Docstoc

Conventional

Document Sample
Conventional Powered By Docstoc
					Moral Development
       Unit 5
      Lesson 4
               Objectives
 Define morality.
 Explain Kohlberg’s stages of   moral
  development.
 Explore moral dilemmas.
               Warm Up
        cognitive
 What is
 development?

 Dvpt of mental
 activities that aid
 our understanding
 of world.
                                         Review
 What is             a schema?
     Organized set of thoughts or behaviors, a way
      of knowing


 How do              we change our schemas, or
 learn?
     Assimilation – New fits into old
     Accommodation – Change old to fit new
      http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Piaget's_Stages
Piaget’s Dating Game
                  Directions
 1 Bachelor/Bachelorette and   4 contestants
 up at a time

 Bachelor willask question.
 Contestants will answer.
 Audience will decide which stage of
  Piaget’s cognitive dvpt contestant’s
  answer represents
                          Rd 1
   “How would you show you’re interested in me?”

 “How would you show your interest in me?”
    Preoperational

 “I would lovingly stare at your face.”
    Sensorimotor

 “I would write you a note and tell you.”
    Concrete Operational

 “I would rearrange the alphabet to put U & I together.”
    Formal Operational
                            Rd 2
   “What would we do on a typical date?”

   “Dinner and a movie, or movie and dinner.”
      Concrete Operations

   “Visit the art museum and discuss which piece best captures
    the spirit of our relationship.”
      Formal Operations

   “Whatever I feel like.”
      Preoperational

   “Go to the beach and play in the sand and water.”
      Sensorimotor
                              Rd 3
   “At the end of our date, how would you say goodnight?”

   “Start crying and hyperventilating because you’re leaving.”
      Sensorimotor

   “It would depend on how the overall date went.”
      Concrete Operations

   “I don’t believe in physical intimacy on a first date, it goes
    against my morals.”
      Formal Operational

   “Did you know it gets dark out so I can go to sleep?”
      Preoperational
              Moral Development

   Lawrence Kohlberg
    (1973)
       How people dvp
        concepts of right and
        wrong.

       Moral dilemmas
Heinz

      Listen to the following
       moral dilemma…

      Answer:
          Should he have done
           what he did?
          Was he right or
           wrong? Why?
          Explain your answer
           on paper
Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Dvpt

 Preconventional   (Morality focused on self)

 Conventional (Morality   focused on others)

 Postconventional (Morality   focused on
 higher power)
          Preconventional Morality
   Assign great importance to the authority of adults

   Stage 1: Obedience & Punishment
       Right is what authority says is right
       An action is wrong if it’s punished

   Stage 2: Individualism & Exchange
       See different sides to every issue, no longer single authority
       Right means acting in own best-interests
         • Make deals/exchange favors…I’ll scratch your back if you scratch mine
       Punishment is risk to avoid
             Conventional Morality
   Children value rules, which they follow to get approval of
    others

   Stage 3: Good Interpersonal Relationships
       Want the approval of people close to them
       Right is what will gain approval of others
         • Good Boy/Good Girl Behaviors


   Stage 4: Maintain Law & Order
       More concerned with rules of larger society
       Right means obeying laws, respecting authority, maintaining
        social order
        Postconventional Morality
   Flexibility allows people to consider what’s truly
    important to them (what would make good/ideal society).

   Stage 5: Social Contract & Individual Rights
       Want to follow society’s rules, but don’t see those rules as
        absolute.
       Basic rights & democratic processes that give everyone a say

   Stage 6: Universal Ethical Principles
       What’s right and wrong is decided by individual, based on
        abstract ethical principles (justice, equality, conscience)
    Heinz Dilemma Responses?
   With a partner, craft a response from each stage

   1- Should not steal for fear of going to prison
   2- Steal it, he’ll be happier if wife is healed
   3- Steal it, his wife expects him to get it
   4- Don’t steal, it’s against the law
   5- Steal it, everyone has right to live, regardless
    of what law says
   6- Should steal, human life of more value than
    property rights
     Heinz Dilemma Responses?
   With a partner, craft a response from each stage
    (These are only examples, other right answers!)
   1- Should not steal for fear of going to prison
   2- Steal it, he’ll be happier if wife is healed
   3- Steal it, his wife expects him to get it
   4- Don’t steal, it’s against the law
   5- Steal it, everyone has right to live, regardless
    of what law says
   6- Should steal, human life of more value than
    property rights
               Kohlberg Activities
   Kohlberg’s Stages
    Part B

   Personal Dilemmas
       Jonathan


   Moral Dilemmas
       Jot down your
        response.
       Is there pattern in
        responses?
               Think-Pair-Share
   What other factors
    could account for
    moral development?

       Religious text
       Conscience
       What feels right
       Absence of moral
        decision making
    Helping Kids Develop Morality
 Provide decent adult role models.
 Positive feedback for good character &
  behaviors.
    Empathy – ability to feel another person’s

     feelings…motivation for a child to behave
     morally.
 Talk out dilemmas, help children problem solve
  & draw conclusion.
 Encourage to think through actions and be brave
  & stand up for what they believe in.
                     Closure
 Describe the   major changes from pre to
    conventional to post-conventional moral
    reasoning.

 Pre-conventional – based on external consequences &
  personal gain
 Conventional – based on rules of group to which
  individual belongs
 Post-conventional – based on personal authority with
  self-chosen principles
Homework

              QUIZ!

     Infancy & Childhood
      Cognitive & Moral
          Development

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:3
posted:11/12/2012
language:Unknown
pages:22
About Good!!!NICE!!! The best document database!