, you should secure, in convey the ideas. it works! 2. Conduct public testing of prototypes. writing, that any suggestions made by the 1.Research the parts that must be purchased 1.Draw multiple pictures in your journal As much as possible, try not to public tester will be forfeited to you. to build the prototype: motors, fans, showing several different aesthetic intervene or show the best methods for (Remember that the inventor has one year electrical equipment, etc. forms of the product. use. Also watch them perform their from the time of public use or offering 2. Create detailed drawings of the parts. 2. Show the pictures to others and get task or job. Note unexpected the invention for sale to file a patent. The Make sure that the parts fit together. It is their opinions. behaviors USPTO does not consider public testing usually not necessary to define detailed 3. Since you have already filed for the 3. Ask questions about what they were to be “public use”. Keep good testing tolerances for professional prototype patent, getting professional advise is a trying to do and why they did it. records during this time if you choose to builders, but this can help the builder to great idea. Especially ask about unusual test in public before you file for patent. determine the cost up-front. behaviors. These records should be well dated and 3. Build the prototype. Remember that you 3. Continue to log test ideas and results witnessed if possible. Avoid the can still use many of the inexpensive in the journal. temptation to simply use the invention in materials that we have already talked public. If you do, note the dates). about. J8 Sell the Idea Sell the Invention Low-Cost Advertising Graphics If you are at this point, then you have finally reached one of the most exciting (and potentially most discouraging) moments of your career in inventing. You must now become a sales person. This activity starts with doing a little homework to find potential buyers. Once the company is found, you need to contact the people in this company that have the authority to buy or license your invention. It may be necessary to sign an agreement that limits what either or both of you can do with the information exchanged. 1. Do your homework, look for companies that market products similar to your invention, or, Most inventors believe that the prototype will help them to sell their manufacturers which will have the right vendor base to manufacture the product. Keep in mind that invention. Consequently, they will put some level of effort and cost into most companies are willing to take the risk of working with an outside inventor if the product building a prototype that they hope will help to sell their invention. There concept is good enough. Some companies will be willing to move to new markets if the market is is a lot of risk in doing this. First, you do not know the type of person that already growing rapidly. is going to be looking at your prototype. Some people will be able to see 2. Contact the company representative that has the authority to make these type of decisions. Someone past the imperfections that will be there and understand the vision of what in marketing and sales can usually tell you who this person is. You may find yourself being your idea can be. Others will have no vision. They need to be served up transferred around the company. This is not the run-around. Most people know whether they have the full-blown invention, complete with packaging and labeling in order to the authority to talk to outside inventors. get a vision. Only the perfect prototype can reduce this risk. This may be 3. Talk with the responsible individual. Try to arrange for a meeting. If this is not possible, mail or prohibitive in cost and time. Since you cannot know before hand who is email your brochure. Few people will turn you down. Resist the urge to tell them too much at this going to look at your ideas, there is a better tool for accomplishing this point. Let the brochure create the vision before you give details. Arrange for a time to discuss the task, the sales brochure. Remember who you will be talking to. Usually, brochure. this person is from the marketing or management arm of the organization. 4. Follow up with phone call to arrange for a personal meeting. By this time, they will have a better They are used to looking at brochures and will be impressed that you have picture of your vision. Be candid and truthful about your claims of what the invention can do. If gone to this level of effort to sell your idea. You will leave them with the possible, arrange for a face-to-face visit. It may be appropriate to show prototypes during this visit. impression that you are concerned with more than just the function of your 5. Visit with the company representative. Work towards signing a business agreement. This may be an invention. outright sale of the invention or an agreement to license the invention. Most companies will work 1. Take pictures of the prototype or objects with similar shapes in an towards an exclusive license. Be cautious of greediness. Ask for royalties that are within the appropriate setting, such as performing the task. common practice of the industry. Remember that there are more ideas where this idea came from. 2. Or, download an image from the computer that is very close. Be careful, Seek help in putting together this business agreement. Such agreements can be found on the web for these images are usually of much lower quality than one that you can take free or for a small fee. with a digital camera. 6. It is customary to ask for money up-front which the company can apply to future royalties. This 3. Enhance the image with the appropriate software to look like your ensures that the company has motivation to move forward with the idea and also gives the inventor invention. some capital to work with. If you have not yet filed a regular or traditional patent, this money can be 4. Add appropriate labeling to the invention. Think of clever branding that applied to this task. This is a poor man’s approach to gaining a traditional patent. may include the company’s name that you are hoping to sell the invention 7. Be prepared to assist with the commercialization of the invention. Give whatever help is necessary to. to overcome manufacturing problems. Remember that if your idea is not manufacturable or comes to 5. Make a brochure that describes the invention and its advantages. Do not market poorly, this will affect your royalties. If you give good advice and support, this will deepen describe too much. The purpose is to create interest. your relationship with a company that you may want to do future business with. 6. If you have several ideas, put them into a binder or book that you can give J9 to the potential buyer. Include patents and business agreements.
Pages to are hidden for
"45"Please download to view full document