universal-design-the-seven-principles-29978 by noidarocker

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									The Seven Principles &
   Seven Goals of
  Universal Design
       By Scott Rains
   The Rolling Rains Report
              Introduction
• The principles of Universal Design were
  created during the Civil Rights era in the
  United States and systematized in 1997.
• They represent the distillation of our
  communal demands for social inclusion.
• Subsequent legislation, regulation, and
  guidance are not faithful and complete
  institutionalization of UD.
               Introduction
• Subsequent legislation, regulation, and
  guidance are compromise documents
  which by their nature must clarify the
  specifications of a final physical product.
• Universal Design is rather a design
  approach. It is not a heuristic list of
  predefined solutions, measurements, or
  products.
              Introduction
• The Seven Principles and Seven Goals of
  Universal Design serve to orient the entire
  project – its conceptualization, scope, and
  specifications – around the observation
  that human beings occur with a range of
  abilities.
• These ability sets also change over time in
  individuals.
The Principles of Universal Design


• 1.   Equitable Use: The design does not
  disadvantage or stigmatize any group of
  users.
The Principles of Universal Design


• 2.    Flexibility in Use: The design
  accommodates a wide range of individual
  preferences and abilities.
    The Principles of Universal Design


•     3.    Simple, Intuitive Use: Use of the
    design is easy to understand, regardless
    of the user's experience, knowledge,
    language skills, or current concentration
    level.
    The Principles of Universal Design


•     4.    Perceptible Information: The
    design communicates necessary
    information effectively to the user,
    regardless of ambient conditions or the
    user's sensory abilities.
    The Principles of Universal Design


•     5.    Tolerance for Error: The design
    minimizes hazards and the adverse
    consequences of accidental or unintended
    actions.
    The Principles of Universal Design


•    6.    Low Physical Effort: The design can
    be used efficiently and comfortably, and
    with a minimum of fatigue.
    The Principles of Universal Design


•     7.    Size and Space for Approach &
    Use: Appropriate size and space is
    provided for approach, reach,
    manipulation, and use, regardless of the
    user's body size, posture, or mobility.
The Principles of Universal Design
• Compiled by advocates of Universal Design in
  1997.
• Participants are listed in alphabetical order:
  Bettye Rose Connell, Mike Jones, Ron Mace,
  Jim Mueller, Abir Mullick, Elaine Ostroff, Jon
  Sanford, Ed Steinfeld, Molly Story, Gregg
  Vanderheiden. The Principles are copyrighted to
  the Center for Universal Design, School of
  Design, State University of North Carolina at
  Raleigh [USA].
        The Seven Goals of
         Universal Design
• Ed Steinfeld of The IDEA center at SUNY-
  Buffalo has rearticulated Universal Design
  as a set of Seven Goals:
• A compliment to the Seven Principles
• Emphasis that Universal Design is not a
  particular building code or checklist of
  products or design solutions
 The Goals of Universal Design

• Body fit - accommodating a wide a range
  of body sizes and abilities
 The Goals of Universal Design

• Comfort - keeping demands within
  desirable limits of body function and
  perception
 The Goals of Universal Design

• Awareness - insuring that critical
  information for use is easily perceived
 The Goals of Universal Design

• Understanding - making methods of
  operation and use intuitive, clear and
  unambiguous
 The Goals of Universal Design

• Social integration - treating all groups
  with dignity and respect
 The Goals of Universal Design

• Personalization - incorporating
  opportunities for choice and the
  expression of individual preferences
 The Goals of Universal Design

• Appropriateness - respecting and
  reinforcing cultural values and the social
  and environmental context of any design
  project.
 The Goals of Universal Design
Ed Steinfeld:

• “The practice of universal design is evolutionary
  in character.
• There are no absolute levels of performance
  since each project context determines what can
  be achieved.
• It is a continuous improvement process and can
  be implemented regardless of constraints or the
  level of technology available.”
   Rosanne Ramos on Design
Designer Rosanne Ramos of Inclusion by
 Design speaks of Inclusive Design.

She emphasizes the individual and
  customized design providing:
• Grounding for abstract principles
• Counterbalance to a mentality of minimal
  compliance to accessibility regulations
          Rosanne Ramos of
          Inclusion by Design

• “While we are aware that one size does
  not fit all, we are equally aware that
  without designing for the individual we will
  miss opportunities and innovations that
  bring us closer to a universal design
  solution. Inclusive Design is design for all
  by designing for every individual... “
        Rosanne Ramos of
        Inclusion by Design

• “The practice of universal design means
  understanding the experience and needs
  of every individual within a community and
  then designing to meet not the largest
  number of those needs, but the full
  spectrum of need. “
         Rosanne Ramos of
         Inclusion by Design

• “Inclusive design is design for all by
  designing for every individual.”
                   Resources
The Center for Universal Design, North Carolina State
  University
  http://www.design.ncsu.edu:8120/cud

The Institute for Human-Centered Design
http://www.adaptiveenvironments.org/index.php?option=Co
   ntent&Itemid=25

The IDEA Center
http://www.ap.buffalo.edu/idea/
                 Resources
Inclusion by Design
http://inclusionbydesign.us/

Homes for Easy Living: Universal Design
 Innovations
 http://www.homesforeasyliving.com

AARP Guide to Understanding Universal Design
 http://www.aarp.org/families/home_design
              Resources
The Rolling Rains Report on Travel,
 Disability, and Universal Design
 http://www.RollingRains.com

Further reading on Universal Design in
 Tourism:
 http://claimid.com/srains

								
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