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Data source:

FAO Statistics Division.

Share in total Dietary Energy consumption:

Contribution of Carbohydrates in total Dietary consumption.
Contribution of Proteins in total Dietary consumption.
Contribution of Fats in total Dietary consumption.

Key nutrition concepts for developing food-based dietary guidelines

Protein
For high quality proteins, the requirements for most people can be met by providing 8-10% of total energy as
protein.
For predominantly vegetable-based, mixed diets, which are common in developing country settings, 10-12%
is suggested to account for lower digestibility and increased incidence of diarrhoea disease.
In the case of the elderly, where energy intake is low, protein should represent 12-14% of total energy.

Fat
In general, adults should obtain at least 15% of their energy intake from dietary fats and oils.
Women of childbearing age should obtain at least 20% to better ensure an adequate intake of essential fatty
acids, needed for foetal and infant brain development.
Active individuals who are not obese may consume up to 35% fat energy, as long as saturated fatty acids do
not exceed 10% of energy intake.
Sedentary individuals should limit fat to not more than 30% of energy intake
Saturated fatty acids should be limited to less than 10% of intake.

Carbohydrate
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in the diet (55-75%) for most people.
Grain products, tubers, roots and some fruits are rich in complex carbohydrates. Generally, they need to be
cooked before they are fully digestible.
Sugars usually increase the acceptability and energy density of the diet and total sugar intake is often
inversely related to total fat intake. Moderate intakes of sugar are compatible with a varied and nutritious diet.

Remarks:

Shares may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.
China, refers to China Mainland, Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR and Taiwan Province.
                     d842344a-8c26-49dc-b9b3-95f579db999d.xls

                                 Diet Composition
                    Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                               Macronutrients    1990-92      1995-97   2003-05


Albania                                  Carbohydrates            64          60        59
Albania                                  Proteins                 13          13        14
Albania                                  Fats                     24          26        28
Algeria                                  Carbohydrates            67          68        69
Algeria                                  Proteins                 11          11        11
Algeria                                  Fats                     23          21        20
Angola                                   Carbohydrates            68          72        71
Angola                                   Proteins                  9           9         9
Angola                                   Fats                     24          20        20
Antigua and Barbuda                      Carbohydrates            51          55        55
Antigua and Barbuda                      Proteins                 13          14        13
Antigua and Barbuda                      Fats                     36          31        32
Argentina                                Carbohydrates            56          55        59
Argentina                                Proteins                 13          13        12
Argentina                                Fats                     32          33        29
Armenia                                  Carbohydrates            73          70        69
Armenia                                  Proteins                 13          11        12
Armenia                                  Fats                     15          19        19
Australia                                Carbohydrates            49          50        47
Australia                                Proteins                 14          14        14
Australia                                Fats                     37          37        39
Austria                                  Carbohydrates            48          48        50
Austria                                  Proteins                 12          12        12
Austria                                  Fats                     40          40        38
Azerbaijan                               Carbohydrates            74          73        71
Azerbaijan                               Proteins                 12          12        12
Azerbaijan                               Fats                     14          15        17
Bahamas                                  Carbohydrates            58          60        57
Bahamas                                  Proteins                 12          12        12
Bahamas                                  Fats                     30          28        31
Bangladesh                               Carbohydrates            83          82        81
Bangladesh                               Proteins                  9           9         9
Bangladesh                               Fats                      8          10        11
Barbados                                 Carbohydrates            57          57        61
Barbados                                 Proteins                 12          12        12
Barbados                                 Fats                     31          31        27
Belarus                                  Carbohydrates            59          61        58
Belarus                                  Proteins                 12          12        12
Belarus                                  Fats                     28          27        30
Belgium                                  Carbohydrates                                  50
Belgium                                  Proteins                                       11
Belgium                                  Fats                                           40
Belize                                   Carbohydrates            67          68        69
Belize                                   Proteins                 10           9        11
Belize                                   Fats                     23          23        21
Benin                                    Carbohydrates            74          75        71
Benin                                    Proteins                 10           9        10
Benin                                    Fats                     17          16        19
Bermuda                                  Carbohydrates            48          51        46
Bermuda                                  Proteins                 14          13        11
Bermuda                                  Fats                     39          36        43
Bolivia                                  Carbohydrates            69          68        66
Bolivia                                  Proteins                 10          10        10
Bolivia                                  Fats                     21          22        24
Bosnia and Herzegovina                   Carbohydrates            75          71        68


                                   Page 2 of 24
                       d842344a-8c26-49dc-b9b3-95f579db999d.xls

                                   Diet Composition
                      Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                                 Macronutrients    1990-92      1995-97   2003-05


Bosnia and Herzegovina                     Proteins                 12          12        12
Bosnia and Herzegovina                     Fats                     13          17        20
Botswana                                   Carbohydrates            64          65        67
Botswana                                   Proteins                 12          13        12
Botswana                                   Fats                     24          22        21
Brazil                                     Carbohydrates            63          62        59
Brazil                                     Proteins                 10          11        11
Brazil                                     Fats                     27          27        30
Brunei Darussalam                          Carbohydrates            66          64        63
Brunei Darussalam                          Proteins                 11          13        12
Brunei Darussalam                          Fats                     23          24        26
Bulgaria                                   Carbohydrates            59          59        56
Bulgaria                                   Proteins                 12          12        11
Bulgaria                                   Fats                     30          29        32
Burkina Faso                               Carbohydrates            70          69        68
Burkina Faso                               Proteins                 12          12        12
Burkina Faso                               Fats                     18          19        20
Burundi                                    Carbohydrates            81          82        84
Burundi                                    Proteins                 13          12        11
Burundi                                    Fats                      7           6         6
Cambodia                                   Carbohydrates            80          78        76
Cambodia                                   Proteins                  9           9        10
Cambodia                                   Fats                     11          13        14
Cameroon                                   Carbohydrates            72          73        71
Cameroon                                   Proteins                 10          10        10
Cameroon                                   Fats                     18          17        19
Canada                                     Carbohydrates            49          50        51
Canada                                     Proteins                 13          12        12
Canada                                     Fats                     38          38        38
Cape Verde                                 Carbohydrates            62          60        64
Cape Verde                                 Proteins                 10          10        11
Cape Verde                                 Fats                     28          30        25
Central African Republic                   Carbohydrates            63          63        61
Central African Republic                   Proteins                  9           9        10
Central African Republic                   Fats                     28          28        30
Chad                                       Carbohydrates            65          61        62
Chad                                       Proteins                 12          12        12
Chad                                       Fats                     24          28        26
Chile                                      Carbohydrates            66          63        60
Chile                                      Proteins                 11          11        12
Chile                                      Fats                     23          26        29
China                                      Carbohydrates            69          66        62
China                                      Proteins                 11          11        12
China                                      Fats                     20          23        26
Colombia                                   Carbohydrates            70          68        68
Colombia                                   Proteins                  9           9         9
Colombia                                   Fats                     21          23        23
Comoros                                    Carbohydrates            70          69        68
Comoros                                    Proteins                  9           9        10
Comoros                                    Fats                     21          22        22
Congo                                      Carbohydrates            69          70        69
Congo                                      Proteins                  9           8         9
Congo                                      Fats                     22          22        22
Costa Rica                                 Carbohydrates            67          64        64
Costa Rica                                 Proteins                 10          10        10


                                     Page 3 of 24
                      d842344a-8c26-49dc-b9b3-95f579db999d.xls

                                   Diet Composition
                      Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                                   Macronutrients   1990-92     1995-97   2003-05


Costa Rica                                   Fats                   24          25        26
Côte d'Ivoire                                Carbohydrates          75          75        73
Côte d'Ivoire                                Proteins                9           8         8
Côte d'Ivoire                                Fats                   17          17        19
Croatia                                      Carbohydrates          63          65        60
Croatia                                      Proteins               10          10        10
Croatia                                      Fats                   27          25        30
Cuba                                         Carbohydrates          68          75        76
Cuba                                         Proteins                9           9        10
Cuba                                         Fats                   23          16        15
Cyprus                                       Carbohydrates          52          52        51
Cyprus                                       Proteins               12          13        12
Cyprus                                       Fats                   35          36        37
Czech Republic                               Carbohydrates                      58        56
Czech Republic                               Proteins                           12        11
Czech Republic                               Fats                               30        33
Democratic People's Republic of Korea        Carbohydrates          71          75        74
Democratic People's Republic of Korea        Proteins               13          11        11
Democratic People's Republic of Korea        Fats                   17          14        15
Democratic Republic of the Congo             Carbohydrates          80          79        80
Democratic Republic of the Congo             Proteins                6           6         6
Democratic Republic of the Congo             Fats                   14          14        14
Denmark                                      Carbohydrates          50          52        51
Denmark                                      Proteins               12          12        13
Denmark                                      Fats                   37          36        36
Djibouti                                     Carbohydrates          71          65        65
Djibouti                                     Proteins                9           9         9
Djibouti                                     Fats                   20          26        26
Dominica                                     Carbohydrates          64          64        63
Dominica                                     Proteins               10          12        12
Dominica                                     Fats                   26          25        25
Dominican Republic                           Carbohydrates          65          63        61
Dominican Republic                           Proteins                9           9         9
Dominican Republic                           Fats                   26          29        30
Ecuador                                      Carbohydrates          59          58        58
Ecuador                                      Proteins                9          10        10
Ecuador                                      Fats                   32          32        32
Egypt                                        Carbohydrates          73          74        73
Egypt                                        Proteins               11          11        11
Egypt                                        Fats                   16          15        16
El Salvador                                  Carbohydrates          71          71        69
El Salvador                                  Proteins               10          10        11
El Salvador                                  Fats                   19          19        20
Eritrea                                      Carbohydrates                      76        70
Eritrea                                      Proteins                           13        12
Eritrea                                      Fats                               12        18
Estonia                                      Carbohydrates          56          60        61
Estonia                                      Proteins               16          13        11
Estonia                                      Fats                   28          28        28
Ethiopia                                     Carbohydrates                      79        79
Ethiopia                                     Proteins                           12        12
Ethiopia                                     Fats                                9        10
Fiji                                         Carbohydrates          55          57        61
Fiji                                         Proteins               10          10        10
Fiji                                         Fats                   34          32        28


                                        Page 4 of 24
                   d842344a-8c26-49dc-b9b3-95f579db999d.xls

                                Diet Composition
                   Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                              Macronutrients    1990-92      1995-97   2003-05


Finland                                 Carbohydrates            52          50        51
Finland                                 Proteins                 13          13        13
Finland                                 Fats                     36          37        36
France                                  Carbohydrates            45          45        46
France                                  Proteins                 13          13        13
France                                  Fats                     42          42        41
French Polynesia                        Carbohydrates            56          53        48
French Polynesia                        Proteins                 13          13        14
French Polynesia                        Fats                     32          34        38
Gabon                                   Carbohydrates            71          71        70
Gabon                                   Proteins                 11          12        12
Gabon                                   Fats                     17          17        18
Gambia                                  Carbohydrates            69          67        60
Gambia                                  Proteins                  9           9         9
Gambia                                  Fats                     22          24        30
Georgia                                 Carbohydrates            75          71        67
Georgia                                 Proteins                 12          12        13
Georgia                                 Fats                     13          16        21
Germany                                 Carbohydrates            50          50        52
Germany                                 Proteins                 11          11        11
Germany                                 Fats                     38          39        37
Ghana                                   Carbohydrates            76          79        78
Ghana                                   Proteins                  9           8         8
Ghana                                   Fats                     15          13        14
Greece                                  Carbohydrates            52          50        52
Greece                                  Proteins                 13          13        13
Greece                                  Fats                     36          37        36
Grenada                                 Carbohydrates            59          58        57
Grenada                                 Proteins                 11          11        13
Grenada                                 Fats                     30          31        31
Guatemala                               Carbohydrates            73          73        69
Guatemala                               Proteins                 10          10        10
Guatemala                               Fats                     16          17        21
Guinea                                  Carbohydrates            74          72        70
Guinea                                  Proteins                  9           9         9
Guinea                                  Fats                     17          19        22
Guinea-Bissau                           Carbohydrates            69          70        71
Guinea-Bissau                           Proteins                  8           8         8
Guinea-Bissau                           Fats                     23          22        21
Guyana                                  Carbohydrates            76          72        69
Guyana                                  Proteins                 10          11        11
Guyana                                  Fats                     13          17        20
Haiti                                   Carbohydrates            75          75        76
Haiti                                   Proteins                 10           9         9
Haiti                                   Fats                     15          16        15
Honduras                                Carbohydrates            68          66        67
Honduras                                Proteins                 10          10        10
Honduras                                Fats                     22          24        23
Hungary                                 Carbohydrates            52          53        51
Hungary                                 Proteins                 11          10        11
Hungary                                 Fats                     37          37        38
Iceland                                 Carbohydrates            50          51        45
Iceland                                 Proteins                 15          15        16
Iceland                                 Fats                     35          34        39
India                                   Carbohydrates            75          73        71


                                  Page 5 of 24
                      d842344a-8c26-49dc-b9b3-95f579db999d.xls

                                   Diet Composition
                     Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                                Macronutrients    1990-92      1995-97   2003-05


India                                     Proteins                 10          10        10
India                                     Fats                     16          17        20
Indonesia                                 Carbohydrates            75          75        74
Indonesia                                 Proteins                  8           9         9
Indonesia                                 Fats                     17          16        17
Iran (Islamic Republic of)                Carbohydrates            70          70        71
Iran (Islamic Republic of)                Proteins                 11          11        11
Iran (Islamic Republic of)                Fats                     19          20        18
Ireland                                   Carbohydrates            54          55        55
Ireland                                   Proteins                 13          12        12
Ireland                                   Fats                     33          33        33
Israel                                    Carbohydrates            55          55        50
Israel                                    Proteins                 13          13        14
Israel                                    Fats                     32          32        37
Italy                                     Carbohydrates            50          50        49
Italy                                     Proteins                 12          12        12
Italy                                     Fats                     37          38        39
Jamaica                                   Carbohydrates            67          64        62
Jamaica                                   Proteins                 10          11        11
Jamaica                                   Fats                     23          25        27
Japan                                     Carbohydrates            61          60        59
Japan                                     Proteins                 13          13        13
Japan                                     Fats                     26          27        28
Jordan                                    Carbohydrates            66          64        62
Jordan                                    Proteins                 11          11        10
Jordan                                    Fats                     23          25        28
Kazakhstan                                Carbohydrates            64          67        62
Kazakhstan                                Proteins                 12          13        12
Kazakhstan                                Fats                     24          20        26
Kenya                                     Carbohydrates            68          68        69
Kenya                                     Proteins                 11          12        11
Kenya                                     Fats                     21          21        20
Kiribati                                  Carbohydrates            58          58        59
Kiribati                                  Proteins                 10          10        10
Kiribati                                  Fats                     32          32        31
Kuwait                                    Carbohydrates            59          58        56
Kuwait                                    Proteins                 12          12        11
Kuwait                                    Fats                     29          29        33
Kyrgyzstan                                Carbohydrates            65          68        71
Kyrgyzstan                                Proteins                 13          13        13
Kyrgyzstan                                Fats                     23          19        16
Lao People's Democratic Republic          Carbohydrates            80          79        77
Lao People's Democratic Republic          Proteins                 10          10        11
Lao People's Democratic Republic          Fats                     10          11        12
Latvia                                    Carbohydrates            61          59        54
Latvia                                    Proteins                 14          12        12
Latvia                                    Fats                     26          29        35
Lebanon                                   Carbohydrates            61          60        57
Lebanon                                   Proteins                 10          11        11
Lebanon                                   Fats                     30          29        32
Lesotho                                   Carbohydrates            75          76        77
Lesotho                                   Proteins                 11          11        11
Lesotho                                   Fats                     14          13        12
Liberia                                   Carbohydrates            71          64        68
Liberia                                   Proteins                  7           7         7


                                    Page 6 of 24
                         d842344a-8c26-49dc-b9b3-95f579db999d.xls

                                    Diet Composition
                     Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                                  Macronutrients   1990-92     1995-97   2003-05


Liberia                                     Fats                    22         29        25
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya                      Carbohydrates           63         62        61
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya                      Proteins                10         10        10
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya                      Fats                    28         28        29
Lithuania                                   Carbohydrates           63         64        59
Lithuania                                   Proteins                13         13        13
Lithuania                                   Fats                    24         23        28
Luxembourg                                  Carbohydrates                                48
Luxembourg                                  Proteins                                     13
Luxembourg                                  Fats                                         39
Madagascar                                  Carbohydrates           77         77        79
Madagascar                                  Proteins                10          9         9
Madagascar                                  Fats                    13         14        12
Malawi                                      Carbohydrates           77         77        78
Malawi                                      Proteins                11         10        10
Malawi                                      Fats                    13         12        12
Malaysia                                    Carbohydrates           60         63        62
Malaysia                                    Proteins                10         10        11
Malaysia                                    Fats                    31         26        27
Maldives                                    Carbohydrates           69         67        62
Maldives                                    Proteins                13         15        16
Maldives                                    Fats                    18         19        22
Mali                                        Carbohydrates           68         70        69
Mali                                        Proteins                11         12        11
Mali                                        Fats                    21         19        19
Malta                                       Carbohydrates           56         58        59
Malta                                       Proteins                13         13        13
Malta                                       Fats                    31         30        28
Mauritania                                  Carbohydrates           65         66        64
Mauritania                                  Proteins                12         12        12
Mauritania                                  Fats                    22         22        24
Mauritius                                   Carbohydrates           66         63        64
Mauritius                                   Proteins                10         10        11
Mauritius                                   Fats                    24         27        25
Mexico                                      Carbohydrates           66         64        63
Mexico                                      Proteins                11         11        11
Mexico                                      Fats                    24         25        26
Mongolia                                    Carbohydrates           51         53        56
Mongolia                                    Proteins                14         15        13
Mongolia                                    Fats                    35         32        31
Morocco                                     Carbohydrates           72         72        72
Morocco                                     Proteins                11         11        11
Morocco                                     Fats                    17         18        17
Mozambique                                  Carbohydrates           74         76        78
Mozambique                                  Proteins                 7          8         8
Mozambique                                  Fats                    19         16        15
Myanmar                                     Carbohydrates           72         72        68
Myanmar                                     Proteins                10         10        11
Myanmar                                     Fats                    18         18        21
Namibia                                     Carbohydrates           74         74        69
Namibia                                     Proteins                11         11        11
Namibia                                     Fats                    15         15        20
Nepal                                       Carbohydrates           76         75        73
Nepal                                       Proteins                10         10        10
Nepal                                       Fats                    14         15        17


                                       Page 7 of 24
                       d842344a-8c26-49dc-b9b3-95f579db999d.xls

                                    Diet Composition
                       Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                                  Macronutrients    1990-92      1995-97   2003-05


Netherlands                                 Carbohydrates            51          47        51
Netherlands                                 Proteins                 12          13        13
Netherlands                                 Fats                     37          40        36
Netherlands Antilles                        Carbohydrates            58          56        63
Netherlands Antilles                        Proteins                 13          12        12
Netherlands Antilles                        Fats                     30          32        25
New Caledonia                               Carbohydrates            55          54        52
New Caledonia                               Proteins                 11          12        12
New Caledonia                               Fats                     34          35        36
New Zealand                                 Carbohydrates            52          55        56
New Zealand                                 Proteins                 12          12        12
New Zealand                                 Fats                     36          33        32
Nicaragua                                   Carbohydrates            69          71        71
Nicaragua                                   Proteins                 10           9        10
Nicaragua                                   Fats                     21          20        20
Niger                                       Carbohydrates            76          74        70
Niger                                       Proteins                 11          11        11
Niger                                       Fats                     14          15        19
Nigeria                                     Carbohydrates            70          70        69
Nigeria                                     Proteins                  9           9         9
Nigeria                                     Fats                     22          21        22
Norway                                      Carbohydrates            51          51        51
Norway                                      Proteins                 12          13        12
Norway                                      Fats                     37          37        38
Occupied Palestinian Territory              Carbohydrates                        63        63
Occupied Palestinian Territory              Proteins                             11        11
Occupied Palestinian Territory              Fats                                 26        26
Pakistan                                    Carbohydrates            67          66        63
Pakistan                                    Proteins                 10          10        10
Pakistan                                    Fats                     23          24        27
Panama                                      Carbohydrates            63          62        65
Panama                                      Proteins                 11          11        11
Panama                                      Fats                     26          28        24
Paraguay                                    Carbohydrates            62          60        58
Paraguay                                    Proteins                 12          12        11
Paraguay                                    Fats                     27          28        32
Peru                                        Carbohydrates            71          70        73
Peru                                        Proteins                 10          11        12
Peru                                        Fats                     19          19        16
Philippines                                 Carbohydrates            74          74        73
Philippines                                 Proteins                  9           9         9
Philippines                                 Fats                     17          17        18
Poland                                      Carbohydrates            58          58        58
Poland                                      Proteins                 12          12        12
Poland                                      Fats                     30          30        30
Portugal                                    Carbohydrates            56          55        53
Portugal                                    Proteins                 12          12        13
Portugal                                    Fats                     32          33        34
Republic of Korea                           Carbohydrates            71          69        64
Republic of Korea                           Proteins                 11          11        11
Republic of Korea                           Fats                     18          20        25
Republic of Moldova                         Carbohydrates            70          73        71
Republic of Moldova                         Proteins                 11          10        10
Republic of Moldova                         Fats                     19          17        19
Romania                                     Carbohydrates            59          62        60


                                      Page 8 of 24
                      d842344a-8c26-49dc-b9b3-95f579db999d.xls

                                   Diet Composition
                      Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                                 Macronutrients    1990-92      1995-97   2003-05


Romania                                    Proteins                 12          12        13
Romania                                    Fats                     29          25        28
Russian Federation                         Carbohydrates            63          63        63
Russian Federation                         Proteins                 13          12        12
Russian Federation                         Fats                     25          25        25
Rwanda                                     Carbohydrates            82          82        82
Rwanda                                     Proteins                 10          10         9
Rwanda                                     Fats                      8           8         9
Saint Kitts and Nevis                      Carbohydrates            60          58        58
Saint Kitts and Nevis                      Proteins                 11          11        13
Saint Kitts and Nevis                      Fats                     29          31        29
Saint Lucia                                Carbohydrates            66          63        60
Saint Lucia                                Proteins                 12          13        14
Saint Lucia                                Fats                     22          25        26
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines           Carbohydrates            62          64        64
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines           Proteins                 10          11        11
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines           Fats                     28          25        25
Samoa                                      Carbohydrates            48          49        48
Samoa                                      Proteins                 11          11        11
Samoa                                      Fats                     41          41        42
Sao Tome and Principe                      Carbohydrates            62          67        67
Sao Tome and Principe                      Proteins                  9           9         9
Sao Tome and Principe                      Fats                     29          24        24
Saudi Arabia                               Carbohydrates            63          66        64
Saudi Arabia                               Proteins                 11          11        11
Saudi Arabia                               Fats                     26          23        25
Senegal                                    Carbohydrates            65          63        65
Senegal                                    Proteins                 12          11        10
Senegal                                    Fats                     24          26        25
Serbia and Montenegro                      Carbohydrates            51          51        50
Serbia and Montenegro                      Proteins                 12          12        11
Serbia and Montenegro                      Fats                     37          37        39
Seychelles                                 Carbohydrates            66          61        60
Seychelles                                 Proteins                 12          13        13
Seychelles                                 Fats                     22          26        27
Sierra Leone                               Carbohydrates            65          65        67
Sierra Leone                               Proteins                  9           9        10
Sierra Leone                               Fats                     26          26        23
Slovakia                                   Carbohydrates                        58        56
Slovakia                                   Proteins                             11        10
Slovakia                                   Fats                                 31        34
Slovenia                                   Carbohydrates            56          55        52
Slovenia                                   Proteins                 12          13        12
Slovenia                                   Fats                     32          32        36
Solomon Islands                            Carbohydrates            71          71        74
Solomon Islands                            Proteins                 10           9         9
Solomon Islands                            Fats                     20          19        17
South Africa                               Carbohydrates            68          67        66
South Africa                               Proteins                 11          10        11
South Africa                               Fats                     22          23        24
Spain                                      Carbohydrates            48          47        46
Spain                                      Proteins                 13          13        13
Spain                                      Fats                     39          40        41
Sri Lanka                                  Carbohydrates            74          74        74
Sri Lanka                                  Proteins                  9           9         9


                                     Page 9 of 24
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                                  Diet Composition
                     Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                                 Macronutrients   1990-92      1995-97   2003-05


Sri Lanka                                   Fats                   17          17        17
Sudan                                       Carbohydrates          63          61        60
Sudan                                       Proteins               12          13        13
Sudan                                       Fats                   25          27        27
Suriname                                    Carbohydrates          73          71        67
Suriname                                    Proteins               10           9         9
Suriname                                    Fats                   17          20        25
Swaziland                                   Carbohydrates          72          72        67
Swaziland                                   Proteins               10          11        11
Swaziland                                   Fats                   18          17        22
Sweden                                      Carbohydrates          50          50        51
Sweden                                      Proteins               13          13        14
Sweden                                      Fats                   37          38        35
Switzerland                                 Carbohydrates          48          49        49
Switzerland                                 Proteins               12          11        11
Switzerland                                 Fats                   41          40        40
Syrian Arab Republic                        Carbohydrates          63          60        59
Syrian Arab Republic                        Proteins               10          10        11
Syrian Arab Republic                        Fats                   27          30        30
Tajikistan                                  Carbohydrates          66          67        66
Tajikistan                                  Proteins               11          10        11
Tajikistan                                  Fats                   23          23        23
Thailand                                    Carbohydrates          72          71        71
Thailand                                    Proteins               10          10         9
Thailand                                    Fats                   19          19        20
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia   Carbohydrates          66          65        58
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia   Proteins               12          11        10
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia   Fats                   22          24        32
Timor-Leste                                 Carbohydrates          75          76        76
Timor-Leste                                 Proteins               11          10        10
Timor-Leste                                 Fats                   14          13        14
Togo                                        Carbohydrates          72          71        72
Togo                                        Proteins                9          10         9
Togo                                        Fats                   19          19        19
Trinidad and Tobago                         Carbohydrates          66          67        65
Trinidad and Tobago                         Proteins               10           9        10
Trinidad and Tobago                         Fats                   24          24        25
Tunisia                                     Carbohydrates          65          65        63
Tunisia                                     Proteins               11          11        11
Tunisia                                     Fats                   24          24        26
Turkey                                      Carbohydrates          66          64        63
Turkey                                      Proteins               12          12        12
Turkey                                      Fats                   22          24        26
Turkmenistan                                Carbohydrates          66          63        64
Turkmenistan                                Proteins               12          11        13
Turkmenistan                                Fats                   22          26        23
Uganda                                      Carbohydrates          77          76        73
Uganda                                      Proteins                9           9         9
Uganda                                      Fats                   14          15        17
Ukraine                                     Carbohydrates          64          65        64
Ukraine                                     Proteins               11          12        11
Ukraine                                     Fats                   25          23        25
United Arab Emirates                        Carbohydrates          57          57        63
United Arab Emirates                        Proteins               13          13        13
United Arab Emirates                        Fats                   31          30        24


                                    Page 10 of 24
                       d842344a-8c26-49dc-b9b3-95f579db999d.xls

                                     Diet Composition
                      Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)
Country name                                  Macronutrients   1990-92      1995-97   2003-05


United Kingdom                              Carbohydrates           50          50        52
United Kingdom                              Proteins                12          12        12
United Kingdom                              Fats                    39          39        36
United Republic of Tanzania                 Carbohydrates           77          76        76
United Republic of Tanzania                 Proteins                10          10        10
United Republic of Tanzania                 Fats                    13          14        14
United States of America                    Carbohydrates           52          53        49
United States of America                    Proteins                12          12        12
United States of America                    Fats                    36          35        39
Uruguay                                     Carbohydrates           57          56        63
Uruguay                                     Proteins                12          13        12
Uruguay                                     Fats                    31          31        26
Uzbekistan                                  Carbohydrates           64          63        62
Uzbekistan                                  Proteins                12          12        12
Uzbekistan                                  Fats                    24          25        25
Vanuatu                                     Carbohydrates           56          58        61
Vanuatu                                     Proteins                 9           9         9
Vanuatu                                     Fats                    35          33        30
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)          Carbohydrates           64          65        63
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)          Proteins                10          11        11
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)          Fats                    26          25        27
Viet Nam                                    Carbohydrates           79          77        73
Viet Nam                                    Proteins                 9          10        10
Viet Nam                                    Fats                    12          14        17
Yemen                                       Carbohydrates           72          73        69
Yemen                                       Proteins                11          11        11
Yemen                                       Fats                    18          16        21
Zambia                                      Carbohydrates           76          77        74
Zambia                                      Proteins                10          10        10
Zambia                                      Fats                    14          13        16
Zimbabwe                                    Carbohydrates           68          69        66
Zimbabwe                                    Proteins                10           9        10
Zimbabwe                                    Fats                    22          22        24




                                      Page 11 of 24
                            D-Energy-Cons.SOFI cou-Groups


                                  Diet Composition
                   Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)

Country groups                           Macronutrients     1990-92   1995-97   2003-05


SOFI Country Groups:

WORLD                                    Carbohydrates         67        66        64
                                         Proteins              11        11        11
                                         Fats                  23        24        25
Developed countries                      Carbohydrates         55        55        54
                                         Proteins              12        12        12
                                         Fats                  33        33        34
Developing World                         Carbohydrates         71        69        67
                                         Proteins              10        10        11
                                         Fats                  19        20        23
Asia and the Pacific 1/                  Carbohydrates         72        70        67
                                         Proteins              10        11        11
                                         Fats                  18        20        23
East Asia                                Carbohydrates         70        66        61
                                         Proteins              10        11        12
                                         Fats                  19        23        27
Southeast Asia                           Carbohydrates         74        74        72
                                         Proteins               9         9        10
                                         Fats                  17        17        18
South Asia                               Carbohydrates         75        73        71
                                         Proteins              10        10        10
                                         Fats                  16        17        20
Central Asia                             Carbohydrates         64        65        64
                                         Proteins              12        12        12
                                         Fats                  24        23        24
Western Asia                             Carbohydrates         73        72        69
                                         Proteins              12        12        12
                                         Fats                  15        16        19
Latin America and the Caribbean          Carbohydrates         65        64        62
                                         Proteins              10        11        11
                                         Fats                  25        26        27
North and Central America                Carbohydrates         67        65        64
                                         Proteins              10        11        11
                                         Fats                  23        24        25
The Caribbean                            Carbohydrates         68        70        70
                                         Proteins               9         9        10
                                         Fats                  23        21        20
South America                            Carbohydrates         64        63        61
                                         Proteins              10        11        11
                                         Fats                  26        27        28
Near East and North Africa               Carbohydrates         69        68        68
                                         Proteins              11        11        11
                                         Fats                  20        21        21
Near East                                Carbohydrates         68        66        66
                                         Proteins              11        11        11
                                         Fats                  22        23        23
North Africa                             Carbohydrates         71        71        71
                                         Proteins              11        11        11
                                         Fats                  19        18        18
Sub-Saharan Africa                       Carbohydrates         72        72        72
                                         Proteins              10        10        10




                                    Page 12 of 24
                         D-Energy-Cons.SOFI cou-Groups


                                Diet Composition
                   Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)

Country groups                         Macronutrients    1990-92    1995-97   2003-05


                                       Fats                  18          18      19
Central Africa                         Carbohydrates         76          75      74
                                       Proteins               8           8       8
                                       Fats                  17          17      18
East Africa                            Carbohydrates         73          73      73
                                       Proteins              11          11      11
                                       Fats                  16          16      16
Southern Africa                        Carbohydrates         73          74      74
                                       Proteins              10           9       9
                                       Fats                  18          16      17
West Africa                            Carbohydrates         71          71      70
                                       Proteins               9           9       9
                                       Fats                  20          20      21
1/ incl. Oceania




                                  Page 13 of 24
                     D-Energy-Cons.UN cou-Groups


                            Diet Composition
              Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)

Country groups                     Macronutrients   1990-92   1995-97   2003-05


MDG (UN) regional classification

WORLD                              Carbohydrates      67        66        64
                                   Proteins           11        11        11
                                   Fats               23        24        25

Developing Regions 1/            Carbohydrates        71        69        67
                                 Proteins             10        10        11
                                 Fats                 19        20        23
 Northern Africa                 Carbohydrates        71        71        71
                                 Proteins             11        11        11
                                 Fats                 19        18        18
 Sub-Saharan Africa              Carbohydrates        72        72        71
                                 Proteins             10        10        10
                                 Fats                 18        18        19
 Latin America and the Caribbean Carbohydrates        65        64        62
                                 Proteins             10        11        11
                                 Fats                 25        26        27
 Eastern Asia                    Carbohydrates        70        66        61
                                 Proteins             10        11        12
                                 Fats                 19        23        27
 Southern Asia                   Carbohydrates        74        73        71
                                 Proteins             10        10        10
                                 Fats                 16        18        20
 South-Eastern Asia              Carbohydrates        74        74        72
                                 Proteins              9         9        10
                                 Fats                 17        17        18
 Western Asia                    Carbohydrates        66        64        63
                                 Proteins             11        11        11
                                 Fats                 23        25        26

Commonwealth of Indipendent States
                              Carbohydrates           64        64        64
                               Proteins               12        12        12
                               Fats                   24        24        25
 Commonwealth of Indipendent States, Asia
                               Carbohydrates          66        66        65
                               Proteins               12        12        12
                               Fats                   22        22        23
 Commonwealth of Indipendent States, Europe
                               Carbohydrates          63        64        63
                               Proteins               12        12        12
                               Fats                   25        24        25

Developed regions                  Carbohydrates      52        52        51
                                   Proteins           12        12        12
                                   Fats               36        35        37
 Transition countries of south-eastern Europe
                                   Carbohydrates      59        60        58
                                   Proteins           12        12        12
                                   Fats               29        28        30

Official groupings
Least developed countries          Carbohydrates      76        75        74
                                   Proteins           10        10        10
                                   Fats               15        15        16




                              Page 14 of 24
                       D-Energy-Cons.UN cou-Groups


                            Diet Composition
              Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)

Country groups                      Macronutrients   1990-92   1995-97   2003-05


Landlocked developing countries      Carbohydrates     71        72        71
                                     Proteins          11        11        11
                                     Fats              18        17        18

Small Island developing states       Carbohydrates     68        70        70
                                     Proteins          10        10        10
                                     Fats              22        21        20


1/ including Oceania




                                 Page 15 of 24
                                            D-Energy-Cons.Other cou-Groups


                                                     Diet Composition
                                    Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)

Country groups                                                                Macronutrients   1990-92   1995-97   2003-05


WORLD                                                                         Carbohydrates      67        66        64
                                                                              Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                              Fats               23        24        25
DEVELOPING (SOFI 2008)                                                        Carbohydrates      71        69        67
                                                                              Proteins           10        10        11
                                                                              Fats               19        20        23
AFRICA                                                                        Carbohydrates      72        72        71
                                                                              Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                              Fats               18        18        19
AFRICA Developing                                                             Carbohydrates      72        72        72
                                                                              Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                              Fats               18        18        18
ASIA                                                                          Carbohydrates      71        69        66
                                                                              Proteins           10        11        11
                                                                              Fats               18        20        23
ASIA Developing (SOFI 2008)                                                   Carbohydrates      72        70        66
                                                                              Proteins           10        11        11
                                                                              Fats               18        20        23
ASIA Developing (without former USSR Republics)                               Carbohydrates      72        70        66
                                                                              Proteins           10        10        11
                                                                              Fats               18        20        23
CENTRAL AMERICA                                                               Carbohydrates      70        69        68
                                                                              Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                              Fats               20        21        22

LIC              Low-Income Countries                                         Carbohydrates      74        73        72
                                                                              Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                              Fats               17        17        18
AAAID            Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development   Carbohydrates      69        68        68
                                                                              Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                              Fats               21        21        21
ACP              African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States               Carbohydrates      72        72        71
                                                                              Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                              Fats               19        19        19
AMU              Arab Maghreb Union                                           Carbohydrates      68        69        69
                                                                              Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                              Fats               21        21        20
ASEAN            Association of Southeast Asian Nations                       Carbohydrates      74        74        72
                                                                              Proteins            9         9        10
                                                                              Fats               17        17        18
BA               Baltic Assembly                                              Carbohydrates      61        62        58
                                                                              Proteins           13        12        12
                                                                              Fats               26        26        30
BSEC             Black Sea Economic Cooperation                               Carbohydrates      63        63        62
                                                                              Proteins           12        12        12
                                                                              Fats               25        25        26
CEMAC            Central African Economic and Monetary Community              Carbohydrates      69        69        67
                                                                              Proteins           10        10        11
                                                                              Fats               21        21        22
CAEU             Council of Arab Economic Unity                               Carbohydrates      69        68        67
                                                                              Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                              Fats               20        21        22




                                                          Page 16 of 24
                                            D-Energy-Cons.Other cou-Groups


                                                      Diet Composition
                                    Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)

Country groups                                                                     Macronutrients   1990-92   1995-97   2003-05


CARICOM          Caribbean Community                                               Carbohydrates      72        71        70
                                                                                   Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                                   Fats               18        20        20
CARICOM_am       Caribbean Community and Associated Members                        Carbohydrates      72        71        70
                                                                                   Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                                   Fats               18        20        20
CEN_SAD          Community of Sahel-Saharan States                                 Carbohydrates      70        70        69
                                                                                   Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                                   Fats               20        20        20
ECGL             Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries                   Carbohydrates      80        80        81
                                                                                   Proteins            7         7        7
                                                                                   Fats               13        13        12
CILSS            Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel   Carbohydrates      69        68        67
                                                                                   Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                                   Fats               20        21        22
COMESA           Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa                     Carbohydrates      74        74        73
                                                                                   Proteins           10        10        11
                                                                                   Fats               16        16        16
ECCAS            Economic Community of Central African States                      Carbohydrates      75        75        74
                                                                                   Proteins            8         8        9
                                                                                   Fats               17        17        18
ECO              Economic Cooperation Organization                                 Carbohydrates      67        66        65
                                                                                   Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                                   Fats               22        23        24
ECOWAS           Economic Community of West African States                         Carbohydrates      71        71        70
                                                                                   Proteins            9         9        9
                                                                                   Fats               20        20        21
GCC              Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf               Carbohydrates      62        64        63
                                                                                   Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                                   Fats               27        25        26
IGAD             Intergovernmental Authority on Development                        Carbohydrates      72        71        71
                                                                                   Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                                   Fats               17        18        18
LAIA             Latin American Integration Association                            Carbohydrates      64        63        62
                                                                                   Proteins           10        11        11
                                                                                   Fats               26        26        27
LAS              League of Arab States                                             Carbohydrates      68        68        68
                                                                                   Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                                   Fats               21        21        21
MERCOSUR         Southern Common Market                                            Carbohydrates      62        61        59
                                                                                   Proteins           10        11        11
                                                                                   Fats               28        28        30
MERCOSUR_am      Southern Common Market and Associated Members                     Carbohydrates      64        63        61
                                                                                   Proteins           10        11        11
                                                                                   Fats               26        27        28
NEPAD            New Partnership for Africa's Development                          Carbohydrates      71        71        71
                                                                                   Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                                   Fats               19        19        19
AU               African Union                                                     Carbohydrates      72        72        71
                                                                                   Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                                   Fats               18        18        19
OIC              Organization of the Islamic Conference                            Carbohydrates      71        70        69




                                                          Page 17 of 24
                                              D-Energy-Cons.Other cou-Groups


                                                      Diet Composition
                                     Share in total Dietary Energy Consumption (percent)

Country groups                                                                 Macronutrients   1990-92   1995-97   2003-05


                                                                               Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                               Fats               19        20        20
PECC             Pacific Economic Cooperation Conference                       Carbohydrates      66        64        60
                                                                               Proteins           11        11        12
                                                                               Fats               23        25        28
SAARC            South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation              Carbohydrates      75        73        71
                                                                               Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                               Fats               16        17        20
SADC             Southern African Development Community                        Carbohydrates      74        73        73
                                                                               Proteins            9         9        9
                                                                               Fats               17        17        18
SPC              Pacific Community                                             Carbohydrates      51        52        49
                                                                               Proteins           13        13        12
                                                                               Fats               37        36        39
PIF              Pacific Islands Forum                                         Carbohydrates      52        53        52
                                                                               Proteins           13        13        13
                                                                               Fats               35        34        35
WAEMU            West African Economic and Monetary Union                      Carbohydrates      71        71        70
                                                                               Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                               Fats               18        19        20
RLC              Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean           Carbohydrates      65        64        62
                                                                               Proteins           10        11        11
                                                                               Fats               25        26        27
RAP              Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific                      Carbohydrates      69        67        64
                                                                               Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                               Fats               21        22        25
REU              Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia                   Carbohydrates      56        56        56
                                                                               Proteins           12        12        12
                                                                               Fats               32        32        32
RNE              Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa            Carbohydrates      68        67        66
                                                                               Proteins           11        11        11
                                                                               Fats               21        22        23
RAF              Regional Office for Africa                                    Carbohydrates      72        72        71
                                                                               Proteins           10        10        10
                                                                               Fats               18        18        19
LAES             Latin American Economic System                                Carbohydrates      65        64        62
                                                                               Proteins           10        11        11
                                                                               Fats               25        26        27




                                                            Page 18 of 24
                                                      SOFI CountryGroupComposition

WORLD: Developing, developed.

DEVELOPING WORLD: Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Near East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa.

ASIA and the PACIFIC: East Asia, Oceania, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia.

East Asia: China, Korea Dem People's Rep., Republic of Korea, Mongolia.

Oceania: Papua New Guinea.

Southeast Asia: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam.

South Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.

Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Western Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia.

LATIN AMERICA and the CARIBBEAN: North and Central America, The Caribbean, South America.

North and Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama.

The Caribbean: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago.

South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.

NEAR EAST and NORTH AFRICA: Near East, North Africa.

Near East: Afghanistan, Islamic Rep. of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, United Arab
Emirates, Yemen.

North Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Tunisia.

SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: Central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa, West Africa.

Central Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Dem. Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Gabon.

East Africa: Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

Southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone,
Togo.

DEVELOPED countries: Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, South Africa, United States of America.

Europe: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Fmr Yug Rp Macedonia, Malta, Republic of Moldova,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom.
                                                       UN CountryGroupComposition


WORLD: Developing, Developed, Commonwealth of Indipendent States.

DEVELOPING regions:
Northern Africa
Algeria, Egypt, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote
d'Ivoire, Dem Rep of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau,
Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Réunion ,
Rwanda, Sao Tome & Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Togo, Uganda, U. Rep
of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Latin America & the Caribbean
Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Cayman
Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland Is (Malvinas), French
Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Netherlands
Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, St Vincent & the Grenadines,
Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Uruguay, US Virgin Islands, Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela.
Eastern Asia
China, Dem People's Rep of Korea, Rep of Korea, Mongolia.
South Asia
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.
South-eastern Asia
Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Dem Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-
Leste, Viet Nam.
Western Asia
Bahrain, Cyprus, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab
Republic, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
Oceania
American Samoa, Cook Is, Fiji Is., French Polynesia, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Fed States of), Nauru, New
Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Is, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Is, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu.

Commonwealth of Indipendent States
Commonwealth of Indipendent States, Asia
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
Commonwealth of Indipendent States, Europe
Belarus, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Ukraine.

DEVELOPED regions
Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, Canada, Channel Islands, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faeroe
Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein ,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States of America.
   Transition countries in South Eastern Europe
Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina , Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, TFYR of Macedonia.

Official groupings
Least developed countries (LDCs)
Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad,
Comoros, Dem Rep of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Lao
People's Dem Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger,
Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome & Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is, Somalia, Sudan, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda,
U. Rep of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia.
Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs)




                                                                Page 20 of 24
                                                        UN CountryGroupComposition


Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Rep, Chad, Ethiopia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Dem Republic, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Moldova, Mongolia, Nepal, Niger, Paraguay, Rwanda,
Swaziland, Tajikistan, TFYR of Macedonia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Small island developing states (SIDS)
American Samoa, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Is., Cape Verde, Comoros,
Cook Is, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Fiji, French Polynesia, Grenada, Guam, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica,
Kiribati, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia (Fed States of), Montserrat, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New
Caledonia, Niue, Northern mariana Is., Palau, Papua New Guinea, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Sao
Tome & Principe, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Is, St Vincent & the Grenadines, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Trinidad
and Tobago, Tuvalu, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.

(countries in blue are those for which FAO estimates of undernourishment are not available or are not included in SOFI assessment)




                                                                 Page 21 of 24
                                                         CountryGroupComposition

LIC - low-income country :
(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem Republic of, Côte d'Ivoire,
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Haiti, Kenya, Korea, Dem People's Rep, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Dem Rep, Liberia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone,
Somalia, Tajikistan, Tanzania, United Rep of, Togo, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.)
LDC - least developed countries :
(Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem Republic of,
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Haiti, Lao People's Dem Rep, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique,
Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, United Rep of, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia.)
LLDC - land-locked developing country :
(Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Dem Rep, Lesotho, Macedonia,The Fmr Yug Rp, Malawi, Mali, Moldova, Republic of, Mongolia, Nepal, Niger,
Paraguay, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Zambia, Zimbabwe.)
SIDS - small islands development states:
(Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Mauritius, Papua New Guinea, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago.)
AAAID - Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development :
(Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, United
Arab Emirates, Yemen.)
ACP - African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States :
(Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem Republic of, Congo, Republic of,
Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia,
Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone,
Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, United Rep of, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.)
AMU - Arab Maghreb Union :
(Algeria, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia.)
ASEAN - Association of Southeast Asian Nations :
(Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Dem Rep, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam.)
BA - Baltic Assembly:
(Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania.)
BSEC - Black Sea Economic Cooperation :
(Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Republic of, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia and Montenegro,
Turkey, Ukraine.)
CEMAC_UDEAC - Central African Economic and Monetary Community :
(Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Republic of, Gabon.)
CAEU - Council of Arab Economic Unity :
(Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen.)
CARICOM - Caribbean Community :
(Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago.)
CARICOM_AM - Caribbean Community :
(Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago.)
CEN_SAD - Community of Sahel-Saharan States :
(Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Libyan Arab
Jamahiriya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia.)
CEPGL - Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries :
(Burundi, Congo, Dem Republic of, Rwanda.)
CILSS - Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel :
(Burkina Faso, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritius, Niger, Senegal.)
COMESA - Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa :
(Burundi, Congo, Dem Republic of, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Sudan,
Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.)
CEEAC - Economic Community of Central African States :
(Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem Republic of, Congo, Republic of, Gabon.)
ECO - Economic Cooperation Organization :
(Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Islamic Rep of, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.)
ECOWAS - Economic Community of West African States :
(Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.)
GCC - Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf :
(Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.)
                                                          CountryGroupComposition

IGAD - Intergovernmental Authority on Development :
(Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda.)
ALADI - Latin American Integration Association :
(Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Boliv Rep of.)
LAS - League of Arab States :
(Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab
Republic, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.)
MERCOSUR - Southern Common Market :
(Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay.)
MERCOSUR_AS - Southern Common Market :
(Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Boliv Rep of.)
NEPAD - New Partnership for Africa's Development :
(Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Congo, Republic of, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mali, Mauritius,
Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tunisia.)
AU - African Union :
(Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem Republic of, Congo,
Republic of, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,
Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South
Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, United Rep of, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.)
OIC - Organization of the Islamic Conference :
(Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea,
Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Islamic Rep of, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Malaysia, Mali,
Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Syrian Arab
Republic, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen.)
PECC - Pacific Economic Cooperation Conference :
(Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Ecuador, France, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Republic of, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, New
Zealand, Peru, Philippines, Thailand, United States of America, Viet Nam.)
SAARC - South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation :
(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.)
SADC - Southern African Development Community :
(Angola, Botswana, Congo, Dem Republic of, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland,
Tanzania, United Rep of, Zambia, Zimbabwe.)
SPC - Pacific Community :
(Australia, France, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, United States of America.)
PIF - Pacific Islands Forum :
(Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea.)
UEMOA - West African Economic and Monetary Union :
(Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo.)
RLC - Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean :
(Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti,
Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Boliv Rep of.)
RAP - Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific :
(Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, China, China, Hong Kong SAR, China, Macao SAR, China, Taiwan Prov of, France,
India, Indonesia, Iran, Islamic Rep of, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Dem People's Rep, Korea, Republic of, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Dem Rep,
Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan,
United States of America, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam.)
REU - Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia :
(Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Macedonia,The Fmr Yug Rp, Malta, Malta, Moldova, Republic of, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation,
Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom,
Uzbekistan.)
RNE - Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa :
(Afghanistan, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Iran, Islamic Rep of, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libyan Arab
Jamahiriya, Malta, Malta, Mauritania, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey,
Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen.)
RAF - Regional Office for Africa :
                                                        CountryGroupComposition

(Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem Republic of, Congo,
Republic of, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,
Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South
Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, United Rep of, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.)
SELA - Latin American Economic System :
(Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica,
Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Boliv Rep of.)
CAM - Central America:
(Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.)

				
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posted:11/15/2012
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