Corporate finance- Understanding stock dilution by gcneophil9

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Stock dilution reduces the value of a stock or a convertible on a share by issuing new shares
through a capital increase without subscription rights. The dilution effect arises from the
reprocessing through capital price reduction that develops from the fact that the new shares
brandish less power than the previous company's assets per share.

The rights issue will allow existing shareholders to follow suit in a capital increase and thus
maintain their percentage share of the company. This means the dilution will not harm the
existing shareholders.

Control dilution outlines the decrease in ownership share of an investment's stock. A number of
venture capital contracts incorporate an anti-dilution provision promoting the interests of the
original investors, thus helping to protect their equity investments.

Raising new equity while avoiding the eventuality of diluting voting control entails providing
warrants to existing shareholders evenly.

And in order for them to prevent the prospect of losing ownership percentage, they have to
inject more funds. And in the event that employee options are in a position to dilute the
ownership of a control group, the firm has the practical option of repurchasing the shares using
cash.

In principle, dilution will make:

   - Stock per capita income drop by increasing the number of shares;
   - Stock ownership percentage of existing shareholders change (the percentage of
ownership or voting rights of existing shareholders is reduced);
   - Unit value stocks go up or down based on the prices of new stocks issued;

There is also the opposite process of dilution. Which reduces the number of shares issued
through the consolidation and cancellation of shares. The less the number of shares issued
upon redemption, the better the expected profitability forecast earnings per share and
shareholders' equity.

The most anticipated earnings per share is not always lower when there is no increase in the
number of shares. The acquisition is due to the issuance of new shares, for example, effective
integration of large acquisitions (synergies).

Further dividend per share is also likely to change virtually at the discretion of management.
When there are more capital increases, the decision to raise the payout ratio is also possible.

To counter the dilution effect, company law provides that shareholders act only in accordance
with capital subscription rights. And the effect of pre-emption is the so-called compensation
effect. It is attributable to the dilution effect of reducing the price, and can be offset just by the
value of the subscription rights.

								
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