Essay Writing by j2ZmtbA

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									Essay Writing
The Thesis Statement
 Every essay will contain a thesis statement
 It usually gives the purpose of the essay
 It is the strongest, clearest statement
 It comes at the beginning in the Introductory Paragraph
 It will not be expressed as a question or a statement of fact
 It may be a statement of opinion or intend
Controlling Idea
Controlling idea may include phrases such as the following:
 two main types
 several ways
 several reasons
 three main causes
 three groups
 two aims
 four steps
 three characteristics
 two classes
 the following results
 these effects
 three disadvantages
Controlling Idea
A Controlling Idea may also be expressed as adjectives:
 Suitable/unsuitable
 Good/bad
 Successful/unsuccessful
 Beautiful/ugly
 Fortunate/unfortunate
 Healthy/unhealthy
Topic Sentence
 For every topic, you can write several different paragraphs.
 Each of these paragraphs will have a topic sentence that will
1) Introduce the topic in the paragraph
2) Be the most general sentence in the paragraph
3) Be the most important sentence in the paragraph
4) Contains one main/controlling idea that the following
    sentences in the paragraph will…
                 Explain        That is, the sentence
                 Define         will support or prove
                 Clarify        the topic sentence
                 Illustrate
5) Tell what the paragraph will be about. It serves as an introduction to
   the paragraph because it reveals the topic of the paragraph and tells
   the reader what to expect next in the paragraph.
Thesis Statement: Choosing a college or university can be difficult.
Supporting ideas: 1. Good preparation for major 2. Affordability        3.
   Study Environment
A. Good preparation for your major
   1. Thorough, solid curriculum
   2. Qualified professors
B. Affordability
   1. Ability to pay tuition and living expenses
   2. Possibility of scholarships
C. Good Location
   1. Study environment
   2. Possibilities of part time job in major
Concluding sentence: Students should consider these points carefully so
   they can choose the most appropriate college or university for them.
Thesis Statement: Choosing a college or university can be difficult.
Supporting ideas: 1. Good preparation for major 2. Affordability
  3. Study Environment

  Choosing a college or university can be difficult high school graduates. The
  most difficult part is finding a university that prepares them well for their
  future career. In order to get a good job, the curriculum that is taught must
  be thorough and up-to-date. In addition, the professors must be highly
  qualified and respected in their fields. Another difficulty in choosing a
  university or college is affordability. Students need to be able to pay not only
  the tuition fees but also the living expenses. Fortunately, some institutions
  might be able to offer scholarships if students cannot afford the fees. Of
  course, a good location is also very important when choosing a school. The
  environment should be safe and quiet to facilitate studying. Moreover, there
  should be possibilities near the school for part time or summer jobs related
  to major to provide some practical work experience. High school graduates
  should consider all of these points carefully so they can choose the most
  appropriate college or university for them.
I.    Introduction:
                         INTRODUCTORY
                           PARAGRAPH

            Thesis: _________   __   __   ___________
II.   Body paragraph:
           Topic sentence: __ ______________________
           _________________________________________    Supporting
           _________________________________________     sentences
III. Body paragraph:
            Topic sentence: __ ______________________
            _________________________________________
                                                        Supporting
            _________________________________________
                                                         sentences
IV. Body paragraph:
            Topic sentence: __ ______________________
            _________________________________________   Supporting
            _________________________________________    sentences

V.    Conclusion
Topic: Marriage Preparation in Somalia
Thesis Statement of Intent: Preparation for marriage in
  Somalia consists of very important tasks such as working hard
  to earn money, collecting contributions of livestock , getting
  money from relatives and preparing items for the home.
Body Paragraph Topic Sentence: A man who intends to marry has
  the responsibility to have money.
  A. must work to collect money
     1.working in villages and towns (poor man)
     2.selling apart of livestock (rich man)
     3.becoming a businessman
       (a)selling cigarettes
       (b)selling clothes
 B. must conserve money
Body Paragraph Topic Sentence: Collection of livestock and money is
  another preparation for marriage.
           A. collect from his family
              1. amount of contribution: one to four heads
              2.contribution is a tradition
           B. collect from friends
Body Paragraph Topic Sentence: The woman who wishes to marry
  spends her time making items for the house.
          A. items such as mats, wooden posts and water containers
          B. collaborates with family members, relatives and friends
Concluding Sentence: Preparing for marriage is a long and tedious task in
  Somalia, but it is essential for the establishment for a new family

                                                       Jamal Al-Bahdon
                                                             (Somalia)

								
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