# WALLPAPERS PPT by noidarocker

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```									PRESENTATION ON
WALLPAPERS
Wall papers
 Wallpaper is a kind of material used to cover

and decorate the interior walls of homes,

offices, and other buildings

 It is usually sold in rolls and are put onto a wall

using wallpaper paste.

 Wallpapers can come either plain (so that it can

be painted), or with patterned graphics.
Wall papers
 Wallpaper was recommended in the better rooms of
the house, especially the parlor and the best
bedroom.
   Wallpapers were applied papering from the
baseboard to the cornice using one paper and
applying borders for ornamentation.
   The dominant hue in the wallpaper determined the
color of paint used on the ceiling and woodwork.
   natural subjects like plants and animals, historical
or biographical containing figures or portraits,
   ashlar papers representing cut stone and papers
imitating woven fabrics such as damask.
   Another popular paper was called "fresco" which
imitated panels, cornices, friezes, moldings, columns
TYPES AND SIZES
 Two of the most common factory trimmed
sizes of wallpaper are referred to as
"American" and "European" rolled goods
 American rolled good are 27 inches by
27 feet (8.2 m) in length.
 European rolled goods are 21.5 inches wide
by 33 feet (10 m) in length. Approx. 60 square
feet (5.6 m2).
 Solid vinyl with a cloth backing is the most
common commercial wallcovering and comes
from the factory as untrimmed at 54 inches
approximately.
How Much Wallpaper Will I

Needof wallpaper is approximately 18 inches
A single roll
?
wide by 5 yards long and covers 22 square feet. Each
roll is 15 linear feet of paper.
 Measure the wall height and perimeter of the room.
Multiply the wall height by the perimeter to
calculate total square feet of wall space. Divide the
total square feet of wall space by 22 to figure the
number of rolls needed. The formula is: number of
rolls = (wall height x perimeter)/22.
 Do not subtract doors and windows when measuring
the room. The extra paper is required for matching
the pattern. For tripartite designs, the wall height is
measured from the dado to the frieze.
 For borders, friezes and dadoes, measure the
perimeter of the room or the dimensions of the area to
be enclosed with the border.
Uses of wall paper
 Wallpapers are used for aesthetic purpose

 They used in residences, offices, shops but largely

used in hotels.
 They need high maintenance and need care from
dampness.
 Aarcee and elemantoo are 2 major companies of
wallpapers
 Like PAINT, wallpaper requires proper
surface preparation before application.
   wallpaper is not suitable for all areas. For
example, BATHROOM wallpaper may
deteriorate rapidly due to excessive STEAM.
   Proper preparation includes the repair of
any defects in the drywall or plaster and
the removal of loose material or old
   Accurate room measurements (length, width,
and height) along with number of window
and door openings is essential for ordering
wallpaper.
   Large drops, or repeats, in a pattern can be
cut and hung more economically by working
from alternating rolls of paper.
are STARCH or METHYLCELLLOSE based
What You Need:
 Wallpaper and Paste
 Large Flat Work Surface
 Tape Measure and Level
 Drop Cloth
 Sandpaper, Spackle, Putty Knife
 Bucket, Water, Water Tray, Sponges, Rags
 Utility Knife or Straight Edge Razor
 Smoothing Brush
How To Hang Wallpaper
 Prepare the walls
Wash any dirt or dust from the old walls and sand smooth any chipped
paint. Remove old wallpaper using wallpaper remover, a wide blade, and
rags.
Remove electrical outlet and light switch covers. Use a putty knife to
apply spackle over holes or cracks.
Allow the spackle to dry, then sand lightly until the surface is smooth.
• Pick a starting point.
The first strip of wallpaper will line up with the last strip of wallpaper
you hang and the pattern should match up at that place.
The focal point of the room should have the fewest seams. Measure out
from your starting point and use a level to lightly draw a vertical straight
edge on the wall. This line marks where the first strip of wallpaper
should be placed.
 Cut the wallpaper
Lay the first roll of paper, print side down, on the flat work surface.
Confirm the top and bottom of the pattern. Measure, then cut the first
wallpaper strip to the proper length, adding a few extra inches at the top
and bottom. Measure and cut the next several strips in order, paying
attention to pattern match.
 Apply wallpaper paste.
For un-pasted wallpaper, apply pre-mixed paste using a large
pasting brush or paint roller, working from the middle to the ends.
Be sure that all areas are covered with paste with no un-pasted
spots. Gently fold the top of the sheet down to the middle so that
the pasted sides touch. Next, fold the bottom edge up to the
middle. This allows the paste to cure and keep it from drying out.
Do not crease the wallpaper.
 Hang the wallpaper.
Starting at the ceiling, carefully unfold the top half of first piece of
the wallpaper and gently place the side edge of the strip along the
measured line. Don’t forget to leave a few extra inches of paper at
the top and bottom for trimming later.
When the strip is in the right position, drop down the bottom half
and gently smooth the paper against the wall with your hands,
beginning at one edge and working your way across. Use a
smoothing brush or damp sponge to smooth out any air bubbles.
Use a seam roller to gently smooth down the edges of the
wallpaper.
 Trim the excess paper.
Use a wide-blade putty knife to hold down the top of the
wallpaper strip at the ceiling. Use the utility knife or straight-
edge razor to trim the excess wallpaper. Repeat at the
bottom of the strip. Carefully clean any paste from the ceiling
and baseboard. Wipe the strip of wallpaper with a clean,
damp sponge to remove any paste and remaining air bubbles.
 Smooth the corners.
At the corners, measure from the last full-width strip of
wallpaper to the corner. Activate or apply paste to the strip.
Apply the wallpaper on the wall, making sure to smooth it
totally into the corner for interior corners or around the
corner for exterior corners.
 Hang around the corner.
Place the next strip of wallpaper on the wall so that it
overlaps the extra 1 inch of paper from the previous piece.
 Repeat hanging the strips around the room.
Continue hanging the next strips of wallpaper, taking care to
match the pattern, trimming at the ceiling and floor,
removing any creases or air bubbles, securing the seams, and
cleaning the paste off the paper.
 Replace light switch and plug plates.
If desired, cover the switch and plug plates with wallpaper,
taking care to match the wallpaper pattern.
Removal
 The simplest removal option is to brush the paper
with water. Water soaks through the paper and
saturates the glue, allowing the paper to be
peeled off. This does not work well with non-peel
able vinyl's, as vinyl is not porous. Nevertheless
it is still effective on many modern papers.
 Chemical wallpaper stripper can be mixed with
warm water or a mixture of warm water and
vinegar, then sprayed onto wall surfaces.
Several applications may be required to saturate
the existing wallpaper. Perforation can aid in the
absorption of the mixture and lead to faster
removal. After the mixture has dissolved the
wallpaper paste, the wallpaper can be removed
easily by pulling at the edges and with the aid of a
putty or drywall knife.
 Another method of removal is to apply steam to
wallpaper in order to dissolve the wallpaper
paste. The steam dissolves the wallpaper paste,
allowing the wallpaper to be peeled off.
Types And Price Of Wallpaper
 Wallpapers are not named as such
 Different companies have given them name on the basis of
their own consideration.
 Cheapest available wallpaper is 29/sq.ft.
 And the most expensive wallpaper available is of 600/sqft.
Wallpapers Using The Original
Leaves
Wallpapers Design
BEDROOM

DINNING AREA
SOME PATTERNS OF WALL PAPERS

STONE TEXTURED

RUSTIC WALL
PAPER

NAUTICAL WALL PAPER

CHILDREN’S ROOM
WALLPAPER

PLAIN TEXTURED WALLPAPER

FLORAL WALL PAPER
LEAF IMPRINT
WALLPAPER

FAUX IMPRESSION WALLPAPER

METAL STUDDED WALLPAPER

CONTEMPORARY WALLPAPER