The Congo 1960-1964 Congo in 1950’s Growing agitation for independence by two main groups: – Congolese National Movement under Patrice Lumumba – Alliance of Kongo People under Joseph Kasavubu. Road to Independence What was Lumumba’s goal? What was the Belgium's goal ? Independence Granted! Independence from Belgium gained June 30, 1960 Renamed Republic of Congo – Lumumba - Prime Minister – Kasavubu - President How much freedom did the Congo have to create their own government? Problems Arise - Katanga Katanga province mineral rich –secedes under Moise Tshombe Refuse to let the President and PM enter Katanga. Why did Katanga want to secede? Copper, tin, cobalt, radium, uranium Who do you think was diamonds in supporting them? Katanga Problems Arise - Army Army mutinies – want no more white officers Begin killing, raping and looting whites How does Lumumba respond to actions of the army? Who is appointed to fix the situation? Problems Arise – Western Pressure How do you think the West would feel about the situation in the Congo? How did Lumumba respond? Problems Arise – Western Pressure West begins to suggest that Lumumba is a communist for not supporting Belgium's. US and UN deny helping Lumumba to end the civil war. Lumumba considering going to Russia for military aid. Problems Arise – Western Pressure US colludes with Kasavubu and Mobutu to remove Lumumba Why? Road to Assassination Kasavubu and Lumumba dismiss each other early Sept Lumumba defends self, but placed under house arrest (by Mobutu) Lumumba attempts to flee How would the decision to flee be interpreted by the West? Road to Assassination Lumumba seized and removed to Katanga A New Ruler Army Commander Mobutu seizes power Declares state of emergency Lumumba killed Remembering Lumumba 1966 Lumumba's image rehabilitated Proclaimed a national hero Notice the bill -> End of a Dictator 1997 Mobutu overthrown by Tutsi rebel forces Forces backed by Uganda and Rwanda Democratic elections in 2006 Civil War now rages again.
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