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7-DrNihad-Interior_Design.ppt - OCW University of Palestine

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					                  University of Palestine
    Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning
                   Dept. of Architecture
                 2nd Semester 2010 -2011

     Introduction to Interior Design ( EAGD 3217 )
                       Lecture 7
                FURNITURE DESIGN
               Dr. Nihad Almughany
1
                           CONTENTS
     1- Aims.
     2- Review of Last Lecture ( Design of Interior Spaces ).
      3-Factors Affecting Furniture Design
     4- Classification of Furniture:
           A- According to Function
           B- According to Construction Method
           C- According to Location
           D- According to Material
     5- Wooden Furniture
     6- Metal Furniture
     7- Comparison Between Wooden and Metal Furniture
     8- Furniture Design Criteria
     9- Furniture Styles
    10- Conclusion



2
                    1- AIMS
• This lecture aims to:
    – Review of the last lecture ( Design of interior
      spaces).
    – Highlight the importance of furniture design.
    – Indicate the furniture design principles, tools and
      construction techniques.




3
2- REVIEW OF THE LAST LECTURE

     - FACTORS AFFECTING THE DESIGN OF AN
        INTERIOR SPACE.
     - VALUABLE INTERIOR SPACE.
     - INTERIOR SPACE IN TRADITIONAL
        PALESTINIAN HOME.
     - DESIGN CRITERIA OF INTERIOR SPACES:
       -   Kitchens
       -   Bedrooms
       -   Offices
       -   Bathrooms, WCs
       -   Others
 4
3-Factors Affecting Furniture Design :


    •   Furniture function / s .
    •   Material .
    •   Location ( interior – exterior ) .
    •   Concept .
    •   Style .




5
4- Classification of Furniture:
   A- According to Function
• Home furniture
    – Kitchen cabinets, dining table and seats,
      coaches, chairs, beds, closets, accessories, etc
• Office furniture
    – Desks, cabinets, shelves, shelf cabinets, seats,
      tables, meeting tables and seats, etc.
• Hospital furniture
    – Beds, surgery room furniture, rolling tables ,
      etc.

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4- Classification of Furniture:
    A- According to Function ( cont. )
• School furniture :
    – Desks, seats, cabinets, boards, hangers, labs, library
      shelves and tables, etc.


• Other building types furniture : Libraries,
  museums, theatres, restaurants, coffees, industrial,
  agricultural buildings, etc… .




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4- Classification of Furniture:
   B- According to Construction Method:
• Fixed furniture:
    – Strong but heavy and difficult to carry or move.
    – Appropriate to some functions as in public spaces.


• Mobile furniture:
    – Easy to move, to carry and change.
    – Appropriate for some functions as in domestic
      spaces.

8
                           x
                            t
4- Classification of Furniture:
                           e
   C- According to Location:
                           r
                           n
• Internal Furniture (Indoors)
                           a
    • Different interior spaces in
                            l
    housing, offices, educational and
   other buildings.
                       F
 •External Furniture (Outdoors)
                       u
   • Public spaces, streetscape,
                       r
   etc..               n
   •Garden furniture. i
9                       t
10
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4- Classification of Furniture:
   D- According to Material:
 • Wooden furniture
     – Natural wood
     – Manufactured wood
 •   Bamboo furniture
 •   Metal furniture
 •   Plastic and acrylic furniture
 •   Glass furniture
 •   Combined furniture
13
5- Wooden Furniture:

• Furniture from natural wood for doors, tables, chairs,
  closets and others : ( Zaan, Suaid, Mahagony, …etc.)

• Furniture from Manufactured wood :
     – Ply wood ( laminated by different kinds of materials and colors )
     – MDF for beds, closets, desks, cabinets, tables, etc .
     – Others.


• Furniture from Bamboo for chairs, tables, shelves and
  others .


14
6- Metal Furniture:

• Most familiar metals :
     – Steel: used for all kind of furniture and covered by different
       materials especially wood and leather .
     – Aluminum : used for many furniture items especially
       cabinets and tables .
     – Copper and Bronze : used for antiquities.


• Combined by other materials such as glass, acrylic
  and wood

15
7- Comparison Between Wooden and Metal Furniture:
 •    Design :
       – Wood : limited shapes
       – Metal : flexibility in forming and shape
 •    Weight
       – Wood : heavy
       – Metal : could be light ( Aluminum )
 •    Firefighting
       – Wood: easy to burn
       – Metal : Does not burn easily
 •    Cleanness :
       – Wood : could be cleaned but it is difficult to use water / A material liked by
          insects that hide in .
       – Metal : Easy to clean by water and it is not a field for insects
 •    Shape and looking :
       – Wood : Fixed shape
       – Metal : Could have different shapes using colors and paints
 •    Construction :
       – Wood : Complicated using glue and nails
       – Metal : Could be fixed and unfixed easily
 •    Safety :
       – Wood : Needs efforts to be smooth and easy to scratch.
 16    – Metal : smooth surfaces and bears scratch / could be used for multi-loch doors .
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8- Furniture Design Criteria:

•    Functional
•    Comfortable
•    Strong and Durable
•    Matches the Style of the space enclosed.
•    Beautiful and amusing
•    Safe




26
9- Furniture Styles:

     •   The most familiar styles are:
     •   Classic .
     •   Modern .
     •   Post modern.
     •   Local
         - Arabic – Islamic.
         - Indian .
         - Italian .
         - American .
         - Etc.

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     Classic




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     Modern




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     Post Modern




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     Local




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7- CONCLUSION

- Furniture design is of vital importance in the design of interior and
  exterior spaces.
- Furniture design depends on many factors.
- Furniture should be functional, beautiful, strong, durable,
  comfortable, safe and matches the style of the space enclosed.
- Furniture could be classified either by function, construction
  technique, location or material.
- Furniture could be manufactured by a variety of materials such as
  wood, metal, plastic and others.




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