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					                                         School of Nursing
1220 E. Broad St. • P.O. Box 980567                    through the School of Nursing. For infor-
                                                                                                       Nursing alumni
Richmond, VA 23298-0567                                mation regarding the graduate programs,
(804) 828-5171 • Fax (804) 828-7743                    see the Graduate and Professional Programs         All graduates are eligible for membership in
http://www.nursing.vcu.edu                             Bulletin available on the Web: http://www       the Nursing Alumni Division of the Medical
                                                       .vcu.edu/bulletins.                             College of Virginia Alumni Association
Nancy F. Langston                                         Complete information regarding curric-       of VCU. The purpose of the division is to
  Dean (1991)
                                                       ulum and admissions may be obtained by          support and promote the School of Nursing.
  B.S.N. 1966 University of Arkansas
  M.N. 1972 Emory University                           writing to the Virginia Commonwealth            The division also provides support within
  Ph.D. 1977 Georgia State University                  University, School of Nursing, Office of        the university to promote and encourage
                                                       Enrollment and Student Services, P.O. Box       the development of nursing services of the
Inez Tuck                                              980567, Richmond, VA 23298-0567.                highest possible quality, to stimulate profes-
  Associate Professor and Associate Dean of Doctoral                                                   sional growth, and to promote cooperation
     Programs (1997)
  B.S.N. 1970 A&T State University, N.C.
                                                                                                       and fellowship among nursing alumni and
                                                       Facilities and resources                        students.
  M.N. 1972 University of Florida, Gainesville
  Ph.D. 1980 University of North Carolina,                The faculty and administrative offices of
     Greensboro                                        the school are housed in the Nursing Educa-
  M.B.A. 1995 University of Tennessee, Knoxville                                                       Annual lectureships
                                                       tion Building, 1220 E. Broad St. Addition-
Janet B. Younger                                       ally, this building has a nursing clinical         Outstanding scholars are brought to
  Professor and Associate Dean for Master’s and        resource laboratory, computer laboratory        the campus through a variety of resources.
     Undergraduate Programs (1984)                     and classrooms equipped with a full range of    Students in the School of Nursing have
  B.S. 1967 Medical College of Virginia                audiovisual equipment. Both graduate and        access to special programs of an intellectual
  M.Ed. 1970 University of Virginia                    undergraduate courses also are scheduled in     and cultural nature on both campuses of the
  M.S. 1972 Virginia Commonwealth University                                                           university.
                                                       other classrooms on campus.
  Ph.D. 1984 University of Virginia
                                                          The clinical laboratories for nursing           The Annual Nursing Lectureship, estab-
Anthony J. DeLellis                                    courses are conducted at the VCU Medical        lished in 1966 by contributions from alumni
  Assistant Dean for Administration (1985)             Center and in numerous other hospitals          and friends of the School of Nursing, brings
  B.A. 1970 University of Delaware                     and health agencies in the area. Students are   to the campus each year a person of national
  M.A. 1973 Central Michigan University                given a diversity of experiences in hospital    stature in the field of nursing. Alumni and
  Ed.D. 1977 University of Virginia
                                                       and community-oriented nursing.                 faculty plan and implement the lectureship,
                                                                                                       which serves as an open forum to many
   The School of Nursing originated in 1893                                                            public speakers in the health fields.
as part of the University College of Medicine.         Accreditation                                      The Yingling Visiting Scholar Program
Since then, the educational program evolved                                                            was established in 1981 by alumni and
to multiple programs at the baccalaureate-,               The baccalaureate degree program in
                                                       nursing is accredited by the National           friends of Dr. Doris B. Yingling, upon her
master’s- and doctoral-degree levels. The                                                              retirement, in recognition of her many years
undergraduate program contains bachelor                League for Nursing Accrediting Commis-
                                                       sion, 61 Broadway, 33rd Floor, New York,        of service as dean of the School of Nursing.
of science degree options for traditional                                                              The fund supports visits by eminent scholars
students and for registered nurses seeking             NY 10006, (800) 669-1656, ext. 153. The
                                                       undergraduate program is approved by the        to the School of Nursing.
completion of a bachelor of science degree.
The School of Nursing is a leader in nursing           Virginia Board of Nursing, and graduates
education in Virginia.                                 are eligible to take the NCLEX RN regis-
                                                                                                       School honors and awards
                                                       tered nurse licensing examination.
                                                          The master’s degree program is accred-       Sigma Theta Tau
Programs                                               ited by the National League for Nursing
                                                       Council of Baccalaureate and Higher Degree        The School of Nursing inducted its first
  Bachelor of Science, certificate, Master                                                             members in the fall of 1976. This local
                                                       Programs.
of Science, post-master’s certificate and                                                              honor society was accepted as a chapter of
Doctor of Philosophy programs are offered                                                              the international nursing honor society,




VCU Undergraduate Bulletin 2004 – 05                                                                                                              287
School of Nursing

Sigma Theta Tau, in fall 1977. The chapter,      Mayme B. Wilson Lacey Award                     siasm for the nursing profession through
known as Gamma Omega, installed its first                                                        involvement in the organization.
                                                    Established by alumni of the former St.
members in fall 1978. The purposes of Sigma
                                                 Philip School of Nursing, this award honors
Theta Tau are to recognize superior achieve-
                                                 an outstanding alumna of the school who         Financial assistance
ment and leadership qualities, to foster high
                                                 served for many years as assistant director
professional standards and to strengthen                                                            Financial assistance is available. Informa-
                                                 of nursing services for VCU Health System’s
commitment to the ideals and purposes of                                                         tion may be obtained from the Web at http://
                                                 MCV Hospitals. The recipient, a senior
the profession.                                                                                  www.vcu.edu/enroll/finaid or by writing to
                                                 nursing student, must be a well-rounded
                                                 individual committed to nursing as a profes-    Virginia Commonwealth University, Office
Becky Godwin Fund                                sion, who gives consistently good nursing       of Financial Aid, P.O. Box 980244, Rich-
                                                 care, has the ability to work well with the     mond, VA 23298-0244.
   This fund was established by former
Dean Yingling in 1978 following comple-          health team and shows promise of supporting
tion of the Honorable Mills E. Godwin Jr.’s      professional organizations.
                                                                                                 Critical Care Nursing Certificate
second term as governor of Virginia. The                                                         Program
fund was established in memory of former         Temple Memorial Award
Governor and Mrs. Godwin’s only daughter,                                                           The Critical Care Nursing Certificate
                                                    The senior and junior classes, 1976-77,      program is composed of four courses, Crit-
Becky. The interest on the endowment
                                                 and the alumni from the School of Nursing       ical Care Nursing I and II, Critical Care
contributed to the School of Nursing by
                                                 established this award in memory of Presi-      Nursing Technologies and Critical Care
Yingling provides funds to enhance student
                                                 dent and Mrs. T. Edward Temple. The award       Nursing Practicum. The program consists of
professionalism in nursing for individuals
                                                 is given annually to a graduating student in    12 credit hours. Certificate-seeking students
enrolled in the undergraduate and graduate
                                                 the master’s degree program. The recipient      will be admitted in the fall. Nurses with
programs. Awards from the fund are made
                                                 must possess characteristics that demonstrate   R.N. licensure may enroll as special students
on an annual basis by the dean.
                                                 exemplary performance in the advocacy role      up to a maximum of six credits.
                                                 for the consumer of health care services and
Yingling Senior Achievement                      for the nursing profession.
Award                                                                                            Admission requirements
   Gifts to the institution to honor former                                                        Applicants must (1) have R.N. licensure or
                                                 Martha M. Borlick Research
Dean Yingling have been used to establish                                                        senior status in the VCU School of Nursing,
                                                 Award
an annual award to a senior student in the                                                       (2) be eligible for re-admission to or be in
                                                   This award was established in 1980 by an      good standing at the last college attended and
School of Nursing. Recognition is based on
                                                 alumna in honor of Dr. Martha M. Borlick,       (3) have a minimum GPA of 2.5 based on a
outstanding leadership ability and poten-
                                                 who served as chair of the Department of        4.0 scale. Applicants should submit a VCU
tial professional growth as determined by a
                                                 Community Health Nursing from 1970-78.          undergraduate application containing (1)
selection of faculty and students.
                                                 The annual award honors a graduate student      post-secondary transcripts, (2) resume and
                                                 in nursing research.                            (3) three professional references including
Mable Montgomery Award                                                                           one from a direct supervisor. Preference will
   This award was established through gifts      Registered Nurse Student Award                  be given to VCU Health System employees
of faculty and students in honor of Miss                                                         and applicants with at least one year acute
                                                    The Registered Nurse Student Award is
Mable E. Montgomery, executive secretary                                                         care experience.
                                                 given in recognition of performance and
of the Virginia Board of Nursing, 1949-
                                                 achievement within the School of Nursing.
70. The award is given annually to a senior
                                                 The award is presented annually to a gradu-     Bachelor of Science in Nursing
student and a faculty member. Leader-
                                                 ating senior who demonstrates excellence in     program
ship, excellence in nursing and outstanding
                                                 clinical expertise, leadership and personal
personal qualities are considered in selecting                                                      The School of Nursing has three tracks
                                                 qualities. This award is given with funds
the recipients.                                                                                  in the baccalaureate program: (1) the tradi-
                                                 provided by faculty in recognition of the
                                                 increasing number of registered nurses          tional, (2) the accelerated B.S. and (3) the
Marguerite G. Nicholson Award                    returning for baccalaureate degrees.            R.N.-B.S. completion.
   This award was established by alumni
and friends of the school to honor a beloved     Student Nurses’ Association                     Admissions
alumna and former faculty member. The            Award                                              Applications for admission are welcome
award is presented annually to a gradu-                                                          from men and women from any cultural or
                                                    Initiated by members of the organiza-
ating senior student who best demonstrates                                                       ethnic background who are interested in a
                                                 tion, this award is given in recognition of
the humanitarian qualities of unselfish-                                                         career in professional nursing. Admission
                                                 outstanding participation in the Student
ness, helpfulness to others, consideration,                                                      into the School of Nursing is competitive.
                                                 Nurses’ Association. The award is presented
humility and loyalty to the school.                                                              Freshmen should follow the university guide-
                                                 to a senior NSA member who has demon-
                                                 strated leadership, dedication and enthu-       lines in the “Admission to the University”


288
                                                                                                                                        School of Nursing

chapter of this bulletin. Minimum admis-         examinations using the College Level Exam-               6. Visual and performing arts
sion criteria require that an applicant must     ination Program for general education and                     Prerequisite: A course in the arts from the
be eligible for re-admission to or in good       through National League for Nursing stan-                  approved list for non-School of the Arts majors
                                                                                                            provided in the “School of the Arts” chapter of this
standing at the last college attended; have a    dardized examinations for anatomy, physi-                  bulletin (three credits)
minimum TOEFL score of 550 if they do            ology, microbiology and nutrition. Informa-
not use English as their natural language;       tion about the CLEP tests may be obtained                7. Humanities and social sciences
and have a minimum GPA of 2.5 based              from the Web, www.clep.org, or from the                       Prerequisites: Psychology (three credits),
on a four-point scale. Grades lower than         CLEP Administrator, Office of Interdisci-                  developmental psychology (three credits) and
“C” in any of the required courses are not       plinary Studies and Special Student Advising,              general electives (three credits)
acceptable. Admission GPA is calculated on       Virginia Commonwealth University, P.O.
                                                                                                             * Physiology and microbiology credits must be
courses required for the School of Nursing.      Box 843079, Richmond, VA 23284-3079,                          earned within 10 years preceding admission.
Applicants should submit SAT, ACT, MAT           (804) 828-8420. CLEP tests are given on a                  ** If high school chemistry or its equivalent is
or GRE scores. All applicants to the under-      monthly schedule, and arrangements to be                      not passed with a “C” or better, the laboratory
graduate program must have a minimum             tested may be made one month prior to the                     science must be chemistry.
of 700 (combined original norm) or 830           testing date. Subject examinations are avail-
(recentered norm) on the SAT or a compa-         able in multiple areas as listed in information          Traditional program
rable score on the GRE, MAT or ACT to            available for the College Entrance Examina-
                                                                                                             Honors sections are available for a number
be considered for admission to the program.      tion Board. Students may earn full course
                                                                                                          of courses. A typical curriculum for the
Applicants are required to complete an appli-    credit by examination for general education
                                                                                                          traditional program is as follows:
cation and submit the required transcripts,      courses.
references and standardized test scores by          Registered nurses who have achieved                   Freshman year, fall semester                 credits
Dec. 1 for the accelerated B.S. program, Jan.    baccalaureate degrees in another discipline              Composition                                     3
15 for the traditional program and March         may apply to the master of science program               Biology                                         4
15 for the R.N.-B.S. program. Applications       in nursing.                                              Mathematics or statistics                       3
may be obtained from Virginia Common-                                                                     Psychology                                      4
wealth University, Office of Undergraduate                                                                Sociology                                       3
                                                 Curriculum                                               VCU1 101 Introduction to the University         1
Admissions, P.O. Box 980632, Richmond,
                                                    The applicant is responsible to seek advice                                                        ______
VA 23298-0632, (804) 827-0152 or (800)                                                                                                                   18
828-9451. Applicants to the R.N.-B.S.            from the School of Nursing on courses
program are not required to submit stan-         taken prior to admission. Students transfer-             Freshman year, spring semester
dardized test scores.                            ring from another college or university will             NURS 101 Introduction to Nursing               1
   Applicants for admission to the under-        enter the program as sophomores or, on a                 Nutrition                                      3
graduate program who wish to be considered       very limited basis, as juniors, which requires           Humanities                                     3
for early acceptance will be considered if the   attending a 10 week summer session.                      Second laboratory science
                                                    Fifty-six semester hours of general educa-               or LFSC 101 Introduction to Life Sciences* 3-5
following criteria are met: (1) submission of                                                             Anatomy                                        4
the complete application by Nov. 1, (2) GPA      tion courses are required for graduation.
                                                                                                                                                      ______
of at least 3.4 and (3) SAT (or equivalent)                                                                                                            13-16
scores of at least 1100 on recentered scores.    General education requirements
   Applicants who hold a baccalaureate           1. Communicating                                         Sophomore year, fall semester
degree from an accredited institution in             Prerequisites: English composition (three credits)   NURS 261 Health Assessment for Nursing
                                                                                                            Practice                                      3
another discipline, but are not registered         and ENGL 200 or its equivalent
                                                                                                          Developmental psychology                        3
nurses, may apply to either the traditional or                                                            Physiology                                      4
                                                 2. Ethics
accelerated B.S. program.                                                                                 Philosophy/ethics/logic/critical thinking       3
                                                   Prerequisite: Ethics or philosophy (three credits)
   Applicants who are registered nurses and                                                               NURS 201 Concepts of Nursing                    3
who seek a baccalaureate degree apply to         3. Quantity and form                                                                                  ______
the R.N.-B.S. Completion Program. In                  Prerequisite: College-level math, statistics or                                                    16
addition to traditional admission criteria,        algebra (three credits)
                                                                                                          Sophomore year, spring semester
applicants must meet the following require-                                                               Visual/performing arts                      3
ments to be considered: (1) be graduates of      4. Science and technology
                                                      Prerequisite: Biology (four credits), anatomy       NURS 202 Technologies of Nursing Practice   3
state-approved diploma or associate degree         (four credits), physiology* (four credits),            Microbiology                                4
programs in nursing and (2) hold a current         microbiology* (four credits), nutrition (three         ENGL 200 Writing and Rhetoric Workshop II 3
Virginia license to practice professional          credits), laboratory science** (four credits)          NURS 370 Theory and Research in Clinical
nursing.                                                                                                     Practice                                  3
                                                 5. Interdependence                                                                                 ______
   In addition to taking courses, R.N.
                                                       Prerequisite: Sociology (three credits),                                                       16
students may establish credit toward the
                                                   humanities elective, e.g. foreign language, history
baccalaureate degree in several ways: (1) by                                                              Junior year, fall semester
                                                   (six credits)
portfolio; (2) through transfer of credit from                                                            NURS 365 Nursing Science I                        3
other colleges; and (3) through proficiency                                                               NURS 335 Nursing of Women                         6



VCU Undergraduate Bulletin 2004 – 05                                                                                                                            289
School of Nursing

NURS 345 Nursing of Children                   6      Spring 1                                                than $100. Students who anticipate need of
Humanities                                     3      NURS 335 and NURS 345 or NURS 325                       financial assistance for transportation costs
                                            ______     and NURS 355                                    12     should apply to the Office of Financial Aid
                                              18      NURS 366 Nursing Science II                       3
                                                      NURS 370 Theory and Research in Clinical
                                                                                                              in advance.
Junior year, spring semester                           Practice                                        3
NURS 366 Nursing Science II                 3
NURS 325 Nursing of Adults I                6         Summer 2                                                Academic regulations
NURS 355 Psychiatric-mental Health Nursing 6          NURS 425 Nursing of Adults II                    6
                                         ______       NURS 486 Nursing Leadership                             Progression
                                           15          and Management Practicum                        2         The minimum passing grade in the general
Senior year, fall semester
                                                                                                              education courses and the nursing major is
                                                      Fall 2
NURS 425 Nursing of Adults II                  6      NURS 415 Community Health Nursing                 6
                                                                                                              a “C.” Any nursing student who receives less
NURS 485 Managerial Theory for Nursing                NURS 496 Clinical Practicum                       3     than a “C” in any course required for the
  Practice                                     3      NURS 405 Nursing in Long-term Care                3     B.S. degree must repeat the course with a
NURS 486 Nursing Leadership                           NURS 475 Professional Issues in Nursing           3     “C” or better. Progression to the next level
  and Management Practicum                     2                                                     ______   of clinical courses is based upon satisfac-
Upper division or nursing elective             3      Total credits                                    68     tory completion of courses of the current
                                            ______
                                              14
                                                                                                              year and a cumulative GPA of not less than
                                                      R.N.-B.S. Completion Program                            1.91. Courses at the next level in the nursing
Senior year, spring semester                             The general education requirements are               major without a clinical component may be
NURS 415 Community Health Nursing              6      the same for the R.N.-B.S. Completion                   taken before students officially progress to
NURS 475 Professional Issues in Nursing        3
                                                      Program. Fifty-six credits of general educa-            that level. Appeal of all progression issues
NURS 496 Clinical Practicum                    3                                                              is made to the Undergraduate Admission,
                                            ______
                                                      tion courses are required for graduation. The
                                                      following is a typical curriculum plan for the          Policy and Progression Committee. The
                                              12
                                                      R.N.-B.S. completion student:                           clinical laboratory grading system is satisfac-
   * Students who have not satisfactorily (grade                                                              tory or unsatisfactory. Unsatisfactory clinical
     of “C” or above) completed high school or        Fall semester                                           application results in a grade of “F” for the
     developmental chemistry are not eligible to      NURS 302 Dynamics of Professional Nursing               course.
     take the LFSC course but must take a general      Practice                                        4         A student may fail a clinical course prior
     chemistry course with a laboratory to meet the   NURS 261 Health Assessment for Nursing                  to the completion of the course under
     science requirements.                             Practice                                        3
                                                                                                              certain circumstances. A student whose
                                                      NURS 370 Theory and Research in Clinical
                                                       Practice                                        3      conduct is judged to be clinically unsafe
Accelerated B.S. curriculum plan                                                                              may be dismissed at any time from a clinical
   Prerequisites include a baccalaureate degree       Spring semester                                         unit. Unsafe clinical performance is defined
from an accredited college or university. The         NURS 415 Community Health Nursing                6      as behavior that is actually or potentially
general education requirements are the same           NURS 405 Nursing in Long-term Care               3      injurious to patients or staff and is out of
                                                      Upper division elective                          3      the range of ordinary student mistakes.
as for the traditional B.S. program, but will
be met with the previous degree. Additional           Fall semester
                                                                                                              Dismissal for the remainder of the course
prerequisites include microbiology (four              NURS 485 Managerial Theory for Nursing                  results in a failing grade for the course as
credits), anatomy and physiology (five to               Practice                                       3      does any failure to meet course objectives.
eight credits), English (six credits) and devel-      NURS 486 Nursing Leadership                             Further, any student who has been convicted
opmental psychology (three credits).                    and Management Practicum                       2      of a felony may be ineligible for licensure as
                                                      NURS 475 Professional Issues in Nursing          3      a registered nurse in Virginia. Students or
                                                      Upper-division credits will be awarded after
  The following is a typical curriculum plan                                                                  applicants should address any questions of
                                                        successful completion of NURS 302              36
for the accelerated B.S. student:                                                                    ______
                                                                                                              this nature directly to the Virginia Board of
                                                      Total required nursing courses                   66     Nursing.
Summer 1                                                                                                         There are additional requirements for
NURS 201 Concepts of Nursing                   3                                                              satisfactory progression in the School of
NURS 202 Technologies of Nursing Practice      3      Commuting and community practice
                                                                                                              Nursing and all students are responsible
NURS 261 Health Assessment for Nursing                   Students are assigned to a variety of hospi-         for compliance with additional school poli-
 Practice                                      3      tals and health agencies. Occasionally, these           cies, listed in the School of Nursing Policy
Fall 1
                                                      assignments may be during evening hours or              Manual, available on the School of Nursing
NURS 325 and NURS 355 or NURS 335                     on the weekend. Transportation is sometimes             home page (http://www.nursing.vcu.edu).
 and NURS 345 (Junior-level clinical courses) 12      available to reach these assignments, but use
NURS 365 Nursing Science I                    3       of an automobile is often necessary, espe-
NURS 485 Managerial Theory for Nursing                cially in community health nursing. Trans-              Readmission
 Practice                                     3       portation costs vary widely each semester                 Students dismissed from the school or
                                                      and may range from very little to more                  university who wish to return must reapply


290
                                                                                                                           School of Nursing

for admission and be considered in rela-         Hepatitis B vaccination                          The master’s degree is awarded after two to
tion to all other applicants. The applicant                                                       four semesters of additional study depending
                                                    All nursing students enrolled in clinical
must then meet all criteria for admission                                                         on the area of concentration. This program
                                                 courses are required to complete the Hepa-
and graduation that apply at readmission.                                                         begins in the summer (see section entitled,
                                                 titis B vaccination series or to provide proof
See the School of Nursing Policy Manual,                                                          “Master’s Program”).
                                                 of a positive antibody titer. The first injec-
available on the School of Nursing Web site:
                                                 tion of the series must be received prior to
http://www.nursing.vcu.edu.
                                                 matriculation into the School of Nursing.        R.N.-M.S. track
                                                                                                     The School of Nursing offers a track in
Completion of degree                                                                              the master’s program designed for students
                                                 Separation from the school
requirements — time limit                                                                         who have their R.N. but have not completed
                                                   A student who wishes to withdraw from
  Once the student enrolls in the School of                                                       the baccalaureate degree. The track includes
                                                 the School of Nursing should discuss the
Nursing, the degree requirements must be                                                          elements of the R.N.-B.S. program and
                                                 plans with the associate dean for the master’s
completed within six calendar-years. The                                                          moves the student expeditiously into M.S.
                                                 and undergraduate programs. Before leaving
credentials and programs of a candidate                                                           program course work. The student completes
                                                 the school, the proper forms must be
unable to meet this requirement may be                                                            the general education requirements for the
                                                 obtained from the registrar and completed
evaluated by the Undergraduate Admission                                                          baccalaureate degree prior to entering the
                                                 by the student. Failure to follow this proce-
Policy and Progression Committee upon                                                             R.N.-M.S. track. The track provides the
                                                 dure may prevent readmission to the School
request. Such a candidate may have to meet                                                        additional courses in the major required
                                                 of Nursing at a later date.
additional requirements established during                                                        for the degree and a B.S. degree is awarded
the interval since matriculation. All students                                                    after the completion of 30 credit hours of
must be enrolled in the School of Nursing        Graduate degree programs                         specified course work. All master’s program
for the final semester of study in order to                                                       concentrations are available to students
graduate.                                           The School of Nursing offers programs of      admitted to this track.
                                                 study leading to the master of science, post-
                                                 master’s certificate and doctor of philosophy
CPR                                              degrees. See the Graduate and Professional       Admission requirements
   Students entering the School of Nursing       Programs Bulletin for a detailed description      To be considered for admission, applicants
must be certified in cardiopulmonary resus-      of all graduate programs and policies.           must have:
citation (CPR) before they begin their first                                                        • an associate’s degree or diploma in
clinical nursing course prior to matricula-      Master’s program                                     nursing from an accredited program.
tion in the sophomore year. CPR certifica-
tion must include:                                  The master’s program is designed to offer       • transcripts reflecting completion of
                                                 general core content requisite for advanced          a health assessment course compa-
  • one- and two-rescuer CPR,                    practice in nursing as well as content aimed         rable to NURS 261 and a community
  • CPR for infants, children and adults,        at preparation in a specialty concentration.         health nursing course comparable to
    and                                          The program is designed to prepare indi-             NURS 415.
                                                 viduals for certification as nurse practitio-
  • rescue breathing for choking infants,        ners and/or clinical nurse specialists. The        • acceptable scores on the Graduate
    children and adults.                         specialty areas are: adult health acute care,        Record Examination, including all
                                                 adult health primary care, child health,             three components: verbal, quantitative
   Students are required to show evidence        family health, nursing administration and            and analytical.
of CPR certification valid to the end of         leadership, integrative psychiatric mental         • TOEFL scores of greater than 550 for
academic year to the Office of Enrollment        health and women’s health.                           international applicants.
and Student Services before the first day
of class each year. Those who are not certi-                                                        • a current, unrestricted registered
fied will not be allowed to participate in the   Accelerated Second Degree                            nurse license in state, the District of
clinical laboratory and will be considered to    program                                              Columbia, or a U.S. possession or
have an unexcused absence.                         In response to the growing number of               territory, or an equivalent credential in
                                                 individuals with bachelor’s degrees in other         another country.
                                                 disciplines who are now seeking a career
TB screening                                                                                        • passing scores on the Qualifying Exam
                                                 in nursing, the school offers a graduate
   All nursing students will have an annual                                                           of the Commission on Graduates of
                                                 program whereby an individual can earn a
TB screening. Students are required to show                                                           Foreign Nursing Schools (CGFNS)
                                                 bachelor’s and master’s degree in nursing.
evidence of this annual screening. Those                                                              prior to applying if the applicants
                                                 Students in the Accelerated Second Degree
students who have not had their annual                                                                are graduate of foreign nursing schools
                                                 program take courses in the undergraduate
screening will not be allowed to participate                                                          and are licensed outside of the United
                                                 and master’s program until licensure as a
in the clinical laboratory and will be consid-                                                        States. Applicants must include the
                                                 R.N. is obtained. It is anticipated that this
ered to have an unexcused absence.               will occur at the end of the fifth semester.


VCU Undergraduate Bulletin 2004 – 05                                                                                                       291
School of Nursing

      exam report with their application                   Nursing courses
                                                           NURS 302 Dynamics of Professional Nursing                  Department of Adult Health
      materials.
                                                             Practice                                 4               Nursing
   • professional liability insurance (not                 NURS 370 Theory and Research in Clinical
     required but highly recommended).                       Practice                                 3               D. Patricia Gray
                                                           NURS 475 Professional Issues in Nursing    3                  Associate Professor and Department Chair (1996)
                                                           NURS 485 Managerial Theory for Nursing                        B.S. 1974 University of North Carolina, Charlotte
Prerequisite courses                                         Practice                                 3                  M.S. 1976 University of North Carolina, Chapel
   The following will be accepted in transfer              Total undergraduate nursing credit        13                     Hill
only upon a rigorous evaluation of each                                                                                  Ph.D. 1982 University of Utah
                                                           M.S. core curriculum
course for comparability to the B.S. program               (credits shared for B.S. and M.S. degrees)
using defined criteria developed by expert                 NURS 501 Advanced Professionalism I               1
faculty in community health and health                                                                                Department of Maternal Child
                                                           NURS 502 Pharmacotherapeutics                     3
assessment. Applicants must provide a copy                 NURS 503 Advanced Nursing Practice:                        Nursing
of the course syllabi and a written state-                    Psychosocial                                   3
ment of how the course met the objectives                  NURS 504 Advanced Nursing Practice:                        Rita H. Pickler
                                                              Biological                                     3           Associate Professor and Acting Department Chair
of the VCU courses. VCU course objectives
                                                           NURS 508 Advanced Nursing Practice: Systems       3              (1999)
will be provided to applicants. Otherwise                  NURS 511 Health Assessment for Advanced                       B.S.N. 1979 University of North Carolina,
the following courses will be taken prior to                  Nursing Practice                               3              Greensboro
beginning the R.N.-M.S. track:                             NURS 512 Advanced Nursing Science                 3           M.S.N. 1981 University of North Carolina,
                                                                                                                            Greensboro
                                                 credits   Total master’s credits applied to B.S. degree    22*          Ph.D. 1990 University of Virginia
NURS 261 Health Assessment for Nursing                                                                                   Post-master’s Certificate 1998 Virginia
 Practice or comparable course                    2-3         * Not all of these courses are required in each               Commonwealth University
NURS 415 Community Health Nursing                               master’s program concentration. However, a
 or comparable course                              3            student must take at least 17 of these credits to
                                                                meet B.S. degree requirements. Remainder of           Department of Integrative Systems
Courses required for the B.S. degree                            curriculum (at least 30 credits) is consistent with
   General education requirements (taken prior                  all requirements of current M.S. program and
to admission to the R.N.-B.S. track)                            specific to the concentration chosen.
                                                                                                                      Inez Tuck
                                                                                                                         Associate Professor and Department Chair (1997)
                                                                                                                         B.S.N. 1970 Agricultural & Technical State
Communications                                   credits
Writing or composition                              6      Post-master’s Certificate Program                                University, Greensboro
                                                                                                                         M.N. 1972 University of Florida, Gainesville
                                                              Individuals with a Master of Science in                    Ph.D. 1980 University of North Carolina,
Humanities                                                 Nursing may take courses in the master’s                         Greensboro
Philosophy, ethics, logic or critical thinking     3
                                                           program in order to be eligible for the certi-                M.B.A. 1995 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
General humanities                                 6
                                                           fication exam for advanced nursing practice
Arts                                                       as a nurse practitioner. The plan of study is
Visual or performing art                           3       dependent on prior master’s work. Areas of                 Courses in nursing (NURS)
                                                           study offered are: adult health, child health,               The following list is of courses in the
Social sciences                                            family health, women’s health, nursing
Psychology                                        3-4
                                                                                                                      nursing major. For all courses with a clin-
                                                           systems, psychiatric mental health and spiri-              ical laboratory, the laboratory is designed
Developmental psychology                           3
Sociology                                          3
                                                           tuality.                                                   to develop the clinical and critical thinking
                                                                                                                      skills needed to use the nursing process
Mathematics                                                Doctoral Program                                           with specific population groups.
Statistics3
                                                             The goal of the doctoral program in
Sciences                                                   nursing is the preparation of scholars to                  NURS 101 Introduction to Nursing
Laboratory sciences*                               8       develop knowledge in the discipline of                     Semester course; 1 lecture hour. 1 credit. Offered: Spring.
Anatomy and physiology                             8                                                                  Restricted to nursing majors. Introduces future nurses
                                                           nursing. Substantive areas of study are:                   to the process and practice of nursing in the modern
Microbiology                                       4       healing, risk and resilience, health systems               health care environment. Interaction with staff nurses
Nutrition                                          3
                                                           and immunocompetence.                                      in multiple practice environments illuminates “real
                                                                                                                      world” nursing in the “ideal” learning environment.
Electives                                         2-3                                                                 Combines discussions and field experiences.
   Any extra credit from required areas, computer
science or other liberal arts courses. Not more than                                                                  NURS 201 Concepts of Nursing
three credits in physical education or activity courses.                                                              Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Offered:
                                                                                                                      II, S. Pre- or corequisite: NURS 261. Provides a
Total general education                            56                                                                 foundation for all clinical nursing courses. Content
                                                                                                                      focuses on human responses to health and illness and
                                                                                                                      those concepts basic to a caring relationship including
                                                                                                                      nursing process, communication, patient teaching,




292
                                                                                                                                                              School of Nursing

professional responsibility and systems. Introduces roles     development of critical thinking skills in the diagnosis       Medical Center, including one week of paid orientation.
of technology in modern health care environments,             and treatment of human responses to health needs               Provides combination supervised clinical experience
including management of patient information.                  of women, neonates and families. Practices clinical            and paid work experience in selected settings of the
                                                              skills and applies theoretical knowledge in selected           VCU Medical Center. Many of these settings are not
NURS 202 Technologies of Nursing Practice                     ambulatory care settings for women’s health and post-          available in traditional curriculum. Introduces students
Semester course; 6 laboratory hours. 3 credits. Offered:      discharge care, and hospital settings for antenatal,           to the work life of a nurse.
II, S. Pre- or corequisites: NURS 201, NURS 261.              intrapartum, post-partum and neonatal experiences.
Studies and applies techniques basic to all nursing                                                                          NURS 405 Nursing in Long-term Care
practice. Includes cognitive, psychomotor affective and       NURS 345 Nursing of Children                                   Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite:
interpersonal techniques organized through the nursing        Semester course; 3 lecture and 6 clinical laboratory           Senior status. Focuses on the care management of
process to provide nursing care based on health needs         hours. 6 credits. Prerequisite: Completion of 200-             patients across the life span who require long-term care.
and human responses. Also, focuses on application of          level required nursing courses. Examines the health            Integrates pathophysiologic presentation of selected
principles and demonstration of beginning skills in           needs of children within the context of the family             chronic, long-term conditions with psychophysiologic
caring relationships; provides opportunities for practice     system, environment, developmental capability, stress          aspects of patient care, including pharmacologic
and demonstration of selected skills in the laboratory        and adaptation. Focuses on application of the nursing          and     non-pharmacologic        treatments.      Includes
and in clinical settings; and introduces tools of patient     process, development of communication skills, and              interdisciplinary management of the disease process
information management and patient monitoring.                critical thinking when giving nursing care to well and         and the patient, family and community response.
                                                              ill children. Reinforces current theory and research           Addresses financial impact, health care delivery systems
NURS 261 Health Assessment for Nursing Practice               on children and their families in clinical experiences.        and health policy implications. Incorporates long-term
Semester course; 2 lecture and 3 laboratory hours.            Reinforces standards of care for both well and ill             therapeutic regimens into the illness trajectory.
3 credits. Offered: I, S. Prerequisite: Admission to          children and their families.
the nursing program. Pre- or corequisite: Anatomy.                                                                           NURS 415 Community Health Nursing
Provides the student with the knowledge and skills            NURS 355 Psychiatric-mental Health Nursing                     Semester course; 3 lecture and 6 clinical laboratory
necessary to enact the first phase of the nursing             Semester course; 3 lecture and 6 clinical laboratory           hours. 6 credits. Pre- or corequisite: Completion
process, assessment or the collection of patient specific     hours. 6 credits. Prerequisite: Completion of 200-             of all 300-level required nursing courses. Builds on
data and the formulation of a patient database as the         level required nursing courses. Presents a systems             knowledge and practice skills from prior nursing
foundation of the care planning process. Demonstrates         approach to understanding psychiatric-mental health            education and develops nursing competencies for care
specific techniques of patient interview and physical         nursing. Emphasizes the art of psychiatric nursing             of communities and targeted populations based on
examination skills. Focuses on the healthy adult client.      by developing therapeutic relationships with persons           the core functions of public health. Concentrates on
Introduces students to a variety of assessment framework      who are in the mental health system. Applies science           an epidemiological approach to population-focused
to be used with a diversity of patient populations in         of psychiatric nursing by identifying theories used in         nursing through community assessment, evaluation of
acute care, ambulatory and community settings.                nursing interventions. Focuses upon principles and             the effects of contemporary issues and health policy on
                                                              techniques of communication with individuals and               the public’s health. Directs service-learning projects to
NURS 302 Dynamics of Professional Nursing                     groups. Recognizes human responses to selected major           prevent disease and promote and preserve the health of
Practice                                                      mental disorders. Identifies intervention strategies for       populations at risk.
Semester course; 3 lecture and 1 clinical laboratory          primary, secondary and tertiary levels of prevention.
hour. 4 credits. Offered: I. Prerequisite: Admission to                                                                      NURS 425 Nursing of Adults II
undergraduate nursing program. Provides a transition          NURS 365 Nursing Science I                                     Semester course; 3 lecture and 6 clinical laboratory
from the student’s initial education into the baccalaureate   Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites:    hours. 6 credits. Pre- or corequisite: Completion of
program. Expands knowledge of concepts and theories           Anatomy and physiology. Integrates the foundations             all 300-level required nursing courses. Focuses on the
of nursing practice using a process aimed at evaluating       of nursing diagnosis and interventions derived from            client in acute phases of physical illnesses and with
and validating clinical practice in the student’s work        pathophysiology, biochemistry and pharmacology for             complicated multisystem health problems. Provides
setting. Introduces information technology in modern          selected human systems.                                        theoretical foundations for nursing management
health care and academic environments.                                                                                       and related therapeutic regimens. Focuses on the
                                                              NURS 366 Nursing Science II                                    development and application of clinical decision
NURS 305 Knowledge Validation by Portfolio                    Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites:    making in the provision of care to acutely ill adults in a
Semester course; 3 credits. Offered: II. Culminates in        Anatomy, physiology and microbiology. Integrates the           variety of settings.
submission of a portfolio for validation of course-specific   foundations of nursing diagnoses and interventions
knowledge and evaluation for full or partial credit.          derived from pathophysiology, biochemistry and                 NURS 426 Critical Care Nursing I
Elective. RN students only. Involves self-assessment          pharmacology for selected human systems.                       Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Offered: Fall
of prior learning for RN. Requires correlation of                                                                            semester. Prerequisite: Licensure as a registered nurse or
experiential and theoretical knowledge with objectives        NURS 370 Theory and Research in Clinical                       senior undergraduate nursing student with permission
of selected nursing courses.                                  Practice                                                       of instructor. Focuses on nursing care of the critically ill
                                                              Semester course; 3 lecture hours for undergraduate             adult with health care needs in the following systems:
NURS 325 Nursing of Adults I                                  nursing students; 2 lecture hours for graduate students        cardiovascular, endocrine, pulmonary, immunology
Semester course; 3 lecture and 6 clinical laboratory          who have not taken a research undergraduate course.            and hematology. Focuses on the development and
hours. 6 credits. Prerequisite: Completion of 200-level       Variable credit: 3 credits for undergraduates; 2               application of clinical decision making in the provision
required nursing courses. Focuses on the client with          credits for graduate students. Designed to promote             of care to critically ill or injured adults in a variety of
acute and chronic physical illnesses that have relatively     understanding of the role of theory and research in the        settings.
stable trajectories. Examines principles of rehabilitation    development of nursing as a profession. Focus on three
and concepts relevant to the care of the elderly. Provides    primary areas: (1) developing the language necessary           NURS 427 Critical Care Nursing Technologies
theoretical foundations for nursing management and            to understand theory and research; (2) analyzing the           Semester course; 2 lecture and 3 laboratory hours. 3
relates therapeutic regimens. Develops clinical decision      relevance of theory and research to nursing practice;          credits. Offered: Fall semester. Prerequisite: Licensure
making and selected specialized technical skills in           and (3) beginning to understand the research process.          as a registered nurse or senior undergraduate nursing
the provision of care to adults in a variety of settings      Skill in the ability to critically read and evaluate nursing   student with permission of instructor. Focuses on
including specialty areas such as the operating room.         research literature for application to clinical practice       critical care technologies that are commonly used in
                                                              also will be emphasized.                                       care of the critically ill. Course content will include the
NURS 335 Nursing of Women                                                                                                    theoretical principles on which the selected technologies
Semester course; 3 lecture and 6 clinical laboratory          NURS 396 Nursing Internship                                    are based as well as discussions of the practical use and
hours. 6 credits. Prerequisite: Completion of 200-            Semester course; 120 clinical hours per credit. Variable       troubleshooting of the technologies presented.
level nursing course. Examines the health needs of            credit. Pre- or corequisites: Completion of junior-
women across the life span with an emphasis on the            level clinical course or equivalent. Some units may            NURS 428 Critical Care Nursing II
health needs of the childbearing family. Applies nursing      require enrollment for three credits. Enrolled students        Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Offered:
process, theory and research with an emphasis on the          must meet requirements for employment at the VCU               Spring semester. Prerequisite: Licensure as a registered



VCU Undergraduate Bulletin 2004 – 05                                                                                                                                                293
School of Nursing

nurse or senior undergraduate nursing student with             NURS 486 Nursing Leadership and Management                    NURS 497 Specialty Clinical Practice
permission of instructor. Focuses on nursing care of the       Practicum                                                     Semester course; variable; 1-3 credits. Offered: I, II.
critically ill adult with health care needs in the following   6 clinical laboratory hours. 2 credits. Pre- (by one          Prerequisites: RN licensure and enrollment in R.N.-
systems: neurology, gastrointestinal and renal. Focuses        semester) or corequisite: NURS 485 and completion             B.S. track or graduate nursing program. Completion or
on the development and application of clinical decision        of 300-level required nursing courses. Provides               enrollment in 200 and 300-level courses or permission
making in the provision of care to critically ill or injured   opportunities to apply management principles to               of instructor is required. Advances professional nursing
adults in a variety of settings.                               nursing practice in a variety of settings and specialty       clinical competence using a faculty-student-preceptor
                                                               areas.                                                        mentorship model in a student selected area of specialty
NURS 429 Critical Care Nursing Practicum                                                                                     clinical nursing practice.
Semester course; 9 clinical laboratory hours. 3 credits.       NURS 487 Leadership in Today’s Health Care
Offered: Spring semester. Prerequisites: Completion            Environment                                                   NURS 514/INTL 514 International Perspectives on
of Critical Care Nursing I and Critical Care Nursing           Semester course; 2 independent study and 3 clinical           Community Health in Developing Countries
Technologies. Completion of Critical Care Nursing              laboratory hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: Completion of      Semester course; 1 lecture and 2 laboratory hours.
II or may be taken concurrently with Critical Care             NURS 302 or senior status. Provides an opportunity            3 credits. This course may be taken for a maximum
Nursing II. Focuses on the client in the critical phase        for preceptorship with a nurse who is leading the             of six credits in two different world areas. Open to
of physical illness with complicated multisystem health        profession. Leadership may be in service, education,          undergraduate (junior or senior level) and graduate
problems. It provides an opportunity for practice in a         health policy or research and is not defined by position      students. Explores the impact of national and
critical care area.                                            but by its influence in the discipline. Observation of        international policy decisions on the health and well-
                                                               the leader planning and delivering effective innovation       being of individuals and communities (country varies
NURS 475 Professional Issues in Nursing                        and analyzing the effectiveness leadership behaviors.         semester to semester). Examines the relationship of
Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Focuses on        Construct a personal leadership development plan.             cultural beliefs and values on health-seeking behaviors.
issues of professional practice by exploring the history                                                                     Allows students to become immersed in a culture
of nursing, health care policy, codes of ethics and            NURS 491 Special Topics Course                                different than their own. Evaluates the impact of
legal and economic implications for nursing. Provides          This course has several sections, one is a Military Science   international conflict and economic development on
opportunities for students to demonstrate competence           section related to ROTC requirements. Military Science        the health status of the community. See Schedule of
in group process.                                              majors may take the course.                                   Classes for location.
NURS 476 Professional Transitions                              NURS 492 Elective Study
Semester course; 1 lecture hour. 1 credit. Prerequisite:       1 to 5 credits. Prerequisite: Consent of department.
NURS 201. Focuses on the development of the second-            Independent study projects planned to meet the
degree student as a professional nurse within the              learning objectives of the student.
context of prior education. Analyzes social forces, issues
and trends that have shaped the profession.                    NURS 496 Clinical Practicum
                                                               Semester course; 9 clinical laboratory hours. 3 credits.
NURS 485 Managerial Theory for Nursing Practice                Pre- or corequisite: Completion of all 300-level
Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Focuses on        required nursing courses. Facilitates transition into
principles of management as applied to nursing service         the professional role using a faculty-student-practicing
units, organization of nursing services and health care        nurse mentorship model. Provides opportunities for
systems.                                                       practice in a student-selected specialty area.




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