STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAMINATION NUMBER 3 OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
Study Guide Questions: Provide the students with an excellent opportunity to focus on the
key learning objectives evaluated by Examination Number Three.
Chapter 8: Political Parties
1. Define political party and define the three heads of a political party.
2. List five tasks political parties perform as linkage institutions.
3. Define party image, party identification, and ticket-splitting.
4. Define party machines, patronage, closed primaries, and open primaries.
5. Define national convention, national committee, national chairperson, and coalition.
6. Define party eras, define critical election, and list the various party eras in American history.
7. Define third parties, list three basic varieties of 3rd parties, and list four impacts of 3rd parties.
8. Advocates of the responsible party model believe the parties should meet what conditions?
Chapter 10: Elections and Voting Behavior
9. Define the three kinds of elections used in the United States, define referendum, and define
10. List the major issues and significance of the presidential elections of 1800, 1896, and 2008.
11. Define suffrage, define three major reasons why people choose to vote, and explain how
education, age, race, gender, martial status, and government employment all relate to turnout.
12. Define mandate theory of elections, define party identification, list the three dimensions of
candidate image according to Miller, Wattenberg, and Malanchuk, and define policy voting.
13. Define Electoral College and briefly explain how the Electoral College works.
14. How do elections affect policies and the scope of government?
Chapter 11: Interest Groups
15. Define interest group and list two factors distinguishing interest groups from political parties.
16. Define pluralism, define elitism, and define hyperpluralism.
17. List 3 factors affecting the success of interest groups.
18. Define the four basic strategies used by an interest group to achieve its policy goals.
19. List the 2 main policy goals of labor groups and the 4 main policy goals of business groups.
20. List 4 main policy goals of environmental groups and 1 main policy goal of equality groups.
21. What are 4 main policy goals of the consumer and other public interest groups?
22. How do interest groups affect democracy according to Robert Salisbury and elite theorists?
Chapter 12: Congress
23. List constitutional requirements for membership of the House of Representatives and Senate.
24. Define incumbents, list 5 advantages incumbents have over their opponents in congressional
elections, and list 3 ways that an incumbent might be defeated.
25. List the four responsibilities the House Rules Committee and define filibuster.
26. List four powers of the Speaker of the House and list the duties of the party leaders and
whips in the House of Representatives and Senate.
27. Define the four types of congressional committees and list four roles of the committee chairs.
28. Define bill and list in order the five steps of how a bill becomes a law passed by Congress.
29. What is the one best way for the president, the party leadership, the constituents, the personal
ideology, and the lobbyists/interest groups to try to influence the legislative process?
30. How does the organization of Congress contribute to the expanding scope of government?