How to write a literature review by hcj


									  How to write a
literature review

Dr. Laureen Fregeau
       Topics we will cover
•   Why review the literature???
•   Terminology
•   Literature review format
•   Literature review topics and subtopics
•   Locating literature review sources
•   Choosing appropriate sources
•   Your opinion
•   Bibliography format
   Why review the literature???
• To gain a background in your topic area
• To know what other authors have already
  found in their research on your topic
• To assist you in designing/selecting your
  methodology, your interview/observation
  topics, subtopics & questions
• To have information to which you can
  compare the information you collect
• Scholarly source: peer reviewed, based on
  empirical data, including a substantial
  review of the literature, published in a
  respected journal (not from a magazine,
  newspaper, newsletter, trade journal or the
    Literature review format
• Title page with name, course # and topic
• Introduction stating the subtopics you will
  cover and other introductory information
• Sub-topic #1 (use as the first sub-title)
  – text stating information pertinent to the subtopic
    and citing the (author(s), date(s)) of sources
• Additional sub-topics (using sub-titles)
  – text stating information pertinent to the subtopic
    and citing the (author(s), date(s)) of sources
• Bibliography
  Locating literature review sources
• USA library home page contains a set of indexes
  through which you can search for
  scholarly/empirical articles and books scholarly
  papers presented at national conferences
• Use ERIC on Ebsco Host, select “advanced
  search,” check the “peer reviewed” box
• Put in your topic/several subtopics
• A list of possible sources will come up
• Some of these (not all) will be empirical and
  scholarly sources, but you will need to look at
  them carefully to decide!
   Locating literature review sources
               - continued

• You can go directly to the library and use the
  indexes they have on CD rom
• Alternative sources for the cultural study will
  include anthropology or sociological abstracts
• Books for the stacks may be viable sources
• Local libraries are unlikely sources of
  appropriate materials
• You may NOT use class materials as sources
   Choosing appropriate sources
• Select empirical sources with substantial
  literature reviews and bibliographies containing
  25 or more references
• Select sources that you can obtain at the USA
  Library, on line, through inter-library loan, or in
  full-text format
• Remember that on-line and full-text articles may
  be easy, but are often NOT scholarly or pertinent
• Select sources that cover your topic and sub-
        Your opinion
• The literature review contains only
  information FROM the articles or
  other scholarly sources. It is not a
  critique nor a literary review and
  thus contains NONE of your
      Bibliography format
• Use APA 4 as your style
• The Suggested Reading List for the course uses
  APA style and can be used as a reference
• Be sure you do not reference items using ERIC
  numbers, “et. al.”, lacking authors, publishers,
  volume numbers, using only URLs, etc.
• Check to be sure each item in your bibliography
  is complete

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