(Group members: Heny, Rehana,
  Lulu, Kenneth, Rupleka and
• LAST is a rapid means of scoring the combined
  livelihood asset status of households that can be
  used as a proxy for impact on livelihoods .

• A method for rapidly assessing emerging
  impacts in livelihood improvement projects that
  follow a process approach .

• It converts qualitative assessments of household
  capital assets to quantitative scores that can be
  aggregated for different levels of analysis within
  an area and over time.
    The Last Method-definition
• A rapid impact-monitoring system
  designed along with primary stakeholders
  and bases on the Sustainable Rural
  Livelihoods conceptual frame work.

• It is intended to track the ongoing
  dynamics of five capital assets essential to
  household livelihoods as a proxy for
  impact (Bond and Mukherjee, 2000).
Concerned with monitoring not only of
  achievements of planned projects outputs
Higher level project impacts normally
  needed to achieve project purpose or goal.
             Last Process
At least two workshops required-
• Developing the system and field testing
• For refining or fine tuning the system
  following the field tests
             Workshop No.1
• Introduction of SRL conceptual frame work

• The five capitals for livelihood are explained with
  the processes, structures, strategies, outcome
  and vulnerability aspects .

• Brain-storming sessions to identify appropriate
  local words and descriptions.

• Generation of checklist in which, people’s
  livelihood activities and criteria are mapped and
  resources associated with such activities are
                     Analysis to identify criteria
Locally relevant criteria           The five capital assets
reflecting the
productivity, equity, and
dimensions of each of
the five capital assets     0   5    10   15 (in the same way its go on)


• Based on the criteria for each capital in the
  matrix above, a range of ‘word pictures’ is
  constructed for the Livelihood Asset Status
  Matrix .
• Word pictures representing a number of
  realistic stages from worst known situation
  to best within the area.
   Word Picture of Household' s Access/ownership of Natural Resources

Worst Picture                                    Best Picture

Little or no land; one or two month's food       More of black fertile soil; more land;
available from own land; quality of land is      grows one's own fodder on one's own
poor, having red soil with low fertility; land   land; fertile land with more moisture
is located on a slope in such a position         retention power; more produce from
that rain water washes away the seed             land; grows and sells cash crops;
sown and the top soil and hence reduces          grows vegetables; grows high
its fertility; use of traditional seeds; some    yielding variety seeds; lends seeds to
have given away land as collateral; no           others; irrigation facilities available
source of irrigation; no land for growing        round the year; land is near the
fodder for livestock; owns one or two            forest; access to forest produce;
livestock; no milk produced; low access to       some have government permit to
forest produce;                                  grow opium; has many fruit trees;
                                                 availability of home grown food
                                                 throughout the year; many livestock,
                                                 high returns from livestock;
• Allocation of scores to word pictures
  completes the LAST assessment sheet.
• Test on the scoring can be conducted
  under field conditions using three
  enumerators present simultaneously
  during assessment but scoring
              LAST Method
• Helps in impact assessment more as a
  learning activity rather than a policing tool.
• Provides project management with a
  simple means of detecting change at the
  purpose or goal levels of a livelihood
  enhancement project
• Information generated is owned and used
  at field level for the purpose of on-going
  managerial learning

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