Chapter 14 Reading Guide-15th Edition
Identify the following. Be as specific as possible, and include names, dates, and
relevant facts as appropriate. Be sure to explain the significance of the term. And,
highlight or underline the terms.
Core Case Study: Water Conflicts in the Middle East
Question 1: Many countries in the Middle East rely on only 3 main rivers
for all of their freshwater needs. Why is global collaboration essential
when dealing with water issues? What could happen if water supplies are
cut by one country to another?
14.1 Water’s Importance
a) Groundwater and Water Table
b) Aquifer and Recharge
14.2 Too Little Water
d) Hydrological poverty
Question 2: Research who owns your freshwater. Where does this water
come from? Is this a public or private company? Why does this matter?
14.3 Withdrawing Groundwater Supplies to Increase Supplies
e) Groundwater Depletion
Question 3: Here in Southern California, lawns are abundant. Grass is a
tropical species that requires a large amount of water to live. Yet, we live
in an arid, chaparral biome. Why do you think people have lawns? And,
should we continue to use our freshwater for lawns? Why/why not?
14.4 Using Dams and Reservoirs
g) Dam removal
Question 4: Do the advantages of large dams outweigh their
14.5 Transferring Water From One Place to Another
h) Colorado River Basin: History, Pros, Cons
14.6 Desalting Seawater, Seeding Clouds, and Towing Icebergs and Giant
i) Desalination: Distillation and Reverse Osmosis
14.7 Increasing Water Supplies by Wasting Less Water
j) Types of irrigation
Question 5: Should water prices be raised sharply to help reduce water
waste? Justify your answer with 2 supporting statements.
14.8 Too Much Water
Question 6: What role does population growth play in water supply
problems? Support your statement with a real life example.