WALLPAPERS PPT by noidarocker


Wall papers
 Wallpaper is a kind of material used to cover

 and decorate the interior walls of homes,

 offices, and other buildings

 It is usually sold in rolls and are put onto a wall

 using wallpaper paste.

 Wallpapers can come either plain (so that it can

 be painted), or with patterned graphics.
    Wall papers
 Wallpaper was recommended in the better rooms of
    the house, especially the parlor and the best
   Wallpapers were applied papering from the
    baseboard to the cornice using one paper and
    applying borders for ornamentation.
   The dominant hue in the wallpaper determined the
    color of paint used on the ceiling and woodwork.
   natural subjects like plants and animals, historical
    or biographical containing figures or portraits,
   ashlar papers representing cut stone and papers
    imitating woven fabrics such as damask.
   Another popular paper was called "fresco" which
    imitated panels, cornices, friezes, moldings, columns
    and dadoes.
 Two of the most common factory trimmed
  sizes of wallpaper are referred to as
  "American" and "European" rolled goods
 American rolled good are 27 inches by
  27 feet (8.2 m) in length.
 European rolled goods are 21.5 inches wide
  by 33 feet (10 m) in length. Approx. 60 square
  feet (5.6 m2).
 Solid vinyl with a cloth backing is the most
  common commercial wallcovering and comes
  from the factory as untrimmed at 54 inches
           How Much Wallpaper Will I
           Needof wallpaper is approximately 18 inches
    A single roll
  wide by 5 yards long and covers 22 square feet. Each
  roll is 15 linear feet of paper.
 Measure the wall height and perimeter of the room.
  Multiply the wall height by the perimeter to
  calculate total square feet of wall space. Divide the
  total square feet of wall space by 22 to figure the
  number of rolls needed. The formula is: number of
  rolls = (wall height x perimeter)/22.
 Do not subtract doors and windows when measuring
  the room. The extra paper is required for matching
  the pattern. For tripartite designs, the wall height is
  measured from the dado to the frieze.
 For borders, friezes and dadoes, measure the
  perimeter of the room or the dimensions of the area to
  be enclosed with the border.
Uses of wall paper
 Wallpapers are used for aesthetic purpose

 They used in residences, offices, shops but largely

 used in hotels.
 They need high maintenance and need care from
 Aarcee and elemantoo are 2 major companies of
 Like PAINT, wallpaper requires proper
    surface preparation before application.
   wallpaper is not suitable for all areas. For
    example, BATHROOM wallpaper may
    deteriorate rapidly due to excessive STEAM.
   Proper preparation includes the repair of
    any defects in the drywall or plaster and
    the removal of loose material or old
   Accurate room measurements (length, width,
    and height) along with number of window
    and door openings is essential for ordering
   Large drops, or repeats, in a pattern can be
    cut and hung more economically by working
    from alternating rolls of paper.
     Wallpaper adhesives
   Most wallpaper adhesive
What You Need:
 Wallpaper and Paste
 Large Flat Work Surface
 Tape Measure and Level
 Ladder
 Drop Cloth
 Sandpaper, Spackle, Putty Knife
 Bucket, Water, Water Tray, Sponges, Rags
 Utility Knife or Straight Edge Razor
 Smoothing Brush
   How To Hang Wallpaper
 Prepare the walls
  Wash any dirt or dust from the old walls and sand smooth any chipped
  paint. Remove old wallpaper using wallpaper remover, a wide blade, and
   Remove electrical outlet and light switch covers. Use a putty knife to
  apply spackle over holes or cracks.
  Allow the spackle to dry, then sand lightly until the surface is smooth.
• Pick a starting point.
  The first strip of wallpaper will line up with the last strip of wallpaper
  you hang and the pattern should match up at that place.
  The focal point of the room should have the fewest seams. Measure out
  from your starting point and use a level to lightly draw a vertical straight
  edge on the wall. This line marks where the first strip of wallpaper
  should be placed.
 Cut the wallpaper
  Lay the first roll of paper, print side down, on the flat work surface.
  Confirm the top and bottom of the pattern. Measure, then cut the first
  wallpaper strip to the proper length, adding a few extra inches at the top
  and bottom. Measure and cut the next several strips in order, paying
  attention to pattern match.
 Apply wallpaper paste.
  For un-pasted wallpaper, apply pre-mixed paste using a large
  pasting brush or paint roller, working from the middle to the ends.
  Be sure that all areas are covered with paste with no un-pasted
  spots. Gently fold the top of the sheet down to the middle so that
  the pasted sides touch. Next, fold the bottom edge up to the
  middle. This allows the paste to cure and keep it from drying out.
  Do not crease the wallpaper.
 Hang the wallpaper.
  Starting at the ceiling, carefully unfold the top half of first piece of
  the wallpaper and gently place the side edge of the strip along the
  measured line. Don’t forget to leave a few extra inches of paper at
  the top and bottom for trimming later.
  When the strip is in the right position, drop down the bottom half
  and gently smooth the paper against the wall with your hands,
  beginning at one edge and working your way across. Use a
  smoothing brush or damp sponge to smooth out any air bubbles.
  Use a seam roller to gently smooth down the edges of the
 Trim the excess paper.
  Use a wide-blade putty knife to hold down the top of the
  wallpaper strip at the ceiling. Use the utility knife or straight-
  edge razor to trim the excess wallpaper. Repeat at the
  bottom of the strip. Carefully clean any paste from the ceiling
  and baseboard. Wipe the strip of wallpaper with a clean,
  damp sponge to remove any paste and remaining air bubbles.
 Smooth the corners.
  At the corners, measure from the last full-width strip of
  wallpaper to the corner. Activate or apply paste to the strip.
  Apply the wallpaper on the wall, making sure to smooth it
  totally into the corner for interior corners or around the
  corner for exterior corners.
 Hang around the corner.
  Place the next strip of wallpaper on the wall so that it
  overlaps the extra 1 inch of paper from the previous piece.
 Repeat hanging the strips around the room.
  Continue hanging the next strips of wallpaper, taking care to
  match the pattern, trimming at the ceiling and floor,
  removing any creases or air bubbles, securing the seams, and
  cleaning the paste off the paper.
 Replace light switch and plug plates.
  If desired, cover the switch and plug plates with wallpaper,
  taking care to match the wallpaper pattern.
 The simplest removal option is to brush the paper
  with water. Water soaks through the paper and
  saturates the glue, allowing the paper to be
  peeled off. This does not work well with non-peel
  able vinyl's, as vinyl is not porous. Nevertheless
  it is still effective on many modern papers.
 Chemical wallpaper stripper can be mixed with
  warm water or a mixture of warm water and
  vinegar, then sprayed onto wall surfaces.
  Several applications may be required to saturate
  the existing wallpaper. Perforation can aid in the
  absorption of the mixture and lead to faster
  removal. After the mixture has dissolved the
  wallpaper paste, the wallpaper can be removed
  easily by pulling at the edges and with the aid of a
  putty or drywall knife.
 Another method of removal is to apply steam to
  wallpaper in order to dissolve the wallpaper
  paste. The steam dissolves the wallpaper paste,
  allowing the wallpaper to be peeled off.
Types And Price Of Wallpaper
 Wallpapers are not named as such
 Different companies have given them name on the basis of
  their own consideration.
 Cheapest available wallpaper is 29/sq.ft.
 And the most expensive wallpaper available is of 600/sqft.
Wallpapers Using The Original
Wallpapers Design


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