"Mary Douglas, Purity and Danger"
Mary Douglas, Purity and Danger In other words, where the social system is well articulated, I look for articulate powers vested in the points of authority; where the social system is ill articulated, I look for inarticulate powers vested in those who are a source of disorder. 124 Jews in English society are something like Mandari clients. Belief in their sinister but undefinable advantages in commerce justifies discrimination against them – whereas their real offence is always to have been outside the formal structure of Christendom. There are probably many more variant types of socially ambiguous or weakly defined statuses to which involuntary witchcraft is attributed. It would be easy to go on piling up examples. 129 For, as I see it, ritual pollution also arises from the interplay of form and surrounding formlessness. Pollution dangers strike when form has been attacked. Thus we would have a triad of powers controlling fortune and misfortune: first, formal powers wielded by persons representing the formal structure and exercised on behalf of the formal structure: second, formless powers wielded by interstitial persons: third, powers not wielded by any person, but inhering in the structure, which strike against any infraction of form. 130 Bartky essay, “Foucault, Femininity, and the Modernization of Patriarchal Power” Her critique of Foucault’s lack of attention wo women is right on and useful The way that women’s bodies are rendered “docile” in modern life are also persuasive, but less relevant to my study. They really seem to be beyond the scope of the panopticon – interstitial subjects, as Mary Douglas might say – they have a problematic relationship to public authority But Bartky’s notion of how men and women are differently embodied is thought- provoking in terms of 1930s visual culture and the discipline of youth The CCC youth is nothing if not a docile body in the Foucaultian sense And the iconography of forgotten manhood is also striking – if I could find mor e visual evidence of the juxtaposition of forgotten manhood and fallen womanhood – the role reversal there – that would be great. Rose Weitz, “A History of Women’s Bodies” in Weitz, ed., The Politics of Women’s Bodies (Oxford, 2003) At any rate, despite the warnings of medical experts, women continued to enter both higher education and the paid workforce. However, although education clearly benefited women, entering the workforce endangered the lives and health of many women due to hazardous working conditions. Talks about protective labor legislation – Set maximum working hours for women, mandated rest periods, and so on. Muller vs Oregon 1908 – us supreme court upheld such a law However, it soon became clear that protective labor laws hurt women more than they helped, by bolstering the idea that female workers were inherently weaker than male workers. 7