ppt on pest management by rajarjun04

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									Biological control of pomegranate pest
• Pomegranate is one of the most adaptable
  subtropical minor fruit crops, commonly
  known as anar, dalim or dalimbe.

• Pomegranate is native to Iran, where it was
  first cultivated around 2000 BC
• Aphis punicae was found feeding on upper
  surface of leaves.

• A punicae was found infesting twigs and leaves of

• damage to flowers, fruits, twigs and leaves by
  desapping, which resulted in loss of quality of
• it is occurring regularly through out the year with
  peak incidence in winter.
 Seasonal incidence of major sucking pests of
• The maximum incidence of aphid, A. puncae
  was observed on pomegranate during
  the third week of February and March..
 Natural enemies of aphids
• Grubs of Chrysoperla carnea were noticed to
  feed on both nymphs and adults of A. punicae
  from December 06 to March 07.
• The population of grub of C. carnea ranged
  from two to ten and that of adults from one to
  seven per three terminal shoots.
• Maximum of nine grubs were recorded during
  February 07.
On Aphid
 Chrysoperla carnea

• However no parasitoids have been recorded
  on aphids.
• Rhipiphorothrips
• Another species is Scirtothrips dorsalis
• heavy rains reduced the population of thrips
  while, hot and dry conditions with
  temperature above 37.8°C favoured the
  multiplication of thrips.
• The peak infestation of thrips was noticed
  during May-June in South India and March-
  April and August to October in Haryana and
  Punjab (Butani,
• Sporadic occurrence of Dialeurodes citri on
• In India during October
• pomegranate in Karnataka, becoming a major
  pest in some areas of Bijapur district during
  February-April and 60-70 per cent foliage was
  infested on each plant.
• recorded Bemisia tabaci , as a minor pest on
  pomegranate in Tamil Nadu
 On whitefly
• Aphelinid parasitoid viz., Encarsia inaron.
• Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, Chrysopa
• sp., Chielomenus sexmaculata.
• Pomegranate whitefly, S. phillyreae, which
  was considered as a minor pest has appeared
  in severe form on pomegranate in Bijapur and
  Bagalkot districts, during February to April
Natural enemies of whiteflies
• Grubs of C. carnea predated over eggs and
  nymph of whiteflies. An Aphelinid
• parasitoid, Encarsia sp. was recorded on
  whitefly during February 07.
Mealy bug

• Planococcus lilacinus and Ferrisia virgata
  (Cockrell) were recorded on
  pomegranate .
• Drosicha mangiferae (Green) and P. lilacinus
  damaging pomegranate foliage.
Mealy bug
• Mealy bug infestation was more pronounced
  in summer months and less in winter
 Natural enemies of mealy bugs
• Grubs and adults of C. montrouzieri and S.
  coccivora were found predating on eggs,
• larva and adults of pomegranate mealy bugs.
  Activity of predators gradually increased from
• April to June and then declined from July
Scale insects
• Pinnaspis theae
• Among scale insects, pomegranate scale,
  Lindingaspis rossi
• In Maharashtra, the scale insect, Parasissetia
  nigera assumed ,the status of a serious pest
  on pomegranate.
• Natural enemy Family and order Host
• 1. Cryptolaemus montrouzieri. Coccinellidae :
  Coleopteran on Ferriesia virgata
• 2. Chrysoperla carnea Chrysopidae :
  Neuroptera on Aphis punicae
• 3. Scymnus coccivora Coccinellidae :
  Coleoptera on Ferrisia virgarta
• Cheilomenus sexmaculata Coccinellidae :
• Leptomastirx dacylopii . Encyrtidae :
  Hymenoptera on Planococcus
• Sucking pests noticed on pomegranate in Bagalkot
  district, Karnataka, during 2006-07
• Common name and scientific name Family and order
  Plant part affected Peak activity
• 1. Pomegranate aphid, Aphis punicae Aphididae :
  Homoptera Terminal shoots Dec to Jan.
• 2. Thrips, Rhipiphorothrips Thripidae : Thysanoptera ,
  Leaves March to April
• 3. Thrips,Scirtothrips dorsalis Thripidae : Thysanoptera
  Fruits and flowers ,March to April AR
• 4. Mealybug, Planococcus lilacinus Psudococcidiae :
  Homoptera Fruit and fruit stalk
  March to April
• 5. Pomegranate whitefly, Siphoninus phillyreae Haliday
  Aleyrodidae : Homoptera Leaves Feb to March

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