*Human Biology – Skeleton and Muscle In-Class Assignment*
You can use your notes for all parts of this assignment. You cannot talk during this assignment.
Part A: Multiple Choice
1. At what age will your skeleton be fully developed?
a) 18 b) 20 c) 25 d) 29
2. Which kind(s) of muscle has stripes?
a) cardiac b) smooth c) skeletal d) a and c
3. The skeleton:
a) supports the body b) stores calcium c) helps with movement d) all of the above
4. A tough membrane found on the outside of bones is called the:
a) pericardium b) plasma membrane c) fibrous bone d) periosteum
5. Muscles have the ability to:
a) push on bones b) pull on bones c) push and pull on bones d) none of the above
6. Which type of bone provides strength and support?
a) flat b) long c) short d) irregular
7. An example of the joint movement extension is:
a) straightening the elbow b) standing on your toes
c) jumping up and down d) shrugging your shoulders
8. A tend attaches:
a) muscle to bone b) bone to bone c) muscle to muscle d) all of the above
9. Which of the following is an example of a hinge joint?
a) skull b) hips c) knee d) wrist
10. How many muscles are in the human body?
a) more than 800 b) more than 600 c) 350 d) 206
11. Your bone marrow:
a) makes red blood cells b) makes white blood cells
c) makes red and white blood cells d) does not make blood cells
12. Cardiac muscles are found in the:
a) heart b) lungs c) face d) intestines
13. Of the following, which has the most bones?
a) spine b) leg c) rib cage d) hands
14. An example of isotonic exercise is:
a) standing still b) wall presses c) swimming d) the plank
15. The insertion point of a muscle is on the:
a) moving bone b) stationary bone c) the middle of the bone d) none of the above
Part B: True or False
Circle True or False
1. True False The human skeleton contains cartilage.
2. True False Your spine is made up of irregularly shaped bones.
3. True False One job of your skull is to protect your brain from injury.
4. True False Ligaments are special bones.
5. True False The heart is a voluntary muscle.
6. True False The human skeleton is made entirely of bone.
7. True False Muscles can partially contract.
8. True False Enamel is the hardest substance in the body.
9. True False The ulna is in line with the little finger.
10. True False A hernia is when muscles contract rapidly.
Part C: Fill in the Blank
antagonistic muscles arthritis canines cavity compound fracture
crown floating ribs incisors molars muscle fibre
root short spinal cord tetanus two
1. Your 3 main types of teeth are the _____________________, _____________________, and
2. The _____________________ of your tooth is the part above the gum, your _____________________
is located below the gum.
3. A _____________________ is a hole in your tooth.
4. The hole in your spine is for your _____________________.
5. Your last 2 pairs of ribs are called _____________________ because they are not attached to the rest of
the rib cage.
6. A _____________________ is a break in the bone that goes through the skin.
7. _____________________ is an inflammation or swelling of a joint.
8. This type of severe condition can be caused by bacteria: _____________________.
9. When muscles work in pairs they are called _____________________.
10. Another name for muscle cells is _____________________.
11. An example of a _____________________ bone is a finger bone.
12. People usually have ______________________ set(s) of teeth.
Part D: Matching
Column A Column B
1. Carpals ____ Backbone
2. Clavicle ____ Breast bone
3. Cranium ____ Calf
4. Deltoid ____ Chest
5. Gastrocnemius ____ Collar bone
6. Inter coastals ____ Kneecap
7. Pectorals ____ Lower arm
8. Patella ____ Neck
9. Quadriceps ____ Shoulder
10. Radius ____ Shoulder blade
11. Scapula ____ Shin
12. Sternocleidomastoid ____ Skull
13. Sternum ____ Stomach
14. Tibia ____ Thigh
15. Vertebrae ____ Wrist
Part E: Short Answer
Answer all questions in full sentences.
1. What are two differences between a male and female pelvis?
2. Why do babies have more bones than adults? (2 reasons)
3. Explain the difference between abduction / adduction OR pronation / supination.
4. Which type of joint is each of the following?
a. Movement in all directions : _____________________ Ball and socket
b. Allows some bending and twisting: _____________________
c. Back and forth motion: _____________________ Immoveable
d. Side to side, as well as up and down: _____________________
5. Give 2 functions of the skeleton.
6. Decide if the following muscles are voluntary, involuntary or both.
a. Hand: _____________________
b. Lungs: _____________________
c. Blood vessels: _____________________
d. Jaw: _____________________
7. What 2 things can cause tendonitis?
8. There are 2 types of tissue in your bones. Name them and explain what they do.
9. Explain the difference between an endoskeleton and an exoskeleton.
10. Your skeleton is made up of 2 parts. Name each part and give an example of each.
Part F: Labelling
Use either scientific or common names to label the following diagrams. For the skeleton, only label the