# Lesson plans rough

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```					 Lesson #1
Date: January 2010
Intended Duration of Lesson: 35 min

State of Michigan Standards/Benchmarks:
 Standard: Standard P.FM: Develop an understanding that the
position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference.
Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the
net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it.
Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity.
Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with
objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects.
 Content: Content Statement P.FM.E.3 A force is either a push or a
pull. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. The size of the
change is related to the size of the force. The change is also related to
the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is being exerted.
When an object does not move in response to a force, it is because
another force is being applied by the environment.
 Expectation P.FM.03.35 Describe how a push or a pull is a
force.
 Expectation P.FM.03.36 Relate a change in motion of an object
to the force that caused the change of motion.
Lesson Goal: Students begin to discuss what forces are, specifically what pushes and
pulls are and how they are shown in every day life. Begin to explore the idea of forces
along with the motion of an object.
Lesson Objectives: The class will have a discussion on what forces are and how forces
are used every day. They will discuss and share their experiences of what they think
pushes and pulls are. Begin to think on why some things are easier to push or pull than
others, and explore through discussion what the cause may be. Also, the class will
mention how forces can change the motion of an object.
Behavior Objective- Students will raise hands and take turns sharing their thoughts and
experiences. As teacher, I will lead the discussion, including relevant issues and task
about the world1 dealing with forces, feeding them open-ended questions2, but let them
generate their own as well. I will call on the students that raise their hands.
Condition- The class will discuss what they believe a force, push, and pull is. The
definition they come up with, we will write on the board, where we will continue to take
notes on our thoughts and experiences.
Criteria- Students will need to participate and share something they may know about any
kind of force. If not volunteering, I will select people to talk and share, as well as answer
questions.

1
This is part of being a 21st century teacher, by bringing in the outside world and relevant things to the
students that deal with forces. I chose this to involve the students in the discussion more.
2
I chose this strategy of asking the students open-ended questions so that they can think more and not
simply answer yes or no. This strategy makes them reach farther and think more in depth.
HTK: Students will be able to identify that a force is either a push or a pull and
that forces change with the motion of the object.
MTK: Students will explore the concepts and participate in the discussion.
LTK: Students will share their experiences and acknowledge that there are
forces: pushes and pulls.

IEP Goal/Objective (if appropriate):
N/A
Materials:

    White board and markers

Instructional Procedures & Student Activities:
1. Students sit in circle
2. Introduce topic to students
3. Feed them questions, open-ended
4. Let the class discuss and share their ideas and experiences

Assessment: Students will be assessed by their participation in the class discussion and
contribution. Diagnostic assessments will be used during this class.3

Homework: The students’ homework is to go home and explore around their house
along with their parents to see what kind of objects that can push or pull compared to
objects their parent can push or pull.4 Also note, what the weight and kind of motion any
of these objects may have.

Lesson # 2
Date: January 2010
Intended Duration of Lesson: 35 min

State of Michigan Standards/Benchmarks:
 Standard: Standard P.FM: Develop an understanding that the
position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference.
Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the
net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it.
Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity.
Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with
objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects.

3
I chose this strategy of a diagnostic assessment because it is in the beginning of the lesson and unit to
determine the students’ levels of knowledge on forces.
4
This is the idea that they take work home to do with their parents. This allows the parent and child to
work together and the parent has an idea of what is being taught in the classroom and support their work
more.
Content: Content Statement P.FM.E.3 A force is either a push or a
pull. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. The size of the
change is related to the size of the force. The change is also related to
the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is being exerted.
When an object does not move in response to a force, it is because
another force is being applied by the environment.
 Expectation P.FM.03.37 Demonstrate how the change in
motion of an object is related to the strength of the force
acting upon the object and to the mass of the object.
Lesson Goal: During this lesson I want the students to form groups and start to develop
different scenarios about how there can be a change in motion of an object, which is
always related to the strength of the certain force. They will take what they have learned
from the previous discussion in class and begin to understand how forces affect motion.

Lesson Objective: The class will begin with me demonstrating to the class as a re-cap
how pushes and pulls can even affect the shape of an item, such as play do. I will take a
survey and divide the students into different groups based on their favorite sport or
physical activity.5 They will find out how force, motion, and weight are used in their
sport or physical activity.

Behavior-Students need to work well together and respect and listen to each other when
in groups. I should be able to observe each student putting forth effort and contributing
ideas.
Condition-The students will be in several groups with 4 or 5 to a group and will have the
rest of the class period to determine their ideas and prepare to present the next class.
Criteria- I will expect the students to work well together and be respectful to their group
members, listening to their ideas.
HTK: Students will lead their group and mediate. They will help to explain concepts
others may not understand fully.
MTK: Students will help explain and participate when contributing ideas for their
scenarios.
LTK: Students will be able to contribute ideas and participate for their scenario.
IEP/ Goal Objective: N/A

Materials:

    Play do
    Posters
    Markers
    Possible toys students may want for their presentations/scenarios

5
This is the idea, “their topic, your task.” This is a good way to incorporate what the students like with
teaching about forces. They are more interested and eager to learn.
Prior Knowledge: Students need to know and remember from the previous lesson that
forces are pushes and pulls and the weight of the object effects the ease of pulling or
pushing.
Instructional Procedures & Student Activities:
1. Show the students how force is a push or pull with the play do demonstration.
2. Ask students their favorite physical activity/sports.
3. Separate students into groups based on their favorite activity.
4. Let them discuss how force, motion, and weight is involved in their topic.
5. Students should make progress and organize what their scenario presentation will
be like.

Home Work: Students will continue to work on their presentations for the next class
period.

Assessment: Observational

Lesson #3
Date: January 2010
Intended Duration of Lesson: 35 min
State of Michigan Standards/Benchmarks:
 Standard: Standard P.FM: Develop an understanding that the
position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference.
Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the
net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it.
Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity.
Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with
objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects.
 Content: Content Statement P.FM.E.3 A force is either a push or a
pull. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. The size of the
change is related to the size of the force. The change is also related to
the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is being exerted.
When an object does not move in response to a force, it is because
another force is being applied by the environment.
o Expectation P.FM.03.37 Demonstrate how the change in
motion of an object is related to the strength of the force acting
upon the object and to the mass of the object.
Lesson Goal: The students will learn from each other’s groups and understand that the
pushes and pulls are forces, be able to identify the force that caused an object to change
motion, and explain and show how the change relates to the strength of the force and
mass of the object.
Lesson Objectives: The students will have time to finish their scenarios and then will
present them to the class. The students, sharing what they have learned, and learning
from each other will use this class time. They will also be able to show how they can
apply their previous knowledge.
Behavior- Students will work well together and everyone will participate in their
scenario presentation. They will also ask questions after each group finishes and take
notes.
Condition- Students will raise their hands to voice their opinion, or ask a question. They
will write down what they learn from each presentation.
Criteria- Students will be expected to be quiet during their classmates’ presentations.
Students will also be expected to participate in their presentation to the class.
HTK: Students will lead presentation, ask questions, take notes, and share their
experiences they have had similar to scenarios presented.
MTK: Students will participate in presentation, ask questions and take notes.
LTK: Students will participate in presentation and take notes.
IEP Goals/Objectives: N/A
Materials:

   Paper
   Props needed by students
   White board

Prior Knowledge: Students will need to recall information learned in previous classes
and understand what the sport is or activity is that the group is presenting.

Instructional Procedures & Student Activities:
1. Let students get in groups to go over their presentations and any last minute
details.
2. Students sit down in seats and go up to the front of the class, one group at a
time to share.
3. Students will take notes and observations from presentations and turn them in,
Assessment: Assessment will be based on their participation, and their notes that they
took and turned in.

Lesson # 4
Date: January 2012
Intended Duration of Lesson: 35 min
State of Michigan Standards/Benchmarks:
 Standard: Standard P.FM: Develop an understanding that the
position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference.
Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the
net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it.
Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity.
Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with
objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects.
 Content: Content Statement P.FM.E.3 A force is either a push or a
pull. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. The size of the
change is related to the size of the force. The change is also related to
the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is being exerted.
When an object does not move in response to a force, it is because
another force is being applied by the environment.
 Expectation P.FM.03.38- Demonstrate when an object
does not move in response to a force, it is because another
force is acting on it.
Lesson Goal: Students will be able to apply the information learned to outside
experiences and learn that when an object doesn’t move in response to a force, it is
because another, stronger one is acting on it.
Lesson Objectives: Students will ask questions about anything they do not understand
fully. As a class, we will discuss each scenario and fact that we have learned about
forces. As we discuss, I will make a chart on the board. Through Skpye, I will have a
person with a job, such as an architect; speak about how their job deals with forces.6
Behavior- The students will ask questions by raising their hands and each write down
questions to ask the guest speaker.
Condition- The students will ask questions about misunderstandings as a class, and then
separately they will each write down questions for the speaker.
Criteria- Students will be expected to participate in class, either asking or explaining,
and will be required to come up with at least one question for the guest.
HTK: Students will be able to explain concepts to other students, and predict how
the guest speaker’s job deals with forces, weight, and motion. They will think of several
questions for the guest.
MTK: The students will try to predict how the job connects with forces, weight,
and motion and will also have questions for the speaker.
LTK: The students will ask questions about misunderstandings, and will think of
IEP Goal/Objectives: N/A
Materials:
 Computer
 Projector
 White Board
Prior Knowledge: The students will need to understand and apply the information
learned in all previous classes to learn that an object will not move when a force is acting
upon it, because there must be stronger force acting upon it.
Instructional Procedures & Student Activities:
1. Choose a couple volunteer students.
2. Tell students to try to push the wall to display the lesson of stronger forces.
3. Use another example with the students.
4. Students will sit down and discuss what they have learned and what they still do
not understand.
5. Class will review each fact learned.
6. Students will predict, and write down questions relating to how the speaker’s job
deals with forces, weight, and motion.
Assessment: Students will turn in their answered questions. I will keep a checklist of
6
Using Skype, a videophone, this is a way to use technology to address the learning barriers that face the
students. This brings the world to the classroom.
Lesson #5
Date: January 2010
Intended Duration of Lesson: 35 min.
State of Michigan Standards/Benchmarks:
 Standard: Standard P.FM: Develop an understanding that the
position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference.
Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the
net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it.
Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity.
Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with
objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects.
 Content: Content Statement P.FM.E.3 A force is either a push or a
pull. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. The size of the
change is related to the size of the force. The change is also related to
the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is being exerted.
When an object does not move in response to a force, it is because
another force is being applied by the environment.
o Expectation P.FM.03.35 Describe how a push or a pull is a
force.
o Expectation P.FM.03.36 Relate a change in motion of an object
to the force that caused the change of motion.
o Expectation P.FM.03.37 Demonstrate how the change in
motion of an object is related to the strength of the force acting
upon the object and to the mass of the object.
o Expectation P.FM.03.38 Demonstrate when an object does not
move in response to a force, it is because another force is
acting on it.
Lesson Goal: Students will be able to apply their information learned to other
experiences and be assessed on what they have learned during the unit.
Lesson Objectives: The class will be tested on the information learned for the past 4
lessons.
Behavior- The class will take a test to indicate what they have learned and understand.
Condition- The students will perform the tests individually.
Criteria- The students are expected to be quiet while taking their test and not disrupt
their classmates.
HTK: Students will need to recall the answer, explain why their answers are
correct, and give an example.
MTK: Students will need to recognize the answer and explain why it is correct.
LTK: Students will need to recognize and choose the answer.
IEP Goals/Objectives
Materials:
 Test
 Pencil
 paper
Prior Knowledge: Students will need to know all previous information learned in this
unit.
Instructional Procedures & Student Activities:
1. Students will sit at desks
2. Hand out tests
3. Read aloud instructions and make sure they are understood.
4. Students will be given the rest of the time to take the test.
Assessment: Students will be assessed on how well they answered the questions on the
test. This is a formal assessment.7

7
This is a formal assessment being used, because all of the others used were informal and this will be
another good way to assess what the students have learned.

```
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