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					GLASS    PAINTS        UPHOLSTRY           PLUMBING




              Four Aspects
                        of
         Interior Designing


    Presented By – Namrata and Archana (Batch I-01)
Glass
             What is Glass?

• Glass generally refers to hard, brittle,
  transparent material.
• Glass is a combination of sand and other
  minerals that are melted together at very high
  temperatures to form a material that is ideal
  for a wide range of uses from packaging and
  construction to fibre optics.
          Advantages of Glass
1. Versatility
2. Visibility and Light Transmission
3. Energy Conservation
4. Security
5. Durability
6. Beauty & functionality
7. Scratch Resistant
8. Heat Safety
9. Easy Maintenance
10. Cost Effectiveness
            Use of Glass
• Shower Screen
                 Use of Glass
• Glass Detail
             Use of Glass

• Shower Screen
              Use of Glass
• Partition
             Use of Glass
• Decorative Mirror
                Use of Glass
• Glass Tiles
             Use of Glass
• Door Partition
             Use of Glass
• Decorative Panels
             Use of Glass
• Frameless Glass Door
           Types Of Glass
• Frosted Glass
           Types Of Glass
• Textured Glass
           Types Of Glass
• Stained Glass
           Types Of Glass
• Coloured Glass
          Types Of Glass
• Opaque Glass
           Types Of Glass
• Figured Glass
           Types Of Glass
• Tinted Glass
Paints
       WHAT IS PAINT?
Paint is a colouring composition made up of 4
types of components:

•Pigment
•Binder
•Solvent/Liquid Carrier
•Additives
  WHAT IS PAINT? …contd
• Pigments give colour and opacity/covering power.

• The binder is the material that forms the film, giving
  protection and keeping the pigment in place and evenly
  dispersed.

• The solvent is used to effect the application of the coating. It
  thins the paint or varnish, allowing it to be brushed or
  sprayed.

• Additives are used, in small amounts, to modify the film or
  paint. eg. quick drying,flow control etc
            Types of Paints
                     OIL PAINT
• Oil paint is a type of slow-drying
  paint.Common modern applications of oil
  paint are in finishing and protection of wood
  in buildings and exposed metal structures.
• Its hard-wearing properties and luminous
  colors make it desirable for both interior and
  exterior use on wood and metal.
Types of Paints
            Types of Paints
                  ENAMEL PAINT
• Enamel paints are a kind of hard paint with a
  glossy finish. Enamel paints can be made by
  adding varnish in ordinary oil-based paint.
• Enamel paint is also used on wood to make it
  resistant to external elements through the
  waterproofing and rot proofing characteristics
  of enamel. Enamel painted surfaces are longer
  lasting and more resistant to wear and tear
  than unpainted or untreated surfaces.
                 Types of Paints
                    Varieties of Enamel Paints

1. Floor Enamel : it is used for concrete surfaces, stairs,
   basements, porches and patios.

2. Fast Dry Enamel : fast drying enamels dry within 15-20
   minutes of their application. Ideal for painting refrigerators,
   counters and for other industrial finishes.

3.   High-temp enamel : high temperature enamel paints are
     extremely heat resistant.

4. Anti rust enamel : used for painting rust susceptible items.
Types of Paints
              Types of Paints
                      DISTEMPER
• Distemper is an early form of whitewash, also used
  as a medium for artistic painting, usually made from
  powdered chalk or lime and size (a gelatinous
  substance).

• Distempered surfaces can be easily marked and
  discoloured, and cannot be washed down, so
  distemper is best suited to temporary and interior
  decoration
Types of Paints
   DISTEMPER


    Types of Paints
            Types of Paints
                 DUCO PAINT
• Duco, a durable, quick-drying finish invented
  by DuPont,becoming the standard finish on
  automobiles, hardware, appliances and toys.
Types of Paints
   DUCO PAINT
            Types of Paints
               TEXTURED PAINTS
• Textured painting is done by special
  techniques to create certain effects like comb
  effect, wood effect, roller effect etc.
Types of Paints
 TEXTURED PAINTS


    Types of Paints
Upholstery
         What is Upholstery?
• Upholstery is the work of providing furniture,
  especially seats, with padding, springs,
  webbing, and fabric or leather covers.
• Upholstery refers to the materials used to
  stuff and cover seats, couches, chairs, and
  most furniture that requires such. Upholstery
  can include a variety of materials including
  leather and vinyl, foam and cotton padding.
What is Upholstery?
               Sofa
              MATERIALS
•   Cotton
•   leather
•   Rexene
•   velvet
Sofa
                   Leather
• Leather is a material created through the
  tanning of hides and skins of animals,
  primarily cattlehide. The tanning process
  converts the putrescible skin into a durable,
  long-lasting and versatile natural material for
  various uses.
Leather
Leather
Leather
                  Dhurrie
• The dhurrie, a simple rug that was once used
  as an underlay, has now become one of the
  state's best known weaving traditions.
  Weavers sit on looms in villages,
• creating an interesting blend of patterns-
  mostly geometric, sometimes floral- in an
  exciting combination of colours.
                    Dhurrie
                     TYPES
• Silk dhurrie,
• woolen dhurrie,
• cotton dhurrie
Dhurrie
Dhurrie
                   Carpet
• A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting
  of an upper layer of "pile" attached to a
  backing. The pile is generally either made
  from wool or a manmade fibre such as
  polypropylene, and usually consists of twisted
  tufts which are often heat-treated to maintain
  their structure
           Types of Carpets

1.   Wool and wool blended with synthetic fibres
2.   Nylon
3.   Polypropylene
4.   Polyester
Carpet
                   Curtain
• A curtain (sometimes known as a drape,
  mainly in the US, or drapery, mainly in the UK)
  is a piece of cloth intended to block or
  obscure light, or drafts, or water in the case of
  a shower curtain.
             Uses of Curtains
•   Privacy
•   Blocks Sunlight
•   Visual Value
•   Insulation
          Materials for Curtains
•   Cotton
•   Velvet
•   Cotton Silk
•   Shiffon
Curtains
Curtains
PLUMBING
                 Bathtub
• A bathtub is a plumbing fixture used for
  bathing. Most modern bathtubs are made of
  acrylic or fibreglass, but alternatives are
  available in enamel over steel or cast iron,
  copper, composites and other materials.
          Material for Bathtubs
•   Acrylic
•   Cast Iron
•   Fiberglass/Gelcoat (FRP)
•   Marble - Cultured
•   Marble - Natural
•   Mosaic/Ceramic Tile
•   Porcelain on Steel (POS)
•   Solid Surface
•   Wood
Bathtub
Bathtub
Bathtub
                   Jacuzzi
• The trademarked Jacuzzi name is commonly
  used to refer to any bath with water jets, and
  can thus be considered a generalized
  trademark.
• Jacuzzi is a company that produces whirlpool
  bathtubs and spas. Its first product was a bath
  with massaging jets.
Jacuzzi
Jacuzzi
              Kitchen Sink
             Material for kitchen sink
• Stainless steel
• Under mount
• Granite

• These types of kitchen sink come in a variety
  of shapes, sizes and designs.
Kitchen Sink
Kitchen Sink
Kitchen Sink
              Water Closet
• A water closet is a room which contains a
  flush toilet, usually accompanied by a
  washbowl or sink. The term may also be used
  to refer specifically to a flush toilet
• The design of a flush toilet allows people to
  eliminate waste and then flush it away
  through a series of pipes which lead, ideally,
  to a water treatment facility.
      Types of Water Closet
• Indian Water closet
• Anglo Indian Water closet
• Western Water closet
Dimensions of Water Closet
Connections of Water Closet
Western Water Closet
Indian Water Closet
Anglo Indian Water Closet
            Shower Panels

• Shower panels are made of fiberglass and
  protect the walls of your shower and
  bathroom from water damage.
• In addition, shower panels are much less
  expensive than traditional wall tiles and are
  much easier to work with.
Shower Panels
Shower Panels
Shower Panels
Overhead Shower
Overhead Shower
                   Basin
• A basin is a bowl-shaped fixture that is used
  for washing hands or small objects.
• It is available in different shapes such as
  square, round, oval, rectangle with or without
  rims, etc.
            Materials for Basin

•   Granite
•   Marble
•   Glass
•   Ceramic
•   Metal
•   Porcelain etc.
Basin
Basin
Basin
                      Tap
• A tap is a valve controlling release of liquids or
  gas.
                Bib Cock
• It is a faucet whose nozzle is bent downward
               Angle Cock
• A two position valve located at both ends of
  the pipe.
                Stop Cock
• A device to stop, start or regulate the flow of
  liquid or gas in pipes and conduits. Also
  known as a stop-cock, stop-valve or tap. ...
                Pillar Cock
• A faucet whose nozzle is long
                    Pipes

• Water pipes are pipes or tubes, frequently
  made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC/uPVC),
  ductile iron, polyethylene, or copper, that
  carry pressurized and treated fresh water to
  buildings , as well as inside the building.
            Materials for Pipes


•   Ceramic
•   Fibreglass
•   Metal
•   Concrete
•   Plastic.
                 Types of Pipes
• Cast iron Pipe - better withstands chemical and mechanical
  pipe-cleaning equipment.
• Galvanized steel Pipe - used for the transporting of gas as well
  as water
• Copper Pipe - best option to supply hot/cold water to a
  modern house
• Plastic Pipe - cheapest pipe used for domestic use
• PVC or polyvinyl chloride - as sewers, drain pipes and cold
  water pressurised water piping
• CPVC or chlorinated polyvinyl chloride – for hot and cold
  water supply applications.
                    Traps

• A trap is a U-, S-, or J-shaped pipe located
  below or within a plumbing fixture.
• Types of traps:
• P-trap
• Q-trap
• S-trap
• Nahani trap
• Gully trap
Trap
                   P-Trap
• This trap is used with Indian water closet . The
  traps are made from cast iron or UPV sheet.
  This trap also has water seal and prevents
  entry of foul gases to the house.
                  S-Trap
• This trap is similar to P- trap and is used for
  fixing water closets in toilets. The only
  difference between P- trap & S- trap is that P-
  trap is used for outlet through the wall
  whereas S. trap is used for outlet through the
  floor.
                   Q-Trap
• This trap is used in toilet under water closet. It
  is almost similar to S trap and is used in upper
  storey other than ground floor.
              Nahani Trap
• This trap is provided in the floor to collect
  waste water from washbasin, shower, sink
  and bathroom etc. These are available in cast
  iron or UPVC material and have removable
  grating (JALI) on the top of the trap. The
  minimum depth of water seal should be 50
  mm.
Nahani Trap
               Gully Trap
• These traps are constructed outside the
  building to carry waste water discharge from
  washbasin, sinks, bathroom etc. and are
  connected to the nearest building drain/sewer
  so that foul gases from sewer do not come to
  the house.
• These are deep seal traps, the depth of water
  seal should be 50 mm minimum.
Gully Trap
Thank you

				
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