Congo Intro2 by j2ZmtbA

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									The Congo
1960-1964
              Congo in 1950’s
   Growing agitation for
    independence by two
    main groups:
    – Congolese National
      Movement under
      Patrice Lumumba
    – Alliance of Kongo
      People under Joseph
      Kasavubu.
         Road to Independence
   What was Lumumba’s goal?

   What was the Belgium's goal ?
          Independence Granted!
   Independence from
    Belgium gained June 30,
    1960
   Renamed Republic of
    Congo
    – Lumumba - Prime Minister
    – Kasavubu - President




   How much freedom did the
    Congo have to create their
    own government?
        Problems Arise - Katanga
   Katanga province mineral
    rich –secedes under Moise
    Tshombe
   Refuse to let the President
    and PM enter Katanga.



 Why did Katanga want to
  secede?                         Copper, tin, cobalt,
                                    radium, uranium
 Who do you think was                diamonds in
  supporting them?                     Katanga
           Problems Arise - Army

   Army mutinies – want no
    more white officers
   Begin killing, raping and
    looting whites

   How does Lumumba
    respond to actions of the
    army?
   Who is appointed to fix
    the situation?
Problems Arise – Western Pressure

 How do you think the
  West would feel about
  the situation in the
  Congo?
 How did Lumumba
  respond?
Problems Arise – Western Pressure

 West begins to
  suggest that Lumumba
  is a communist for not
  supporting Belgium's.
 US and UN deny
  helping Lumumba to
  end the civil war.
 Lumumba considering
  going to Russia for
  military aid.
Problems Arise – Western Pressure

   US colludes with
    Kasavubu and
    Mobutu to remove
    Lumumba

   Why?
          Road to Assassination
   Kasavubu and Lumumba
    dismiss each other early
    Sept
   Lumumba defends self, but
    placed under house arrest
    (by Mobutu)
   Lumumba attempts to flee

   How would the decision to
    flee be interpreted by the
    West?
         Road to Assassination
   Lumumba seized and
    removed to Katanga
             A New Ruler
 Army Commander
  Mobutu seizes power
 Declares state of
  emergency
 Lumumba killed
       Remembering Lumumba
 1966 Lumumba's
  image rehabilitated
 Proclaimed a national
  hero
 Notice the bill ->
           End of a Dictator
 1997 Mobutu
  overthrown by Tutsi
  rebel forces
 Forces backed by
  Uganda and Rwanda
 Democratic elections
  in 2006
 Civil War now rages
  again.

								
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