Biological control of pomegranate pest • Pomegranate is one of the most adaptable subtropical minor fruit crops, commonly known as anar, dalim or dalimbe. • Pomegranate is native to Iran, where it was first cultivated around 2000 BC Aphids • Aphis punicae was found feeding on upper surface of leaves. • A punicae was found infesting twigs and leaves of pomegranate. • damage to flowers, fruits, twigs and leaves by desapping, which resulted in loss of quality of • it is occurring regularly through out the year with peak incidence in winter. Seasonal incidence of major sucking pests of pomegranate Aphid • The maximum incidence of aphid, A. puncae was observed on pomegranate during the third week of February and March.. Natural enemies of aphids • Grubs of Chrysoperla carnea were noticed to feed on both nymphs and adults of A. punicae from December 06 to March 07. • The population of grub of C. carnea ranged from two to ten and that of adults from one to seven per three terminal shoots. • Maximum of nine grubs were recorded during February 07. On Aphid Chrysoperla carnea • However no parasitoids have been recorded on aphids. Thrips • Rhipiphorothrips • Another species is Scirtothrips dorsalis Thrips • heavy rains reduced the population of thrips while, hot and dry conditions with temperature above 37.8°C favoured the multiplication of thrips. • The peak infestation of thrips was noticed during May-June in South India and March- April and August to October in Haryana and Punjab (Butani, Whiteflies • Sporadic occurrence of Dialeurodes citri on pomegranate • In India during October • pomegranate in Karnataka, becoming a major pest in some areas of Bijapur district during February-April and 60-70 per cent foliage was infested on each plant. • recorded Bemisia tabaci , as a minor pest on pomegranate in Tamil Nadu On whitefly • Aphelinid parasitoid viz., Encarsia inaron. • Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, Chrysopa • sp., Chielomenus sexmaculata. Whitefly • Pomegranate whitefly, S. phillyreae, which was considered as a minor pest has appeared in severe form on pomegranate in Bijapur and Bagalkot districts, during February to April Natural enemies of whiteflies • Grubs of C. carnea predated over eggs and nymph of whiteflies. An Aphelinid • parasitoid, Encarsia sp. was recorded on whitefly during February 07. Mealy bug • Planococcus lilacinus and Ferrisia virgata (Cockrell) were recorded on pomegranate . • Drosicha mangiferae (Green) and P. lilacinus damaging pomegranate foliage. Mealy bug • Mealy bug infestation was more pronounced in summer months and less in winter Natural enemies of mealy bugs • Grubs and adults of C. montrouzieri and S. coccivora were found predating on eggs, • larva and adults of pomegranate mealy bugs. Activity of predators gradually increased from • April to June and then declined from July onwards Scale insects • Pinnaspis theae • Among scale insects, pomegranate scale, Lindingaspis rossi • In Maharashtra, the scale insect, Parasissetia nigera assumed ,the status of a serious pest on pomegranate. • Natural enemy Family and order Host insects/prey • 1. Cryptolaemus montrouzieri. Coccinellidae : Coleopteran on Ferriesia virgata • 2. Chrysoperla carnea Chrysopidae : Neuroptera on Aphis punicae • 3. Scymnus coccivora Coccinellidae : Coleoptera on Ferrisia virgarta • Cheilomenus sexmaculata Coccinellidae : Coleoptera • Leptomastirx dacylopii . Encyrtidae : Hymenoptera on Planococcus • Sucking pests noticed on pomegranate in Bagalkot district, Karnataka, during 2006-07 • Common name and scientific name Family and order Plant part affected Peak activity • 1. Pomegranate aphid, Aphis punicae Aphididae : Homoptera Terminal shoots Dec to Jan. • 2. Thrips, Rhipiphorothrips Thripidae : Thysanoptera , Leaves March to April • 3. Thrips,Scirtothrips dorsalis Thripidae : Thysanoptera Fruits and flowers ,March to April AR • 4. Mealybug, Planococcus lilacinus Psudococcidiae : Homoptera Fruit and fruit stalk March to April • 5. Pomegranate whitefly, Siphoninus phillyreae Haliday Aleyrodidae : Homoptera Leaves Feb to March
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