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Weaving royalty

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					     Woven Artwork

Weaving Cultures and Traditions
         Weaving Cultures
• American Indians – blankets and rugs
• Asian – carpets and clothing
• African – kente cloth
• South American and Mexican – tapestries
  and clothing
• Middle Eastern – carpets and clothing
• Pacific peoples – roofs, matts, hats and
  clothing
                                                                           •   American Indians weaving
                                                                               blankets




    •     Indian weaver preparing his warp




                                                                           •   Middle Eastern woman and
                                             Egyptian slaves weaving           children weaving a rug

    •     Indian weaver at a manual loom




•       Hawaiian lauhala weavings       •African man weaving kente cloth
         Many uses of weaving
•   Clothing
•   Rugs
•   Blankets
•   Tapestries
•   Mosquito netting (tribes in the Amazon)
Weaving is the textile art in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads, called the
warp and the filling or weft (older woof), are interlaced with each other to form a

                                     fabric or cloth.

•   The manner in which the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is known
    as the weave. The three basic weaves are plain weave, satin weave, and twill, and
    the majority of woven products are created with one of these weaves.
                 Weaving History
• Egyptians were weaving clothes using the flax fiber as early as 5000
  BC.
• Ancient Persians were weaving carpets dating back to 500 BC.
• The Incas wove clothing and tapestries of fine wool in the 1400s.
• Textile weaving was a dominant craft among pre-contact tribes of
  the American southwest, using cotton dyed with pigments, in the
  early 1000s.
• African people from Ghana and Ivory Coast have been weaving
  kente cloth made of silk since 1200s.
• Hawaiians and the peoples of the Pacific (Samoans, Figians,
  Marshall Islands) have been performing the ancient craft of luahala
  weaving using the leaves of the hala tree.
    Hawaiian Lauhala Weaving
• Woven from leaves of the Hala tree.
     Navajo Woven Blankets and Rugs

                                  •Teec Nos Pos" (colorful,
                                  with very extensive
                                  patterns)




                                           •    Two Gray Hills" (predominantly
                                                black and white, with traditional
                                                patterns)
Ganado" (red dominated patterns
with black and white)
                     Kente Cloth    Symbolic meanings of the colors in
                                                  Kente cloth:
                                       black -- maturation, intensified
                                                spiritual energy
Asante kente is                     blue -- peacefulness, harmony and
identified by its                                      love
dazzling,                               green -- vegetation, planting,
multicolored                       harvesting, growth, spiritual renewal
patterns of bright                   gold -- royalty, wealth, high status,
colors,                                      glory, spiritual purity
geometric                          grey -- healing and cleansing rituals;
shapes and bold                              associated with ash
designs                             maroon -- the color of mother earth;
                                            associated with healing
                                       pink -- assoc. with the female
                                   essence of life; a mild, gentle aspect
                                                      of red
                                       purple -- assoc. with feminine
                                      aspects of life; usually worn by
                                                     women
                                    red -- political and spiritual moods;
                                   bloodshed; sacrificial rites and death.
                                    silver -- serenity, purity, joy; assoc.
                                                 with the moon
                                     white -- purification, sanctification
                                         rites and festive occasions
                                      yellow -- preciousness, royalty,
                                                wealth, fertility
Kilims   The patterns are predominantly geometric
         and the most common layouts on Ardabil
         rugs are medallions, multiple connected
         diamond-shaped medallions, and all-over
         octagonal shapes.




              Persian carpets


                    Hand weaving of Persian carpets
                    and kilims have been an important
                    element of the tribal crafts of
                    many of the subregions of modern
                    day Iran.
An industrial jacquard loom




    Weaving on a cardboard loom.
             Weaving Studio
• Project Criteria:
• * minimum 3 colors
• * must have fringe ("rya") in at least one place
• * must use the "slot box" weaving method to
  change colors in a single row in at least 2
  sections of the weaving
• * weaving must be even (not too tight, not too
  loose)
• * entire loom must be utilized

				
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posted:11/8/2012
language:English
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