Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

Biological Characterization - WWF.xls

VIEWS: 26 PAGES: 15

									ER ID #   ER Name ER Realm Country
ER ID #   ER Name                                          ER Realm
      1   Anabar-Lena                                      Terrestrial
      2   Baffin - Labrador                                Terrestrial
      3   Beringian Alaska                                 Terrestrial
      4   Central Canada                                   Terrestrial
      5   Eastern Chukotka                                 Terrestrial
      6   Eastern Greenland                                Terrestrial
      7   Ellesmere - N. Greenland                         Terrestrial
      8   FJL-Novaya Zemlya -Severnaya Zemlya              Terrestrial
      9   Iceland - Jan Mayen                              Terrestrial
     10   Kanin-Pechora                                    Terrestrial
     11   Kola Peninsula                                   Terrestrial
     12   Koryakia                                         Terrestrial
     13   North Beringian Islands                          Terrestrial
     14   Northern Alaska                                  Terrestrial
     15   New Siberian Islands                             Terrestrial
     16   Rock and Ice                                     Terrestrial
     17   Taimir Peninsula                                 Terrestrial
     18   West Chukotka                                    Terrestrial
     19   West Hudsonian                                   Terrestrial
     20   Western Greenland                                Terrestrial
     21   Wrangel Island                                   Terrestrial
     22   Yamal-Gydan                                      Terrestrial
     23   Yana-Indigirka-Kolyma                            Terrestrial
     24   Arctic Ocean -- Atlantic Basin                   Marine
     25   Arctic Ocean -- Pacific Basin                    Marine
     26   Baffin Bay - Davis Strait                        Marine
     27   Beaufort Sea - continental coast and shelf       Marine
     28   Beaufort-Amundsen-Viscount Melville-Queen Maud   Marine
     29   Chukchi Sea                                      Marine
     30   Davis Strait Basin                               Marine
     31   East Greenland Shelf                             Marine
     32   East Siberian Sea                                Marine
     33   Eastern Bering Sea                               Marine
     34   Fram Strait                                      Marine
     35   High Arctic Archipelago                          Marine
     36   Hudson Complex                                   Marine
     37   Iceland Shelf                                    Marine
     38   Kara Sea                                         Marine
     39   Labrador Sea Basin                               Marine
     40   Lancaster Sound                                  Marine
     41   Laptev Sea                                       Marine
     42   North Greenland                                  Marine
     43   North and East Barents Sea                       Marine
     44   Northern Grand Banks - Southern Labrador         Marine
     45   Northern Labrador                                Marine
     46   Northern Norway and Finnmark                     Marine
47   Norwegian Sea          Marine
48   West Greenland Shelf   Marine
49   Western Bering Sea     Marine
50   White Sea              Marine
Country
Russia
Canada
US
Canada
Russia
Greenland
Canada/Greenland
Russia
Iceland
Russia
Russia
Russia
US/Russia (?)
US/Canada
Russia
Greenland
Russia
Russia
Canada
Greenland
Russia
Russia
Russia
Russia/Greenland
Canada/Greenland
Canada
Canada/US
Canada
US/Russia
Canada/Greenland
Greenland/Iceland
Russia
US/Russia
Greenland/Iceland/Norway
Canada/Greenland
Canada
Iceland
Russia
Canada/Greenland
Canada
Russia
Greenland
Russia/Norway
Canada
Canada
Norway
Norway
Greenland
US/Russia
Russia
Ecoregion Study Unit Characterisation table: Process-Drivers-Features-Areas
(NB. Derived from a combination of available information/literature, expert knowledge, and geospatial datasets downscaled to study units for selected variables)

ER #          ER Name & Description                         Main Processes                  Drivers                                  Features                              Areas (where appropriate)       Notes
T5            Eastern Chukotka                              Permafrost                      depth of active layer; quaternary        termokarst land forms and lakes       Anadyr Lowland, Koluchin Bay,
                                                                                            sediments                                                                      Mechigmen Lowland, Vancarem
                                                                                                                                                                           Lowland
              General Description: The region comprises
              of mostly the mountainous Chukchi
              Peninsular which features a combination of
              low to medium-high mountains and wide          Net precipitation              Snow + rainfall; evapotranspiration,     wetlands                              Anadyr Lowland, Koluchin Bay,
              valleys and the Anadyr Lowland to the                                         wind,                                                                          Mechigmen Lowland, Vancarem
              south. Numerous lakes and a very dense                                                                                                                       Lowland
              river network are found in the Lowland. The Terrestrial ice                   snowfall, wind, relief                   snowcover                             Everywere
              shoreline is very diverse, consisting of inter
              alia tidal flats, lagoons, escarpments and
              fjords. The coastal plains along the arctic    Terrestrial biomass            Temperature, soil moisture, snow cover, relict plant communities, termophile   Chukcni Peninsula, Chukotka
              shore commonly feature polygonal                                              permafrost, bedrock, geothermal         communities, calciphile communities,   Plateau, Pekulney Range
              cryogenic relief, while the Anadyr Lowland is                                 processes
              frequently characterised by the
              development of thermokarst. The main
              vegetation types are Typical (moss, grass
              and dwarf shrub) and Southern (low-shrub)
              Tundra. Around 25,000 people live in the
              region, mostly in the towns, although some
              indigenous people are predominantly
              maritime hunters.
Information Sources
Nature and Resources of Chukotka. Magadan. 1997.
270 pp (in Russian)

Northern part of the Russian Far East. USSR
Academy of Sciences. Moscow. Nauka. 1970. 488
pp (in Russian)
Ecoregion Study Unit Characterisation table: Expression of Biodiver
(NB. Derived from a combination of available information/literature, expert knowledge)

ER #      ER Name                  Important Species
T5        Eastern Chukotka         Plants (mostly herbs & grasses
                                   including relict & endemic
                                   species)

                                   Lemmings


                                   Polar bear

                                   Brown Bear

                                   Walrus

                                   Snow Sheep

                                   Migratory birds



                                   Sea birds

                                   Coregonus

                                   Salmon
isation table: Expression of Biodiversity
on/literature, expert knowledge)

           Known Area(s) of Biological Importance       Underlying Geophysical Driver(s)
           Eastern part of Chukchi Peninsular; Pekulney Temperature; precipitation; snow
           Range, Amguema River valley                  cover, relief, bedrock, geothermal
                                                        processes;

                                                        Snow cover


           Arctic coast                                 Sea ice & snow cover

           Anadyr River Valley

           Coast of Chukchi Peninsular                  Sea ice

           Chukchi Peninsula, Chukotka Plateau,       Relief, snow cover,
           Pekulney Range
           Anadyr Lowlands; coastal areas of Koluchin Snow cover; fresh water
           & Michigmen Bays; Ukouge lagoon & Lower
           Amguema River

           Colonies (coast of Chukchi Peninsular)       Sea ice; sea currents; shoreline

           Anadyr River Basin                           Temperature; hydrological regime;
                                                        water quality
           Anadyr River Basin; Achen Lake; Neshkin      Temperature; hydrological regime;
           Lagoon                                       water quality
Notes   Information Sources
        National protected areas of the
        Russian Federation: Gap analysis
        and perspective framework. WWF-
        Russia. 2009.
        Northern areas of the Russian Far
        East. USSR Academy of Sciences.
        Moscow. Nauka. 1970. 488 pp (in
Ecoregion Study Unit Characterisation table: Socio-Cultural Dimens
General notes :
Derived from a combination of available information/literature, and expert knowledge.
Details sought for characterisation of key areas follows the Questionnaire distributed to Arctic IPO contacts.
Naming/numbering of important areas refers to places shown on accompanying RACER study unit maps.
Important Areas regarded by local people to be of extra special importance are named with boldface.

ER #       ER Name          # Communities / total popn
T5         Eastern Chukotka


                              Total population of Iultinsky District is 5,957 (2009),
                              with 58% of them being urban. Indigenous peoples
                              include 1,150 Chukchis & 190 Eskimos


                              Total population of Providensky District is 4,263
                              (2009), of which 2,682 are indigenous people. 82% of
                              the latter live in rural areas.
                              Total population of Chukotsky District is 4,598
                              (2009), with 3,734 (82%) of them being indigenous
                              peoples, including Chukchis (88%), Eskimos (11%),
                              Lamuts, Yukahgirs, Evens, Chuvans, Itelmens. Main
                              settlements are Lavrentia, Lorino, Enurmino, Inchoun
                              & Uelen villages.
table: Socio-Cultural Dimension
expert knowledge.
aire distributed to Arctic IPO contacts.
ompanying RACER study unit maps.
rtance are named with boldface.

             Main human values of the region                  Important Areas (name/#)



             Reindeer herding; sea mammal hunting & fishing; Indented coastline favours sea
             traditional transport by reindeer & husky-drawn mammal hunting
             sledges


             Reindeer herding; sea mammal hunting & fishing
             (conducted mostly by five communities)


             Reindeer herding; fur farming (blue fox); sea
             mammal hunting
Notes                                         Sources
Indigenous people take part in studies on sea Bogoslovskaya et al ., 2007
mammal hunting.
Large-scale deposits of gold; energy            http://www.chukotka.org/ru/auth
production; main transport is by air, roads     ority/municipal_adm/iultinsky_rn/
between villages & coastal navigation.


International airport. Villages are connected   http://www.chukotka.org/ru/auth
by roads. Local residents use coastal           ority/municipal_adm/providensky
navigation.                                     _rn/
Traditional bone carving, especially in Uelen   http://www.chukotka.org/ru/auth
village.                                        ority/municipal_adm/chukotsky_r
                                                n/

								
To top