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Africa from 1600-1900 2 Major events in Africa from 1600-1900 • Slave Trade: Slave traded started in 1444, but was fully underway by 1600 • Colonization: areas of Africa that were conquered by European nations and put under their rule. 7 Major European Nations involved • France • Germany • Belgium • Spain • England • Portugal • Italy Why did Europe make contact • To Trade – Africa had Natural Resources: • Gold • Salt • Iron -Europe traded: Copper Clothing Brass Guns Europeans Enriched Africa • By trading with the Africans Europe introduced Africa to luxury items that they would not have had. • Luxury Items: things that are a want, not a need. They are not necessary for survival. The Institution of Slavery • When Europeans began the slave trade the institution of slavery changed. In the beginning slaves were still considered people. They were not always put in positions of manual labor (hard work). • With the slave trade brought “Chattel Slavery” This was the concept that slaves were property. Slave Trade • Where were the slaves taken? There were three main destinations for slaves, North America, South America, and the Caribbean Islands. -Brazil and the Caribbean Islands were the two largest destinations. Brazil today has the largest population of Africans living outside of Africa Why did they need Slaves? • Slaves were used to do the manual labor needed on large plantations. A plantation is a large area of planted crops. The three major crops produced were: Sugar Cane, Tobacco, and Cotton How could Europe Make more $ • Europe was trading goods with Africa. They thought it would be better economically for them to cut the “middle man”. The middle men were the Africans that were helping the Europeans with the slave trade. By cutting them they could get the resources without payment. This lead to the colonization of Africa. Europeans Negotiate • Europeans came together to negotiate how they would split Africa. The seven major counties (discussed earlier) divided up Africa based on their interests, not the interests of Africa. • They did not fight each other, this would have cost them the money they were trying to make. Impacts on Africa • Europe took many of the well bodied workers as slaves. • Europe took most of Africa’s Natural Resources like salt, iron, and gold • Europe influenced the African culture with their traditions, religion, and languages. Africa’s Economy • The impacts of Europe on Africa had a negative result. Africa lost much of its wealth and work force. This struggle continues today. Many of Africa’s countries have struggling economies, with little resources to help them.
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