Nonfiction

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					Nonfiction
          What is Nonfiction?
• Nonfiction is writing that is based on real
  people, places, objects, or events.

  Can you think of any examples of nonfiction?
       •Newspapers- feature information and facts that are
       current and important to readers.
       •Historical documents- are papers that have
       significance in affecting the past such as “The
       Declaration of Independence”
       •Essays- are pieces of writing that are based on facts or
       experiences and may serve to persuade, inform, or
       entertain readers.
       Analysis of Non-fiction
                            •There may be chapter titles and
                            section headers that preview
                            information.
How does Non-fiction text
                            •Each page has words in a variety
look different than
                            of fonts and type sizes.
fiction?
                            •Bold or italic fonts may be used
                            to signal important words or
                            phrases.

                            •Maps, charts, diagrams,
 How are pictures           photographs are usually included to
 used?                      illustrate or summarize information.
                            •Captions or labels must be
                            examined carefully for relevant
                            information.

How is the vocabulary
                            There may be more words that are
different?
                            unfamiliar. Look for words that may
                            be difficult to pronounce.
    Become T.H.I.E.V.E.S…
T   Title- This is your introduction to the text.


H   Headings- Read all of the headings. They give you insight in to
    the main idea of each section.

    Introduction- Offers background information into the subject
I   area. It provides a framework to what the entire article will be
    about.

E   Every first sentence in each paragraph- These are often the
    topic sentences and tell you what the reading will be about.

V   Visuals and Vocabulary- Look for visuals as well as any
    vocabulary that is unfamiliar to you.
E    End of Chapter questions- Read any questions and try to
     answer any questions that are presented.

S    Summarize- If you can successfully summarize what you have
     read, then you have been an active reader.
            Author’s Purpose
• Every writer has a purpose, or reason, for writing. A
  good reader will determine the author’s purpose for
  writing, which will help in understanding the passage.
  There are typically 3 main reasons author’s write.

• http://learningupgrade.com/compup/index.htm


                       PIE
                   •Persuade
                     •Inform
                    •Entertain
To Entertain or not to Entertain?
The author wants to entertain the reader if:

     • The passage is enjoyable
     • The passage is a personal story
     • The writing is a short story, novel, or
       some other form of fiction.
         Are you informed?
The author wants to inform or educate the
 reader if:
    • The passage has a lot of facts about a
      subject.
    • The passage includes charts, graphs,
      maps
    • The passage is non-fiction
     Are you persuaded yet?
The author wants to persuade the reader if:
    • The passage includes many opinions
    • The passage encourages the reader
      to act or think a certain way
    • The passage is an advertisement,
      editorial, pamphlet, etc.
     Guess the Author’s Purpose!
1. An event calendar in the newspaper.
            To inform


2.   An issue of Superman comics.

          To entertain



 3. An encyclopedia article about Africa
           To inform
       Try these on your own…
• A brochure for Disney World                  To persuade

• A scary monster story            To entertain

• A letter to the editor of a newspaper about
  recycling.          To persuade

• A chapter in a science textbook about the
  solar system.          To inform
        Additional Practice…
• http://fcit.usf.edu/FCAT/strategies/ap/activi
  ty2.htm
• Homework- Look through a newspaper or
  magazine and find 3 examples of each
  type of author’s purpose (to inform,
  persuade, or entertain). Bring in your
  three types in for class tomorrow.
           Warm Up 1/8/09
• Sharpen Pencils and write down
  homework.
• Take out your grammar workbook
  homework.
• Pull out your “Caught Ya” from the
  notebook.
               Caught Ya
Underline the subject.
hilda the mean lady could no longer

stand hairy’s repulsive warty visage

Visage   Appearance
                     Commas
• Rule #1- appositives
• Rule #2- between coordinate adjectives
               Coordinate Adjectives

•If two adjectives modify a noun in the
same way, place a comma between the
two adjectives. These are called
coordinate adjectives.

  Example: Did you read about Macomber's short, happy life?
                     Two Tests
• There is a two-part test for coordinate adjectives:
   – (1) Can you replace the comma with the word and?
   – (2) Can you reverse the order of the adjectives and keep the
     same meaning?
• If you can do both, then you have coordinate
  adjectives.
• Correct: Did you read about Macomber's short,
  happy life?
• Test for Correctness: Did you read about
  Macomber's short and happy life?
   – Did you read about Macomber's happy, short life?
        Author’s Purpose Game
• Each group has a deck of cards with different
  paragraphs on them.
• Leave the cards turned down until it is your turn.
• Starting with the first player, pull the top card off of the
  deck.
• Read the paragraph aloud to the group and then state
  the author’s purpose.
• If you get it correct, you keep the card, however if it is
  incorrect, return the card to the bottom of the deck.
• The person with the most cards at the end of the game
  wins the games (and entitled to BLUES tickets!)
           Warm Up 1/9/09
• Sharpen Pencils and write down
  homework.
• Take out your grammar workbook
  homework.
• Pull out your “Caught Ya” from the
  notebook.
         Caught Ya 01/09/09
so she wrote him hairy beast a nasty

vituperative letter to tell him of her feelings
(8 mistakes)



vituperative    Harsh language
     Caught Ya 01/12/09

4321 rue street
hogtown florida 32609
january 12 2009
(7 mistakes)
rue Sorry or regret
 Complete Subjects and Complete
           Predicates
The complete subject of a sentences includes the
  simple subject and the words related to it.

The complete predicate includes the verb
(simple predicate) and the words related to it.
http://classroom.jc-schools.net/la/activities/subj-
   pred_files/frame.htm
http://suzyred.com/subjects.html
                  Examples
• The complete subject is who or what is doing the
  verb plus all of the modifiers [descriptive words]
  that go with it. Read the sentence below:
  – The big, hungry, green Martian grabbed a student
    from the back row.
• Who did the grabbing? The Martian, of course.
  But this Martian wasn't petite, satisfied, and
  blue. No, this one was big, hungry, and green.
  The complete subject, then, is the huge, hairy,
  hungry, green Martian.
             Complete Predicate
Includes all the words in the predicate.
    Complete Subject                               Complete predicate
   – The big, hungry, green Martian grabbed a
     student from the back row.
 Try these: Draw a straight line between the complete subject and complete
                                    predicate.


1.Babbage imagined a printing device for his
  machine.
2.Then, the machine could not print the
  answers.
       On a sheet of paper draw this
            graphic organizer.
                      “The Shoutout”
                  By: Patricia McKissack




Who?     What?   Where?         When?      Why?   How?
        Read the selection below.
          It is accepted that by 1845, When?
Who?      baseball, as it is recognized today,
What?     was becoming popular, especially in
Where?    New York. In that year a group of
          baseball enthusiasts organized the
          New York Knickerbocker Club. TheyHow?

          tried to standardized the game by
          establishing guidelines for “proper
          play.”
                         Why?
       Now Try on Your Own…
• Read the text entitled “American vs. British
  Teeth.”
• Underline the “who,” “what,” “where,” “how,” and
  “when” using different color colored pencils.
  –   Use red for “who”
  –   Use blue for “what”
  –   Use yellow for “where”
  –   Use green for “how”
  –   Use purple for “when”
          Framed Summary
Often times when a reader comes across
 new information that contains a lot of
 details, it is important to be able to
 distinguish which facts support the main
 idea of the passage. After using an
 outlining strategy, it is helpful to organize
 information and write a summary of the
 nonfiction piece.
           Remember that article on
               Baseballs???
 Title of   Tell about the   Tell about the    Tell about the
Selection   beginning of the middle of the     end of the
            article          article           article


“The        “The Shutout”      The baseball    This
Shutout”    begins telling     enthusiasts     established
            about the origin   organized the   guidelines for
            of baseball.       New York        “proper play”
                               Knickerbocker
                               Club.
 Here’s what my framed summary
         would look like:
“The Shutout,” written by Patricia C.
  McKissack is a riveting biography of
  baseball as we know it today. Baseball
  began in the late 1800’s and continues to
  exist today. Because of the high interest
  in baseball, the New York Knickerbocker
  Club was established. Through its’ efforts,
  standard guidelines for “proper play” were
  established.
         Did I include everything?
 Title of     Tell about      Tell about      Tell about
                                                               “The Shutout,” written by
Selection     the             the middle      the end of
              beginning       of the          the article      Patricia C. McKissack is a
              of the          article                          riveting biography of
              article                                          baseball as we know it
“The          “The            The baseball    This
                                                               today. Baseball began in
Shutout” by   Shutout”        enthusiasts     established      the late 1800’s and
Patricia C.   begins          organized the   guidelines for   continues to exist today.
McKissack     telling about   New York        “proper play”
              the origin of   Knickerbocker                    Because of the high interest
              baseball.       Club.                            in baseball, the New York
                                                               Knickerbocker Club was
                                                               established. Through its’
                                                               efforts, standard guidelines
                                                               for “proper play” were
                                                               established.
           Now You Try…
• Using the article “American vs. British
  Teeth,” fill out your Reading Focus
  Lesson Framed Summary.
• After you have finished, begin your
  summary.
          Caught Ya 01/15/09
hairy beast hildas lover recieved his odious

letter on january 15 2009
(9 mistakes)

odious   Hateful; highly offensive
     Active Reading Behaviors
Good readers do the following things while
 reading: (GMAG- Give Ma A Gift)
     • Gather Facts: Jot down things that are interesting and new to
       you.
     • Make Connections: Relate and compare things you are
       reading to things that you already know.
     • Ask Questions: What about the reading is confusing to you?
       What don’t you understand? How will you find the answer?
       Remember that there will always be questions in an active
       reader’s mind!
     • Give Opinions: Make judgments about what you are reading.
       Do you agree? Do you disagree? Like? Dislike? Do you
       support or oppose anything that you have read? Why?
          Caught Ya 01/22/09

he cried copious tears tore out

tufts of green fur and demolished his

apartment like a wild beast (4 mistakes)

copious   In abundance
        Independent Clause
• An independent clause has a subject and
  a verb and can stand by itself as a
  complete sentence.
  – Example: The ski lift took us up to the
    mountain.
  – Lance Armstrong, an American cyclist, won
    the Tour de France.
          Try these…

• The library has a new
  computer.
• Last week, it rained every day.
Use the following sentence starters to shape
 your thoughts and comments while reading.
 This reminds me of…

    • This is similar to…
    • I wonder…
    • I realized…
    • I noticed…
    • You can relate
    • I’d like to know…
      “Worst Ice Storm Grips America”

A chilling ice storm has gripped huge areas of north east
   America, cutting off power to more than a million homes.
At least four people have died and lots of homes and schools
   have been damaged, in what’s being described as one of the
   worst ice storms in 10 years.
States of emergency have been declared in Massachusetts,
   New Hampshire and parts of Main and New York state.
People are being warned the big freeze looks set to continue
   and it could be days before they get power back.
Ice storms happen when rain falls when it’s very cold, freezing,
   as soon as it hits a surface.
The ice can coat huge areas at a time and be so heavy that
   trees can collapse under its weight.
By declaring states of emergence, officials can get more help to
   deal with the ice and the devastation it’s causing.
  I wonder what
                    Let’s annotate…
  states are
  involved.

   A chilling ice storm has gripped huge areas of north east America,
       cutting off power to more than a million homes.
   At least four people have died and lots of homes and schools have I wonder
       been damaged, in what’s being described as one of the worst where the
       ice storms in 10 years.                                         last storm
   States of emergency have been declared in Massachusetts, New
       Hampshire and parts of Main and New York state.                 was.
   People are being warned the big freeze looks set to continue and it
       could be days before they get power back.
   Ice storms happen when rain falls when it’s very cold, freezing, as
       soon as it hits a surface.
   The ice can coat huge areas at a time and be so heavy that trees
       can collapse under its weight.
   By declaring states of emergence, officials can get more help to      I wonder is
       deal with the ice and the devastation it’s causing.
                                                                        this
Is the same                                                             common in
“State of                                                               the Arctic
Emergency” as in                                                        Circle.
911?
              Now You Try…
• Using your article “American Teeth vs. British
  Teeth” create 7 annotations.
• I have provided the sentence starters below.
     • This is similar to…
     • I wonder…
     • I realized…
     • I noticed…
     • You can relate
     • I’d like to know…
   Bias and Semantic Slanting
• Bias- favoring one side/group over another.
     • Example: Ligon Middle School is the best school in Wake
       County.
     • Can you think of another example?
• Semantic Slanting- using language to influence
  thought. Deliberately choosing words to create
  specific emotional responses.
     • “The main reason I believe Sweden claims neutrality now is
       that it flat can not afford otherwise. There is a lot of military
       machinery in clonflcits around the world with “Made in
       Sweden” stamped on them.”
   Primary Source vs. Secondary
             Source
• Primary Source- An original source that
  shares firsthand knowledge and the
  information can be traced no further than
  its author.
     • Example: Personal Interview with a sports trainer
• Secondary Source: A source that shares
  information that has been collected,
  compiled, summarized, and maybe even
  changed from the original source.
     • Example: A survey about favorite sports

				
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posted:11/9/2012
language:English
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