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Chapter 14 Reading Guide-15th Edition Water Identify the following. Be as specific as possible, and include names, dates, and relevant facts as appropriate. Be sure to explain the significance of the term. And, highlight or underline the terms. Core Case Study: Water Conflicts in the Middle East Question 1: Many countries in the Middle East rely on only 3 main rivers for all of their freshwater needs. Why is global collaboration essential when dealing with water issues? What could happen if water supplies are cut by one country to another? 14.1 Water’s Importance a) Groundwater and Water Table b) Aquifer and Recharge c) Watershed 14.2 Too Little Water d) Hydrological poverty Question 2: Research who owns your freshwater. Where does this water come from? Is this a public or private company? Why does this matter? 14.3 Withdrawing Groundwater Supplies to Increase Supplies e) Groundwater Depletion Question 3: Here in Southern California, lawns are abundant. Grass is a tropical species that requires a large amount of water to live. Yet, we live in an arid, chaparral biome. Why do you think people have lawns? And, should we continue to use our freshwater for lawns? Why/why not? 14.4 Using Dams and Reservoirs f) Reservoir g) Dam removal Question 4: Do the advantages of large dams outweigh their disadvantages? 14.5 Transferring Water From One Place to Another h) Colorado River Basin: History, Pros, Cons 14.6 Desalting Seawater, Seeding Clouds, and Towing Icebergs and Giant Baggies i) Desalination: Distillation and Reverse Osmosis 14.7 Increasing Water Supplies by Wasting Less Water j) Types of irrigation Question 5: Should water prices be raised sharply to help reduce water waste? Justify your answer with 2 supporting statements. 14.8 Too Much Water k) Floodplains Question 6: What role does population growth play in water supply problems? Support your statement with a real life example.
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