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Canima National Park

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Canima National Park Powered By Docstoc
					By: Katherine (Katie) Parker
Background Information
 Canaima National Park or Parque Nacional Canaima in Spanish, is
    located in south-eastern Venezuela, which borders Brazil and Guyana.
   It is located in the state of Bolívar in Venezuela.
   It was established on June 12, 1962 with 2.5 million acres and now has
    7.4 million acres.
   It is the second-largest park in the country and is about the size of the
    state of Maryland.
   It is home to the Pemon Indians who named the park and its meaning
    is “spirit of evil”.
Interesting Facts
 Canaima National Park became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994.
 The park through its river system supplies most of Venezuela’s power.
 The park is actually relatively remote with only a few roads.
 Most transportation within the park is done by light plane, by foot or canoe.
 The park has suffered from several wildfires.
Canaima Park in the Spotlight
 The park was the inspiration for the novel “The Lost
  World” by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
 The Oscar winning 2009 movie “Avatar” was filmed in
  the park using Mount Roraime-the tallest in the park
  and has a “tabletop” appearance.
Tourist Attractions
   Some attractions for not only tourist but locals are:
   Laguna de Canaima
   Salto Hacha (waterfall)
   Salto El Sapo (waterfall)
   Carrao River
   Mayupa rapids
   Salto Yuri (waterfall)
   Cucurital River jungle and grasslands
   Isla de la Orquìdea (orchid Island)
   Churún River
   Angel Falls
   Kavac
   Kamarata
   People are able to reach such destinations by air from four camps that also provide lodging and meals.
Angel Falls
 Angel Falls or Salto Angel are home to this park which are
  the highest uninterrupted waterfall in the world.
 The falls are named for an American flyer-Jimmy Angel as
  he was searching for gold and ended up discovering the
  magnificent falls.
 The falls drop from the Devil’s Mountain into the Devil’s
  Canyon.
Mount Roraima
 With it’s “tabletop” appearance and a staircase like ramp which takes you to its
    top, Mount Roraima was made famous by the novel “The Lost World”.
   This unique mountain is on the list of many climbers and is regularly climbed.
   It is the highest mountain in the region.
   Here you can climb the highest “tepui” (flat-topped mountain edge) 9,219 feet.
   The “Prow” of Roraima wasn’t climbed until 1973.
   Many unique and wild species can be found in this beautiful area.
The Pemon Indians
 The Pemon people named Canaima “spirit of evil” and are the main inhabitants of the
  park.
 The Indians do not believe in a natural death but instead create a symbolic character to
  describe their disappearance from the world. In this case the Pemon’s character is
  Canaima.
 “If an Indian has pneumonia, they say that Canaima has blown on his chest.”
 They believe that they have a relationship with the tepuis(table-top mountains).
 The Pemon language is spoken by 5,000 people and has two dialects-Taurepan and
  Arecuna.
 They have developed some hotel locations which are visited by many Europeans.
Wild & Plant Life
 In Canaima Park has such wildlife as the puma, three-toed sloth and
    night monkey.
   The park also has many birds such as the Blue-cheeked Parrot.
   Plant life includes forests and grasslands which are the most common.
   The jungles and forests of the park contain many heterogeneous
    flowers.
   Many of the plants that grow on top of the table-top mountains are
    found no where else on the planet.
Climate & Geology
 Most of the park falls under of the Equatorial Climate with sunshine and much
    rainfall.
   The dry season lasts from January to March and the rainy season is from April
    to December.
   Zero degrees centigrade has been registered on the top of some of the tepuys.
   Here at Canaima Park the most ancient rock formations in the world’s
    geochronology are located.
   The rock formations belong to the Guayana Shield and are assumed to have
    been formed between 1.5 million and 2 million years ago.
Its Role
 Canaima National Park houses and protects the populations of five endangered
    mammal species.
   Nearly half of the neotropical migratory birds go to the park in the winter.
   Canaima Park is a priority site for conservation.
   Canaima protects about half of the Caroní River watershed which in turn fuels the
    Guri hydroelectric dam which powers Venezuela’s industry.
   The park is more than just a beautiful destination to visit, but a safe haven for many
    animals and a home to many plant life. It’s also home to the unique Pemon people
    and the world’s biggest waterfall.
Works Cited
   http://iwannagothere.com/travel-guides/brazil/boa-vista/things-to-do/canima-national-park
   http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Canaima_National_Park
   http://www.condorjourneys-adventures.com/images/venezuela_map_canaimaexped.GIF
   http://gosouthamerica.about.com/cs/southamerica/a/VenAngelCanaima.htm
   http://www.oas.org/children/members/Photographs/Venez3.jpg
   http://pixdaus.com/pics/12328116267MngNXK.jpg
   http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0499549/
   http://listverse.com/2009/12/18/10-unique-and-amazing-places-on-earth/
   http://www.greenbaypressgazette.com/ic/blogs/preps/uploaded_images/1-762825.jpg
   http://f.buy-ebook.com/covers/the-lost-world.jpg
   http://vheadline.com/readnews.asp?id=5841
   http://www.trueknowledge.com/q/5%2C000_hectares_in_acres
   http://www.tripwolf.com/en/guide/show/288528/Venezuela/Mount-Roraima
   http://www.tripwolf.com/en/guide/show/288528/Venezuela/Mount-Roraima
   http://www.besthike.com/southamerica/venezuela/roraima.html
   http://media.photobucket.com/image/pemon%20indians/oilwars/angel2.jpg
   http://venezuelanindian.blogspot.com/2007/08/canaima-pemon-spirit-of-death.html
   http://www.native-languages.org/pemon.htm
   http://people.csail.mit.edu/amedina/canaima.html
   http://i34.tinypic.com/6epwkp.jpg
   http://lh4.ggpht.com/abramsv/SD-kYCFUa7I/AAAAAAAATNg/sSikHJddrLg/s640/2165546716_2b36693ace_b.jpg
   http://www.nature.org/wherewework/southamerica/venezuela/work/art5336.html

				
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posted:11/14/2012
language:English
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