Stephen F. Austin and the
Moses Austin Begins Colonization in
Moses Austin moved to George Morgan’s colony in what is
now Missouri and operated a lead mine.
Austin was successful until the Panic of 1819 and needed a
way to pay off debt.
Moses Austin traveled to San Antonio de Bexar to ask Spanish
officials for permission to start a colony but he was denied.
Austin met the Baron de Bastrop and his influence with the
Spanish officials gave Austin permission to start a colony.
Moses Austin became very ill after he learned his plan had
been approved so his asked his son, Stephen, to carry out his
Stephen F. Austin Takes Over
Stephen F. Austin was a legislator in Missouri and
a judge in Arkansas before he became an
Austin traveled to San Antonio de Bexar and
legally got his father’s grant transferred in his
Austin chose land between the Lavaca and the San
Jacinto Rivers to start his colony. His first
settlement was on the Colorado river.
Settlers Arrive in Texas
Austin traveled to New Orleans to recruit
colonists. He only wanted people of good
Colonists had to pledge their loyalty to Spain.
Austin was allowed to bring 300 families to Texas.
These families were known as the “Old Three
Austin’s colony prospered even though some of
the families returned to the United States.
When Austin went to San Antonio de Bexar to
buy supplies he learned that Mexico and gained
their independence from Spain.
Austin traveled to Mexico City and eventually got
approval for his colony from the Mexican
Austin learned to speak Spanish and won the trust
of Mexican leaders. He also helped influence
Expanding the Empresarial System
By 1830, about thirty other empresarios had
received land grants in Texas.
Green DeWitt and Martin de Leon were
considered to be two of the most important
empresarios during this time.
Texas in 1830
Texas has almost 20,000 people by 1830.
New towns were growing because of the
empresario land grants.
The cotton and cattle industries were growing
during this time as well.