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Giddens _1992_ The Transformation of Intimacy

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					Giddens (1992)
The Transformation of Intimacy

 Romantic Love        Confluent Love/Pure Relationship


                 Transformation

• What caused this change?
• What are the consequences of this
transformation?
• Pure Love Relationship is the dominant
cultural form
Aspects of the
Pure Relationship

Definition (p.58; p.4 Gross & Simmons))

   Voluntary

   Egalitarian

   Communicative

   Satisfying
Modernization


 Industrialization
 Increasing rationalization in society (de-
traditionalization)
 Increased expert systems
 Increased individualism (key social unit)
 Increased pace of change
 Globalization: provides alternatives
 Self as an “open project” and “reflexive
questioning” (Giddens)
Modernization and Intimacy


Giddens is the heir of the “genuine
ambivalence” about modernity

 Self as Project (“everyday social
experiments”; “reflexive questioning”)

 Romantic Love = 1st phase of modern
intimacy

   Confluent Love = mid - late 20th century
    Structural Contradiction and
    Effects of the Pure
    Relationship
 Pure relationship requires commitment but
provides no guarantees. Intimacy is risky.
(p.137)

Effects:
  Increased uncertainty, instability,
insecurity (negative)
  greater equality, more democratic
personal relationships (positive)
 New gender dynamics for heterosexuals
 Declining status of marriage as a social
institution
Gross & Simmons (2002)
Intimacy as a Double-Edged
Phenomenon

 Empirical test of Giddens theory on
intimacy and sexual relationships

 Data from 1995 in the U.S. (MIDUS);
adults (25-74); 2000 with partners

 Independent variable: pure love
relationship
     3 Categories of Relationship

   Pure Love (for variables see p.8)
   Romantic Love
   Hybrid

[Measured by:
1. Intimacy
2. Attitudes about relationship traditionalism
3. Behavior of nontraditionalism]
    Hypotheses on Impacts of
    Pure Relationships

H1:Heightened feelings of autonomy

H2:Happier with relationships

H3:More egalitarian political views

H4:Higher levels of anxiety

H5:More addiction
                              H4 and H5
                              not supported

				
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