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PowerPoint Presentation - MIND - MENU - mind from brain

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PowerPoint Presentation - MIND - MENU - mind from brain Powered By Docstoc
					                      MIND - MENU                                        MIND
                                                                                  Hi l lman




                                                                         BRAIN
• Select MIND TOPICS from MENU on LEFT
                                                                              B
                                                                              O
• WHAT IS THE MIND?                                                           D
                                                                              Y
“MIND” is a synchrony of consolidating energy yielding an information-state
  that rises above and beyond all other brain functions yielding:

-CONSCIOUSNESS WITH SELF AWARENESS,
-MEMORY OF SENSORY INPUTS AND MOTOR CONSEQUENCE,
-MEMORY RETRIEVAL,
-EMOTIONAL ASSOCIATIONS WITH MEMORIES,
-COGNITION- AS FRAME-WORKS OF UNDERSTANDING,
-DECISION-MAKING FOR SPEECH & BEHAVIOR,
 -INTELLECT.
                 BRAIN & MIND

                                      CONSCIOUSNESS
Emergence of CONSCIOUSNESS                       Hi l lman

out of the functioning brain is the
primary characteristic of the
MIND. The energy source of
MIND arises from temporal               BRAIN
occurrence of cerebral neuronal
activity associated with sensory
inputs and cognitive processing.           B
                                           O
                                           D
                                           Y
         MIND & CONSCIOUSNESS
• The mark of MIND is consciousness. The common basis for
  recognizing the existence of MIND is sensory stimuli followed by
  voluntary-motor activity as judged by others. A conscious MIND
  occurs when sensory receptors send inputs through the sensory
  thalamus to respective cerebral cortices. In parallel, MIND initiates
  motor control for eye movements and extensor muscles (e.g.
  standing).
• There are two main sensory sources: the external environment and
  from self. Vision, audition, taste and olfaction report, largely, on the
  external world while sensory-self inputs arise from body surface and
  internal receptors. Hyper-stimulation of any one sensory system
  focuses awareness to that system. In addition, the MIND selects
  which sensory inputs are of primary focus even though the signal
  maybe weak. Most often, our senses operate at subliminal levels of
  AWARENESS with minimal MIND determined attention.
• Besides incoming sensory inputs, the conscious MIND recalls
  memories of previous sensory experiences and compares them to
  current inputs in order to reinforce consciousness.
                                 NERVOUS SYSTEM
               INPUTS        OUTPUTS
                 SENSORY-MOTOR NS
                       MIND
                     ODOR
                     VISION            BRAIN
ENVIRONMENT

                     SOUND

                                         C
                     TASTE
                   Angular
              SELF Line ar                                   MUSCLE
                   M OTION
                                         N                          Str iate d




                                                                                        BEHAVIOR
                                                                           Ske le tal
                                                                           Cardiac

                                         S
                   COLD

                                                P
                                                                    Smooth

                                   P
              SELF HOT                              Trans mitte r
                   WARM                              Synapse s
                   COOL


                                                N
                                       SPINAL
              SELF
                     TOUCH
                                   N   CORD
                                                               GLANDS
                                   S            S
              SELF
                     PRESSURE                                        Swe at
                                                                     Lacr imal
              SELF                                                   Re spir ator y
                     POSITION
                                                                     Dige stiv e
                                                                     Uro-genita l
              SELF    M us cle
                      TENSION                        Hormone s
              SELF
                      PAIN
                                                                 ENDOCRINE
                                                               TARGET ORGANS
     MIND, BRAIN,
        BODY                             EMOTIONS & VALUES
                                          consciousness

• The brain controls the bulk of   COGNITION
                                               MIND                  MEMORY

  motor actions of the body                       DECISIONS
                                                                         Hi l lman



  through reflexes and
  programmed behaviors. The                       PROGRAM MED
                                               BEHAVIOR & SPEECH

  MIND is an emergent                          BRAIN
  consciousness rising above and       REFLEXES                    REFLEXES



  beyond brain function to make
  decisions for behavior and                   O
                                                   S   B   M   G
  speech. The MIND assembles
                                                   E
                                               R
                                               G
                                                   N
                                                   S
                                                       O   U
                                                           S
                                                               L
                                                               A

  sensory inputs, memories and
                                               A           C
                                               N
                                               S
                                                   O
                                                   R   D   L
                                                           E
                                                               N
                                                               D
                                                               S
  emotions into frameworks of
                                                   Y
                                                       Y
  understanding, cognition, that
  form the intellect.
    FUNCTIONAL COMPONENTS
The conscious MIND is based
in sensory inputs, memory
storage and recall. The MIND
associates emotions to
memories and stores them in
the emotion based cerebral
cortex (cingulate gyrus).                QuickTime™ and a
                                          decompressor
                                  are neede d to see this picture.

Memories are recalled by the
MIND and are then used in
making decisions for initiating
motor actions of behaviors and
speech and for cognition in
creating frameworks of
understanding, yielding
intellect.
      MIND, SENSORY INPUT & MEMORY
• MEMORY is a central pillar of the conscious MIND. The MIND has the ability to
  assemble, store and recall MEMORY. Only the conscious and dreaming MIND
  contribute to memory storage. Sensory inputs, emotion, consequence of behavior
  and cognition are recorded in MEMORY.
• Sensory inputs are processed in primary cortices for differences to previous inputs
  that have been stored in memory. Visual memories are stored as collage scenes of
  multiple small images of shapes that are literally drawn-out by eyes movements
  following margins of objects such as faces or objects. The small area of fovea, as
  compared to reflex-inducing peripheral retina, restricts formation of scene images
  although some report photographic memory. Scenes are compiled from small
  detailed images. Auditory memories are valued according to emotional associations,
  sound frequency patterns, loudness and direction.
• Associational cortices that surround the primary sensory cortex process inputs for
  detail of each respective sensory modality. These associational cortices store
  complex inputs providing access to detailed memory recall.
• Numerous other sensory modalities generate arrays, although highly localized, are
  distributed over broad areas of the cerebral cortex.
• Memories associated with high-emotional levels are most lasting and are easiest to
  recall. Most memories are lost or distanced if they are not reinforced by associ-
  ational recall or lack an emotional counterpart. MIND without inputs from sensory
  systems or memory recall has difficulty to sustain consciousness and lacks ability to
  make decisions. Memory is the grist for planning and imagination by the MIND.
SOME MIND & MEMORY
  RELATED REGIONS



            QuickTime™ and a
              decompressor
      are neede d to see this picture.
       MEMORY & FORGETTING
• Memory of events is continually undergoing a natural
  progression of forgetting. Parking your car each day in
  a large garage of scattered stalls produces numerous
  memories of locations. We recall the most recent
  memory of parking by the strength of the memory for
  locations among previous days. The forgetting process
  is the clearing of “attention memory” by a temporal
  process of declining strength for memory recall of
  previous image memories. On the contrary, memories
  associated with strong emotional events remain most
  retrievable in recall. Also, the more often that an event
  is recalled, the stronger is the memory. This is a
  common technique for learning and reinforcement of
  long-term memory.
                     MIND & EMOTION
The principal measures of conscious EMOTIONS are generated according to
pleasure and displeasure principles. Sensory inputs, memories and consequence of
motor events are assigned VALUE as based on emotion. EMOTIONS are classified
in the hippocampus and amygdala by comparison between incoming and
hippocampal image memories as well as for other sensory modalities. Primary visual
and auditory cortices have major connections to the hippocampus. Thus, images
(faces and locations) are processed in the hippocampus for familiarity (friend or foe)
and then in the amygdala for determining fight or flight via autonomic expression by
the hypothalamus.

These emotional responses are carried to the hypothalamus via the fornix and then to
anterior group nuclei in the thalamus for projection onto the emotion cortex
(cingulate gyrus).

Conscious EMOTIONS are processed and stored in the cingulate cortex. The
emotional response of sensory inputs produce strength of associations to past events
so they can be readily compared with current sensory inputs. Memories associated
with high-emotions are most lasting and are easiest to recall.
        MEMORY STORAGE
• The mechanism of memory storage is the strength
  of neuronal connections of circuits. MEMORY
  has two fundamental domains: 1) very short, as
  physiological electrotonic properties at synapses,
  and 2) reorganization of physical connections at
  synapses that modifications of synaptic contact
  area via molecular reorganization for presynaptic
  neurochemical liberation and postsynaptic
  receptor insertions or deletions changing the
  strength of pathway connections. Receptors at
  synapses are constant in numeer but the relative
  number shift between synapses on each neuron.
      MEMORY RETRIEVAL

• Memories are continually being accessed during
  consciousness and dreaming states. Retrieval is
  strongest in associations that: 1) are linked to
  current sensory input, 2) high emotions associated
  with these inputs, 3) ongoing motor activity and 4)
  placement in composition of cognitive frame-
  works of understanding.
       MIND AND COGNITION
 The INTELLECT of mankind is in cognitive capacity. The
MIND has resources to assemble, yet, unqualified sensory
and motor memories into a “framework of understanding”,
COGNITION. The MIND recalls memories according to
emotions, spatial-temporal domains and consequences of
actions and then uses them to conceptualize temporal
processes and structural order. Memories are processed for
COGNITION in passage to the medial dorsal thalamus and
to working memory in the frontal lobe. Furthermore, the
frontal lobe extrapolates sensory memories, motor
experiences and emotional responses into PREDICTION
yielding higher levels of INTELLECT. Foretelling
consequence as PREDICTION is the mark of the
intellectual MIND. Fundamental to this process is the ability
to IMAGINE by projecting understanding into a VISION
that extends beyond the known.
 MIND AND MOTOR DECISIONS
A central role of MIND is initiation of self-serving motor
control for survival and reproduction. Behavior and speech are
initiated by the conscious MIND through DECISION-MAKING.
Behaviors arise from reflexes and brain defined patterns of
movement. Yet, it is the MIND that makes decisions to
initiate voluntary behavior, speech and to lesser degree
modulates reflexes. When the MIND is not operating such
as during sleep or unconsciousness, all voluntary reflexes
are quiescent. When the MIND becomes conscious, sensory
awareness returns and the MIND initiates antigravity
sensory-motor reflexes as well as behaviors and speech.
Programmed behaviors carry values that are determined by
the Mind and used for decisions in initiation of movements.
The MIND is involved in training high level patterned
movements by observing conscious trials and judging
consequence of actions.
    MIND AND CONSEQUENCE
The gold standard of decision making for initiating behavior
by the MIND, is CONSEQUENCE. Each outcome of
MIND-determined actions is assigned values that have been
gained from memories of past experiences. Pleasure and
displeasure principles add emotional value that characterize
consequence. These emotions of memories bolster MIND’s
ability to predict the outcome of initiated behaviors.

Predictions of consequence are generated from
combinations of sensory/motor memories and their
associated emotions placed in the cognitive domain.
Consequence determines the level of motivation that the
MIND uses in decision-making to initiate subsequent motor
actions. The MIND is the decision maker of motor learning
with gains being made by trials and observation of results.
               MIND & VALUES
The MIND uses VALUES to make decisions for initiation of
movements that express our behavior and speech. MIND related
values become our character and represent the basis of our
personality. The MIND-VALUE generation system is the foundation
of the concsience. The MIND associates motor outcomes to memories
for establishing ACTION-VALUES. Sensory-motor reflex
organization of the BRAIN lacks a value system. Nevertheless, the
MIND evaluates outcomes of reflex actions and programmed
movements according to consequence via sensory receptor input
strengths, correlations to stored memories, pleasure or displeasure,
and emotions.
These VALUES are further influenced by culture as well as by
maternal/paternal inputs that instill additional value “for the greater
good of the species”. These VALUES are recalled in association with
each memory. Together, values and consequence of actions, constitute
a MIND-VALUE system.
             INTELLECT & MIND
Four components of MIND
lead to INTELLECT:
SENSORY INPUT and
SENSORY MEMORY
inducing consciousness;
EMOTION generation that
places value on sensory
memories and cognition;
COGNITION compiling               QuickTime™ and a

frame-works of
                                   decompressor
                           are neede d to see this picture.


understanding; DECISION-
MAKING determining
speech & behavior.
            MIND AND BEHAVIOR
• All behaviors are restricted by nerve to muscle synapses or nerve to
  gland synapses for secretions. Behaviors are a combination of: 1)
  involuntary reflexes of voluntary muscle groups, 2) autonomic control
  of involuntary muscle and glands, 3) patterned movements of
  voluntarily muscle that are programmed in the brain and 4) MIND
  decisions initiating movements and speech. The MIND’S power to
  reason, formulate cognition, and make decisions for initiating
  patterned movements is the base of expressing behavior and speech.
  While most behaviors are controlled involuntarily as either hard wired
  reflexes or as programmed movements from basal ganglia, the MIND
  selects behaviors and initiates high level patterned movements as
  decisions of the MIND. The MIND uses consequence and pleasure
  principles to determine behavior selections for initiating behaviors
  that dictate our personality. In addition, MIND decisions are
  modulated by Mind-states such as depression or hyperactivity that are
  defined by levels of brain chemistry. Once initiated, behaviors from
  basal ganglia play-out according to the program, so much so, they can
  be difficult to interrupt. Examples are laughing, crying, certain
  patterns of movement and other emotional expressions.
BRAIN - BODY - MIND


            QuickTime™ and a
              decompressor
      are neede d to see this picture.
              MIND & MOTIVATION
• MIND-determined motivations arise from three principle sources: need for
  food, sexual fulfillment, and self-esteem. Homeostatic reflexes control much of
  our basic survival behaviors that include respiratory, cardiac, GI and urinary
  function as well as fight or flight actions. Willful behaviors are based on each
  individual’s need to fulfill food, sexual and self-esteem desires.
• The principal drive is self-esteem and this underlies all willful behaviors. From
  birth, the MIND is seeking to fulfill the need for food. As the conscious MIND
  matures, the reinforcement of self-recognition becomes the central means for
  gaining self-esteem. The individual’s needs for reinforcing self-esteem repeat
  every few minutes to hours.
• The fulfillment of the self-esteem need comes from within self, but is mostly
  reinforced externally from others. These reinforcements can be positive, but too
  often, negative reinforcement become the only means for the individual to
  receive the required self-esteem. Whether these individuals become bullies and
  position themselves outside of nominal society or else subordinate themselves,
  depends on the strength of negative assaults and the strength of the individual’s
  personality. The direction of personality development by positive reinforcement
  is most successful but must be done with an understanding of stimulus
  consequence.
          MIND, SOUL AND SPIRIT
• During unconsciousness or sleep, MIND lacks signs of existence, yet,
  the conscious MIND appears in direct relationship to increased rate of
  EEG brain activity. While there is no material representation of
  MIND, neuronal activity in cortical circuits generates an emerging
  state of energy that carries self-serving consciousness, sensory and
  motor memories, emotions, and understanding. The conscious MIND
  also carries a system of values that is used in making decisions for
  sensory attention and motor actions of behavior and speech. The
  expression of these values, throughout life and at death, passes to the
  SOUL to emerge as the individuals SPIRIT. The spirit of the
  individual exists in the minds of others and in antiquities after the
  energy of MIND subsides at brain death.
• Religion is represented in the MIND by FAITH and BELIEFS in
  historical events and in predictions of future consequences.
                             SOUL - SPIRIT
Traditionally, the concept of                                                                    Emanating out of and
SOUL and SPIRIT is defined        SPIRIT              SPIRIT                      SPIRIT
                                                                                                 above the SOUL is the
by religion. The understand-                                     SP
                                                                                                 individuals SPIRIT. The




                                                 IT
                                                                      IR




                                               IR
                                                                         IT

ing that MIND emerges as an                                                                      individual’s values,




                                            SP
                                                    SOUL
informational energy-state                                                                       action levels and
out of functional circuitry                           VALUES                                     behaviors, that were
                                           consciousness
and initiates actions by                                                                         produced by the MIND
decisions gives us a window
                                 REASON
                                            MIND                                 MEMORIES
                                                                                                 in life, are represented as
                                                    DECISIONS
into the scientific basis for                                                                    the SPIRIT. The SPIRIT
                                                                                     Hi l lman




SOUL and SPIRIT. Beyond                  SENSORY
                                          INPUT
                                                                                SENSORY
                                                                                 INPUT TO R
                                                                                                 of individuals is the
brain & MIND, the SOUL              PA
                                     T B
                                    M T ER G
                                                    BRAIN                                  O
                                                                                         M S
                                                                                        Y E
                                                                                       R X
                                                                                                 inspiration, whether
                                                      REFLEXES                        O LE

emanates as an impression of                                                                     good or bad, representing
                                     O                                              S
                                       VE NE                                       N EF
                                         S D                                     SE R


the individual’s character and                                                                   the trail of behaviors that
values that build over the                            Reflexes
                                                                 B                               was expressed through
                                                                     Behavior
individual’s lifetime. The                                       O                               the individual’s
                                                                 D
SOUL is the imprint of                                           Y
                                                                                                 personality in life. The
MIND-expression through                                                                          spirit resides in the
induction of motor patterns                                                                      MIND and memories of
forming behavior. The                                                                            others after brain
SOUL lives in antiquities                                                                        function is lost.
after brain function and the
MIND are lost.

				
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